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HON. ROBERT A. VAN VVYCK.
THE HOLLAND SOCIETY
OF NEW YORK
PEEPARED BY THE SECRETARY
THEODORE M. BANTA
Cbc f!nlcliccbocl:cr press, Hcvc Cocis
Officers and Trustees vi
The Society's Badge xiv
Inauguration of Queen Wilhelmina i
The " Wilhelmus " .facing page 4
" Holland " focing page 5
Poetic Tributes to Queen Wilhelmina 5
International Congress of History 9
Death of Hon. Thomas F. Bayard 12
Letter from President Kruger 13
The General Dutch Alliance 14
Lectures on Dutch Literature 22
Fourteenth Annual Banquet 26
Welcome from Vice-President Bergen ^t,
Address of Consul-General Planten 35
Address of Mr. Bergen 38
Address of Dr. Van Dyke 44
Address of President Low 55
Address of Mr. Roosevelt 62
The Seizure of New Netherland ev the English. 69
The Albany Banquet 78
Speech of Governor Roosevelt 83
Speech of Mayor Van Ai.stvne 85
Speech of Mr. Planten 95
Speech of Mr. Lansing 103
Speech of Mr. Van Voorhis 104
Speech of Judge Clearwater 112
The Pouchkeepsie Dinner 117
The Essex County Banquet i :o
Holland, Our Vaderland 125
Record of Burials in the Dutch Church, New
York 1 39
Fourtkenth Annual Meeting 212
In Memoriam 225
Additions to the Library 240
I'he Dutch East Indies, or Insulinde 245
List of Members 271
In Memoriam 294
OFFICERS AND TRUSTEES
Elected April 6, 1899.
TUNIS G. BERGEN.
New York Lucas 1,. Van Ai.i.en
King's County Peter Wvckoff
Queens County Henry A. Bogert
Westchester County William L. Heermance
Orange County John I). Van Biren
Dutchess County Eiavakd Elsworth
Ulster County Charles Bckhans
Greene County Thilip V. Van Orden
Albany County Albert Vanper Veer
Rensselaer County Seymour Van Santvoord
Schenectady County Thomas L. Barhydt
Montgomery County John D. Wendell
Hudson County, N. J Frank Isaac Vander Bf.ek, Jr.
Bergen County, N. J James M. Van Valen
Passaic County, N. J Rohekt I. Hoi'I'ER
Essex County, N. J Carlyle Edcar Slti-hen
Monmouth County, N. J Wii.ijam E. Trcax
Philadelphia, Pa Theodore Vooriieks
United States Army Stewart Van Vliet
United States Navy Arthur Burtis
Theodore M. Banta.
.•\rthur Van Brunt.
TtrtH Expires in igoo
James William Beekman,
Tunis G. Bergen,
D. B. St. John Roosa,
John H. Starin,
James B. Van Woert.
Term Expires in igoa
Charles H. Truax,
Augustus Van Wvck,
Egbert L. Viele,
John W. Vrooman.
Term Expires in 1901.
Henry R. Beekman,
George G. De Witt,
John L. Riker,
Robert B. Roosevelt,
Robert A. Van Wyck.
Tertit Expires in 1903.
Theodore M. Banta,
Henry Van Dyke,
George M. Van Hoesen,
Warner Van Norden,
John R. Van Wormer.
GEORGE M. VAN HOESEN,
JOHN L. RIKER,
JAMES B. VAN WOERT.
WARNER VAN NORDEN,
ROBERT B. ROOSEVELT,
JOHN H. STARIN.
ON HISTOKY AND TRADITION.
THEODORE M. BANTA,
ROBERT A. VAN WVCK,
Hooper C. Van V'orst 18S5-90
Robert Barnwell Roosevelt 1890-1
George M. Van Hoesen 1891-2
Augustus Van Wvck 1892-3
James William Beekman 1893-4
Warner Van Noruen - . .1894-5
D. B. St. John Roosa 1S95-6
Charles H. Truax 1896-7
John W. Vrooman 1897-S
Robert A. Van Wyck 1898-9
KOR new YORK.
Robert Barnwell Roosevelt 1885-90
Maus Rosa Vedder 1890-1
Charles H. Truax 1891-2, 1894-6
Warner Van Norden 1892-4
Samuel D. Covkendali i8g6-8
Tunis G. Bergen 1898-9
FOR KINGS COUNTY, N. Y.
Adrian Van Sinderen 1SS5-7
Augustus Van Wyck 1S87-8
Tunis G. Bergen 1S88-90
Harmanus Barkaloo Hubbari) 1890-1
JuDAH Back Voorhees 1891-3
Delavan Bloodgoou 1893-5, 1896-7
William C. DeWitt 1895-6
Peter Wyckofk 1 897-9
FOR QUEENS COUNTY, N. Y.
John E. Van Nostrand (for Newtown) 1886-94
Andrew J. Ondf.rdonk (for North Hempstead) 1890-4
Henry A. Bogert 1894-9
FOR STATEN ISLAND, N. Y.
William Prai.i 1890-1
James D. Van Moevenberg 1 891-4
FOR WESTCHESTER COUNTY, N. Y.
Charles Knapp Clearwater 1886-92
WiLLLAM L. HeERMANCE 1889-gI, 1892-3, 1898-9
EzEKiEL Jan Elting 1S91-2
Charles H. Roosevelt 1892-3
.David Cole 1 893-4
Harris E. Adriance 1894-6
John R. Hegeman 1S96-8
FOR ROCKLAND COUNTY, N. Y.
Garret Van Nostrand 1S86-92
Cornelius R. Blauvelt 1892-3
Isaac C. Haring 1893-4
FOR ORANGE COUNTY, N. Y.
A.MOS Van Etten, Jr 1888-93
Charles F. Van Inwegen 1893-4
Seymour DeWitt 1894-6
Selah R. Van Duzer 1896-7
Charles H. Snedeker 1897-8
John Schoo.nmakkr 1898-9
FOR DUTCHESS COUNTY, N. Y.
Frank Hasbrouck 1887-94
Edward Elsworth 1894-9
FOR ULSTER COUNTY, N. Y.
Alphonso Trumpbour Clearwater 1885-8
Samuel Decker Coykendall 1888-91
Augustus Schoonmaker 1 891-4
Elijah DuBois 1894-5
Augustus H. Bruyn 1895-8
Charles Burhans 1898-9
FOR COLUMBIA COUNTY, N. Y.
Augustus W. Wynkoop 1885-6
Aaron J. Vanderpoel 1886-7
Peter Van Schaick Pruyn 1887-91
Pierre Van Buren Hoes 1891-4
Charles King Van Vleck 1894-6
John C. DuBois 1896-7
FOR GREENE COUNTY. N. Y.
Evert Van Slyke 1886-94
Philip V. Van Orden 1898-9
FOR ALBANY COUNTY, N. Y.
Albert Van Der Veer 1886-99
FOR RENSSELAER COUNTY. N. Y.
William Chichkster Groksbeck 1889-94
Charlf.s K. Dk Kkekst 1894-7
Seymour Yan Santvoord 1897-9
FOR COHLESKILI., N. Y.
John Van Schajck 1886-94
FOR SCHENECTADY COUNTY, N. Y.
James Albert Van Voast 1S86-90
Giles Yates Van Dkk Bugert 1890-3
John Livingston Swits 1893-5
James A. Van Voast 1895-6
Thomas L. Barhydt 1896-9
FOR MONTGOMERY COUNTY, N. Y.
Walter L. Van Denbergh 1886-93
Alfred De Graaf 1893-4
John H. Starin 1894-6
Martin Van Buren 1896-S
John D. Wendell 1898-9
FOR liUFFALO, N. Y.
Sheldon Thomison Viele 1889-94
FOR HUDSON COUNTY, N. J.
Theodore Romeyn Varick 1886-7
J. Howard Suydam 1887-8
Henry M. T. Beekman 1888-9
Isaac I. Vander Beek 1889-90
George Clipi-inger Varick 1890-1
Henry Trai'hagen 1891-2
Cornelius C. Van Reyfen 1892-3
Francis L Vander Beek 1893-4
Garret Daniel Van Reipen 1S94-5
Charles Henry Vodrhis 1895-6
Isaac E'ai'lis Vander Beek 1896-7
Isaac Romaine 1897-8
William Brinkerhoff 189S-9
FOR BERGEN COUNTY, N. J.
George Frederick Schermerhorn 18S6-91
John Quackenbush 1S91-3
James M. Van Valen 1893-4
John Pail Paulison 1894-5
Elbert A. Brinckerhoff 1895-6
Andrew D. Bogert 1896-7
Peter Bogert 1897-8
James M. Van Valen 1898-9
FOR PASSAIC COUNTY, N. J.
Martin John Ryf.rsos 1886-8
John Hoppkr 1888-98
Robert I. Hopper 1 898-9
FOR ESSEX COUNTY, N. J.
John N. Jansen 1894-6
Anson A. Voorhees 1S96-8
Moses J. DeWitt 1898-9
FOR MONMOUTH COUNTY, N. J.
D. Augustus Van Der Veer 1888-94
William H. Vredenburg 1894-7
Peter Strvker 1897-8
FOR SOMERSET COUNTY, N. J.
Lawrence Van Der Veer 1S88-91
James J. Bergen 1891-4
FOR MIDDLESEX COUNTY, N. J.
William Hoffman Ten Eyck 1886-91
Charles H. Voorhees 1891-4
Abraham V. Schenck 1894-6
William R. Duryee 1896-7
FOR CAMDEN, N. J.
Peter L. Voorhees 1889-94
FOR PHILADELPHIA, PA.
Eugene Van Loan 1S89-93, 1S95-7
Samuel S. Strykkr 1893-5, 1897-8
Theodore Voorhees 1898-9
FOR UNITED STATES ARMY.
M ajor-General Stewart Van Vliet 1890-9
FOR UNITED STATES NAVY.
Delavan Bloodgood 1890-1
\Vm. Knickerbocker Van Revpen 1S91-5
Casper Schenck 1895-6
Edward S. Bogert 1896-7
Arthur Burtis 1897-9
George West Van Siclkn 1885-91
Theodore Melvin Basta 1891-9
George West Van Siclen 1S85-6
Abraham Van Santvoord 1S86-90
EucKNE Van Schaick i S90-6
Tunis G. Bergkn i8g6-8
Arthir H. Van Brunt iSgS-g
Hooper C. Van Vorst 1885-90
Wiu.iAM M. IIoKS 1885-94
\VlI.lIF.I.MUS MYNDERSE 1885-6
Abraham Van Santvoord 1885-90, 1892-6
George W. Van Slyck 1885-90
David Van Nostranu 1885-7
Henry Van Dyke 1SS5-99
George M. Van Hoesen 1S85-99
Philip Van Volkenburgh, Jr 1885-9
Edgar B. Van Winkle 1885-7
W. A. Ogden Hegeman 1S85-8
Herman W. Vander Poel 1885-92
George W. Van Siclen 1885-92
Benjamin F. Vosburgh 1885-7
Jacob W'endell 1885-92
George G. DeWitt 1885-1901
Robert Barnwell Roosevelt 1885-1901
Lucas L. Van Allen 18S5-9
Aaron J. Vanuerpoel 18S5-7
Henry S. Van Duzer 1885-9
Alexander T. Van Nest 1886-90, i S93-4
Augustus Van Wyck 1887-1902
Theodore M. Banta 1887-99
Chauncey M. Depew 1SS7-95
Frederic J. DePeyster 1SS7-91
Walton Storm 1888-92
Henry R. Beekman 18S9-1901
John L. Riker 18S9-1901
William W. Van Voorhis 18S9-93
William J. Van Arsdale 1890-4
Henry S. Van Beurrn iS<)o-8
John W. Vrooman 1890-1902
William D. Garrison 1S90-3
Eugene Van Schaick 1891-9
James William Beekman 1892-1900
Tunis G. Bergen 1S92-1900
D. B. St. John Roosa 1892-1900
Charles H. Truax 1892-1902
Robert A. Van Wyck 1893-1901
Frank Hasbrouck 1894-1902
Abraham Lansing 1894-8
Warner Van Norden 1895-9
John H. Starin 1896-1900
James B. Van Woert 1896-1900
Egbert L. Viele 1898-1902
THE SOCIETY'S BADGE.
HE badge adopted by the Board of
Trustees at their meeting March 30,
1887, consists of a facsimile of the
" Beggars' Badge " first used in 1566
by a company of noblemen of the Netherhinds,
who, under the leadership of Brederode, had
banded themselves together to " protest against the
Inquisition and other innovations which the King,
Piiilip II, proposed to introduce into Holland."
" It shows on its face the armed bust of Philip
II, of Spain, with the first half of the motto, " C7i
tout fiddles au roi" [in all things faithful to the
King], and on the reverse two wallets between the
straps of which are two hands joined, with the
remainder of the motto, " jiisqucs porter la bcsace"
[even to the bearing of the beggar's wallet], to-
gether with the date, 1566. Attached to the medals
are two porringers and a gourd or bottle."
The medals, in silver, at si.x dollars each, and in
gold at twenty-eight dollars can be obtained of Tif-
fany and Co., on orders from the Secretary of the
THE ROSETTE OR BUTTON.
At the annual meeting of the society, April 6,
1897, the society adopted a rosette or button, to be
worn on occasions when the wearing of the other
insignia might be deemed inappropriate.
This consists of a shield of gold bearing the Lion
of Holland in red enamel. Members can obtain
them of the Bailey, Banks and Biddle Co., corner
of Chestnut and 12th Streets, Philadelphia, Pa., in
silver gilt at one dollar each, or in 14 k. gold at two
dollars and seventy-five cents each.
INAUGURATION OF QUEEN
N August 31, 1898, the young Queen
of the Netherlands, Wilhelmina, at-
tained the age of eighteen years, and
the regency of her mother, the Queen
Dowager Emma, ended. The cere-
monies attendant upon the Queen's taking the oath
of office began in Amsterdam, September 6, 1898,
and were observed with every manifestation of loy-
alty and affection on the part of her loving subjects.
The Trustees appointed a committee, consisting
of Messrs. Tunis G. Bergen, Robert B. Roosevelt,
and D. B. St. John Roosa, to prepare an address
to the Queen on behalf of the Holland Society.
This address was engrossed and illuminated by
Tiffany & Co., on sheets of vellum, signed by the
officers of the Society, and bound in an elegant album
of blue leather lined with white silk on which was
a gold badge of the Society. The box containing
it was made of highly polished dark birdseye maple
lined with orange silk with an ornamental gold plate
bearing the name
" HER MAJESTY WILUELMINA.
The address read as follows :
Her Majesty Wilhelmina, Queen of the Nether-
lands, Princess of Orange-Nassau :
The Holland Society of New York, in the
United States of America, with profound respect,
beg your Majesty's gracious permission to pre-
sent our felicitations on the occasion of the
Americans and citizens of another country far
beyond the boundaries of the Netherlands, but de-
scendants in the male line of the men who founded
the New Netherlands more than two and one half
centuries ago, we would offer our tribute of rev-
erence and affection. Although nine generations
and more have passed away since our fathers settled
on these shores, and we speak another language, and
our Dutch blood has become so mingled with the
blood of other nations as to make us Americans of
to-day, we still preserve the names which attest our
lineage, and are proud of that part of our ancestry
which is Dutch, and cherish in our hearts those
qualities which distinguish the men and women of
Gracious Queen and Princess of that heroic house
which excites our loyal admiration ! We have
learned to know, honor, and love those qualities of
womanhood which adorn your Royal person and
make your Majesty so eminently fitted in mind and
heart to reign over the land of our ancestors.
We pray that God will ever have your Majesty
in His Holy keeping, and cause your reign to be a
long and happy one in the hearts of the people of
that land whence our forefathers came, and whose
names and deeds are ever held by us in fondest
By order of the Society, New York, United
States of America, July 15, 1898.
The Holland Society of New York,
(Seal of Society.) RoBERT A. Van Wyck, President.
Attest: Theodore M. Banta, Secretary.
Tunis G. Bergen,
Robert B. Roosevelt,
D. B. St. John Roosa, M.D.,
J -ICE-PRESIDENTS :
Kings County Peter Wyckoff
Queens County Henry A. Bogert
Westchester County William L. Heermance
Orange County John Schoo.nmaker
Dutchess County Edward Elswortii
Ulster County Charles Burhans
Greene County Philip V. Van Orden
Albany County Albert Vander Veer
Rensselaer County Seymour Van Santvoord
Schenectady County Thomas L. Barhydt
Montgomery County John D. Wendell
Hudson County, N. J William Brinkerhofk
Bergen County, N. J James M. Van Valen
Passaic County, N. J RoiiERT I. Hopper
Essex County, N.J MosES J. DeWitt
Monmouth County, N.J Peter Strvker
Philadelphia, Pa THEODORE VooRHEES
United States Army Stewart Va.n Vliet
United States Navy .Arthur Burtis
A reply was duly received from the Minister of
Foreign Affairs, a translation of which follows :
Ministry of Foreign Affairs.
Section A. S.
The Hague, September 2S, iSgS.
On September 20, 1898, Her Majesty the Queen,
at a solemn audience, accepted the collective
addresses of homage presented to Her Majesty, on
the occasion of her majority and accession to the
throne, by Netherland Societies abroad and by
foreign corporations, and particularly also that of
A report of the ceremony appears in the Staa/s-
Courant [the State Gazette] of September 25,
1898, Number 224, a copy of which you will find
In compliance with the royal mandate announced
at the end of said report, I have the honor to fulfil
the pleasant task, assigned to me, of transmitting
to your Society the thanks of Her Majesty for the
proof of your afTection and attachment, which Her
Majesty has received with special delight.
The audience lasted over three quarters of an
hour, and while Her Majesty was examining the
addresses she was agreeably surprised and touched
by all the testimonials of respectful sympathy.
The Minister of Foreign Affairs,
W. H. DE Beaufort.
To The Holland Society of New York,
The following cablegram was also forwarded :
To His Excellency, Minister of Foj-eign Affairs,
The Hague, Netherlands :
The Albany Branch of The ;' Holland Society
desires to express their congratulations upon the
inauguration of Queen Wilhelmina.
A. Vander Veer, M.D.,
Knight of Orange-Nassau.
August 31, 189S.
The Wilhelmus is the grand national hymn of the Hoilancl-
ers, and ff)r more than tliree hundred years it has held undis-
puted sway in the national heart. It was written by Marnix
St. Aldegonde — " the right-liand " of William tlie Silent— at a
time when indeiiendence was not dreamed of. Thus the illus-
trious founder of the Dutch Republic: is represented as boast-
ing of his German blood and of his loyalty to his sovereign,
the King of Spain, whose acts, however, he repudiates, even
at the cost of much blood and treasure. This song is there-
fore manifestly unsuited to the history and the genius of the
free Netherlands. Its grand, organ-like music, however, has
endeared it to the people, and has made it immortal. The
words are simple, almost crude, and are chiefly important as a
reminder of the past— of the day of small beginnings, when
the battle for justice had just Ijeen begun, when the hope of
jiolitical freedom was yet unborn. During the recent corona-
tion festivities the Willidnius was sung throughout the length
and breadth of the land ; one heard its magnificent strains
every hour in the day ; and surely there was every reason then
to make it popular. — Translator.
THE HOLLAND SOCIETY OF NEW YORK.
1 KANSl. \ 1 Ml l.\ Ll.tiNAKl) CllAkl.KS \'a.\ N'oI'
1. Wil -
- WO ben ick
rtw /, My blood
- ven heb ick
rr />y God's
~ t J
^ ■ " :
y y •<
— ,.j>y-ii. qrg^
Diiyt - schcn Bloedt,
6"(r - Wrt« strain,
tydt be - tracht
don \'a - dor - land
'To Fa - tlur - land
dae - nini lion ick
];/(/ there - fore I
trou - we blvf
faith- fill Till
dre - ven, om
ban - ishid I-'roiii
• ^^ >
rail, lilt poco.
lot in den doodt : Eon Prin
/ shall re - main; As I'rinee
nni Luyd' yc - braclit: JIacr (iodt
//•)' and from friend, Ihit ('"'d
Cui'VHinm. i8qc), hv Tmk Holland Societv of Niuv Vokk
cr Did hon
ren in mv
van His - pan
Spain I cv
we - der - kee
to re - gain there My rights and
rail, ad lib.
al - tydt ghe - eert.
as 'was meet.
Re - gi - ment.
re - - tin - ne.
-• — »-
-• — •-
Attend, my faithful people,
So noble and so strong,
The Lord will not forsake you,
Though now ye suffer wrong;
Let all who would live rightly
Pray God both day and night
That strength he will yet give me
To help you in your plight.
My life and m)' possessions
I have not spared for you,
My brothers, knights distinguished,
Have shown themselves as true ;
Count Adolf was left lying
In Friesland's bloody fray;
His soul in realms eternal
Waits for the judgment day.
15 I call God as my Witness
Upon His mighty seat
That ever I did honor
My sovereign as was meet.
But Him, the Lord Majestic,
Who rules with boundless sway
I strove with righteous fervor
First ever to obev.
Sci>it.niljcr i2tli, 1898,.! siiciial I hanksgiving service was
held in the Knglish Reformed Church at Amsterdam, at which
the Rev. Dr. W. Elliot Griffis delivered an address iiiion
■'God's Providence in Dutch and American History," and a
closing hymn was sung to the tune of U'illielmtis of which the
words are as follows ;
" Of Nassau and Orania
A true Dutch princess she ;
The crown of trusty Holland
Long on her head may be !
Our country she will guard it
With firm and faithful hand ;
O (ic)d, we humbly pray Thee
'I'o shield our (,)ueen and Land.
" Our faith in Ood ne'er faileth :
As in the days gone by.
His i'roviilence prevaileth ;
He listeneth to our cry.
O Gentle Queen, to guard thee.
Our lives, our all, we '11 yield ;
For us the Nassau princes
Died on the battlefield.
" We beg of God to grant iier
.\ long and ha])py reign :
That He her Guide and Helper
Forexer will remain.
When troubles e'er assail her,
He Thou, O Lord, her Shield!
Against oppression ever
Mav she her sceiitre wield.
" To (iod, the Lord of I'ower,
We trust our Queen and Land,
Who, in the dinger's hour.
Will guar<l both with strong hand.
Of Nassau and Orania
A true Dutch princess she ;
The Queen of trusty Holland
Her people's pride shall be."
POETIC TRIBUTES TO QUEEN
^HE inauguration of the Queen of the
Netherlands called forth two poetic
tributes worthy of preservation in the
Year Book. One is written, in Eng-
lish, by the popular Dutch romanti-
cist, " Maarten Maartens" (J. M. W. Van der
Poortere Schwartz), and the other by an American
writer. Dr. John Williamson Palmer, who has a
long and meritorious record in American literature,
antedating Bret Harte in the field of California
romance, and having been closely identified with
The Atlantic Monthly in the early days when
Lowell occupied the editorial tripod.
The Dutch romanticist writes as follows :
Queen of the lowlands by the Northern Sea,
Where mists hang cold and water-wastes make moan,
With steadfast eyes uplifted to thy throne,
We, thine own people, every heart thine own,
Sovereign, we claim the right of loyalty !
Child of the lowlands by the Northern Sea,
Blood of our blood, and one with us, as we
Are one in thee,
Through all the splendid changes of our stor>'
Still one with us in heritage of glory.
Queen because we are free —
As we are free because thy fathers taught us,
Trusting in God, tho' pope or prince distraught us,
To live and die for liberty !
Queen of these lowlands by the Northern Sea,
Queen o'er the sun-filled islands'of the East,
We call to thine imperial feast
Thy subject-lords, our conquest, — we, thejeast
Of numbered nations, but the greater we
For that our weakness held the world in fee
From Christ our Prince and Priest.
Queen, unto whom the conquerors of the sea,
With brow unhumbled, bent a faithful knee.
Thine is the might I
Thine be our service, that the world may see,
And glory in the sight, that we
Are lords and servants, like to thee,
By right of doing right !
Dr. Palmer's poem, entitled " Oranje Boven "
("Up with the Orange"), is published in
Literahire (September 3d) :
Said the Sea to the Dutchman, " Ho, make way !
For the march of the Flood is mine.
Shall the bar of thine arm my coursers stay
In the charge of my whelming brine ?"
To the Sea said the Dutchman, " Ho, stand back !
1 bide for the dole and fee.
To the hands that serve and the loins that lack.
And a hail to the Strong and Free.
In the might of the Lord of the Deep I stand, and I set His
bounds to Thee.
" A bound in the Dike, and a mete in the Dune,
And a stay in the stout Sea-wall.
In the swing of my spade is the eagle's rune,
Tho' the Norland ravens squall.
And the silt shall flow and the clod shall grow,
From Zealand to Zuyder Zee ;
And a man shall a freeman's foothold know,
Where the arm of a man is free ;
For the lord of the Dutchman's land, the lord of the Dutchman's
love shall be.
" Flambeau and falchion, shackle and rack,
In the lust of a ' Holy ' hate
No glut of carnage, rapine and sack,
Nor a Thousand Fears can sate.
No tear for ruth, and no shudder for shame.
No Christ for the brand and the pike ;
Only the rage of the Beggars' claim,
And the roar of the cloven dike ;
Only the arm of the Lord upheaved, and the sword of the
Lord to strike."
Said the Sea, "O Nederland ! Alone '
You battle against the stars.
For Brill's hoarse cry and Alkmaar's groan
I storm at your stubborn bars.
In Heiligerlee your Rachels weep.
In Leyden your children die ;
Death unto Life, Deep unto Deep !
And my tides leap at the cry.
Set wide your gates to my hosts, and sound your pealing
trumpets high ! "
" Oranje Boven ! "—Fate is mute.
And the silent soul is lord.
" Oranje Boven ! " — Trump and lute
Wait on the grim, dumb sword.
When the brand is cold, and the blade is rust,
And the gyve and the rack are shows,
When the bones of the Brave enrich the dust
Where a Leyden garden grows,
Then the organ swell of the Sea shall tell how Nederland uprose.
On Yssel's flanks, with thrifty sails.
The windmills churn the air,
Where erst a Viking's galley rails
Their bossed shields laid bare.
I dream that the high-beaked triremes sweep
A path for the hordes of Rome,
As I rock in a fisher's boat, asleep,
In the lea of a hedger's home,
While the bells are chiming a Psalm of Rest from storied tower
AndjThou, O fairest flower of Peace,
Child of a happy star !
Glories, and guerdons of increase
Wreathe thy ancestral Lar.
While Righteousness is thine array,
And on thy shield Renown,
Honor shall celebrate thy day,
And Law salute thy crown,
While grass shall grow and water flow, and the ships sail up
INTERNATIONAL CONGRESS OF HIS-
TORY AT THE HAGUE.
N International Congress of History
was held at The Hague in Septem-
Our Society was invited to send
delegates to represent it, and Judge
Charles H. Truax and General Egbert L. Viele
were duly accredited as such delegates. They
attended the sittings, a brief report of which is
given in the following letter from General Viele :
London, September 17, 189S.
Theo. M. Banta, Esq.,
Sec. Holland Society.
My Dear Sir : — I beg leave to inform you that in
accordance with the appointment of the Trustees
of the Society, I attended the sessions of the
International Congress of History, convened at
The Hague on the ist, 2d, 3d, and 4th of this
month, as a member of the same. My colleague,
Judge Truax, was also present. There were rep-
resentatives from nearly all the nationalities, in-
cluding those of the Orient. A deep interest was
manifested in the proceedings, not only by the
members of the Congress, but the citizens of
Holland, and the diplomatic representatives to
that country. When the proceedings are pub-
lished a copy will be filed with the Archives of
The Holland Society, and it will be found that a
mass of unique and valuable information will be
contained in the published volume.
At the final session of the Congress, I was in-
vited, as a representative of The Holland Society,
to address the august assemblage, composed as it
was of many distinguished individuals from all
parts of the world. I endeavored, to the best of
m)- ability, to speak, for our Society and our State
and City of New York, whose archives are so rich
in the early history of American civiPization. The
members of the Congress were hospitably and
generously entertained by the citizens of our
fatherland and especially by the officers of state.
A closure banquet ended this most interesting
event, and the splendid spectacle of the coronation
of the young Queen immediately followed. All
Holland was C7i fete for this great national event.
Every street in every town and city was profusely
decorated as for a great public festival. Endless
festoons and garlands of flowers by day, and end-
less streams of electric lights by night testified to
the unbounded joy of the people. The celebra-
tion was not confined to the cities. The remotest
districts participated. The national flag waved
over the polders everywhere, and from the long
arms of every windmill orange streamers and
orange banners were to be seen. All the children
wore orancre sashes, and all the women orantre
This youthful scion of the House of Orange
ascended her democratic throne with all the grace
and dignity that became the ruler of the freest
people on earth, and, in a manner worthy of her
great progeniture, swore to defend the rights of
her people, and live only for their happiness and
well-being. The unqualified devotion exhibited
by all the people of all ranks and positions was
both touching and sublime. Underneath it all
was the memory of a great past, and the pride of an
heroic race which fondly cherishes the deeds of an
illustrious ancestry, as a conservative force that
has so long preserved and will continue to pre-
serve the liberties of the whole people, and the
honor of the state.
I remain, very truly yours,
Egbert L. Viele.
DEATH OF HON. THOMAS F. BAYARD.
ON. THOMAS F. BAYARD, Ex-
hi ' ^ \ Aj Minister to Enijland, died September
■^^'Si'-'l. 28, 1898.
I '- The followinsT teleoram was sent
to his widow :
New York, September 29, iSgS.
Mrs. Thomas F. Bav.\rd,
Mada^n : — On behalf of The Holland Society of
New York, of which Mr. Bayard was one of the
earliest and most esteemed members, we desire to
express our sincere condolence in the bereavement
which has fallen upon your household and the
(Signed) Robert A. Van Wyck, President.
Theodore M. Banta, Secretary.
The following reply was received :
Mrs. Bayard desires to express her appreciation
of the kind telegram of sympathy which The Holland
Society of New York has sent her, on the death
of her husband, and begs that Mr. Van Wyck will
convey her thanks to the members of the Society.
Wilmington, Del., October 9, i3qS.
LETTER FROM PRESIDENT KRUGER.
COPY of the Year Book for 1898
(which contained an article on the
South African Republic) was sent to
President Kruger, which was ac-
knowledged in a letter, a translation
of which follows :
President's House, Pretoria, g August, iSgS.
Honored Sir : — I have been instructed by the
Right Honorable the State President, to acknowl-
edge the receipt of a copy of the Year Book for
1898 of The Holland Society of New York, and
to express his Honor's particular thanks for send-
ing this very interesting work, and also his best
wishes for the prosperity and growth of the Society.
With sentiments of especial respect I have the
honor to be,
Your obedient servant,
Sarel M. Kruger,
Private Secretary of his Ho7ior,
the State President.
To the Very Honorable
Mr. Theodore M. Banta,
Secretary, The Holland Society
of New York.
THE GENERAL DUTCH ALLIANCE.
HE following communication was re-
ceived by the Secretary in the sum-
mer of 1898 :
Dordrecht, December 23, 1897.
To the Meinbers of The Holland Society of New
A voice from Holland —
An appeal to your attachment to your ancestral
Last August, at a meeting of the 24th Netherland
Literary Congress (Nederlandsch Taal-en Letter-
kundig Congres), held at Dordrecht, it was de-
cided that a General Dutch Association should be
The chief object of the Association will be the
strengthening of the feeling of solidarity between
the various members of our race, who, however
divided politically and geographically, have an equal
interest in cherishing their mother tongue and in
upholding the traditions of a glorious past.
We know that you, citizens of the United States
and members of The Holland Society, keep in honor
not a few of those traditions, and therefore we hope
that you will join us in our endeavors to promote
the feelings of sympathy already existing between
the Netherlands and the great Republic on the
other side of the Atlantic.
The Association will be divided into three sec-
tions : Holland, Belgium, and South Africa. To
the first section will belong the Dutch Colonies, as
well as people of Holland-Dutch nationality living
in various countries of Asia, America, and Africa.
The Association will probably be organized in
May, '98, starting with some two thousand mem-
bers in every part of the world, of whose support
we are already assured.
When " Het Algemeen Nederlandsch Verbond"
is formed, the assurance that the members of The
Holland Society will have expressed their sym-
pathy with it, will highly rejoice us, as a proof that
the descendants of the same ancestors, though
separated by nationality and ocean, do not forget
Respectfully and sympathetically,
Professor in Leiden University,
H. J. KlEWIET DE JONGE, Ph.D.,
Representing the above-mentioned Association,
Dr. Abraham Kuyper, of Amsterdam, visited this
country. He is a member of the States-General of
the Netherlands, and is recognized as one of the
ablest and most eloquent statesmen of the king-
dom. He delivered a course of lectures at Prince-
ton University and subsequently went West in the
interest of the Dutch Alliance.
On Friday, November 25th, 1898, Warner Van
Norden, Esq., gave an elegant dinner at the Met-
ropolitan Club in honor of Dr. Kuyper, which was
attended by the follo\vin<^ named gentlemen in
addition to the special guest of the evening : Hon.
Robert B. Roosevelt, Tunis G. Bergen, Eugene
Van Schaick, Judge Geo. M. Van Hoesen, Theo-
dore M. Banta, Gen. Egbert L. Viele, Judge
Augustus Van Wyck, J. \V. Vrooman, J. B. Van
Woert, Frank Hasbrouck, Rev. A. E. Kittredge,
D.D., S. D. Coykendall, Dr. D. B. St. John Roosa,
Rev. E. B. Coe, D.D.
Dr. Kuyper made a very interesting address on
affairs in Holland, and the objects of the General
A committee, consisting of Judge Augustus Van
Wyck, Warner Van Norden, and Samuel D. Coy-
kendall, was appointed to confer with Dr. Kuyper
and others in reference to the subject he had brought
to our notice. This Conference was held at the
Fifth Avenue Hotel, where the Constitution of the
General Dutch Alliance was presented and ap-
proved, and members of the Governing Board for
New York and vicinity were named. These names
appear in Article IV. of the Constitution, which is
CONSTITUTION OF THE AMERICAN
BRANCH OF THE GENERAL DUTCH
Of the General Dutch Alliance, established at
Dordrecht, on the Merwede, a branch exists in the
United States of North America, consisting of two
(2) sections — one for the East, having its head-
quarters in New York ; one for the West, having
its headquarters at Chicago. The headquarters of
the General Board are in New York City.
The aim of the A merican Branch is :
(a.) The promotion of the reciprocal appoint-
ment by the United States and by the Netherlands
of such diplomatic and consular agents as may be
understood to favor the strengthening of the his-
torical ties between those countries.
(d.) Encouragement of the founding of clubs,
among those able to master more than one language,
for the study of the Dutch language, literature,
history, and old Dutch Law.
(c.) The appointment of a professor in these
branches at one or more of the American Univer-
(d.) In places where recent Dutch colonists live
in any considerable numbers, the providing of pub-
lic libraries with important Dutch books, and the
providing at High Schools, Academies, or Colleges
of a suitable occasion to get a higher class instruc-
tion in Dutch language, literature, and history.
(e.} Translation, publication, and distribution of
original Dutch works of paramount importance.
(/.) The promotion of acquaintance with the in-
fluence exerted by the Dutch nationality, Dutch
political institutions, Dutch science and art, and
Dutch manners and usages, on the origin and de-
velopment of the American commonwealth.
(£■.) The promotion of acquaintance with the
current of events happening among people of Dutch
descent all over the world, by means of information
furnished to the press.
(//.) The preparing of genealogical tables of the
descendants of both the older and more recent
Each of these two sections has its own Governing
Board, consisting of ten (lo) members, who choose
their own President, Secretar)-, and Treasurer.
The term of the members of these Boards e.xpires
in si.\ (6) years. The retiring members may be
immediately re-elected. Re-election takes place by
the members of the section, either at a meeting
called for the purpose, or by letter.
For the first time the following serve as members
of the Governing Boards :
For the Eastern Seetion :
Hon. Augustus Van Wyck, Ex-Judge of the
Supreme Court of New York, President.
Rev. Dr. Geerhardus Vos, Professor in the
Theological Seminary of the Presbyterian Church
at Princeton, N. J., First Secretary.
Cornelius W. Vander Hoogt, Esq., Secretary
of the State Board of Immigration of Maryland,
Warner Van Norden, Esq., President of the
National Bank of North America, N. Y. City,
WiLLL\M H. Carpenter, Ph.D., Professor of
Germanic Philology in Columbia University, N. Y.
Samuel Decker Covkendall, Esq., President
Cornell Steamboat Co., Kingston, N. Y.
Rev. Dr. W. Elliot Griffls, Pastor of the
Conerecrational Church, Ithaca, N. Y.
Rev, Dr. Melancthon Williams Jacobus, Pro-
fessor in the Hartford Theological Seminary,
Hon. Samuel W. Pennypacker, President-Judge
Court of Common Pleas, Philadelphia.
Hon. George M. Van Hoesen, Ex-Judge Court
of Common Pleas, New York.
For the Western Section :
Hon. Geo. Birkhoff, Jr., Netherland Consul to
Prof. Dr. Henry E. Dosker, of the Western
Theological Seminary, Holland, Mich., First Sec-
Hon. John Steketee, Netherland Vice-Consul,
Grand Rapids, Mich., Treasurer.
Hon. G. J. Diekema, Attorney-at-Law, Holland,
Hon. H. Hospers, State Senator, Orange City,
Prof. Dr. G. J. Kollen, President of Hope Col-
lege, Holland, Mich.
Rev. M. F. Ten Hoor, Minister of the Christian
Reformed Church, Oakdale Park, Grand Rapids,
Rev. R. H. Joldersma, Minister of the First
Reformed Church, Chicago, 111.
Rev. a. Keizer, Minister of the Christian Re-
formed Church, Graafschap, Mich.
Mr. J. H, Hulst, Publisher, Grand Rapids,
Mich., Second Secretary.
To be determined by lot whose term of office
expires in 1900, 1901, etc.
The Governinor Board of the entire branch con-
sists of seven (7) members, being the Presidents,
First Secretaries, and Treasurers of the two sec-
tions, and a seventh member appointed by these
six. The term of the members of this Board is six
For the first term the seventh member shall be :
Hon. Robert B. Roosevelt, E.\-Minister Pleni-
potentiary to The Hague.
The retiring members may be immediately re-
elected. It being determined by lot, when each
member's term shall expire.
The Governing Board of the entire branch car-
ries on the correspondence with the Central Board
in the Netherlands. It has a right to approve or to
disapprove of the Constitutions of the two sections.
It represents the Alliance with outsiders ; it receives
the contributions towards the general fund, and
transmits the same to the Treasurer of the Central
The contribution of ordinary members is half a
dollar every year ; of supporting members, two dol-
lars ; of patrons, ten dollars.
Each section has free disposal of eight-tenths (8-
10) of its receipts. One-tenth (i-io) to be given
to the General Board of the American Branch,
and one-tenth (i-io) to the Central Board in the
The Boards of both sections frame their own
regulations, subject to the approval of the General
The General Board of the American Branch ap-
points two delegates to represent its interests, and
for whom it seeks to obtain session in the Central
This Constitution has been approved for the first
time in the name of the General Dutch Alliance
by its delegate empowered for this purpose, and is
subject to modification on a majority vote of the
entire membership of the General Board of the
American Branch and of the two Section-Boards,
subject to the approval of the Central Board in the
LECTURES ON DUTCH LITERATURE.
11 N the Year Book for 1897 there ap-
peared an article by Prof. William
H. Carpenter, of the Department of
Germanic Languages in Columbia
University, advocating the study in
the University of the language and literature of
Holland. In 1898 Mr. Leonard Charles Van
Noppen, a native of Holland but a resident of the
United States from early childhood and a graduate
of the University of North Carolina, published his
translation of Vondel's Lucifer, and dedicated it to
The Holland Society of New York. The great
drama of the greatest of Dutch poets was first
published in Holland in 1654, thirteen years before
Milton wrote his Paradise Lost, and not a few
writers have claimed that Milton, who had studied
Dutch, derived the inspiration for his epic from the
earlier writer of the Netherlands. Vondel's Luci-
fer had never before been translated into English
and so for the first time the mass of the English-
speaking public have had the opportunity to be-
come familiar with the work.
Professor Carpenter arranged for a course of
lectures in Columbia University by Mr. Van Nop-
pen upon Dutch literature, with the co-operation
and under the auspices of The Holland Society.
The lectures were six in number and were given
weekly at Schermerhorn Hall in the University.
The subjects were :
January 4, 1899. Early Dutch Literature.
II, " The Augustan Age of Holland.
18, " Vondel, the Man and Poet.
25, " Vondel's Lticifer.
February 1, " From Antonides to the School
8, " The Dutch Poets of To-Day.
At the last dinner of our Society President Seth
Low spoke as follows of these lectures :
" Before I speak to the toast which has been assigned to
me, may I venture to say a single word as the President of
Columbia University in recognition of the course of lectures
recently established by this Society upon Dutch literature and
which are now being delivered at Columbia. I have been
told, how accurately I do not know, that it is the first course
of lectures upon Dutch literature specifically which has ever
been delivered in the United States. If so it would indicate
that the Dutchmen of New Amsterdam, even if they are slow
in some things, are at least sure, and I venture to express the
hope that this union between the University and The Holland
Society in the effort to promote some acquaintance in this city
with the literature of old Holland may be continued, and that
the results of it may be advantageous to the city. I want to
express on behalf of the University our appreciation of your
co-operation, and to thank you one and all for making this
course of lectures possible."
The following letter of Prof. Carpenter is of
Ki.bruarj' lo, iSgg.
Theodore M. Banta, Esq.,
Secretary, Holland Society.
Dear Mr. Banta: — The Holland Society lec-
tures on Dutch literature were concluded, as you
know, on the 8th inst., and at the end call, per-
haps, for a word or two in retrospection.
The course has plainly been a success. In order
to apply the term " successful " to a series of popu-
lar lectures, like the present, two elements are
fundamentally necessary : good lectures, and an
appreciative audience. We have had both. Mr.
Van Noppen, although he had by no means an easy
task, since he was obliged to cover in six lectures
the whole broad field of Dutch literature, if only in
outline, from the earliest beginnings down to the
present time, did his work extremely well. Those
who have heard the lectures from the beginning to
the end of the course have a comprehensive idea
of the whole development of literature in the Neth-
erlands, and they have also no little knowledge of
the great lights that have appeared from time to
time above the general horizon. The audience
numbered, by actual count, for the whole course,
some five hundred admissions, which, considering
the time of year, the distance that it meant to many
who are interested in the subject, and its generally
unfamiliar nature, is a thoroughly satisfactory re-
sult. The audiences of the several lectures were
plainly interested, and many people attended the
I think, accordingly, that we may be said to
have made a satisfactory beginning. It is, of
course, no more than that, for, as I have already
indicated, it is impossible to harvest such a fruit-
ful field as is this of Dutch literature, in such a
short space of time.
That we have made such an auspicious begin-
ning, however, is, I take it, a matter for mutual
congratulation : for you in that you have exerted
an unmistakable influence in accordance with the
avowed aims of The Holland Society, and for us in
that we have extended in a most legitimate direc-
tion our influence as an educational force in the
I hope most sincerely that we may work to-
gether in the future for what is surely a good
cause, from whatever aspect it is viewed. We
should dislike, here at the University, to have this
first successful attempt a mere sporadic effort to
pass away and be forgotten, as speedily would be
the case if it were not followed up in the future
by more work along similar lines.
There has been of late years a great and increas-
ing interest in this whole subject of our Dutch begin-
nings, and their relations and results. To realize
the motto of The Holland Society, Eindelijk luordt
een Spruit een Boom, we should all of us combine
to make this interest even greater.
Yours very truly,
Wm. H. Carpenter,
Prof. Germanic Philology.
jfouvtccnth Hnnual JGanquet
t;N presenting the account of the Four-
teenth Annual Dinner of the Society,
given at Sherry's, Fifth Avenue and
Forty-fourth Street, on Wednesday,
January i i, 1S99, the Secretary avails
himself of the introduction to the report in one of
the New York newspapers :
"Once every year the descendants of the early settlers in
New Amsterdam — The Holland Society, they call themselves —
meet to eat, drink, and enjoy themselves, and incidentally to
sing the praises of their forefathers. But, while they talk with
all reverence of the glories of their forbears, the members of
The Holland Society fail to emulate them in at least one respect.
The early Hollanders in this country were models of frugality
and economy. But not so the Hollanders of to-day in this
city. Last night's dinner, the fourteenth annual festival
which the Society has held, was marked with the brilliant
surroundings and generous hospitality that have made so con-
spicuous the previous gatherings of the members. Some
attempt was made to give some native semblance to the dinner
by printing the menu in the Dutch language. The " Spijs-
kaart " — that's Dutch for menu — contained more than a
dozen courses, and it may lie said at once that they all tasted
better than they looked — in print. But, for those who had
forgotten their mother tongue, there was one consolation. The
wine list was printed in English.
" Altogether, there were more than four hundred members
FOURTEENTH ANNUAL DINNER
SH1:RR\-S, JANUAR^■ II, 1899
Ffadijs. Olijue9. dezoatei} fifT)a()dele9. Selderij.
R.kIU. Olives. Aiiiaiulcs S.ilcis ("clcri.
/T\ootjes uar} Baars, portu^eesel^e StijI.
I'lli-i Jc B:i-.s, Ravci' '.\ la I'ortuuaisf.
Aloveau de Bcrut, Vi-iiltieiiiu-,
S<.ilH't a 1.1 Hi.llandf.
Sahule liu Saiscin.
ADDRESS OF WhLCOMh.
I'resident ROBHRT A. VAN WYCK.
Air. — Sfcir-Sf^ciiii;/i\f •'Raiiiu'r.
O Holliind. model to tliv inw;irJ ,iric;itiu'ss.
Like little body with a mitihty heart!
AiK. — Willii'liiuis Villi Niissji/'ui'ii.
Rkv. a. J. F. BFHRFNDS, D.D.
W ILHFLMINA. Queen of the Netherlands : a scion ot
the stock of William the Silent. We hail her as
she appears "just above the horizon — glittering
like the morninii star, lull of life and splendor
AiK. — H^/'eii Neerhiiiclsili bloc J.
TUNIS G. BFRGEN, Esq.
NEW YORK, the city of charities ;
the child of the Netherlands.
Air. — IVij h'veii viij.
Rfv. Dr. HFNRY VAN DYKE.
fHE MEN WITH WHOM THF PILGRIM .- ' \ f'i
FATHERS SOJOURNED. ^:=^ - ! I .
'Yet are many of us further obliged bv the ~
good and courteous treatment which we
found in your country, for which we and our children after
us are bound to be thankful to your nation, and shall never
forget the same."
Hxtract from .t letter sent, in 1027, liy Governor Br.ull'nnl of I'lyinonlli
Colonv to Director Gener.nl Peter Minuit.
Air. — Dc Zilvcivloot.
Hon. SETH LOW.
AN AMERICAN'S VIEW OF HOLLAND.
Hon. ROBERT B. ROOSEVELT.
Air. — Al is oiis Liihljc iiojr yoo h/riii.
-1 f4 .
Cbc *mil;cct>ocl;i:r ptcss, ntw Jyorti
present. Popular airs of the day by a band enlivened the pro-
ceedings, and the brightness of the scene was considerably
enhanced by the many-colored dresses of the women, who
filled the gallery.
" The banner of the Society was suspended behind the
President's chair, and hanging from the balcony where the
band discoursed Dutch music was an immense orange flag
brought from Holland for the Society.
" The big banquet hall was profusely draped with the flags
of Holland, mingled with the American National colors. The
members and guests wore neckties of orange, in honor of the
occasion ; the guest table was covered with chrysanthemums of
the Dutch colors, and the women who thronged the galleries
carried out the general color scheme with bright orange ribbons.
The orchestra helped to make a real Dutch evening of it by
such airs as "Wilhelmus van Nassauwen," and " Wien
The President of the Society, Mayor Robert A.
Van Wyck, not being able to be present, his place
was occupied by the Vice-President for New
York, Tunis G. Bergen. With him were seated
invited guests, representatives of sister societies,
and former Presidents of The Holland Society, as
Hon. Seth Low, Consul-General John R.
Planten, Rev. Dr. Henry Van Dyke, Mr. Reid, of
St. Andrew's Society, Hon. Robt. B. Roosevelt,
Mr. W. M. Massey, St. George's Society, Judge
Howland, New England Society, Judge Morgan J.
O'Brien, Friendly Sons of St. Patrick, Mr. Stanton,
St. Nicholas Society, Mr. Charles F. James, St.
David's Society, Mr. Fred. J. de Peyster, Hugue-
not Society, Mr. Milton I. Southard, Ohio Society,
Judge Henry R. Beekman, Mr. Warner Van Norden,
Judge Augustus Van Wyck, Dr. D. B. St. John
Roosa, Judge George M. Van Hoesen, Dr. Albert
Vander Veer, and General Egbert L. Viele.
Seated at other tables were :
Win. H. H. Amerman, R. A. Anthony, Edward
Boyce Adriance, Henry B. Adriance, C. V. Banta,
Thco. M. Banta, R. A. Bonta, Alex. G. Brincker-
hoff, Jos. A. Burr, Emanuel Blumenstiel, \V. Wal-
lace Brewer, Chas. E. Baldwin, Rev. S. D. Boorom,
Wni. Bennett, Dr. Delavan Bloodgood, Wm.
Brinckerhoff. Wm. Brinckerhoff (2d), Wm. R.
Bronk, James J. Bergen, Dr. J. Bion Bogart, Rev.
Dr. Alfred H. Brush, William Sumner Benson,
Edward Barnes, E. F. Brooks, Hon. Peter Bogart,
Jr., Horatio N. Bain, Charles Burhans, Andrew
Demarest Bogert, John G. Bogert, Ward Brower,
John Brower, Louis V. Booraem, Chester A. Bra-
man, Robert Bayles, Chester Bayles, T. H. Bergen,
R. B. Brinkerhoff, Daniel Blinn, Arthur Burtis,
John B. Blydenburgh, Dr. E. S. Bogert, U. S. N.,
R. R. Benedict, Henry M. T. Beekman, Charles De-
Hart Brower, Samuel C. Bradt, Victor G. Bloede,
Tunis G. Bergen, Thos. S. Cooper, Gen. Howard
Carroll, Hon. Geo. C. Clausen, Henry W. Cannon,
T. H. Curtis, John W. Cooper, Rev. Charles K.
Clearwater, Dr. D. Le Roy Culver, N. Woodhull
Condict, Dr. P. B. Craig, Noah Clark, Oscar L.
Coles, Dr. D. C. Carr, M. Van Dyke Cruser,
Pierre Cook, John Cowenhoven, Moses J. De Witt,
Isaac E. Ditmars, H. C. Dilworth, Dr. John E. De-
Mund, Hon. Jonathan Dixon, Elias Warner
Dusenberry, Charles A. Dusenberry, C. E. Dusen-
berry, Cornelius De Bois, George G. De Witt,
Andrew Deyo, Charles Dusenberry, Jr., William
C. Dayton, Charles R. Dusenberry, Jacob Deyo,
S. L. F. Deyo, Arthur L. De Groff, R. E. A. Dorr,
J. H. De Ridder, Dr. Elmer E. Elliott, Geo. C.
Edwards, Edward Elsworth, Irving Elting, Jacob
Elting, Jesse Elting, Peter J. Elting, E. J. Elting,
Eugene Elsworth, P. Q. Eckerson, Joseph S. Fre-
linghiij'sen, Hon. R. P. Flower, J. D. Flower, F.
S. Flower, H. M. Flower, Emil H. Frank, Jed.
Frye, Wm. F. Forepaugh, Paul FitzGerald, Alex-
ander Geddes, Robert Gray, Jr., Hon. S. H. Grey,
Garret J. Garretson, William W. Gillen, Alexander
Reading Gulick, Dr. Charlton R. Gulick, Robert
I. Hopper, Frank Hasbrouck, Edward T. Hulst,
Alfred Hodges, D. H. Houghtaling, Wm. E.
Horwill, E. M. Hendrickson, Joseph C. Hoag-
land, John Cornelius Hasbrouck, Frederick E.
Hafely, H. B. Hubbard, Rev. Dr. J. M. Hodson,
Norris W. Harkness, Geo. P. Hotaling, J. E. Has-
brouck, W. L. Heermance, Frank L. Hall, Mann-
ing Hasbrouck, Francklyn Hoogeboom, J. W.
Hardenbergh, Pierre F. B. Hoes, A. A. Hegeman,
D. V. B. Hegeman, Henry R. Hicks, Charles War-
ren Hunt, W. M. Hoes, Martin Heermance, John
Hopper, J. Amory Haskell, Wm. J. Ives, Richard
M. Johnson, Rev. Arthur Johnson, Rev. John N.
Jansen, Hon. Thomas L. James, Frank T. King,
A. J. Kiersted, Henry S. Kiersted, John L. Kiersted,
Wm. H. Klenke, Francis D. Kouwenhoven, Ira A.
Kip, Jr., Everest B. Kiersted, John H. Keeler,
Henry A. La Fetra, Henry H. Longstreet, Hon.
P. C. Lounsbury, George E. Montanye, Wm.
Clarence Montanye, Wm. H. Moger, I. F. Mead,
Dr. MacNaughton, C. Harold Montanye, Hugh R.
Mackenzie, M. Murray, Walter M. Meserole,
Adrian Meserole, John H. Matthews, R. B. Mitchell,
Isaac Myer, C. H. Mason, F. A. Marsellus, John
Marsellus, Dr. F. B. Mandeville, George L. Mc-
Alpin, Hon. Rollin M. Morgan, Rev. E. M.
McGuffey, F. P. Morris, Hon. Warner Miller, E.
M. F. Miller, John H. Myers. Jr., M. de M. Mar-
sellus, J. Lott Nostrand, Geori^e E. Nostrand,
Edward D. O'Brien, T. \V. Onderdonk. L. J.
O'Reilly, J. T. Odell, Andrew J. Onderdonk, Isaac
Plume, Henry Lawrence Purdy, George F. Perkins,
Wm. E. Pearson, W. S. Pyle, Jno. H. Prall, J. Tol-
man Pyle, B. M. Peck, John V. L. Pruyn, Abraham
C. Quackenbush, Schuyler Quackenbush, E. \'. \V.
Rossiter, Noah Cornwell Rogers, Dr. Hyman
Roosa, Frederick K. Roosevelt, John K. Rees,
Augustus Rapelye, DeWitt C. Romaine, John L.
Riker, Samuel Riker, John I. Riker, M. B. Streeter,
Frederick B. Schenck, John H. Starin. Jno. H.
Seed, S. O. Stryker, Peter J. Stuyvesant, J.
Howard Suydam, D.D., Edmund J. Scheider,
J. Maus Schermerhorn, George Sherman, Henry
Tilden Swan, Charles Debevoise Schenck, M.
Roosevelt Schuyler, D. D. Sutphen, Robert G.
Sedgwick, C. Edgar Sutphen, Dr. H. S. Sutphen,
Dr. T. Y. Sutphen, Wm. C. Sherwood, Lam-
bert Suydam, Edward W. Scott, Ezra B. Tuttle,
Arthur D. Truax, Dr. J. Horton Tuttle, A. G.
Thomson, William V. Toffey, James Ahicfarlane
Tappen, John Tannor, Edward L. Tripler, George
Bradford Tripler, C. H. Taylor, Wilbur S. Under-
bill, J. Leonard Varick, Judah B. Voorhees, Anson
A. Voorhees, C. Cottier Vernam, Dr. M. R.
Vedder, W. H. Vredenburgh, Albert Van Brunt
Voorhees, Dr. John A. Voorhees, Albert Van Brunt
Voorhees, Jr., Isaac P. Vanderbeek, N. S. W. Van-
derhoef, H. B. Vanderhoef, G. W. Vanderhoef, F.
F. Vanderhoef, N. W. Vanderhoef, Henry B. Van-
derveer, Theodore Voorhees, Col. John W. Vroo-
man, J. H. Visschcr, L. L. Van Allen, J. Albert
Van Winkle, Julius F. Van Riper, John E. Van
Nostrand, Harrison Van Duj'ne, Frank Daniel Van
Nostrand, John V. Van Woert, Wm. Van Dyck,
Chas. Y. Van Doren, H. W. Van Wagenen, Rev.
Evert Van Slyke, D. D., Evert Sheldon Van Slyke,
Nathan B. Van Etten, Frank R. Van Nest, Corne-
lius B. Van Brunt, Rulef J. Van Brunt, H. A. Van
Liew, D. M. Van Vliet, P. F. R. Van Wyck,
Francis I. Vander Beek, Francis I. Vander Beek,
Jr., James M. Van Valen, Leonard Charles Van
Noppen, R. Van Santvoord, Dr. W. T. Van Vreed-
enburgh, Eugene Torrey Van Valin, Jacob S. Van
Wyck, Peter Van Voorhees, John B. Van Wag-
enen, Dr. Georore G. Van Mater, Marshall Van
Winkle, F. T. Van Beuren, Frederick T. Van
Beuren, Jr., Michael M. Van Beuren, John G. Van
Home, Cornelius Van Brunt, J. B. Van Woert,
Jacob Van Woert, Stephen Van Alen Van Home,
William Van Woert, DeWitt Van Buskirk, Daniel
Van Winkle, Samuel C. Van Dusen, Jacob T. Van
Wyck, Seymour Van Santvoord, Rev. Cornelius
Van Santvoord, Harold Van Santvoord, J. R.
Vander Veer, Arthur Hoffman Van Brunt, George
Van Wagenen, Thos. Van Loan, Peter Wyckoff,
Townsend Wandell, Francis Livingston Wandell,
Charles Wessell, Rodman Wister, Samuel H.
Wandell, William H. Willis, Dr. Gerardus H.
Wynkoop, Daniel Woodbury Wynkoop, Charles
Morrison Woods, Theophilus Zurburgg, C. B.
The President of the Society, Hon. Robert A.
Van Wyck, Mayor of the city, not being present,
the Vice-President for New York, Mr. Tunis G.
Bergen, presided. Grace was offered by Rev. Dr.
Evert Van Slyke, of Brooklyn.
The pipes for the occasion were imported by the
Society from Gouda, Netherlands, in orange-
colored boxes, the bowls presenting the likeness of
Queen Willielmina. Dutch chocolate in boxes in
imitation of Delftware embellished with copies of
noted Dutch pictures was at each plate, and special
souvenirs of Dutch manufacture were given to all
the guests on the dais.
The balconies were occupied during the speech-
making by a score or two of ladies, among whom
were Mrs. Eugene A. Hoffman, Directress-General
of the Daughters of Holland Dames, Mrs. Tunis G.
Bergen, Mrs. Kate Duryea, Mrs. John W. Vrooman,
Mrs. Charles F. Roe, Mrs. Thomas L. James, Miss
Augusta Warner Miller, Mrs. Edward \V. Scott,
Mrs. F. P. Miller, Miss Fortescue, Miss Moulton,
Mrs. I. Sparks-Kress, Mrs. E. McLean Haughey,
Mrs. William J. Ives, Miss Mary Whitney, Mrs.
James M. Van Valcn, Miss Emma F. Foster, Mrs.
At about ten o'clock, the Chairman, Mr. Bergen,
called the assemblage to order with the historic
gavel and said :
WELCOME FROM VICE-PRESIDENT
Gentlemen of the Holland Society :
gjLEASE do not think that I am the
Mayor of New York ; I am standing
in his shoes but they are a mile too
big, and I may forget myself and
sign a few bills or veto some others,
and then there might be a political convention
called early to-morrow morning.
Our President, the Mayor of the City of New
York, has sent word that it will be impossible for
him to be present and preside over this festival to-
night. The burdens which fall upon that office
are, I suppose, as heavy and onerous as those
which fall upon any other office in the gift of the
people. An ex-Mayor by my side (Hon. Seth
Low) says that is true.
The tyranny of fate has placed me here, and I
rely upon your Dutch charity to bear with me, — set
down for a toast, and then at the last moment
called upon to preside.
We meet to-night to dine and celebrate. Our
fathers did not land upon the coast of Europe be-
cause they had no land to land upon. So they put
up their oars, jumped out of their boats, and made
a land with their spades, and after they had made
a land with their spades they were obliged to draw
their swords and carve out a place in which they
could live with liberty. Then some of them went
over to Britain and the English called them Anglo-
Saxons, and they liave been boasting about them
ever since. Others came to America, landed on
Manhattan Island, and gave up their swords ; some
of which were turned into ploughshares with which
they tilled the ground ; others were, of course,
turned into pruning-hooks, with which they pruned
the New Englanders and tried to engraft on them
some ideas of liberty for other people.
I am not to make a speech — I am to introduce
the speakers. Pardon my presumption that I ven-
ture to say anything at all. We will now proceed
to let our souls flow. The first toast of the evening
is the toast to the Mother Country, to which the
Dutch Domine Behrends was to respond, but a
telegram has just been received from him to the
effect that he is detained at Atlantic City and can-
not reach here in time. We have with us, how-
ever, one who can speak for the Mother Country,
because he represents her. He is known to us all
because he wears the insignia of her authority.
He was at the Queen's ceremonies, and he lived
through them all and has come back. I beg to
introduce Consul-General Planten, who will respond
to the first toast of the evening, " HOLLAND,
the Mother Country."
" O Holland, model to thy inward greatness.
Like little body with a mighty heart ! "
ADDRESS OF HON. JOHN R. PLANTEN.
Gentlemen of the Holland Society :
VERY sincerely regret that my first
words to you must be those of con-
dolence with the illness of Dr. Beh-
rends, but I am selfish enough to
claim some of that condolence for my-
self. I am put in his place by your Vice-President,
who wants me to speak in Dutch, so that he, at any
rate, shall not understand anything about it, like
the most of you here. It certainly ought to be an
easy matter for a native of the country to speak in
its behalf, and it certainly would be for me if any-
thing new could be said ; but the little powder that
I had Mr. Bergen has taken away, so I have noth-
ing left to speak about Holland, because he has
suggested already what could be said, and every
member of the Holland Society is so well posted
on Holland history that I could not tell anything
new about it.
It is always very gratifying for me to be where
Holland's name is revered, and I can assure you
that the Holland people value verj' greatly the
esteem and veneration which you hold for the
fathers, our common ancestors, who came here and
settled, and laid the corner-stone of the nation which
has so largely developed.
The past summer has been one of special interest
to Holland. You have all heard of the little
Queen, and on the 31st of August, although she
had been Queen from birth, she entered upon the
office, and it was one of the most interesting sights
one could behold to see not only the city of Am-
sterdam, but the whole of Holland in gay attire.
It was a holiday for everybody, the old, the young,
and the city of Amsterdam was decorated in every
possible manner and in every street, — not only in
the Fifth Avenues, but in the byways, — and every-
body did whatever he could to make that period a
festive one. The children were given mementos,
and the grown persons had impressed upon their
minds the great event which then took place, and
which no doubt you have all read much about.
You will pardon me if I say nothing more, be-
cause I am not only entirely unaccustomed and un-
prepared to speak to an audience, but I certainly
feel embarrassed that I am substituted for a man
who could claim your attention and hold it for
hours where I fail for even a few moments.
I thank you, gentlemen, for your kind indulgence.
Dr. Van Dvkk : Gentlemen of the Holland So-
ciety : I do not know that a more difficult task has
ever fallen to me than that which has now devolved
upon my shoulders, — a task of initiating an abso-
lute revolution in the Holland Society : dethroning
the Chairman and assuming his position. But it is
necessary on this occasion, for you have in the
chair at this moment a gentleman of such unparal-
leled and unprecedented modesty that he does
not dare to get up and deliver his speech to you
without being introduced. I lived with Tunis G.
Bergen in what was at that time the city of Brook-
lyn, now the borough of Brooklyn, and I never
observed any inclination on his part to hide his
light under a bushel, but it seems to have come
upon him, and therefore I fling myself boldly into
the breach. I do not know what his speech is,
although it has been lying here on the table before
me, but I say to you that you will have one of the
greatest pleasures in your life in listening now to
the speech of Mr. Tunis G. Bergen, who will re-
spond to the toast to
" WILHELMINA, Queen of the Netherlands:
a scion of the stock of William the Silent.
We hail her as she appears 'just above the
horizon — glittering like the morning star, full
of life and splendor and joy.' "
ADDRESS OF MR. TUNIS G. HKRGEN.
Felloiu Descendants of the Dutch :
AM placed in a very embarrass-
ing position. The extraordinary re-
marks of the gentleman who usurped
this throne for a few moments, his
allusions to the absence of modesty
on my part, — and I never had enough to boast of,
I admit, — have so affected me that I had nearly
forgotten my toast, but I recall that it is to the
Queen of Holland, and I approach it with hesita-
tion. But I suppose the commands of Her Majesty
have been laid upon me.
The combination of a beautiful woman and a
Dutch Dinner Committee is as alluring as it is ob-
ligatory. The Netherlands' Queen best speaks to
us with the tender grace and the sweet beauty of
her portrait which adorns our spijskaart to-night ;
and she speaks good Dutch, too, for the lines of
her face and the light of her eyes are honest and
But we toast the Queen to-night chiefly because
of the recent celebration in honor of the attain-
ment by Her Majesty of her majority. In this
country of ours when a candidate for office obtains
a majority we not only toast him sometimes, but
we generally roast him at all times.
We sent Her Majesty a letter a few months ago,
you know, in honor of the recent celebration at
The Hague, so that our Society might be repre-
sented in memory of old times. That letter was
resplendent with our best signatures. Some of
our vice-presidents sent us several specimens of
their efforts to produce a signature which would be
not only inspiring, but symbolic of personal vir-
tues. Being bachelors they were not in the habit
of writing to queens. Our President, the Mayor,
for example, cautiously approached the document,
pen in hand, and then with great Dutch bravery
and satisfaction subscribed his name as eagerly as
thoueh he were about to sitrn an ordinance to
keep all the streets of New York as clean as those
of a Dutch town. But, of course, our rules would
not permit us to admit more than one signature at
a time. The imposing array of unintelligible auto-
graphs subscribed to that letter made a sensation,
not only at the Court but wherever penmanship is
studied as a fine art.
Her Majesty sent us a gracious reply, in which
she expressed the personal delight she felt in re-
ceiving such an exhibition of sympathy, and her
pleasant surprise at being so warmly remembered.
That letter came to us written in a delicate little
hand — evidently the hand of the Clerk of the Min-
ister of Foreign Affairs.
The most Dutch thing about the Queen's cor-
onation is that there was no coronation. In the
old cathedral called the New Church, because it
was new at the time it was built, three or four
hundred years ago, the little Queen entered in a
way that can be done only by the most graceful of
women, and with the greeting of the old hymn of
"Wilhelmusvan Nassauwe,"set to the ancient music
of 1583, recently revived, took her seat surrounded
by her family and friends in the presence of the
Ministers of State and States-General and officials
from all over the land, as well as the princes and
rulers of the Dutch colonies all over the globe, and
the great assembly of invited guests, among whom
were only three Americans, I believe, — the United
States Minister, our friend Consul-General Planten,
and Mr. John F. Praeger, of Brooklyn. There the
youthful Queen sat, waiting — hear it, ye courtiers
at ancient thrones, and sycophants of gorgeous
monarchies, hear it, ye citizens of republics and
upholders of the rights of man — waiting to be in-
augurated. Yes, that is the official Dutch term.
It was an inauguration, not a coronation. About
those simple solemnities, there were no Russian
mysteries and gorgeousness, no German pomp and
pageantry, no pedantic mediaeval English cere-
monies, or effete Spanish etiquette. No oil of
anointment ran down her blushing cheeks, no
"By the Grace of God" idea controlled the scene
and placed the mystic diadem on brows sacred
by divine right. No, only the grand human sim-
plicity of the inauguration of a young woman as
the titular Queen of a self-governing country. It
was at once a spectacle and a lesson for mankind.
In front of the Queen, on a table, lay the book of
the Constitution of the United States of the Neth-
erlands, and upon it the ancient emblems of civil
government, the crown, the orb, and the sceptre.
The Minister of State addressed Her Majesty and
bowed to the crown. The Queen bowed to the
jewel. He bent again to the sceptre, and the
Queen bowed to the bauble. With Dutch sim-
plicity and dignity the young Queen rose to her
feet, faced the assembly, delivered her address, and
then took the oath to be faithful to her country's
Constitution and true to the liberties of the people,
as grandly as, though more gracefully than, the
President of the United States. Then, at the close,
with uplifted right hand, in clear, sweet tones which
thrilled every hearer, as I am told by men who were
present, she said : " Zoo waarlyk helpe viij God Al-
machtig ! " (" So truly help me God Almighty ! ")
There the Queen stood in her youth and beauty,
courage in her face, and truth in her eyes. No fear
there of the colonial expansion of that little coun-
try, although aside from the people of the Neth-
erlands 34,000,000 of colonists in various parts
of the globe acknowledged her as their Queen.
Think of it, Americans, now when some of us are
trembling with apprehensions dire at the possible
task of our being obliged to govern eight or nine
millions of colonists in tropical islands. If you
want courage, think of the little Netherlands with
only some three millions of people guiding and
governing the destinies of ten or eleven times their
number on continental islands in distant seas, and
reflect that for three centuries they have exercised
this expansive sway. It was of Holland, not of
England, that it was first said, and that by an
Enoflish writer more than two and one half cen-
turies ago, that the sun never sets upon the domin-
ions of the Dutch.
They give us a lesson in expansion which, how-
ever, no one seems to be studying in this country
at this critical time. Here, especially through our
newspapers, we speak only of the colonial manage-
ment of England, or France, or Russia, and for-
get that some Englishmen of note have compared
the Dutch colonial system to the disadvantage
of the English management of India. One to ten
the little Queen of the Netherlands stands among
her strantre colonists ; one Dutchman over ten
men of other races. That seems to be about the
Dutch limit. Now, if some of you careful students
of arithmetic at this dinner (if you have n't eaten
too much) will multiply eighty millions of peo-
ple by ten or eleven, to sum up the Dutch limit
of colonial courage, we should be compelled to
sway the destinies of Europe, Asia, and Africa
Then as Americans we greet Her Majesty. She
represents the country which was one of the first to
recognize us in our struggle for independence, and
the very first to lend us money when others held
back and we had no security to give. We mean
it as the highest compliment when we say Her
Majesty is like a beautiful American girl. So we
place her upon the throne of our American hearts ;
and we wave in her honor the Stars and Stripes of
the United States of .America in union with the
flaof of the United States of the Netherlands !
But more seriously, descendants of the Nether-
landers, let us toast the Queen. As we sit at this
feast to-nicrht, the dawn is about to break on
the coasts of Europe. The first rays of the ris-
ing sun are beginning to color the waves of the
cold North Sea, still as salt as when our fathers
ploughed them with their ships, to gild the edges
of the old dikes which our fathers made with their
spades, to illumine the old streets once wet with
our fathers' blood, to glorify anew the place where
noble William fell with the Beggar's Penny about
his neck, to enter the cosy homes which our moth-
ers first kept as models of sweetness and comfort.
The roseate hues of the morning, those hues which
the great Dutch painter first caught and applied to
his immortal canvas, are about to light up again
the dear old land, the land of Orange and of Rem-
brandt, and to steal through the curtained windows
of the palace. Good morning, sweet and gentle
Queen ! Those of your kin far away in another
land and bound by other ties salute you ! Fair
daughter of the House we love ! May the God of
our fathers have you in His holy keeping.
The Chairman : Once upon a time there was
a Princeton student who used to lecture me on
the art of trout-fishing. He was a Dutchman and
so he naturally took to fishing, and he afterwards
became a fisher of men. I have understood that
he caucrht both kinds and that the touch of his
tongue, which you have all felt, is as keen and
ready as the touch of his hook, which I have felt.
I do not need to introduce this gentleman, and
I do not introduce him. We know him — Dr.
Henry Van Dyke, who will respond to the toast
" NEW YORK, the city of charities ; the child of
ADDRESS OF DR. VAN DYKE.
Afr. P7'cside7it atid Gentlemen of the Holland Society :
r is just fourteen years ago to-night
that I had the pleasure of speaking
at the first dinner of the Holland
Society in New York City — a pleas-
ure that I never shall forget. That
was my first plunge into the great American athletic
sport of after-dinner speaking. Since that time I
have lived through a perilous life, and now I have
sworn ofT. I swore off about three years ago, but
the way I swore off was like the way the Connecti-
cut deacon .swore off eating clams. He ate too
many one day, and it made him feel very uncom-
fortable and pious, and he thought that he would
have recourse to prayer and he said, "O Lord,
heal Thy servant of this grievous illness and I
faithfully promise Thee that he will never eat any
more clams — very few, if any. Amen ! "
So this is one of the very few after-dinner
speeches that my good resolutions permit me to
make at present. The subject of my speech is one
on which a clergyman has to speak very often, the
subject of charity, and sometimes under very em-
barrassing circumstances. There was a well-known
preacher who had a habit of asking almost ever)'-
body for a subscription. One day he met a rich
but irreverent parishioner of his, and said, "Oh,
Mr. Smith, I saw such a very fine portrait of you
down at the portrait show." " Well," said the
parishioner, " I suppose you asked it for a sub-
scription." " Oh, no," said the minister, " I knew
it was no use ; it was too much like you."
But apart from this general embarrassment in
speaking on the subject of charity, and the natural
feelings of apprehension which it may arouse in
your minds, I have had some difficulty in getting
here to-night with this speech. In the first place,
when I was about half-way through my prepara-
tions Judge Van Hoesen got out a mechanic's lien
on me because he had furnished the text. Then
when I had practically completed it, the New
York Herald ^ox. out an attachment on it because
they had furnished most of the figures in regard to
New York city charities. I escaped from that by
saying that figures for both of us had probably
been furnished by the very capable and accomplished
Commissioner of Charities, Mr. John W. Keller,
and since he held a blanket mortgage on both of us,
it was not worth while for us to foreclose on each
other. Finally, last night Mr. Theodore Banta
served an injunction on me warning me that I must
not on any account to-night touch upon the subject
of expansion. He said there were a few fellows
here that did not want to hear anything about
expansion ; they only wanted to " holler," and he
said that therefore if I touched on the subject the
consequence would be that even the New York
Life Insurance Company would refuse me as a bad
risk — a thing they had never done before to any
Now this injunction, I must confess, struck me
as very curious. It is the first time in New York
in my experience that before making an after-din-
ner speech anybody has thought it necessary to
"touch me down for safety." Of course, being a
Dutchman, timidity is not one of my chronic com-
plaints, and if there was any subject about which I
wanted to speak to you to-night I should free my
mind upon it, injunction or no injunction. And I
do propose to speak to you to-niglu in favor of a
kind of expansion which I believe in, and in which
we all believe with all our hearts, namely, the ex-
pansion of the germ of beneficence which was
planted here on Manhattan Island by our Dutch
forefathers, and has grown into the magnificent
tree of public and private generosity which makes
New York a leader among the world's cities in the
glorious work of charity.
Holland has always been famous for the wisdom,
the constancy, and the generosity of her charities.
From her first magistrates, in the days of William
of Orange, she exacted a triple oath; first, to de-
fend every man's freedom ; second, to protect
widows, orphans, and miserable persons ; third, to
maintain justice and truth. The Italian traveller,
Guicciardini, in the sixteenth century, says that the
Dutch led the world in caring for the sick, the in-
firm, and the poor. Antl yet he adds that the
people were so industrious and so frugal that, ex-
cept in time of famine, there were few who needed
charity, unless they were old or crippled. Sir Wil-
liam Temple, coming from England, was amazed
at the charitable institutions of the Dutch Repub-
lie. He once visited an asylum for aged sailors,
and on his departure offered one of the inmates a
piece of money. The old man refused, saying that
all his wants were supplied, and he had no use for
money. But it is very hard to stop an Englishman
when he wants to give you anything, whether it is
a tip or a government, and so the old man was
finally forced to take the money ; but as soon as
Sir William Temple's back was turned it was found
out the next day that the old salt had given the
money to the girl that tended the door. At the
close of the Spanish war the city of Amsterdam
was spending a million dollars a year in caring for
her needy poor.
I have taken these out of a score of illustrations
that I might bring from history to show the glory
of Holland as a country of charity. And I want
you to understand that this charity in Holland is
not a mere matter of sentiment. It is imbedded in
the national character, and it has survived through
all the changes of national government. The same
generous, kindly, humane spirit that lived in those
mail-clad warriors of William of Orange, lives to-
day in the peaceful merchants that swear allegiance
to the fair girl-queen Wilhelmina. Holland still
sets an example to the world in the matter of
charity. The great Italian traveller and writer of
travels, De Amicis, says in his late book that there
is no country in Europe where such copious alms
descend from the wealthy to the needy classes, in
proportion to the population, as in Holland. The
present charities of Holland are really very remark-
able. There are between three and a half and four
million people in the country. In 1888, the latest
date for which I could get the precise figures.
there were in Holland 1386 municipal institutions of
charity, 3470 religious charitable societies, and
168 private organizations, some of these being very
large indeed, including, I think, as many as sixteen
thousand members. The persons aidetl by charity
in Holland in the year 1888 numbered 1 1 1,000, and
the money distributed in charity by municipalities
and organizations in that year was $5,600,000.
That is a splendid record for a European
countr}-. I wish that I might add to it a word or
two on the fine system by which all these chari-
table societies and all these municipal means of
charit}' are brought together and made to report
annually to a single office, so that charity is organ-
ized and does not overlap. I should like to speak
also of the laws by which beggary and vagrancy
arc forbidden, and of the provision for immediate
help which arises out of the law of Holland, that
the domicile of need is to be regarded always as
the domicile of aid — a very important provision in
regard to the distribution of charity.
But I have no time to dwell upon those things.
I want you to understand that charity in Hol-
land is not a mere matter of feeling ; it is a
principle of social order ; it is imbedded in the
Constitution of the United States of the Nether-
lands that it is to be a primary and constant duty
of government to care for the weaker members
of the community. The idea that the blind, the
deaf, the imbecile, the crippled, are citizens in spite
of their misfortune, and that they have a claim upon
the state, is a thoroughly Dutch idea. The nations
that have had it have taken it from Holland ; and
even to this day England has not yet quite learned
her lesson, for there, as I understand, people of
these classes are still regarded not as having a
claim upon the state, but as paupers, who are in
a certain sense semi-criminals. The idea of the
unfortunate, the crippled, the helpless, being truly
members of the state and having a right to receive
from the state that which shall lift them up and
better their condition if possible and fit them
for the exercise of the useful functions of civic
life is a Dutch idea. That idea came from Hol-
land into these United States and is firmly im-
bedded here in the social order of the great
Many streams of influence have come here to
make this country what it is — the greatest, the
strongest, the most glorious country in the world.
Other streams have been more copious than that
which came from Holland, but there is not one
strain of blood richer, warmer, nobler, more gener-
ous than that which flowed from the Dutch Repub-
lic into the mighty heart of the Republic of the
" New York, the City of Charities ! " That is the
toast which Judge Van Hoesen wrote for me. My
heart leaped up to respond to sentiment so serious
and so inspiring. Let me say that if after-dinner
speaking is to degenerate merely into the telling
of a string of funny stories just for the sake of
telling funny stories, I want no more of it ; but if
it means that large-hearted citizens will come to-
gether, and, with proper fun and merriment, listen
also to thoughtful and earnest talk, then I for one
recognize after-dinner speaking as a means of in-
fluence for good from which I should not dare
New York has a right to be called the City
of Charity. The first hospital (glorious name,
— Hotcl-Dieti, " God's Hotel ") on the shores of the
new world was founded in the city of New Amster-
dam in 1658. The great work of prison reform
took its practical impetus from the State of New
York in 1797. The idea of a house of refuge, by
which tht; little ragamuffin should be prevented
from developing into the big ruffian, is a New
York idea, and we had it and practised it here be-
fore they knew anything about such a thing in Eng-
land. The splendid work of the Children's Aid
Society, which takes the waifs of the city out of
the slums and sends them where they will have
room to grow in, comes from New York, and has
spread from New York far and wide. The pro-
tection of dumb animals and of little children from
cruelty has been a work in which New York has
set an example which has gleamed like a ray of light
around the world. In all branches of good work
for the suffering and distressed, New York keeps
the leadership which she has inherited from her
honest, industrious, warm-hearted, kindly, human
I am dealing in general figures now. In New
York to-day there are so many of these branches of
work that they run around like the Irishman's
chickens, and it is difficult to keep count of them.
There are more than 30 general hospitals, more
than 25 special hospitals, and more than 20 hos-
pitals for women and children, and more than 100
dispensaries. According to the account in the
New York Herald — a very interesting and admir.
able account, to which I have already referred, —
last year in New York our involuntary contribu-
tions to charity through the tax-gatherer amounted
to $4,720,000 ; our voluntary contributions through
public societies amounted to $5,272,000; the con-
tributions through the churches (which are only
estimated, because it is impossible to get at the
figures accurately) amounted to $5,000,000 ; and
the private gifts of charity out of the pockets of
citizens of New York are estimated at $10,000,000.
Now, gentlemen, — I had almost said brethren, —
understand what this means : $5,000,000 given by
New Yorkers whether they want to give or not, and
$20,000,000 given freely, because they want to help
the poor and the afflicted. That is a splendid
record. That is better than any diadem of gold.
It is the crown of honor that belongs to the city
which helps the poor and the afflicted.
There are some people who do not like New
York. I have observed that for the most part
they are people who do not live in New York.
They say some very hard things about New York.
For example, they say it is not very clean — not as
clean as Bangor ; they say New York is not very
cultured — not as cultured as Boston ; they say
New York is not very quiet — not as quiet as
Philadelphia ; and they say that New York is not
modest and lowly — like Chicago. But there is one
thing that nobody ever dare say about New York,
and that is that New York has not a big, warm
heart and an open hand to relieve the needy and
the distressed. I have been here sixteen years
and doing hard work every year, and there have
been times when I have found it difficult to find
work for men that were out of it, and the only
way I could get them out of their predicament
was to pay their fare back to Oshkosh, or wherever
they came from. But I never yet found a year or
a day when I could not get charity for any man
who was honest and who really needed it.
Now, gentlemen, you have been very patient in
listening to this long talk, and I almost feel like
saying, as a minister once said to a little boy :
"Johnny, I saw you in church to-day and you were
very good and quiet." " Oh, yes," said Johnny,
" I was afraid I would wake pa up ! " I just want
to add one word of practical application before I
sit down. You know it is very hard to choke a
preacher off until he has made a practical applica-
tion. There is one thing better than charity, and
that is, to use a distinction which a lawj-er gave
me last night, benevolence, which aims not at the
relief of the immediate necessities of the poor,
but aims at the prevention of the need of charity.
Now, there are a great many movements and in-
stitutions which have this directly in view. All
movements for the improvement of the dwellings
of the poor, all movements for the betterment
of the sanitary condition of this city to prevent
disease and weakness, movements for public baths,
movements for public libraries, and, above all,
movements for schools for the people, public and
private, — all these are efforts along the line of
benevolence as distinguished from charity ; that is
to say, efforts which aim to prevent need before
relieving it. And I say that New York ought to
give a full and hearty and a more generous support
than she has cfiven heretofore to these thinofs. We
ought to have more public schools and libraries,
and more institutions founded by men of wealth
for the sake of educating and teaching people of
moderate means. I tell you, gentlemen, institu-
tions like Cooper Union and the Hebrew Institute
have done more for the safety of this town than all
the arsenals ever built in it.
But let us still remember that until these in-
stitutions are multiplied, and until they get in their
work, there will probably be constant need of char-
ity, — that is, the actual relief of suffering and dis-
tress. Probably a certain amount of such need will
always exist, because there will always be unfortu-
nate people, who are incapacitated, physically or
mentally, for the battle of life.
I pray God that the mighty stream of charity
here in New York may never be diminished by one
rill, but may increase, and may be still more and
more wisely administered. We have not got too
many hospitals and dispensaries. We do not want
less ; what we need is, that those we have should
be administered in the most careful and efficient
manner. We need that the institutions which al-
ready exist, and which might degenerate into means
of pauperizing people, should be so manned by
men of hard heads, as well as of warm hearts, that
they shall not go astray and do harm.
I plead with you to-night, have a personal in-
terest and a personal share in the charities of
this great, generous city of which you ought to
be proud to be citizens. I plead with you, each
man, know something about what is being done
and put your hand to the work so that you will
make your power, your influence, and your money
felt. That is the way to make a city strong,
powerful, and splendid. Let each man do his part.
I plead to-night for every man that is an able-
bodied, clear-headed, warm-hearted man to have
some share in the blessed work of making this
city a place in which charity is not only wide be-
yond a parallel among the cities of the world, but
also wise in accordance with the words of Him who
said, " Whatsoever ye would that others should do
unto you, even so do ye unto them."
The Chairman : Some time ago there was a boy
in Brooklyn whom I used to know, and he grew
up with singular felicity. He jumped into com-
merce, and then into politics, and then he jumped
into learning, and, like a New Englander, every
time he landed on his feet. I do not know whether
to introduce him as Honorable, or Doctor, or
President. So I will say it in Dutch, — Seth Low,
who will respond to the toast :
"THE MEN WITH WHOM THE PILGRIM
" Yet are many of us further obliged by the good and courteous
treatment which we found in your country, for which we
and our children after us are bound to be thankful to
your nation, and shall never forget the same."
ADDRESS OF HON. SETH LOW.
Mr. Chairman a?id Ge7ttlemcn of the Holland
BEFORE I speak to the toast which has
been assigned to me, may I venture
to say a single word as the President
of Columbia University in recognition
of the course of lectures recently es-
tablished by this Society upon Dutch literature and
which are now being delivered at Columbia. I
have been told, how accurately I do not know, that
it is the first course of lectures upon Dutch litera-
ture specifically which has ever been delivered in
the United States. If so, it would indicate that
the Dutchmen of New Amsterdam, even if they
are slow in some things, are at least sure, and I
venture to express the hope that this union be-
tween the University and the Holland Society in
the effort to promote some acquaintance in this
city with the literature of old Holland may be con-
tinued, and that the results of it may be advan-
tageous to the city.
I want to express on behalf of the University
our appreciation of your co-operation, and to thank
you one and all for making this course of lectures
A great many years ago a gentleman from
Connecticut migrated to Brooklyn, then a small
Dutch settlement. One of the old Dutch burgh-
ers of the village said to him, "Why do all of
you New Englanders come down here to disturb
our repose ? " and the New Englanders reply was,
" Sir, we come here to marry your daughters, and
to atlminister your estates." I am here to-night,
to paraphrase that answer, as a descendant of New
England, to admire your daughters in the gallery
who favor this banquet with their presence, and to
administer so much of your estate as a man with a
good appetite properly can. I bring here naturally
some of the traits of the occupation with which I
am now connected, and I have observed several
thing's about this bill of fare which have interested
me from a linguistic standpoint. In the first place,
I am reminded of that utterance of Mark Twain,
who said that the most striking peculiarity of
foreigners in the use of their language was that
they did not know how to spell. Who would have
thought of spelling soup s-o-c-p ? Then there is
another thing even more noticeable. While you
have been able to express in the language of Hol-
land, as I suppose, all of the viands that one is
accustomed to meet with in most places, when you
came to terrapin your language failed. It re-
minded me of the utterance of a school commis-
sioner in Massachusetts who said to the assembled
children one morning, " My children, the correct
pronunciation of the English language is important
in this world and in the world to come." It may
be very well to put the two ends of the bill of fare
in Dutch, but when it comes to terrapin it has to
be put down in good English.
I have always understood that the people of
Holland were always noticeable for cleanliness and
neatness and good order. I did n't know that it was
because they were in the habit of eating soap !
And, following- out for the moment the suQ;^orestion
of cleanliness carried by that thought, I may per-
haps suggest a certain danger to those inclined to
take the Dutch as their models in the use of the
broom. I remember that Tromp swept the English
Channel with a broom at his masthead, but in doing
that he swept a place that did not need it very
much, and he had the wrong end of the broom
down. The moral of this in municipal affairs I am
sure must be clear to everybody.
But, gentlemen, I am here as a lineal descendant
of one of those who was referred to in this letter
written by Governor Bradford of Plymouth Colony
in 1627 : " There are many of us very obliged by
the good and courteous treatment which may be
found in your country for which we and our children
after us are bound to be thankful to your Nation
and shall never forget the same." As one of the
thousands of those who have descended from that
little company I am sure that I may speak in behalf
of all in once more renewing our expression of
thanks to Holland and this people. And perhaps I
can point you to some things for which it seems to
us we are indebted to the people of Holland. I re-
member that the Pilgrims went from England to that
little country first of all because they had heard that
there people enjoyed freedom of religion, to worship
God as they saw fit. I think that the United States
of America owe no little of the religious freedom
which is characteristic of this country to the people
of Holland. I think I can illustrate to you how that
characteristic has been true of the city of New
York for many years. When Kings College was
established here in 1754 it was provided in the
charter that amongf the ex-ofificio members of the
governors of that college should be the Rector of
Trinity Church, the Rector of the Dutch Church,
the Minister of the French Church, the Minister
of the Methodist Church, and I think one other,
and it was stated in the body of the charter that no
one connected with the colony should suffer any
disadvantage or be deprived of any privilege by
reason of his religious belief or practice. At that
time the city of New York was an English colony.
I ask you to remember that it was one hundred and
twenty years almost after that before the test oaths
for admission to Oxford and Cambridge were re-
moved in England itself. Therefore I think it is
evident that the freedom of religious worship which
the Pilgrims found in old Holland they brought
over with them to the new Holland, and it remained
to permeate the atmosphere even after New Am-
sterdam became New York, and I thank God it
has remained to this very hour.
Another thing- I think is noticeable. The Pil-
grims who went from Holland to New England
and the other English that went to New England
were very prompt to establish free schools in New
England. The Dutch when they came here were
equally prompt to establish free schools. No other
English that came to this country did anything of
the sort. The Englishmen that went to Virginia
and the South, the Englishmen that succeeded the
Dutch here, were not quick and prompt to establish
a system of free popular education. Therefore I
think it is perfectly true that a system of free
popular education came into this country from
Holland indirectly by way of New England and
directly by way of New Amsterdam.
Then one other thing it seems to me is strikingly
suggested by the events of this last summer if you
please. Of all the powers in the world little Hol-
land was the first to put a stop to the growth and
power of Spain. Her long struggle with that
mighty monarchy is one of the wonderful chapters
of history. After the Dutch had succeeded and
had bearded this lion, the English did so, and now
in our day the descendants of the Dutch and of
the English have brought Spain once more to the
realization that the power of enlightenment and
the power of freedom is greater than the power of
darkness and the power of tyranny. I say we have
brought Spain to the realization of those things.
God grant that it may be so. If Spain had learned
that lesson from Holland, if she had learned it from
the English, perhaps this chapter of her history
would never have been written. At all events,
whether Spain has learned it or not, our descendants
of the English and of the Dutch realize, I am sure,
that in this century-long conflict between the
nations with which we are identified and the
Spanish people it is not so much the power of one
nation which has humbled the power of another as
it is the power of the great ideals which have
overmastered the power of poor ideals.
So then as a descendant of New England ances-
try it seems to me that we owe a debt of gratitude
to the people of Holland for those three precious
things : for freedom of religious worship, for a sys-
tem of free education, and for that love of liberty
which thinks that life is not worth living without
freedom of religion and freedom to grow in intelli-
gence. I do not know that that is all we owe to
Holland, but that is a great debt. I think perhaps
we owe to it our name, for I suppose that the
name of the United States of America was a very
natural adaptation of the name of the United States
of the Netherlands. And we may owe to it, for all
I know, the colors of our flag, for we have taken
from the flag of Holland not indeed the orange and
the dark blue of Nassau, but the red, white, and
blue of their national standard. It is indeed true
that we have added to those colors some bright and
brilliant stars, and we of New England birth —
Americans of every descent — are glad to believe
that the stars upon our flag represent there some
rich and choice blessing from heaven ; but these
stars shine with a light that we can understand and
with a light that can lead us on our way because
they are bright with the spirit of those things for
which Holland pre-eminently stands — the spirit of
a free man to worship God untrammelled ; the spirit
of a free man to learn while he has power to learn ;
and the indomitable spirit of liberty that will not
bend the knee to any power whatever except his
The Chairman: Now, gentlemen of the Society,
fellow Dutchmen, we have another toast, and it will
be responded to by a typical Dutchman of Ameri-
can descent. He went to Holland to represent us
as an American, and he has come back to represent
us as a Dutchman, and he is a big chip of old Dutch
blocks — Robert B. Roosevelt, who will now reply
to the toast :
"AN AMERICAN'S VIEW OF HOLLAND."
ADDRESS OF MR. ROOSEVELT.
HEN I was asked to speak this eve-
ning you will observe that I was put at
the bottom of the list. Being on the
Dinner Committee, in selecting my-
self to speak I might have changed
that order had it not been that I was overruled by
my associates, on this ground : they said to me,
"Watch Dr. Van Dyke! We want you down
there to watch Dr. Van Dyke." I said, " Gentle-
men, it would be impossible for me or any other
man to presume for one moment to imitate Dr. Van
Dyke or endeavor to equal his eloquence." " Oh,"
they said, " we don't expect you to do that, but we
want you to watch him in case he should break
out into any of those eccentricities of his in which
he has been indulging lately, such, for instance, as
anti-expansion, and one thing and another, which
would not suit us at all."
So I have been sitting here watching Dr. Van
Dyke, and I find I had more cause for it than I
imagined or anticipated. In the first place, when
the President of this Society failed to put in an ap-
pearance this evening — and I must say that I am
very sorry the Mayor is not here — for he ought
certainly to have been here, and I said this in the
presence of his brother, who I see has left the room
— as I say, in the absence of our President I was
requested to introduce Mr. Bergen. I was just
about to do it when up rose Dr. Van Dyke and
took it all away from me and proceeded to intro-
duce Mr. Bergen himself.
In the next place, you will remember that a
fisherman was introduced as the ne.xt speaker,
and I naturally thought that something had got
mixed up, but lo and behold ! it was Dr. Van Dyke
Then we had a letter of declination to speak by
Dr. Behrends. Now, you know that in the first
place a Dutchman cannot tell a lie. So Dr.
Behrends did not attempt to make any excuse, ex-
cept to say that he was not coming, but I expected
that Dr. Van Dyke would at least say that Dr.
Behrends had an attack of grippe, or something
else, as an excuse for his absence.
So that left me with nothing to do — as Dr. Van
Dyke did not fly off the handle and say anything
about anti-expansion, and did not indulge in any of
his eccentricities — but respond to my toast, which
is a most painful thing for an after-dinner speaker
In speaking of the impression that a foreigner
gets of the land of our ancestors, the first thing is
the appearance of the country when approaching it.
If you arrive in a steamship at Amsterdam or
Rotterdam, the former of which is called the Venice
of the north, you ascend the river and canal, and
are startled by finding that you are actually higher
on the deck of the vessel than the surrounding
land through which you are passing, like a sea-gull
sailing slowly through the air, — indeed, at high
tide nearly up even with the second stories of the
houses which line the bank of the waterway. You
realize for the first time in a practical, striking
fashion, the fact that the dry ground was indeed won
from the bottom of the sea. This is further empha-
sized by the windmills. Of course you knew all
about them and you expected to see the windmills,
but you had no realization of their actuality. There
they are in all directions, visible over the flat country
as many as twenty at one time, working away, slash-
ing their sails around unceasingly. They loom up
in the foreground, they tower over the tree-tops,
they appear amid the groups of houses, or they
stand singly and alone in the broad landscape, but
they all are busy, tirelessly busy, never stopping for
an instant, never resting, clattering out " Can't stop,
can't stop ; we are fighting the water ; if we give up
this 'everlasting demnition grind,' if we pause, it
will gain on us. Fight it, fight it, day and night!"
Those monster windmills, compared with the little
affairs which we are getting to use so universally
for household labors, are as giants to pigmies, as
steam-engines to sewing-machines. They seem to
resemble huee living- beingrs doomed to endless
toil. They are the great guardian spirits of our
The landscape, by its uniformity of levelness, has
a depressing effect, and gives the newcomer an
impression of dullness and dreariness, which only
wears off when he comes in contact with the people.
There are a few trees, clumps of them here and
there, and the admiration for them and for the
little strip of woods near The Hague, called the
Scheveningen Bosch, is hardly comprehensible to
us who have been accustomed to treading the
primeval forest, where we have walked for days
surrounded by the hoary trees, counting their age
by centuries, and with their leafy tops forming a
canopy so dense as to be wholly impenetrable to
the fierce rays even of our summer sun. We could
find, within the confines of New York city, a woods
as extensive as that of Scheveningen, and twenty
such within the limits of our comparatively treeless
Long Island. There are few old trees in Holland
because there was no primeval land for them to
When the visitor gets acquainted with the people
he will find them the most amiable, the most hos-
pitable, the broadest and kindest-hearted, the most
respectably jovial of any in Europe. You may be
astonished when I tell you that the funniest funny
paper in the world is published in Holland, and
moreover that the jokes are such that they would
not bring a blush to the cheek of the young person,
while they would bring smiles to that person's lips,
if not aches to that person's sides. It is as great a
contrast to the unclean jokes of the French as are
the manners of the residents of The Hague to those
of the inhabitants of Paris. In Holland you are
made at home, you are invited to the houses, you
are taken into the families ; in France you are
never asked to cross the threshold of the door
except to formal and necessary entertainments.
Our American hospitality can be traced directly to
Dutch ancestry, and although it is sometimes abused
and ridiculed by foreigners who neither understand
nor appreciate it, it speaks well for the honesty and
purity of the people who neither do evil to their
hosts, nor expect their guests to do evil to th^m
when they are hosts. The young ladies of The
Hague run around the streets as gaily and safely
and as innocently as the young ladies do in every city
of America. This can be said of no other country'
of Europe. In none of the large cities of other
nations would they be free from insult at least.
The cleanness of Holland is proverbial, — the clean-
ness of their houses and their streets ; we are glad
to add that it seems to enter into their hearts and
manners as well. Let me mention an example of
charity that is peculiarly appropriate on this occa-
sion. Contributions were sent to be used at the
installation of the young Queen in amounts greater
than were actually needed. Instead of spending
this overplus in ornamentation or useless extrava-
gance or adding it to her own possessions she em-
ployed it in charity. She first dedicated one of her
own palaces, a residence inherited directly from her
father, as a hospital, and then she used this money
to endow it. Could there be a nobler or sweeter
memorial of her entrance upon her royal duties ?
The more you know the people of Holland the
more you respect them. The proverb says a
people are not to be counted by their numbers, but
by their virtues. You have the contrast of the
Chinese and the Dutch, and we congratulate our-
selves that we are derived from the latter, not the
former stock. The first blood shed for liberty in
Europe was shed in Holland. The first blood
for liberty in this country was shed in the city of
New York, at the battle of Golden Hill. The
firm attitude of the people of our city had, after
compelling the authorities here to deliver up all the
stamps sent to them and allow them to be burned
in the presence of the public, forced the mother
country to repeal the stamp tax. Over the erec-
tion of a liberty pole, however, there was a fierce
contest with the soldiery, and the first patriot of
the American Revolution was killed, just as the
first ideas of liberty in Europe were bathed in
Dutch blood two hundred years before.
Speaking of jokes, I will tell you one that a
gentleman of Hebrew extraction unwittingly ut-
tered in Rotterdam. There is a very exclusive
club in that city, and while the utmost latitude is
allowed in all religious matters, there exists socially
a prejudice, which this club emphasized by refus-
ing to admit members of that race. This gentle-
man was so good a fellow, so generous and
amiable, and was so universally liked, that after a
good deal of delay and hesitation he was elected
to membership. Well, having admitted one He-
brew, it came naturally about that others were
proposed, when, to the universal surprise, the most
outspoken opponent was this very gentleman.
" No, no," he said positively, " we don't want any
more Jews in this club; we have Jews enough in
this club — I am in !"
The people so resemble in appearance, as well
as in habits, those of early New York, or per-
haps I ought to say the New York of my youth,
when it still retained most of its early charac-
teristics, that I was frequently on the point of
speaking to strangers in the streets, thinking that
somehow or other I must be acquainted with
them. Their virtues, like those of our nearer
ancestors, are often derided as the homely virtues.
If there are better virtues than the homely ones,
if there is any nation which has a monopoly of a
superior sort of virtue, it would be a good thing to
make the world acquainted with the fact. If cour-
age for the right, courage to death in the last
ditch, courage to starve as at Leyden, if truth-
fulness, if industry, if honesty in all transactions,
— honesty in work, honesty in painting, honesty in
thought and act as well as in money questions — if
generosity, hospitality, benevolence, private kind-
ness, and public spirit — if these are the homely
virtues, thank heaven for them, and give us as
many and as much of them as possible. Honesty
is the foundation virtue of a people. The want of
honesty in public men has lately brought Spain to
ruin and France to shame ; honesty has made
England the great nation that she is to-day. While
we have had some fears that it was diminishing in
our own country in public life, we have at least one
good e.xample of it in one Dutchman at the head
of the city of New York, and I am sure I express
the sentiments of all of you when I add that we
have another example of it in another Dutchman
at the head of the State.
THE SEIZURE OF NEW NETHERLAND
BY THE ENGLISH.
;^;;^HE following account of the manner in
■jiJiSil which England robbed Holland of
her American colony is taken from
Mrs. Martha J. Lamb's^ History of
tJie City of Neiv York, vol. I., pp.
208, etc., by the kind permission of the publishers,
Messrs. A. S. Barnes & Co., of New York, who
hold the copyright of the work.
Meanwhile, in spite of treaties and at the risk of war, Charles
and his ministers had resolved to seize New Netherland.
An expedition against the Dutch in America was at once
ordered, but kept a profound secret, lest the States-General
should send a squadron to aid their unprotected subjects.
The Duke of York, who had been appointed Lord High Ad-
miral of the British dominions, was to manage the enterprise.
He borrowed of the king four war-vessels, on which he em-
barked four hundred and fifty well trained soldiers, under the
command of Colonel Richard Nicolls, the groom of his bed-
chamber, who was also commissioned as governor of the yet
Mischievous quarrels among the Indians to the North in-
duced Stuyvesant to take a trip to Fort Orange. He had
reached his destination and entered upon the work of reconcil-
' A society has been formed to erect a monument in memory of Mrs.
Lamb, of which Mrs. E. E. Salisbury, New Haven, Conn., is treasurer.
ng the savages, when an express followed him to say that the
English squadron was actually on the way from Boston to New
Amsterdam. He hurried home, arriving only three days be-
fore the English banners floated over the bay, just below the
Narrows. One of his first acts was to set all his own negro
slaves and hired workmen at his farm threshing grain night and
day, and carting it to the fort (August 29, 1664). Three weeks
had been lost in false security ; the city, alas ! was ill prepared
to stand a siege. The fort, and the wall at Wall Street, how-
ever strong a defense against the Indians, would avail positively
nothing against a civilized foe ; and there was the exposure on
two rivers ! Four hundred men were all that could be mus-
tered, to bear arms. Six hundred pounds was the maximum
of powder in the fort. . .
Stuyvesant regarded the situation with dismay. The English
were in full possession of the harbor. He hastily called in
the few soldiers from Esopus and other outposts, and, wishing
to ascertain the condition of affairs on Long Island, sent to
the English commander four commissioners, representing the
council and the city, with a letter inquiring the object of his
coming, and why he remained so long in the harbor without
giving due notice. Nicolls replied that he had come to reduce
the country to the obedience of the king of England, whose
commission he displayed ; and that he would send a letter to
the Governor on the following day.
Saturday morning, August 30th, Sir George Cartwright and
three other gentlemen came to the city, and were received with
a formal salute from the guns of the Battery. The interview
was ceremonious in the extreme. They bore from Nicolls to
Stuyvesant a formal summons to surrender the province of
New Netherland, with all its towns, forts, etc., at the same
time promising to confirm his estate, life, and liberty to every
man who should submit without op])osition to the king's
Meanwhile, Stuyvesant had been preparing an answer to the
summons of Nicolls. It was an overwhelming argument,
tracing the history of New Netherland through all its vicis-
situdes, and pointing out the absolute unsoundness of the
English claim. He pictured in earnest language the conse-
quences of any violation of the articles of peace so solemnly
agreed ujion by Charles and the States-General, and warned
the English commander against aggression. He sent four of
his ablest advisers — two from his council and two from the
city — to convey the document to Colonel Nicolls, and to " argue
the matter" with him.
Nicolls declined discussion. He said the question of right
did not concern him. He must and would take possession of
the place. If the reasonable terms he offered were not ac-
cepted, he should proceed to attack. "On Thursday, I shall
speak with you at the Manhattans," he said, with dignity.
" Friends will be welcome if they come in a friendly manner,"
replied one of the delegates.
" I shall come with my ships and soldiers, and he will be
a bold messenger indeed who will dare to come on board and
solicit terms," was his rejoinder.
" What, then, is to be done ? " was asked.
" Hoist the white flag of peace at the fort, and I may take
something into consideration."
The delegates returned sadly to New .\msterdam. Nicolls,
seeing that Stuyvesant was not disposed to surrender, made
preliminary arrangements for storming the city. He called
the people of Long Island together at Gravesend, and pub-
lished the king's patent to the Duke of York, and his own
commission, in their presence. Winthrop announced, on be-
half of Connecticut, that, as the king's pleasure was now fully
signified, the jurisdiction which that colony had claimed and
exercised over Long Island "ceased and became null." Nicolls
promised to confirm all the civil officers who had been ap-
pointed by Connecticut, — which gave immense satisfaction.
Volunteers, to swell his army, came from all parts of the
island. Prospects of plunder seemed to have entered largely
into their calculations. The citizens of New Amsterdam re-
garded them as their deadly enemies ; and well they might, at
this juncture, for threats and curses filled the air, and rovers
talked openly of " where the young women lived who wore
chains of gold."
The volunteers were encamped just below Breuckelen, to be
ready to storm the city by land. Nicolls sent a few of his
troops to join them. It was rumored that six hundred North-
ern savages and one hundred and fifty Frenchmen had re-
inforced the English forces against the Dutch. On the
morning of September 5th Nicolls came up under full sail, and
anchored between the fort and Governor's Island. The crisis
had come. New Amsterdam, with its population of fifteen
hundred souls, "was encircled round about," without any
means of deliverance. " It is a matter of desperation rather
than soldiership to attempt to hold the fort," said Vice-Gover-
nor De Sille.
Stuyvesant stood in one of the angles of the fort, near
where the gunner held a burning match, awaiting the order to
fire at the approaching vessels. He had been expostulated
with by one and another, who saw only infatuation and ruin in
resisting a foe with such extraordinary advantage in point of
numbers ; but to all he had answered, with emphasis, " I must
act in obedience to orders." " It is madness," said Domine
Megapolensis, laying his hand lovingly upon the Governor's
shoulder. " Do you not see that there is no help for us either
to the north or to the south, to the east or to the west ?
What will our twenty guns do in the face of the sixty-two
which are pointed towards us on yonder frigates ? Pray, do not
be the first to shed blood ! "
Just then, a paper was brought to Stuyvesant signed by
ninety-three of the principal citizens, including the burgomas-
ters and schepens, and his own son, Balthazar, urging with
manly arguments that he would not doom the city to ashes
and spill innocent blood, as it was evident the sacrifice could
avail nothing in the end. He read the appeal with white lips
and with unspeakable sorrow expressed in every feature. His
only remark was, " I had rather be carried to my grave."
Five minutes later, the white flag waved above the fort.
The conquest of Long Island and New Amsterdam has been
widely stigmatized as an act of jjeculiar national baseness. It
was matured in secret and accomplished with a deliberate
deceit towards a friendly government. It provoked a war
which disgraced the reign of Charles II. ; a war in which
Dutch fleets not only swept the Channel, but entered the
Thames, burned the warehouses and dock-yards at Chatham,
and maddened and terrified the citizens of London with the roar
of their cannon. And yet, unjustifiable as it surely was for an
undeclared enemy to sneak into a remote harbor and treacher-
ously seize a province, the temptation furnished by the circum-
stances of the case may perhaps be cited as a sort of palliation
of the deed. The U'est India Company and the States-Gen-
eral had always undervalued New Netherland ; it was their
neglect of it which had been the most potent stimulus to
English ambition ; and finally, the event itself could not have
been avoided by the Dutch government unless all their previous
policy had been reversed and their title planted upon a more
NOTE BY THE SECRETARY.
What an illustration of the ideas of national morality that
obtain among many, is found in these closing lines ! While
admitting that it was unjustifiable for England to " sneak into "
New Amsterdam and " treacherously seize a province " belong-
ing to a nation with which it was not at war, this New Eng-
land historian finds palliation in " the temptation furnished by
the circumstances of the case " ! That is to say, because the
Netherlands did not maintain in their American colony an
army sufticient to resist an invasion by England, the turpitude
of England's deed is less black ! The assertions in the last
sentence we have quoted from Mrs. Lamb are utterly unsup-
ported by authorities. The title of the Dutch to the country
was incontrovertible, as was shown by Stuyvesant in the paper
above mentioned. The Dutch government did not " under-
value New Netherland," nor " neglect it." In the Year Book
for 1896 we gave the names of a few of the ships sent by the
Dutch West India Company — with emigrants — during the seven
years preceding the English usurpation, and these were but a
small portion of the vessels sent out by that Company, — which
was very energetic in seeking to encourage colonization, fur-
nishing the settlers with money, cattle, agricultural implements,
seeds, tools, building materials, etc. And, too, it must be
borne in mind that ten years before this seizure of New
Netherland the people of Holland had been crushed and
ruined by the unprovoked war made upon them by England.
Pontalis, in his life of John De Witt, Grand Pensionary of
Holland, says, vol. i., p. 132: "Elated by the downfall of
royalty, the English government (under Cromwell) had
yielded to the temptations of an unbounded ambition. The
Parliamentary envoys were commissioned to obtain the consent
of the States-General to the union of the two nations, under
the authority of a great Common Council, which should sit in
England. This was to demand from the United Provinces the
sacrifice of their independence, by obliging them to accept the
laws of the stronger state. The association of a great, com-
pact, and well-united republic with a confederation of prov-
inces, each of which had its own government, could only end
in giving England the lion's share, as she had everything to
gain, while the United Provinces had everything to lose. The
States-General, therefore, rejected with one accord a proposal
destined to bring the republic into slavery, or at least into
vassalage. The demand which was imperiously made upon
them to banish from their territory the sons of Charles I, and
their chief partisans, found no greater favor with them, and the
[English] Parliament began to show irritation at being unable
to dictate to ihcm its orders.
" The Parliamentary ambassadors left the Hague in a haughty
and threatening mood. Their departure was followed by two
measures which showed clearly the arrogant and aggressive
policy of the English government. The Parliament announced
its warlike intentions by the celebrated Act known under the
name of the Navigation Act, which prohibited all foreign
vessels from importing into England any merchandise except
the product of the soil or of the industry of their own country ;
thereby aiming an irreparable blow at Holland, whose trans-
port trade, valued at forty million pounds, was her chief source
of wealth. The Navigation Act was followed by letters of
marque given to English traders, authorizing them to indemnify
themselves for pretended damage inflicted on them by the
navy of the United Provinces. Soon after, the seizure of
seventy merchant vessels carrying the Dutch flag [two thou-
sand Dutch shi])s were subsequently seized] showed the States-
General that they had no longer any consideration to hope for.
The accidental though almost inevitable encounter of the two
fleets, commanded, one by Admiral Tromp, the other by the
English .\dmiral Blake, who had seized on the pretext of the
refusal or delay to salute his flag for commencing the attack,
gave the signal for hostilities."
The war which ensued was altogether a naval campaign, in
which the English had a vast superiority in the number and
size of ships, number and calibre of their guns, and in the
strength of their crews. In 1652, Tromp surprised the Eng-
lish fleet, drove them into the Thames, and sailed victoriously
through the English Channel, carrying a broom at his mast-
head. But the disparity in numbers and resources between
" brave little Holland " and England's mighty power was too
great, and after two years, in 1654, England remained the
" Mistress of the Seas," and the Netherlands were much im-
poverished. "The country was filled with beggars ; the richer
families were emigrating to Flanders ; grass grew in the streets,
and in the town of Amsterdam 1500 houses might be counted
to be let."
It was ten years after the close of this war, by which Holland
had been left so weakened, and while the two countries were at
peace, that the English seized without any warrant of right the
province of New Netherland. It adds to the infamy of the
deed that it was perpetrated under the authority of Charles II.,
to whom Holland had given asylum when driven from Eng-
land, and had entertained him most royally, and which act of
hospitality on the part of the States-General had been made
by Cromwell one of the pretexts for waging war against them.
England evermore has shown that her actuating principle
has been "might makes right," and that the sacrednessof titles
or of treaties is only regarded by her when there is sufficient
military strength behind them to enforce their -observance by
From Broadhead's History of the State of New
York, pp. 734, 735, 745 :
" The population of the province [New Netherland] was now,
1664, full ten thousand, while New Amsterdam contained
fifteen hundred, and wore an air of great prosperity.
" English jealousy had, meanwhile, grown with the increas-
ing commerce of Holland, and a rupture with the Dutch
appeared to be near at hand. The East India [English] di-
rectors complained of their formidable Batavian rivals. The
African Company, of which the King's brother, James, Duke
of York, was the governor, denounced the Dutch West India
Company, which had striven to secure its territory on the Gold
Coast from English intruders. James, who had been libelled
in Holland, became the advocate of his African Company with
the King and with Parliament ; and Downing, the British Am-
bassador at the Hague, having a personal interest, with menacing
language pressed exorbitant demands for damages upon the
States. An expedition, under Sir Robert Holmes, was secretly
dispatched against the Dutch possessions in Africa ; and aggres-
sions, which Clarendon describes as ' without any shadow of
justice," were committed in the midst of a covenanted peace.
" A still more iniiiuiious measure was soon arranged. . . .
To accomplish all objects at one blow, England now deter-
mined boldly to rob Holland of her American province.
"The reduction of New Netherland was now accomplished.
All that could be further done was to change its name ; and
to glorify one of the most bigoted princes in English history,
the royal province was ordered to be called ' New York.'
. . . The flag of England was at length triumphantly dis-
played where, for half a century, that of Holland had right-
fully waved ; and from Virginia to Canada, the King of Great
Britain was acknowledged as Sovereign. Viewed in all its as-
pects, the events which gave 'to the whole of that country a
unity in allegiance and to which a misgoverned people com-
placently submitted,' was as inevitable as it was momentous.
But, whatever may have been its ultimate consequences, this
treacherous and violent seizure of the territory and possessions
of an unsus])ecting ally was no less a breach of j)rivate justice
than of |)ublic faith. It may, indeed, be affirmed that, among
all the acts of selfish perfidy which royal ingratitude conceived
and executed, there have been few more characteristic, and
none more base.
" Much of what has been written of American history has
been written by those who, from habit or prejudice, have
been inclined to magnify the influence and extol the merit of
the Anglo-Saxon race, at the expense of every other element
which has assisted to form the national greatness.
" In no particular has this been more remarkable than in the
unjust view which has so often been taken of the founders of
New York. Holland has long been a theme for the ridicule
of British writers ; and even in this country the character and
manners of the Dutch have been made the subjects of an un-
' Note by the Secretary: It has not been proven tliat the people were
" misgoverned," and the statement that they " complacently submitted " is
completely neutralized by the fact that, after nine years of English rule, the
citizens hailed with the greatest enthusiasm the re-establishment of Dutch
authority when, in lf)73, the States-General, during the war with England,
recaptured the province.
worthy depreciation, caused perhaps, in some instances, by too
ready an imitation of those provincial chroniclers who could see
little good in their ' noxious neighbors ' of New Netherland.
" Yet, without undervaluing others, it may confidently be
claimed that to no nation in the world is the Republic of the
West more indebted than to the United Provinces, for the idea
of the confederation of sovereign states ; for noble principles
of constitutional freedom ; for magnanimous sentiments of re-
ligious toleration ; for characteristic sympathy with the subjects
of oppression ; for liberal doctrines in trade and commerce ;
for illustrious patterns of private integrity and public virtue ;
and for generous and timely aid in the establishment of inde-
pendence. Nowhere among the people of the United States
can men be found excelling in honesty, industry, courtesy, or
accomplishment the posterity of the early Dutch settlers in
"And when the providence of God decreed that the rights of
humanity were again to be maintained through long years of
endurance and of war, the descendants of Hollanders nobly
emulated the example of their forefathers ; nor was their stead-
fast patriotism outdone by that of any of the heroes in the
strife which made the blood-stained soil of New York and New
Jersey the Netherlands of America."
Zbc Hlban^ Baiuiuct
HE members of the Holland Society in
Albany and vicinity gave a dinner
in honor of our fellow-member, Gov-
ernor Theodore Roosevelt, at the
Fort Orange Club, on Tuesday,
January 24, 1899.
The committee in charge of the affair consisted
of Dr. Albert Vander Veer, Vice-President for
Albany County, and Messrs. Richard Varick De
Witt, Charles Visscher Winne, Isaac De Freest
Lansing, Charles Frederick Van Benthuysen, and
Miles Woodward Vosburgh.
The account in one of the Albany papers states :
" The dinner given by the members of the Albany branch of
the Holland Society to Governor Roosevelt at the Fort Orange
Club last night, was perhaps the most successful dinner the
society has given in this vicinity. The prominent representa-
tives of the old Dutch families of old Dutch Albany were
present, together with several well-known out-of-town mem-
bers. The dining-room of the Fort Orange Club was decorated
in the most elaborate manner. Large groups of palms were
placed at salient points in the room, and connecting them were
banks of nephrolepis ferns and laurel roping. Between these
were draped the Holland colors of this era and the red, white,
and blue. The side chandeliers were draped with small
American silk flags, tied with bows of orange ribbon. The
large central chandeliers were festooned with southern laurel,
and entwined with orange ribbon. In the recess where the
fireplace is, a great moose-head appeared above, looking out
from a number of Norfolk pine trees with banks of moss and
ferns, while from overhead, southern smilax hung from the
ceiling in natural grace. The tables were arranged in a horse-
shoe form. An immense basket of yellow tulips was set in
the place of honor opposite the Governor, while in front of
ever)' guest a tall thin vase stood, tied with a bow of orange
ribbon, holding a specimen Fournesol tulip, the variegated yel-
low and red variety. The centres of the tables were decorated
with plants of lilies of the valley, asparagus sprengerin, hya-
cinths, darallia moarearo ferns, daffodils, etc., all the pots
being handsomely covered with orange coverings and trimmed
with orange ribbon. The effect of the whole room was
Those present were :
Governor Theodore Roosevelt, Consul-General Planten, Rev.
E. P. Johnson, and Dr. MacDonald, guests of the society ;
Dr. Albert Vander Veer, John G. Myers, Charles L. Pruyn,
G. A. Van Allen, Richard V. De Witt, Charles H. Van
Heusen, W. N. S. Sanders, John L. Van Valkenburgh, Gerrit
Y. Lansing, F. C. Huyck, E. N. Huyck, Robert C. Pruyn, E.
A. Groesbeck, A. V. Bensen, I. D. F. Lansing, M. W. Vosburgh,
Edward W. Visscher, Charles V. ^Vinne, C. F. Van Benthuysen,
Thomas J. Van Alstyne, Abraham Lansing, Jasper Van Wor-
mer, Albany ; Simon J. Schermerhorn, T. Low Barhydt, Clark
Witbeck, W. T. Hanson, N. Irving Schermerhorn, Simon
Schermerhorn, Josiah Van Vranken, W. G. Schermerhorn,
Schenectady ; T. A. Knickerbocker, John Knickerbocker,
Troy ; John Van Voorhis, Eugene Van Voorhis, Rochester ;
William Harmon Van Allen, Elmira ; Charles K. Van Vleck,
Hudson ; Alfred De Graff, Fonda ; A. T. Clearwater, Kings-
ton ; William C. Groesbeck, Lansingburg ; James B. Van
Woert, New York ; D. H. Van Auken, Cohoes. Albany
guests : C. H. Van Antwerp, Donald McCredie, Clark T. Du-
rant, William L. Visscher, W. H. Van Wormer, S. W. Rosen-
dale, Andrew G. White, Brig.-Gen. Bradley T. Johnson, A. V.
Canape o( Caviar a la Russe
Cream i la Heine
AMONTILLADO AND BIT-
HAUT SAUTERNF. DE G.
FILET OF rOMFANO A LA BORPELAISE HAUT SAUTERNE DE G.
Chfiteau Potatoes Cucumbers
MOET ft CHANDON.
Terrapin .^ la Maryland
Rissoles of .Sweetbreads, Veloute
SADDLE OF MUTTON, CURRANT JELLY
Potato Croquettes French String Beans
Sorbet au Kirsch
BROILED PHILADELPHIA SQlAIi OX TOAST
Lettuce and Tomatoes'Mayonnaise
Kruit Ices Olykoecken Fancy Cake
Camembert Cheese Toasted Crackers
I. Our Dutch Governor. The first in more
than fifty years. May he receive as loyal
support from the public, in his official duties,
as was given him in the famous charge at San
" Give them great meals of beef, and iron and steel,
They will eat like wolves and fight like devils."
Shakespeare, Henry V.
Governor Theodore Roosevelt.
CR£ME DE MENTHE.
2. Our Municipality. A Mayor- Burgomaster
worthy of our ancestors.
" As the Laws are above magistrates, so are the magistrates
above the people."
Mayor Thomas J. Van Alstyne.
3. Queen Wilhelmina. May the same allegiance
given by the Albany Dutchmen to Holland's
Queen, the same friendly spirit between the
Old and the New Netherland, continue to
exist, growing stronger each year.
" Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea ;
Our hearts, our hopes, are all with thee."
Longfellow, " Building of the Ship."
Consul-General John R. Planten.
4. Our City. The home of Olykoecks and gable
ends. If not a Van, then better yet, a
" The people are the city."
Hon. Abraham Lansing.
5. Union University with its Dutch Ante-
" Impartially their talents scan,
Just education makes the man."
Gay, " To a Mother."
President Andrew Van Vranken Raymond,
" Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state,
Laws wise as nature, and as fixed as Fate."
Pope, " Essay on Man."
Hon. John Van Vogrhls.
7- The Dutch as Legal Lights.
" To whom can riches give repute or trust,
Content or pleasure, but the good and just ? "
Hon. a. T. Clear\v.\ter.
8. A Scotch-Dutchman. Beyond a doubt a
Dutchman, though coming to us by way
" The noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever sees is the
highroad that leads him to Holland."
Willis G. MacDonald, M.D.
Dr. Vander Veer acted as toast-master.
A very patriotic and loyal prayer in behalf of
Queen Wilhelmina, the Holland Society of New
York, and our Dutch Governor, was offered by
the Rev. E. P. Johnson, D.D., pastor of the First
Reformed Church of Albany.
COPvRIGMT. l«nii. nv HOCKAOQC-,
itTOIrPi:, F. eiFRSTAOT. H. Y,
HON. THEODORE ROOSEVELT.
SPEECH OF GOVERNOR ROOSEVELT.
Our Dutch Governor. The first in more than
fifty years. May he receive as loyal support
from the public, in his official duties, as was
given him in the famous charge at San Juan.
" Give them great meals of beef, and iron and steel,
They will eat like wolves and fight like devils."
OVERNOR ROOSEVELT re-
sponded to the first toast. He
was very happy in his return of
thanks for the privilege afforded
him of meetinsf the Dutchmen of
Albany, particularly those who are members of the
Holland Society, greeting them as fellow-members.
He spoke with a good deal of earnestness of
the past histor)' of Holland, its energetic citizens,
and the stamp they had impressed upon the colo-
nization of this State. He emphasized greatly that
it was of little avail what one's position in life
was, whether born to labor or luxury, that action,
intense action, was absolutely necessarj'. Man must
do his own work. He must show his faith by his
works, and the building up of one's life, the suc-
cess of one's individual career, must depend largely
upon the amount of energy and vitality he puts
into his labors. Man amounts to little except he
has some individualism, some object in life, and
bends all his energies in that direction. Let his
efforts be for good, let them be for the benefit of the
public. He must place his standard well up and
aim to reach it with all the self-control and bring-
ing together of factors that will lead to success.
The Governor had more to say, and this is but a
brief abstract of his remarks. When he had fin-
ished speaking he was given three cheers and a
tiger with a royal will.
SPEECH OF MAYOR VAN ALSTYNE.
Our Municipality. A Mayor-Burgomaster worthy
of our ancestors.
" As the Laws are above magistrates, so are the magistrates
above the people."
Mr. Chairman and Brethren of the Holland Society. •
HAVE had placed in my hands, since
coming to the banquet table, the pro-
gramme of the after-dinner proceed-
ings. I find, in second place, the toast,
"Our Municipality; a Mayor- Burgo-
master worthy of our ancestors," with my name as
respondent. But a little distance below I find an
additional toast, " Our City ; the home of Olykoecks
and gable ends ; if not a Van, then, better yet, a
Lansing. The People Are the City." Respondent,
That which seemed a privilege in the toast as-
signed is eliminated by the toast which follows, and
your Chairman has got me to act the play of Hamlet
with " Hamlet " left out.
Albany has been of considerable importance in
the history of the western continent, the estab-
lishment and growth of the American Republic,
and that civilization which, transplanted from behind
the dykes of Holland, and brought to highest per-
fection in America, is now making its impress, for
better, upon all the peoples of the earth.
The American continents had remained in obscu-
rity for an unreckoned period of time. If they ever
had been known to any of the inhabitants of the
eastern hemisphere, the time of such knowledge
was so remote that it had passed out of the memory
of man. After discovery, by the energy and well-
directed philosophy of Columbus, they were allowed,
especially so far as the northern section was con-
cerned, to remain in abeyance for a hundred years,
without attempt at settlement. More than a hun-
dred years after discovery, Holland enterprise took
the matter of exploration in hand, principally for
commercial purposes, and the first settlement was
made by these ever-industrious and outreaching
Dutchmen at the fuyk, now Albany.
Out of the settlement, almost immediately came
the establishment of church organization and ser-
vice. The people — I beg pardon — the municipality
was not content in creating this privilege for the
inhabitants within its stockades. It insisted, and
used means to enforce the insistence, that all of like
religious faith, living within reaching distance in
the surrounding country, should be parishioners of
its church and induced to observe the rules and
regulations governing it.
After a time, when success had been attained,
when from a condition of limited circumstances the
settlement had become strong in possession and,
incidentally, wealthy, when the number of the
"gable ends of its houses and their inmates" had
increased, not largely, but substantially, it applied
to the Governor of the province for a charter as a
Thomas Dongan, then acting Governor, on the
2 2d day of July, 1686, over his signature, granted
a charter, which has from that day to this, with
emendations and changes, been the foundation of
You will permit me to recite from the record :
" Whereas the town of Albany is an ancient town
within the province, etc I, Thomas
Dongan, by virtue of the commission and authority
unto me given, and power in me residing, at the
humble petition of the justices of the peace of the
said town of Albany, and for divers other good
causes and considerations me thereunto moving,
have given, granted, ratified and confirmed &c.,
unto the said inhabitants of the said town herein-
after agreed to be called by the name or names of
the Mayor, Aldermen and Commonalty of the City
of Albany, all and every such and the same liberty,
privileges, franchises, rights, free customs, jurisdic-
tions and immunities which they have anciently
had, held and enjoyed and the
aforesaid public buildings, accommodations and
conveniences, pieces or parcels of ground in the said
town, that is to say, the said town hall or stadt
house, with the ground thereunto belonging ; the
said church or meeting place, with the ground about
the same ; the said burying place and watch house
and grounds thereto belonging; the said pasture
and aforementioned ferry, with their and every of
their rights, members and appurtenances, together
with all their profits, benefits, advantages," &c., &c.
The recitals in the charter attest that Albany,
in 1686, had not only advanced in years, but in
strength and respectability, and was an integer and
effective force in the development of the western
To talk of Albany is to recite an oft-told tale —
but a tale that never wanes by wearing.
Albany did not abate her regard for the church
nor the school. The first meeting-house had stood
at the junction of Handler and Jonkers streets from
a date soon after the settlement to the granting of
the charter. The earliest of her enactments, as a
city, was to provide officers to maintain perfect
order durinji church service. Her next act was to
prohibit boys and idle men from riding down-hill on
sleighs, to the danger of the personal safety of ladies
on their way to church. It was only a little later
that the city endowed the church with the outlying
land of the pasture. The pasture continued to be a
source of revenue, by rentals and alienation, to aid
it in its religious purposes and provide relief for the
indigent and suffering poor, for more than two
hundred years thereafter. And, finally, when it
became necessar)' to remove the old meeting-house,
the city paid five hundred dollars for the church
The municipality early took an interest in the
establishment of schools. The Lancasterian school,
the first in line of a free school, was established by
it in 1 81 5 and maintained until 1834. When this
school was suspended, the buildings which had
been used as schoolhouse and the sjround belontr-
ing to it were granted by the city to the then
newly organized Albany Medical College. This
college, from the day of its dedication to the pres-
ent, has stood in the front rank of educational in-
stitutions of its kind. Its alumni include many
names of eminent distinction, and its chief chair is
now honored by incumbency of our esteemed friend
and brother, Dr. Vander Veer.
An attempt had been made by some of our citi-
zens, prior to 1835, to establish an academy for
the higher education of the youth of the city. The
people having failed in this enterprise, the city
took the matter in hand and, at an expense of
nearly one hundred thousand dollars, built the
academy which now stands on the brow of the
central of the five historic hills of Albanj-. In its
architectural lines it is a structure of beauty. It
has not only served the purpose of our people,
but has attracted the attention and commenda-
tion of observant travellers from most foreign
Albany has gone farther, and has devoted earnest
endeavor continuously to increase the privileges
for education in the field of the free common
school, now conducted throughout the State. It
maintains a high school, an advanced step to the
grammar schools, which are higher in their grade
than the common district free school, at an annual
expense of much money.
So much for Albany, gentlemen, in connection
with the church and the school. It is but the
hundredth part of her roll of merit. The rest must
be left untold.
Albany, too, has been phenomenally active in de-
velopment of the commerce of the country. When
we reflect upon the progress of development in
this line of human industr)% it will occur to us that
the chief facility consists in transportation, and to-
(la)' the principal means in that behalf consist in
carriage by vessel and by railway car.
Of course the vessel in its crude form has existed
from the earliest periods of time. The semi-civil-
ized, even the aborigines, observed the floating log
in the current of the stream. It was perfectly nat-
ural they should avail themselves of something of
the kind for crossing streams and for transportation.
The dugout succeeded the log, and the rude skiff
the dugout. From these came the uncouth vessels
that were used at the time of the discovery of
America. The tubs that then floated at will of
wind and wave have now become the palatial struc-
tures that ply the seas. Sails and wind were unre-
liable as means of propulsion. Necessity and
genius struck hands, and out of it came the adop-
tion of steam. The engine and the screw are
masters of wave and wind.
It will be remembered that the first really suc-
cessful demonstration that steam could be made
available in this respect was the voyage of the
Clermotit in 1807 from the city of New York to
the city of Albany. Robert R. Livingston, a de-
scendant of one of Albany's earliest public chief
officials, was a prime promoter in the development
of this enterprise. Albany was, in compliment to
him and the memorj' of his ancestors, the terminal
of the first attempted and successful voyage. Out
of this beginning have come the great steamships
that cross the ocean, no longer of wood, but of
iron and steel, revolutionizing ocean travel and at
the same time minimizing the space of time nec-
Again, when it became necessary that more rapid
and enlarged means of transportation should sue-
ceed that of the team and wagon, tramways were
built and railway cars were constructed. The fact
that steam could be used for the propulsion of ves-
sels being established, it was found that it could be
made applicable to the locomotion of cars. It was
out of that that the great railway system of America
has arisen, which led and leads all others in the
world. It will be remembered that Albany was the
starting-place of the first railway passenger train
on the soil of the western continent.
Albany in its government has always been broad,
equitable, just, and liberal, recognizing the rights
of the people, irrespective of race, descent, or reli-
gious faith, giving unto each equal privilege and
like recognition in making laws and conducting
public affairs. Albany has ever been sensitive touch-
ing its municipal prerogatives and the individual
rights of its citizens.
When in the minds of the best thinkers of
America it seemed necessary^ for the various colo-
nies constituting the settlements of the western
hemisphere to confer together for mutual protec-
tion and safety, Albany was selected as the place of
council. It was here, the plan to some extent was
conceived and formulated which ultimately culmi-
nated in the Republic of America — the United
In other respects Albany has been progressive
and a pioneer.
What is it that brings all parts of the world in
juxtaposition ? What is it that renders the occur-
rences of the evening in Berlin the possible news
at the breakfast table of our town on the following
morning ? Naught but the telegraph whose cables
are stretched beneath the depths of the ocean from
land to land, from shore to shore, and across conti-
nents, girdling the world in an unbroken line, along
which the lightning flashes bear messages of events
of each succeeding hour from point to point the
most remote in distance from each other.
It should never be forgotten that to the scien-
tific rescarcli and earnest endeavor of citizens of
Albany are due the invention and application of
Albany was wise when she extended her liber-
ality and built the beautiful structure in the park
below us, the Albany Academy. Albany did well
when by her contribution she placed in the various
chairs of that academy men of earnest purpose and
untiring industry in scientific research, men who
could conceive and have the energy of conviction
to attempt development. The men who discovered
the possibility and assured the adaptation of elec-
tricity as the bearer of messages the world round
were teachers in our Boys' Academy.
And so in many other instances, did the hour
permit me the privilege, I should be able to recite
additional incidents where Albany has been first in
endeavor and chief in accomplishing many of the
thines which have contributed to the orreatest com-
fort and lasting benefit of mankind.
Albany for many years has been the seat of
government of the Empire State of the Union.
This fact has added undoubtedly to her considera-
tion and privileges. When made the capital city,
the state was poor and Albany gave it quarters.
Later a capitol building was erected for joint use
of the state, the county, and the city, the rates of
contribution to expense being about two to the
state to one to the city. All that is of the past.
The granite building on the block adjoining that
on which we are all assembled is the wonder, if not
the glory, of the age. It represents twenty-three
millions of dollars. It is here to stay. While
it speaks the greatness and wealth of the State,
the building of more correct and classical design,
dimmed by its shadow at evening tide, is its equal
in grace and beauty, and the City Hall typifies the
city as the Capitol does the state.
I cannot mention our other public buildings —
astronomical observatory, hygienic laboratory, ca-
thedrals, churches, hospitals, or asylums. Our
park and resorts of pleasure and pastime would
each be a theme of discourse, as they are a source
of pride to the city.
In addition to what I have recited, when the first
survey of the State was made with a view of meeting
the requirements of transportation, the men who
conceived, and impressed upon the public mind, the
idea of a canal and who made such survey were
residents of Albany. It was owing to the labor of
those men that the State, subsequently directed by
the wise counsel of DeWitt Clinton, the then Gov-
ernor, built the Erie Canal, in 1825, which has
been one of the main arteries of vitality extending
from the Western lakes to this city. A current
of vivifying life has thus flowed from the plains of
the West, the great fields of agriculture, to the
cities of the Atlantic coast, the great ports of com-
merce and the sites of manufacture.
Gentlemen, the respectful attention you have
given to my imperfect and incomplete recital of
the past of Albany manifests your interest in, and
appreciation of, our ancient city. Its treasure house
of historic record is stored with jewels, rich and
rare — but the pointer on yonder dial admonishes
me of the flight of time.
I reUictantly suspend recital with the declaration
that I am proud not only of being a descendant of
the earliest pioneers who first plied their industry
in founding the city with assiduity, like the beaver,
native, and still holding his settlement on the banks
of the neighboring streams, but also of the associa-
tion with the sons of like pioneers, by whom I am
As Albany was the product of the Dutchmen's
earliest endeavor in America, so may it remain the
pride of their descendants through all future time.
SPEECH OF MR. PLANTEN.
Queen Wilhelmina. May the same allegiance
given by the Albany Dutchmen to Holland's
Queen, the same friendly spirit between the
Old and the New Netherland, continue to
exist, growing stronger each year.
" Sail on, nor fear to breast the sea ;
Our hearts our hopes, are all with thee."
R. PRESIDENT, Members of the
Holland Society of Albany, formerly
Beverwyck, and Guests, I beg you
to accept my sincere appreciation for
the so very cordial greeting given to
the toast to which it is my very great pleasure
to be called upon to respond.
First and foremost, I tender you in the name of
Her Majesty Queen Wilhelmina and people, the
thanks which are due you for the warm, affection-
ate regard so freely expressed, and the enthusiasm
wherewith you thus honor her and the nation
whom it is my privilege to represent. We are, as
co-descendants, justly proud of being so closely
linked to that nation whose historic record and
character are most truly set forth in these lines, no
doubt familiar to you all :
" What builds a nation's bulwarks high and its foundations
What makes it mighty to defy the foes that round it storm ?
Not gold, but only men can make a people great and strong,
Men who for truth and honor's sake stand fast and suffer
Brave men who watch while others sleep, who fight while
They plant a nation's pillars deep and lift them to the sky."
I have been asked to tell you the story of those
eventful days in September last that gave Old
Holland a holiday season, in which not only its
own people, but the nations of the world took
great interest, and which he or she who was for-
tunate enough to be an eye-witness will retain the
most happy recollection of for all coming time.
Reaching Holland in June, I had ample time to
note how very general preparation was being made
to show the nation's sympathy and joy, with loving
regard for their Queen, whose induction to office
was to take place on September 9th. Any one
who has not been a witness of the universal en-
thusiasm of the people for the Queen, their ruler,
can form no conception of the undivided affection
accorded to her, wishing her a future of peace,
good-will, and happiness, in which you and I, I
am sure, readily join with them.
Hoping that the wisdom of her reign
Shall prove the glory of her life.
Thus history's record of her name.
May add new lustre to the House of Orange fame.
The day previous to the coronation, her Majesty
came to Amsterdam and after her entry took a
drive through the city, witnessing a grand tour-
nament of athletic sports. Her arrival on these
grounds was made the occasion of sending mes-
sages by carrier pigeons, some four or five thousand,
simultaneously to different places, to announce the
presence of her Majesty in the capital.
The coronation ceremonies were of a most im-
posing character, and not to be forgotten by any
one who was fortunate enough to be within the
walls of the New Church where they took place.
There is nothing imposing in the exterior of this
building, in fact it would hardly be noticed in
passing, from the manner in which it is hidden by
buildings around it, were it not for its walls tower-
ing above them.
On entering the church, its height and large size
at once become apparent, having a seating capa-
city for several thousand people. On my entering
I found nearly every seat occupied and standing-
room likewise. The morning of September gth,
though not dark or dreary, yet conveyed the fear
that clouds might bar sunshine, a gloomy outlook
for the brightness which would be in accord with
the hopes of old and young for a gladsome sky,
as betokening a happy reign to the Queen, not
inappropriately claimed to be their "Queen of
Hearts." After some patient waiting, the joyous
noise from the masses that surrounded the palace
square made it evident to the audience that the
royal party were on the way and would soon
reach the church where watchful eyes and warm
hearts were waiting to bid welcome to their be-
loved sovereign and the no-less-esteemed Queen
Regent, to whom the nation is also most fondly
attached. The procession entered the building by
the doorway, over which the " Memorial Window "
has been placed, which represents in symbolic
allegory the genealogical record of the House of
Orange from William the Silent to the coronation
of the present Queen.
Tiiis window, a tribute of popular subscriptions,
is imposing in size and masterly in execution. The
old legend still holds good, namely, tliat an
" Orange Sun " always presents itself on all special
occasions of the House of Orange ; it was so when
darkness and disappointment in its historic life
threatened to crush out the existence of the nation
in the long past. This was verified on August 31,
1880, when the present queen was born, bringing
new hopes and life to the nation. In the present
it was manifested by the clouds lifting and an
"Orange Sun" bringing brightness over the path
which led to the church and through its portals,
making light the outlook to the throne, so soon to
welcome her Majesty in assuming the responsibili-
ties as ruler. On her Majesty's entering, the church
was most gloriously lighted. The sun shone
out with radiance and the beautiful, now historic,
window, under which she passed showed forth in
most minute detail its magnificent historic features,
while the interior as a whole, with its large floral
display, bountiful flags, and many emblems of heroic
decorations, made a most brilliant effect, the great
" Orancre " light coming; throus/h the many larg^e
windows at sides and nave making the appearance
indeed festive in brightness of colors, a most beauti-
ful, harmonious effect. The audience, largely
government, army, and naval officials, wore gala
costume, while all others present were in full dress ;
the total number of persons present was seven or
eight thousand, every available space being occu-
pied. This grand audience awaited the coming of
the Queen and suite, standing while the organ
pealed forth its music and a large choir sang the
national hymn Wilhelmus, which music is known
to you all.
On the evening of the coronation day a gala per-
formance was given in the Theatre at Amsterdam,
attended only by the Queen, Queen Regent, their
suites, officials of the court, government, naval
and army officers and guests.
It may be interesting to you to know that on
September 12th, a special Thanksgiving service was
held in the English Reformed Church at Amster-
dam, at which our mutual friend, the Rev. Dr. W.
Elliot Griffis delivered an address upon "God's
Providence in Dutch and American History," and
a closing hymn was sung to the tune of Wilhelmus
of which the words are as follows :
" Of Nassau and Orania
A true Dutch princess she ;
The crown of trusty Holland
Long on her head may be !
Our country she will guard it
With firm and faithful hand ;
O God, we humbly pray Thee
To shield our Queen and Land.
" Our faith in God ne'er faileth :
As in the days gone by,
His providence prevaileth,
He listeneth to our cry.
O, Gentle Queen, to guard thee.
Our lives, our all, we'll yield :
For us the Nassau princes
Died on the battlefield.
" We beg of God to grant her
A long and happy reign,
That He her Guide and Helper
Forever will remain.
When troubles e'er assail her
Be Thou, O Lord, her Shield !
Against oppression ever
May she her sceptre wield.
" To God, the Lord of Power,
We trust our Queen and Land,
For in the danger's hour,
He '11 guard both with strong hand.
Of Nassau and Orania
A true Dutch princess she ;
The Queen of trusty Holland
Her people's pride shall be."
The coronation ceremonies were of a most im-
pressive character. No one present can ever fail
to remember the earnestly distinct manner in
which her Majesty's address to her people was
delivered. Her voice, powerful and melodious, rose
to a climax of most earnest sincerity, void of the
least tremor, yet most audibly conscious of the re-
sponsibility she assumed. When the moment of su-
preme importance to her, the taking the oath of office,
had come, her voice reached the full extent of the
building, and no one present, it has been admitted,
missed a single word uttered. Her voice was more
distinct than that of most members of parliament,
all of whom in person took the oath of allegiance
to the Queen. The entire ceremony occupied fully
an hour. The Queen and suite retired first, then
followed officials, ministers, and military, the whole
audience standing while these passed from the
building. Those remaining were then given an
opportunity to view the entire church, before pass-
iiiir out to mingfle with the vast crowds outside, and
wend their way homeward, or wander through the
various parts of the city, which as a whole was
indeed decorated throughout.
During the day and evening of the installation,
and for a week following, all Holland had well-
nieh at some time visited Amsterdam, and until
after the hours of a new day set in, the streets were
packed with sightseers and town dwellers. On the
night of September 9th the city was one glow of
light, all public and many private dwellings were
beautifully, some most artistically, decorated, whole
fronts from street to coping were as one mass of
flowering plants, others bore the most expensive of
decorations, no one house without a flag and some
emblem of holiday attire. From the most aristo-
cratic to the humblest dwelling in the city, all bore
evidence of the most general joy, all having to the
best of their ability responded to make these visi-
ble tokens show that the response came from the
sympathetic and joyful hearts of the nation at large.
During this week of feasting, all sorts of games
and entertainments were given for the masses.
Three days of the week business was entirely sus-
pended, trade and traffic absolutely stopped, rail-
roads transporting only the mails and perishable
food. Thus all the available transportation facili-
ties of the railroads could be applied for carrying
the people to and fro ; it has been asserted that
some five hundred thousand visited Amsterdam.
In certain quarters of the city no vehicle was
allowed during part of the day, while two even-
ings, in order to give the people opportunity to
see the illuminations and so forth, all vehicles were
barred from the city proper from six o'clock at
night until one o'clock in the morning;. Thus all
accidents were avoided, and, \vith(nit the least mis-
hap, the great installation ceremony has become an
event of history, of which the nation may well be
I cannot forego in closing to add to my off-
hand talk the poetic tribute of Holland's so gifted
and popular romanticist, who is no doubt known to
most of you under the name of Maarten Maartens
as the author of sundry well-known novels. His
coronation tribute embodies the full expression of
the national esteem and love for the Queen whom
he, as do all her people, honor as a true daughter
of the House of Orange, the sovereign to whom
they most gladly look up, as did the forefathers
of old, in the times of William the Silent, that
greatest of their leaders, who then, as they now,
would willingly sacrifice their all, — goods, chattels,
Well may Queen Wilhelmina be called " The
Queen of all Hearts," for she lives in tJK' life of
the nation, and every heart throbs with loving
esteem for her.
* These lines will be found on page 6.
SPEECH OF MR. LANSING.
Our City. The home of Olykoecks* and gable
ends. If not a Van, then better yet, a
"The people are the city."
HE toast "Our City " was responded
to in a most cheery and encouraging
manner by the Hon. Abraham Lan-
sing, who represents one of the oldest
Dutch families in Albany. He gave
a very careful review of the growth of the city from
its earliest conception, referred to our bi-centennial
celebration exercises, the presence of Judge Van
Vorst at that time, and other representatives of
the Holland Society here with us to-night, in a
most charming manner ; of the pleasure we expe-
rienced in entertaining the officers of the Van
Speyk, gave a short history of the building and
completion of the capitol, making one of his strong-
est speeches, and it is with great regret we are not
able to give more than a mere outline of his
Owing to the absence of President Raymond his
toast was not responded to.
♦Century Dictionary: Olykoek. Dutch Oliekoek. "There was the
doughty dough-nut, the tenderer olykoek, and the crisp and crumbling
cruller." Irving, Sleepy Hollow. Albany recipe 250 years old. Spelled
SPEECH OF MR. VAN VOORHIS.
Dutch- Am ERICANIS^f.
" Mark what unvary'd laws preserve each state,
Laws wise as nature, and as fixed as Fate."
Mr. President and Gentlemen :
E all know what Americanism is, and
yet it is not easy to i^ive it exact
and perfect definition. In its largest
sense It means devotion to and pref-
erence for our country and its insti-
tutions. It is a preference for whatever is Ameri-
can, and an exhibition of that preference. American
civilization is the product of Americanism.
Americanism is based on the principle of self-
government — government of the people, by the
people, and for the people. It is embodied in the
Declaration of Independence. It was put into
form by the constitution of the United States and
is found in the organic law of the several States.
It is progressive and aggressive. In a little more
than a century it has marched from the Atlantic to
the Pacific and conquered every obstacle in its
Americanism is not and cannot be made station-
ary. The echoes of its conquering tread reverber-
ate around the world. Americanism looks to the
things that are before. It operates not for the
present alone, but for the future.
Hawaii, Samoa, and other islands of the Pacific
ocean have long been under its sway. Indeed, the
Pacific has practically become an American ocean,
and when the waterway called the Nicaragua canal
which Americanism is now constructing, is opened,
America will be supreme upon that ocean.
Even Japan has felt its potential influence, and
the land of the Chrysanthemum is to-day half
Americanized. Washington, Jefferson, Andrew
Jackson, and Abraham Lincoln were high priests of
Americanism, and it numbers among its votaries
the great statesmen and scholars of the land.
Just now this nation is engaged in Americaniz-
ing Cuba, Porto Rico, and the Philippine Islands.
Those islands, by the fortunes of war, have dropped
into our custody. Americanism will not desert
them, nor give them back to savagery, but will
give them good government and all the blessings
of liberty. Whenever these islands reach the
point where they are able to take the reins of gov-
ernment in their own hands and make self-govern-
ment a success, the United States will not only
permit them to do so, but will aid them to accom-
plish that desirable result.
There is no imperialism about Americanism. It
is democratic in its nature, but it is not pessimistic.
It is decidedly optimistic. The word imperialism
is a misnomer when applied to the relations of this
government to our new possessions. Americanism
is imperial only in its power, and it e.xcrts that
power for the benefit of the human race.
The pessimistic speeches which are made in
Congress and elsewhere now against expansion
and imperialism are simply a reproduction of
the speeches which were made when we took in
Florida, Louisiana, Texas, and New Mexico. The
arguments contained in those speeches have
become threadbare by long use. The speeches of
the senior Senator from Massachusetts and the
senior Senator from Missouri against the ratifica-
tion of the treaty of Paris, call to mind the ancient
hymn, "Hark, from the tombs a doleful sound!"
The law of Americanism is expansion. We
have expanded from thirteen States to forty-five
States and several Territories. We have expanded
from five millions of people to seventy-five mil-
lions. We have expanded our territory by taking
in all we could get, until the area of this republic
is perhaps twenty times larger than it was when
the Government was organized. Alaska was taken
in under the administration of President Lincoln.
So it would almost appear that one of the chief
occupations of our Government during the past one
hundred years has been expanding its territory.
Although the hue and cry of imperialism was heard
whenever the country increased its territory, it was
a vain cry. There was no imperialism about it.
The thirty-two States carved out of this territory
are cogent witnesses to the utter baselessness of
the charge. If the Cassandras had had their way,
thirty-two States of the Union would now be under
European control. The prophets of evil came to
naught. They could not stay the Americanizing
progress of the principles of the Declaration of
Those who believe that America is not compe-
tent to handle the question involved in the present
situation of the Philippine Islands, are ignorant of
the character and capacity of the people of this
countr)'. If the Yankees cannot handle the Philip-
pine Islands, nobody can. A little thing like that
is an easy problem to American statesmen.
The growth of the United States cannot be
stopped by any speeches of men in Congress, no
matter how eminent they may be. It is without
doubt that, at the ratio of increase in the past, the
population of the United States by the end of the
twentieth century will reach three hundred millions.
The problem is easy of statement. If we have
grown from five millions of people to seventy-five
millions in a hundred years, what are the possibili-
ties for the hundred years to come ? The result is
too enormous for human belief, and so we don't
believe it. But that at the end of the twentieth
century we will have a population of several hun-
dred millions, the most conservative are compelled
Here is expansion with a vengeance, and who
can stop it ? Why should we be permitted to
expand our population and not our territory ? We
are compelled to have the people, and we must
have territory enough for them to subsist upon.
The law of universal development controls us, and
its behests must be obeyed.
Partisan politics have but little to do with Amer-
icanism. All political parties are based upon it.
The differences between them relate to the mode
of procedure. Such parties vie with each other in
their love of Americanism. Political parties may
come and go but Americanism goes on forever.
He serves his party best who serves his country
first. Wherever Americanism prevails the people
are benefited and their condition improved. The
Stars and Stripes floating over Cuba and Porto
Rico, gave to those islands, so long the victims of
misrule, a hope for the future they have never
before possessed. Americanism will clean the
cities, purify the pestilential air, and make health-
ful resorts of those gems of the ocean. It will fur-
nish to those islands the security of person and
of property which has never been enjoyed there
before. It will foster the love of liberty and the
instinct of self-government. In fact, it will Ameri-
canize them, and that covers the whole case.
Americanism holds that public office is a public
trust, and a trust not coupled with an interest in
the trustee. It is a trust to be executed in the in-
terest of the people. And the trustee must be
held to a strict and rigid performance of the trust.
If occasionally men get into office for purposes
of personal aggrandizement ; if they squander the
people's money, if they use their trust for the juir-
pose of partisan politics, sooner or later Ameri-
canism will assert its power and consign them to
" The triumphing of the wicked is short."
Americanism is grounded in righteousness, and
the better sentiment of the people, when aroused,
is always in the majority. I have not time to
notice a hundred other points in which American-
ism has given this country superiority over other
And where does the Dutchman come in ? He
is in it and has been in it all the time. American-
ism, as we know it to-day, originated in Holland
and was brought here by immigrants from that
countr}-. When New York was settled by the
Dutch nearly three centuries ago, the Dutch re-
public was more than a quarter of a century old.
Its declaration of independence was made in 1581,
and it furnished Thomas Jefferson a precedent
from which to draft our own immortal declaration.
It declared the equality of men, and that govern-
ment is for the benefit of the governed. In 1583
the constitution of the Dutch republic was enacted,
containing forty-nine articles, and the framers of
our constitution had before them the Dutch con-
stitution as a model.
When the Dutchman came to Manhattan Is-
land he was not a man with a grievance. He did
not come as an exile. He was not fleeing from
persecution. Nobody was persecuting him. He
did not come here to find a place where he could
worship God according to the dictates of his con-
science. He possessed perfect liberty at home, and
he could worship there in any way he wanted to.
Holland was operating under the law of expan-
sion, and territory had to be found somewhere for
the overflow of her population. The Dutchman
was a great geographer. He visited every sea,
and explored every known river on the face of the
earth. He came to Manhattan Island on business.
He selected it as the best site on the globe for a
large city. He brought the schoolmaster and the
clergyman with him, and when he founded the city
he established the schools and the churches of New
York. Honesty was his guiding star. He treated
the Indians gently, and bought their lands and paid
them the price agreed upon. The result was, the
colony on Manhattan Island was free from the
Indian wars which desolated the New England
colonies. William Penn, who treated the Indians
in Pennsylvania in the same way that the Dutch-
man did in New York, had lived in Holland, and
had imbibed the Americanism which existed there.
For more than two and a half centuries the
principles which tlu- Dutchmen brought over from
Holland, and whicli they exemplified in this
country, have grown into Americanism as it exists
to-day, and I make the assertion, which I think no
member of the Holland Society will deny, that the
Dutchman is the father of Americanism.
To found a state is the greatest work of man.
Dutchmen founded this great State of New York.
Many of the leaders of Americanism in the country
are Dutchmen. A distinguished Dutchman, the
esteemed president of our Holland Society, is
Mayor of Greater New York, the city which is
soon to be, if it is not already, the largest city in
We have just elected from the State of New
York to the Senate of the United States, that
most famous of American orators, and wittiest of
men, Chauncey M. Depew, one of the charter mem-
bers of the Holland Society ; and the people of
the State of New York have put into the executive
chair of this State the chiefest Dutchman of us all.
It is pretty hard to say who is not a Dutchman.
The Holland Society admits to membership only-
men who are descended in the male line from an-
cestors who came to this country from Holland
prior to 1675. The descendants on the female
line are all left out, though they have just as good
Dutch in them, and are just as good Dutchmen, as
any of us.
No nationality has a distinct existence in this
1 1 1
country. The Anglo-Saxons, the Celts, the Teu-
tons, the Dutch, and all other immigrants to this
country are so amalgamated that their original
identity is lost, and they have all become Ameri-
cans. For all I know, George Dewey is a Dutch-
man. He certainly acted like a Dutchman in the
harbor of Manila. Neither Tromp nor De Ruyter
could have performed the act better.
I strongly suspect that Shafter has some Dutch
in him, for he captured Santiago under very dis-
advantageous conditions, but whether he has or
not, we all know that he accomplished that victory
by the powerful aid of the distinguished Dutch-
man who is our oruest to-niirht.
And when our great President, William Mc-
Kinley, has completed his second term, as he
surely will if he lives, where can there be found a
fitter man to be his successor, than the present
Dutch Governor of New York ? Ai^^^j^^-^f" f- -H^^-
SPEECH OF JUDGE CLEARWATER
The Dutch as Legal Lights.
" To whom can riches give repute or trust,
Content, or pleasure, but the good and just."
AM tempted to follow the example of
the old Dutch dominies, who used a
text as a point of departure, and to
treat my toast as a pretext for a dis-
course upon those absorbing topics
of the day, — Territorial Expansion and Embalmed
Beef ! The first, however, has been exhausted by
my distinguished friend from Rochester, and the
last is now more suggestive of pistols with cofTee
than merriment after it. Perhaps I had better
stick to the toast, with an occasional digression
upon original sin !
It was the jurists of Holland wlu) in 1579
advised William the Silent to form the union of
Utrecht, the first written constitution of the modern
world, many of the provisions of which are embodied
in our own. It was to them that Holland was
indebted for that epoch-marking constitution, which
made civil and religious liberty the corner-stone of
the Dutch republic, and guaranteed to every man
the right to worship God, privately or publicly,
according to the dictates of his own conscience.
It was they who advised the taciturn Stadtholder
to promulgate that declaration of independence in
1 58 1 by which the States-General threw off the
Spanish yoke, an example followed by the English
a century later when they revolted from the House
of Stuart, and a hundred years thereafter by the
American colonists when they proclaimed their
independence of the British crown. Jefferson, who
drew our own Declaration, was largely indebted to
the jurists of the Netherlands for some of its best
The legal lights of Holland framed that admir-
able system of common schools, the glory of the
Netherlands for centuries, and one of the causes of
the rapid rise of our own Republic. It was they
who made proceedings in courts of justice open to
the public when England convicted by Star Cham-
ber, and Venice by Council of Ten. To them we
owe that provision of our own constitution and
Bill of Rio[hts entitlincr the accused to be confronted
with the witnesses against him and the assistance
of counsel when too poor to pay one himself ; and
this was the law of the Netherlands when England
denied counsel to persons accused of felony, and
the right to call witnesses in their own behalf
Under the beneficent codes framed by the lawyers
of Holland, a citizen of the Netherlands could not
be arrested without the warrant of a burgomaster,
unless caught in the commission of a crime. Nor
could he be kept a prisoner more than three days
without an examination or trial. They gave to us
our system of recording deeds and mortgages, and
of tlistrict attorneys to represent the orovernment
in criminal prosecutions. It was they who founded
the modern system of hospitals, orphan asylums,
and humanely conducted prisons. We have in one
respect, however, improved upon their plan, for in
Holland civic ofifices are conferred upon natives
only, while here, we usually confer them upon
residents of foreifjn birth !
Among the greatest of Dutch jurists was Hugo
Grotius, the founder of the science of international
law, who was not onlj- a great lawyer, but a theo-
logian, statesman and diplomat. To-day at Wash-
ington, in London, Paris, and Madrid, where
diplomats and statesmen are anxiously considering
the riehts and limitations of the United States in re-
lation to the colonies of Spain, men are carefully ex-
amining his monumental work, TJie Rights of Peace
and War, to ascertain what they may be. His career,
like that of many other Dutchmen, was a heroic
struggle against adversity. He joined Oldenbarne-
veldt and Hoogerbeets in the Arminian agitation.
Barneveldt was sent to the scaffold, and Grotius, a
prisoner, to the fortress of Loevenstein, from which,
by the aid of his Dutch wife and quick-witted Dutch
maid servant, he eventually escaped in a chest sup-
posed to contain Greek and Latin folios. Dis-
guised as a mason with hod and trowel he walked
across the frontier and reached Paris, where he
composed within a year that famous work of which
it has been said that his elegance of diction, the
pearls from classical antiquity with which he adorns
his pages, and the humanity of his argument en-
listed the hearts of all men in his favor. This was
followed by his Mare Libcrum, the most famous
argument the world has seen for the liberty of the
1 1 i
sea, which still maintains its position as an authori-
tative treatise upon international law.
Oldenbarneveldt, Antonius Heinsius, Gerardus
Vossius, John and Cornelius DeWitt, were all
eminent among the jurists of Holland. In later
days we had our renowned Dutch Governor, Petrus
Stuyvesant, and later still Abraham Van Vechten
who, educated at the Kingston Academy, was the
founder of the New York Bar. We have here as
our guest, the Chief Magistrate of the State, a
Dutchman who, three years ago, seemed as un-
likely to reach the gubernatorial chair as any of
us. I well remember hearing him say at that
memorable dinner of our Society, when, as one
of the Police Commissioners of New York, he
was criticised for enforcing the laws, that in his
opinion laws were put upon the statute books to be
enforced, and if it is not intended they shall be, it
is a mistake to put a Dutchman in office to enforce
them. And he added, " I should think ill of myself,
and think I was a discredit to the stock from which
I sprang, if I feared to go along the path that I
deemed right, whether I had few friends or many."
It was an utterance worthy of the race, for Dutch-
men in all generations have been ready to fight for
what they regard as right, while conceding to others
the same liberty of thought and action they claim
for themselves. The man who talked and acted as
he did in the face of the bitter attacks of enemies,
and the half-hearted support of friends, was the
born leader and natural hero of the chargfe at San
Juan, and is the safe head of a great commonwealth ;
for, like the Dutch jurists of the Council Chamber
of the States-General of Holland, he profoundly
believes that it is only through following the die-
tales of individual conscience that the elevation
and progress of the State can be maintained. As
we compare his attitude with that of many of the
men who for centuries misgoverned Spain, we real-
ize why it is she has been a decadent nation since
the abdication of Charles V, and the accession of
Philip II, for the wisdom of the ages has taught
us that sooner or later retributive justice follows
the violation of immutable laws.
SPEECH OF DR. MACDONALD.
A Scotch-Dutchman. Beyond a doubt a Dutch-
man, though coming to us by way of
" The noblest prospect which a Scotchman ever sees is the
highroad that leads him to Holland."
The last toast was responded to by Dr. Willis
G. MacDonald, one of the leading surgeons of
Albany, a thorough Scotchman, but Dutch withal,
who delivered a very witty speech.
tTbc IPougbheepsie ©inner.
NINTH ANNUAL DINNER
POUGUKEEPSIE DISTRICT MEMBERS
The Holland Society of New York,
IN COMMEMORATION OF
THE RELIEF OF THE SIEGE OF LEYDEN,
ON ITS ANNIVERSARY DAY, OCTOBER 3, 1 898.
NELSON HOUSE, POUGHKEEPSIE, N. Y.
HE Poughkeepsie members had their
annual dinner, as usual, on the even-
ing of October 3, 1898.
The menu was as follows :
" Haring en ivitbrood
Leydtn hteft gem nooJ.'
Lobster Baked in Sliell
Koast Duck, Currant Jelly
Loin of Venison, Larded
VIN DE GRAVES.
MUMM's extra DRV.
The members present were : I. Reynolds Adri-
ance, Peter Adriance, William A. Adriance, Jacob
Deyo, Brewster G. DuBois, Edward Elsworth,
Irving Elting, Jesse Elting, Frank Hasbrouck,
Joseph E. Hasbrouck, Manning Hasbrouck, De
Witt Heermance, Martin Heermance, E. C. Hulst,
E. T. Hulst, Edward Storm, J. Howard Suydam,
A. P. Van Gieson, George S. Van Vliet, Peter L.
F. Van Wagenen.
There were no set speeches but a happy time
was enjoyed, with impromptu talks and witty
Rev. Dr. J. Howard Suydam read the poem of
Dr, Palmer, " Oranje Boven," which is published
on page 6 of the Year Book, introducing it with
the following remarks :
" The following poem, ' Oranje Boven,' was pre-
sented to Queen Wilhelmina on the occasion of
her enthronization, September lo, 1898. by his
Excellency, P. Lycklama a' Nyeholt, Royal Com-
missioner for the Province of Overysel. This
gentleman was Burgomaster of Leeuwarden, in
Friesland in 1888, where he gave royal entertain-
ment to the representatives of the Holland Society
during their ever memorable visit to the Father-
land. He has since been Burgomaster of Rotter-
dam, and in recognition of his distinguished abilities
the Queen Regent appointed him to his present
" The Queen's Secretary in forwarding to Dr.
Palmer the usual form of acknowledgment quaintly
adds, ' Her Majesty is very sensible to this
" Simultaneously with the presentation of the
poem to the Queen, Mr. John Hay, Ambassador
of the United States at the Court of St. James,
offered it to the editor of The Londojt Times, who
published it in Literature, the weekly supplement
to that great journal."
XLbc lEssey (Iount\> BanQuct
^tOLLOWING the good example of the
Poughkeepsie and Albany members,
the Essex County, N. J., members
i^ave a dinner on Thursday evening,
March i6, 1899, at Davis's in Broad
Street, Newark, which was a very pleasant affair.
There were present from New York, Mr. War-
ner Van Norden and the Secretary, Mr. Theodore
M. Banta, and the following members from Essex
County, with their guests : Moses J. DeWitt, Vice-
President for Essex County, Harrison Van Duyne,
Harrison R. Van Duyne, C. Edgar Sutphen (who
had been nominated at a meeting in Newark as
Vice-President for the ensuing year). Dr. F. B.
Mandeville, I. A. Mandeville, Benj. G. Demarest,
Frank Roe Van Nest, Judah B. Voorhees, Anson
A. Voorhees, H. S. Sutphen, J. Walter DeWitt,
C. Lincoln DeWitt, Jay Ten Eyck, B. P. Vandcr-
hoof. Judge Thomas Anderson, Chas. E. Baldwin,
H. C. Baldwin, Walter C. Brown, Rev. Dr. D. R.
Frazer, John E. Rowe, Prof. W. Spader Willis, F.
Edsall Riley, Goline Doremus, Dr. Charles A.
Meeker, Joseph M. Smith, George Robotham,
I 2 I
George F. Small, Wm. L. Geddes, and Alexander
Blue Points Half Shell, Mignonette
Filet of Bass, Sauce Colbert
Cucumbers Hollandaise Potatoes
Filet of Beef, Mushroom Sauce
SORBET AU KIRSCHWASSER
Philadelphia Squab, Currant Jelly
Saratoga Chips Dressed Celery
Olives Radishes Salted Nuts Celery
Ice Cream (fancy form)
Bouchettes Nougat Macaroons
Small Eclairs Petit Fours
Brij Water Crackers
The following account is taken from the Newark
Evening News :
The first annual dinner of the Essex County members of
the Holland Society of New York was held last night at Davis's
parlors. Thirty-two members and guests were present. Moses
J. DeWitt, who is vice-president of the parent society, acted as
toastraasler. The first speaker was Warner Van Norden, of
New York, one of the founders, and a former president of the
Society. He responded to the toast, " The Dutch and Span-
ish." " The Dutch of New York and New Jersey," he said,
"were one in common interest, and in common ancestry.
" The night before the storming of Sebastopol," continued Mr.
Van Norden, " the besieging army lay in the trenches in dread
of the forthcoming battle, and knowing not what the morrow
would bring forth. The men were of all names, had sprung
from all nationalities. A sergeant, seeing the sombre faces
and nervous tension of so many of the men, called for a song-
And that vast host sang. They sang of love, of home, of all
who were dear to them ; they sang 'Annie Laurie.' So it is
with us. We are one in accord and harmony, and we sing of
love and fraternity. I was brought up to think that the Span-
ish were the very incarnation of all that was cruel and
"As a student," he continued, "I was accustomed to dwell
on the atrocities and crimes of Spain, and yet, were the Spanish
so different from us ? Is it not a fact that we are much alike ?
We don't know what we would have done surrounded by the
environments of the sixteenth century. I don't excuse all the
crimes of the Spanish, but many of them were committed
because the perpetrators belonged to that age. We don't burn
heretics now, but it is true enough that not so long ago our New
England ancestors burned witches.
" When we read of the conquest of Mexico by Cortez and
his little band, we see 'a hundred natives and one Spaniard
killed.' In the great dailies to-day we read 'one American
killed, a thousand Filipinos slaughtered ! ' Is it not but a repe-
tition ? Human nature is very much alike. But what was
done by the Spanish centuries ago was done in the light that
was given them. I think we should somewhat modify our view
of those who persecuted our ancestors, for they did not have
the light of the age in which we live.
"The Dutch are a modest people," the speaker continued,
" and the world has not heard much of us. But what has Hol-
land done for the world ? The great Ai'.glo-Saxon race now
predominates the world over. It had its origin in Holland,
Anglo-Saxon literature and civilization, now permeating every
quarter of the globe, comes but from the Dutch. When we
come to consider how the Spanish carried their civilization —
such as it was — into South America, and the islands of the
Pacific and the Caribean, as the Anglo-Saxons are carrying
theirs into all parts, there is little left to see of any other race.
But how differently they work. The Spaniard advances with
the flourish of banners and blare of trumpets. The Anglo-
Saxon — well, little is known of the way the Anglo-Saxon
pioneer and soldier works."
Theodore M. Banta, Secretary of the Holland Society, fol-
lowed. He said he had only one thing against Newark. That,
he said, is that the city was not founded by the Dutch.
Rev. Dr. David R. Frazer, pastor of the First Presbyterian
Church, next responded to the toast " Dutch Dominies." Dr.
Frazer, replying to Mr. Banta's remarks, said :
" If the early Dutch settlers had been attending to their
business in this section, instead of being in other parts of the
State when a British army marched through Newark and
burned the First Church parsonage, where the records were
kept, it would be known why the documents could not now
Referring to " Dutch Dominies," the clergyman said that like
all ministers they must have the essential manhood. Honesty
and ability are the chief requisites of a preacher, he said, and
he added that "in no pulpits have ministers stood up more
nobly in illustration of those qualities than in the pulpits of
the Dutch churches.
" In tlie pulpits of any denomination," said the speaker, in
conclusion, " there are no men for whom I have a deeper
respect and a deeper love than those who stand up in the
pulpits of the Dutch Church."
Alexander Geddes, in replying to the toast, "The Intimate
Relations always Existing between the Scotch and Dutch,"
said, as a representative of the former race, that the connec-
tion, to his mind, seemed to have begun "when James III.
sought of the Dutch an open door in Holland for the Scotch
"Scotland, too," he said, "received its first constitutional
monarch from Holland, William I. Incidentally, another bond
of union is the production of the same sort of liquor. The
only difference is that the Hollanders call it schnaps and the
Highlanders call it Scotch whiskey."
Principal W. S. Willis, of the Fifteenth Avenue Public School
responded to the toast, "Dutch Women." He paid a warm
tribute to " the Dutch girls whose smiles warm even hovels and
make the world better and nobler."
He proposed a bumper to Queen Wilhelmina, and " the
health and happiness of her Majesty " was drunk standing.
Board of Works Commissioner Harrison Van Duyne, in the
course of brief remarks, said that in this city there was a
useless waste of the water supply, and that it should cease.
" If it is stopped," he said, " the supply will be adequate for
generations to come, with only a small additional outlay. If it
is not stopped the city will have to look for an additional sup-
ply, and spend untold amounts of money. We should realize
the value of our splendid water and stop the waste."
Brief speeches were also made by C. Edgar Sutphen, former
Judge Thomas Anderson, Benjamin G. Demarest, Jay Ten
Eyck and John E. Rowe. The gathering ended with the
singing of " Auld Lang Syne."
TRANSLATION FROM THE DUTCH OF JOHANNES POTGIETER.
By LEONARD C. VAN NOPPEN.
Gray is thy heav'n and stormy thy strand,
Naked thy dunes are, and low are thy meadows ;
Nature form'd ihee with a stepmother's hand !
Yet how I love thee, my dear native land !
Thou art a fortress amid the fierce brine,
Raised from the morass by vigorous heroes.
In vain ocean and tyrant against ihee combine :
Freedom's pure temple, devotion's true shrine !
Fan with thy breath again Liberty's flame ;
Bloom as thou didst in the days of thy glory ;
Thee let the oppressed his refuge e'er name.
Land of my fatliers, my ])leasure and fame !
HOLLAND, OUR VADERLAND.
By general J. WATTS ue PEYSTER,
Member of the " Maatschappij der Nederlandsche Letterkunde,"
" Holland, that scarce deserves the name of land."
"Glad, then, as miners who have found the ore.
They, with mad labor, fish'd the land to shore.
And div'd as desperately for each piece
Of earth as if 't had been of ambergris ;
Collecting anxiously small loads of clay.
Less than what building swallows bear away ;
How did they rivet with gigantic piles
Through the centre their new-catched miles !
And to the stake a struggling country bound
Where barking waves still bait the forced ground ;
Building their watery Babel far more high
To reach the sea, than those to scale the sky."
" A country that draws fifty feet of water.
In which men live as in the hold of nature,
And, when the sea does in upon them break.
And drowns a province, doth but spring a leak.
A land that rides at anchor, and is moor'd.
In which they do not live, but go abroad."
" Methinks her patient sons before me stand,
Where the broad ocean leans against the land,
And, sedulous to stop tlie coming tide,
Lift the tall rampire's artificial pride.
Onward, methinks, and diligently slow,
The firm-connected bulwark seems lo go,
Spreads its long arms against the watery roar.
Scoops out an Em])ire, and usurps the shore ;
While the pent ocean, rising o'er the pile,
Sees an amphibious world beneath him smile :
The slow canal, the yellow-blossom 'd vale,
The willow-tufted bank, the gliding sail.
The crowded mart, the cultivated jjlain,
A new creation rescued from his reign.
Thus, wiiile around the wave-subjected soil,
Imjiels the native to repeated toil.
Industrious habits in each bosom reign
And industry begets a love of gain."
" Hail, holy Order, whose employ
Blends like to like in light and joy ;
Builder of cities, who of old
Call'd tlie wild man from waste and wold.
And in his hut thy presence stealing,
l\oused each familiar household feeling :
And, best of all, the happy ties.
The centre of the social band.
The instinct of the Fatherland."
LAND OF MY FOREFATHERS (MIJN (ONS) DIER-
Phj'sically so small, morally so great — so small
that its continental territory has an area less than
one quarter of England alone, — [about that of
Wales] — and, rejecting those portions which are
occupied by water-courses, natural or artificial, is
scarcely larger than the state of Massachusetts, —
so great that Louis Buonaparte, in his address to
the Dutch Army, assembled upon the plain of
Maliban, in 1808, could not refrain — Frenchman
and Celt (or rather Corsican, a race distinct, szii
generis) as he was — from this remarkable eulogjf,
the more remarkable because true :
" Officers and soldiers ! Your ancestors glori-
ously bore the standards and flag of their country
to the extremities of the earth."
" Far north, Ice-master, Barentz and happier Heemskerck
Erst Arctic's virgin bulwarks burst — to one a glorious grave.
The other triumphed o'er them ; frore, that his Hollandish
Might steer to shear the regions drear, grim with Antarctic
And after frays which mighty praise insure his land ahvay,
Dying his name's undying fame won Giberaltar's day ;
Like Douglass, dead, his mighty dread, 'gainst odds, that fear-
Vast riches gave and made his grave exhaustless fount of light ;
Towards the West, in Clio's breast has hid the remote day
When Holland free, in Acadie, trench'd, built, asserted sway,
'Fore English ship had made the trip, to steal the fruits away —
Houtman of Gouda, no freebooter. South Holland's merchant
In Java, th' East, laid out the feast, has gorg'd his nation
While round the world, gales friendly whirl'd Hoorn's
Schouten and Le Maire,
Cape Horn avows whose heroes brows the rostrate circlets
A score of years, such trophies rears, no other land can show —
Stern truth, proud boast — on every coast, three centuries ago."
If Dutch conduct was so laudable in the youth
and manhood of their country, its declining years
found the army ever faithful to the traditions of its
Maurits and Frederic Henry and ready to maintain
the luster of its palmiest era.
How they behaved under that Napoleon whom
the world styles Great, is likewise a matter of
history, and redounds to their honor. On every
occasion which afforded them an opportunity
the Dutch troops excited the admiration of the
Emperor and his Marshals, who, whatever their
faults personal and military, were, at all events,
capable of estimating soldierly bearing and conduct
in the field and in battle. Louis Buonaparte bears
witness to this again and again, in his Historical
Doctiments and Re/lections on the Government of
Holland, of which country he tried to be an honest
King for a period of four years.
At Austerlitz they were peers of the bravest.
In the campaign of Friedland they distinguished
themselves, and Grouchy and other French
generals, who had the temporary command of
them, lavished warm praises upon their cavalry and
artillery. " At the siege of the Colberg," reads the
dispatch, "the Dutch infantry rivalled in valor
the French army." In 1807, under Mortier, upon
the shores of the Baltic, "the Dutch army had the
greatest share in the various engagements with the
Swedes and behaved most gloriously."
" It was the Dutch who compelled the Swedish
army in Pomerania to a suspension of hostilities " ;
and thus, in 1807, decided the matter in favor of
F"rance, upon those coasts, even as at Nyburg, in
1659, their determined gallantry assured the victory
to the Danes. Officers and privates vied in doing
credit to their blood, and " General Mascheck
stopped the enemy a whole hour at the head of a
single squadron " of hussars. " The Dutch brigade
which reached Spain on the 25th of October took
part in this action " (in the neighborhood of
Bilboa) on the 31st of that month, "and covered it-
self with laurels." Marshal Lefebre expressed
his satisfaction with the conduct of the Dutch, and
declared that, " it was impossible to act with greater
valor." In Spain, Chasse laid the basis of that
reputation which his defence of Antwerp, in 1831,
crowned. He it was who acquired the sobriquet of
the " Bayonet-General " from his fondness for using,
and his troops' success with, that weapon, the
assumed prerogative of the Englishman. At Ocana
the courage of his Hollanders won for him deco-
ration, title, and domains.
In a Pyrenean mountain pass, those same
Hollanders saved the army corps of Erlon and
made their commander a Lieutenant-General and
Baron of the Napoleonic Empire. In Gallicia,
near Bonnal, in the battle of the 17th March, 1809,
" the Dutch Brigade covered itself with glory,"
" advanced against the intrenchments (of the
Spaniards) with shouldered arms ; this bold ma-
noeuvre put the enemy to flight and decided the
victory." Near Ciudad Reale, on the 29th of the
same month, the Dutch hussars " chareed with
extraordinary intrepidity and the greatest success."
General Sebastiani deemed it his duty to make a
special report of their "brilliant behavior" upon
this occasion : the Colonel " at the head of one
squadron of this regiment (say, one hundred men)
charged a body of Spaniards consisting of three
thousand foot and a regiment of horse." " Their
conduct," adds the French General, — well worthy to
be a judge of valor and military qualities, — "will
immortalize them." " The courage they displayed
and the services they rendered on those days have
been appreciated by the whole army, and particu-
larly by myself." On tlic 31st of May, 1809, the
Dutch displayed unusual gallantry in the capture of
Stralsund, a victory of momentous importance to
the safety of Napoleon's dominion. Upon this
occasion the Dutch artillery performed wonders,
and "with its six-pounders engaged for two hours
against twenty-four pounders, and silenced the guns
of the town on the right." Soldiers alone can
appreciate the dangers of such an unequal contest
and the glories of a success. Two months after-
wards (27th, 28th July,) on the distant fields of
Spain, in the battle of Talavera, "one of the most
celebrated throughout the Spanish War the Dutch
Artillery particularly distinguished itself." At
Flushing, ist-i5th August, the same Arm covered
itself with laurels in a contest with the English.
At this very time the Dutch were winning the
loftiest distinction upon the rugged field of
Almonacid. Here, as before, their cavalry and
artillery deserved and received the highest en-
comiums of King Joseph. " As a reward for the
good conduct of the Dutch in the Spanish army,
they were authorized to reckon each of their
campaigns in the Peninsula for two."
The Hollanders of the nineteenth century emu-
lated the temerity of those of the sixteenth, by their
recapture of Fort Batz from the English. But
enough has been shown to prove that exalted praise
of the Vaderland' s Military is not speaking without
book. Hundreds upon hundreds of instances might
be added to the list, were it necessary to exhaust
the record. Another name would be deserving
mention here, could gallantry and ever}' quality
which makes the soldier atone, for services against
his native country. Despot of Java, " chief devil,
'Moloch' of the Javanese" Marshal, Governor-
General of the Dutch Empire in the East, Daen-
dels, " who burst through the great wilderness of
Java with his great military road," and lives in story
as the intrepid warrior, the stern disciplinarian,
the fearless commander, thou wert a type of the
indomitable Hollander, unchastened by his morality,
religion, or the most universal love of justice
peculiar to the breed ! Yes I have a right to make
this assertion. Produce any Order of Knighthood
but that of the " Union " which has ever adopted for
its motto a sentiment derived from those statutes
which enjoin upon, and teach, a man his duty to-
wards his neighbor. The war-cry of the Chevaliers
of the "Union" might be the watchword of the
" Doe wel en zie niet om."
(Do what is right, happen what may.)
And now, one word about patriotism. Amster-
dam owes its rise and prosperity to its fisheries,
particularly the " Great " or Herring Fishery.
This is still remunerative, but the "Small," or
Whale Fishery, in which two hundred and fifty
years ago the Dutch were all pre-eminent, gradu-
ally became less and less lucrative, until its prose-
cution entailed an almost certain loss. This fallinor.
ofT in a pursuit once the most gainful, is due to
the operation of causes with which the Hollanders
had nothing whatever to do, and mortal could
neither overcome nor resist. The ambition of
Napoleon, the counter-voracity of England, the
injustice and rapacity of both those powers com-
bined, labored to destroy a commerce which was
the world's wonder, the growth of centuries, and
in a great degree they succeeded.
" Lie there, mischievous wretch [Napoleon], and corrode all
around you like a cancer ;
Swallow the nations up, swallow and hunger again.
« * * « •
Germany fought and fell ; with the sword you hew her in
Holland abandoned her gold, but was oppressed as before :
Is not Hesperia"s land like a temple by savages plundered ?
Even from the indigent Swiss, honor is stolen away.
* » * » *
Wrecked on your chalky coast [England] are the sacred rights
of the nations :
AVhat is your island else but a piratical den ?
Fire to the world you have set, that, unchecked, you may rob
in the medley ;
Like the voracious shark, wander your ships on the sea, —
* * * * *
Hear me ! why this dispute ? [England is supposed to retort]
There is world enough to contain us :
Greatness and glory you seek ; gain is my wiser desire.
World's benefactor called, but world's manufacturer also,
Since I can only be one, I have selected the last !
Zealous am I for freedom, I mean the freedom of commerce ;
Freedom of course for myself, not for my neighbors the same.
Therefore I offer peace ; let us share the booty between us :
Green-covered earth shall be yours, mine be the billowy sea " —
sings the Swedish poet, Esaias Tegner, late Bishop
But let that pass : England's unthankfulness to
Holland, although far less criminal in intent and
less terrible in its results, is nevertheless, consider-
ing her people's intelligence, religious sentiments,
and blood relationship to the Dutch nation, alone
to be compared to Austria's ingratitude to Poland.
I dare not trust my pen to say more — so, to resume
the subject particularly under consideration, Dutch
patriotism : —
" The North Hollanders, however," says Louis
Buonaparte, when no longer King, "notwithstand-
ing the expense and loss incurred by the whale
fishery, persisted in continuing it from a pure spirit
of patriotism, and from national pride ; and it ap-
pears to me that this alone would be sufficient to
refute those who charge the Dutch with selfishness
and avarice. On the contrary, there is no people
with hearts more enlarged or more generous and
who are, at the same time, more moderate and rea-
sonable in their desires."
* * * * *
So small, I repeat, was the contest for the
possession of the Netherlands between Spain and
the Sev'en United States of Holland that it excited
the scorn of the Turkish Emperor, Amurath III.,
who, hearing foreigners dilate upon the torrents of
blood spilled by the Spaniards in endeavoring to
enslave the United States, or Provinces, and by the
Hollanders, determined to be free, he supposed
that the two nations in question were disputing the
possession of the most extensive empires. What
was his surprise, when the object of so many
murderous battles and sieges was shown to him
upon the map. " If the business were mine," he
remarked, in a tone which showed his contempt
for what seemed to him such a petty affair, " I
would send my pioneers and make them shovel
such an insignificant corner of the earth into the
And yet, so great, that Rome, at the zenith of
her force and fame, with the whole wealth and
power of the ancient world at her command, could
not impose her yoke upon the ancient Hollanders
proper, the Menapii ; so great, that Charlemagne
the greatest monarch that ever sat upon a modern
imperial throne, could not enslave them ; so great,
that the sanguinary bigot history presents for our
abhorrence, Philip II. of Spain, with the riches of
the New World at his command, the power of his
mighty father in his grasp, the influence of the
papacy,— exerting all its blandishments of future
rewards, and displaying all its comminatory terrors,
— to stimulate his peoples and his armies to their
utmost, as his support ; although originally pos-
sessed of all their strongholds, and master upon
every open field, he could not coerce that race to
remain his subjects who had cheerfully contrib-
uted one half of his enormous revenues to their
native-born sovereign Charles V., — a race, who,
swearing that " they would rather become Turks
than Papists," — "Liver Turcx dan Paps" — vic-
tims than vassals, — threw themselves upon the
mercy of the deep, and became as free in body as
they had shown themselves free in soul ; and then
waxed so great that while one foot was planted in
the Arctic Zone the other rested in the Antarctic
Circle. The commerce of the world was theirs ;
their left hand gathered in the riches of the East,
while their right hand, as instant to the implements
of peace as to the weapons of land and naval warfare,
seized wealth and glory at every point to which
sagacity and fearless enterprise could plan and carry
out adventure. Holland is the only state of which
it is recorded that wealth increased, prosperity
abounded, science flourished, religion blossomed
and bore fruit, and freedom reigned in the midst of
a terrific struggle with Spain — a nation of " bound-
less extent, of gigantic power," and stupendous
wealth, whose ban-dogs howled and bayed at the
gates of the Republic.
Hollanders, and descendants of Hollanders ! Re-
flect upon the Past of Holland. Her glory is our
common heritage and possession. We shall do well
if, emulating, we approach the dizzy eminence of
our forefathers' grandeur.
" You require virtues, Sire,"— exclaimed the Minis-
ter Van der Goes, Grand Chamberlain of the Or-
der of the Union, instituted by Louis Buonaparte,
then King of Holland, at the installation of the
Knights, in the Great Hall of the palace at the
Hague, on the i6th February 1808, in his ad-
dress to that monarch, who was seated on his
throne, surrounded by the great officers, attended
by pages — " they are what the King of Holland
has a right to require from a nation that has set
the example of them to others ; they were the ap-
panage of our fathers.
"To require virtues from us is to suppose we
possess them ! * * Hollanders ! Let us resume that
noble pride which is not the effect of presumption,
but springs from feelings of our own worth. Let
us recollect those days when the simple Province of
Holland, governed only by its Counts, and much
smaller than it is in our days, had already attained
such a pitch of splendor and power that the friend-
ship and alliance of its Princes was sought by the
neighboring Kings. From that time the wealth
and prosperity of this little country excited uni-
" Let us go back to periods still more remote.
The name of Holland scarcely began to be known,
when it already triumphed over the unkindness of
nature. Supported by indefatigable courage and
constancy, we had learned to curb the waters and
subdue the ocean by immense works ; and if sub-
sequently our faults, our dissensions, the culpable
revolts of some turbulent lords, involved us in mis-
fortunes, and reduced us, after a long state of in-
activity, to be considered no longer as anything
more than the domain (demesne) of a foreign
potentate; with what glory did we rise superior to
that disgrace ! and how great the prosperity that
has followed those times of distress !
" Let us call to mind the times when our fleets
and armies triumphed everywhere over the haughty
house of Austria, when we contested the empire of
the ocean with the English, and strove successfully
against the united force of the most formidable
states ! What ! shall not these noble recollections
inspire us with confidence ?
" Dutchmen ! was the nation ever wanting to
itself, as the King has often asked you, when it
had great men at its head ? Has it not been the
ornament and astonishment of Europe for its in-
dustry, its application to literature, to the arts, to
the sciences, and, lastly, to commerce, which flour-
ishes only through their means, and cherishes them
in return ?
" I need not speak to you of our Maurice, or
of our Frederic Henry, who may still be quoted,
even in the age of the most accomplished war-
rior that ever existed [?], the great Napoleon,
and under the reign of the brother and pupil of
that august monarch. I will not mention our
Coehorn, the emulator and rival of Vauban, or
our De Ruyter, Tromp, and Hecmskerck, hitherto
unequalled on the ocean. Can their memory ever
be obliterated ?
" Was not Holland the cradle of Erasmus, the
country of Grotius, Bynkershoek, Vossius, Bur-
man, Schulten, Huygens, Musschenbroeck, and
Boerhaave, the retreat of Scaliger, the asylum of
Descartes, the refuge of Bayle, and the school of
Peter the Great ? Can a King who patronizes the
arts, endeavor in vain to revive among us these
great names, to which such illustrious remembrances
are attached ?
" No, Chevaliers, in a country like ours, that
exists only through industry, science, and art, the
path of honor is not confined to the hero who de-
fends it ; it is equally open to the man of learning,
who imparts to it instruction ; to the skilful me-
chanic who labors for its preservation ; to the
prudent and honest merchant who adds to its
wealth ; to the man of letters who does it honor ;
and to the citizen who distinguishes himself by his
virtues and good conduct, — all may equally deserve
well of their country, all share the affection of a
wise King, who is a friend to mankind and a father
to his people."
These are eloquent words ; but are they not emi-
nently truthful ? This is a lofty panegyric, but
would not a mere recital of the facts recorded in
her chronicles prove a still more splendid encomium ?
Reader, if you have ever read before, you know
that no country has ever been greater upon the sea
than Holland or the United States or Provinces —
no people have won richer prizes, acquired more
wonderful influence, or plucked greater laurels upon
the most unstable of elements.
" Earth confess'd her power ; she sat like a queen on the
The foregoing pages and references prove that
the Dutch soldiers of the present era are not in-
ferior to those of former days — brave, patient of
fatij^fue, perseveringr, prompt, and sagacious. Bel-
gium learned it to her cost in 1831, when the Hol-
landish forces required but ten days to annihilate
RECORD OF BURIALS IN THE DUTCH CHURCH,
In preparing for publication the record of burials in the Dutch
Church in New York it has been deemed most convenient for
searching to arrange the surnames in alphabetical order and
chronologically, but to place together all family names which
appear to be of similar origin, notwithstanding the variations
of spelling, preserving, however, the spelling of the record in
all cases. Much the larger portion of the records consists of
items, such as " child of " ; where the names of the children
are not given, and as the publication of such items would
occupy much space and be of comparatively little value, they
have been omitted.
.John Alstgelt, Jr.
. Jacobus Aigaldt.
.Catharyna Aalstyn (See Van Aalstyne), wife
.Widow of Abraham Aelstyn.
.Wife of Johannis Aalstyn.
. Elizabeth .-Mstine, widow.
. Elbert Aarsen, son of Johannes.
.IMaria Aarsen, wife of Johannis.
.The wife of Mattheus Arse.
.Wife of .\aron Aarson.
.David Abeel, son of David.
..Gerardus Abeel, son of David.
. .Cathalyna Abeel, dau. of David.
. .Gerardus Abeel, son of David.
..Wife of John Abcel.
19 and 12, 1795 . .Wife of Garret Abeel.
. .Peter Abeel.
. .Wife of James .\beel.
. .Abraham Abrahamse, son of Abraham.
. .Sara Abrahams, child of Andrias.
. . Andries Abrahamse.
. .Francyntie Abrahamse.
. . Jacomyntje Abrahamse.
. .Jacob Abramse.
. .Gerrit Abrahamse.
. .Widow Jacomyntje Abramse.
. . Aernout .\bramse.
. . Abr. Abrams.
. .Wife of Abraham Abrahamse.
. .Widow Abrahams.
..Wife of Johannes Abrahams.
. . Abm. Abrahamse.
. .Hend. Ackerman.
. .John Ackerman.
. . Mr. Ackerman.
. . Arie Ackerman.
. .Wife of Nicholas Ackerman.
..Wife of Daniel Ackerman.
. .Widow Ackerman.
. .Nicholas Ackerman.
. .John Ackerman.
. .Widow Ackerman.
. .Widow Accerman.
. . David /\ckerman.
. . Lewis Ackerman.
. .Widow Ackley.
. .Wife of Mr. Adams.
. .Wife of Mr. .Vdams.
. .The wife of Jan .'Mbreght.
. .Widow Albreght.
. .John .'^llen.
. .Jan Ellen.
. .John Allen.
Aug. 27, 1 7S7. .Widow Allen.
Oct. 30, 1789. .Thos. Allen.
July 4, 1791 . .Widow .-Mien.
July 18, 1794. .Stephen Allen.
Feb. II, 1799. .Widow Alter.
July 19, 1801 . .Miss Alliner.
Feb. 22, 1796. .John AUinos.
Oct. 16, 1787 . .Widow Appelona Alner.
July 7, 1767 . .Widow Alton.
Between Sept. 18 and 20, 1799.. Wife °f John .\mayr.
Sept. 14, 1732. .Johannes Ament, son of Pieter.
Dec. 2, 1S03. . Fliz'th Amery.
Between August 16 and 17, 1747 . .Wife of Teunis|Ammennan.
Sept. 10, 1747 . .Teunis Ammerman.
Feb. 22, 1762 . .Jacob .\menTian.
June 19, 1774. . Dirck Amerman, Jr.
Aug. 14, 1787. . Dirck Ammerman.
Aug. 5, 1794. .John Amerman.
Aug. 10, 1800. .Eva Amerman.
Oct. 20, 1759. .The wife of Nicholas Anderson.
Dec. 26, 1767 . .Sara Anderson.
May 5, 1790.. Wife of Ab'm Anderson.
May 15, 1791 . .Elias Anderson.
Oct. 3, 1797. . Widow Eliz. Anderson.
Sept. 12, 1798. .Wife of John Anderson.
Jan. 26, 1801 . .Theodorus Anderson.
Sept. 2, 1803. .Widow Anderson.
Oct. 28, 1803. .Widow .\nderson.
Sept. 12, 1757 . .Dirck [?] Andriese.
Dec. 24, 1758. .Cornelius Andriesen.
Oct. 12, 1770. .Barent Andries.
Aug. 17, 1790. .Widow Andresa.
Dec. 30, 1799. .John Andrise.
Sept. 21, 1752. .The wife of Andries Andrieuw.
Sept. 22, 1731 . . Janica, wife of Isaack .Anno.
July II, 1729. .Susannah Antony, dau. of Allert.
June 14, 1730. .Engeltie Antony, dau. of Nicholaes.
May 16, 1731 . .Rebecca Antony, dau. of Nikolaes.
Sept. 17, 1731 . .Johannes Anthony, son of Allert.
Jan. 8, 1732 . .Johannes Antony, son of Nicolas.
Nov. 16, 1732. .Rebecka Antony.
Nov. I, 1734. .Wife of Hendrick Antony.
Jan. 26, 1735. .Frederick Antony, son of Hendrick.
Oct. 23, 1739. .The wife of AUard Anthony.
Apr. 23, 1745 . .Hendrik Antony.
Jan. 9, 1747. .The wife of Allard Anthony.
Apr. 18, 1761 . .The wife of Theophilus Anthony.
Mar. 16, 1764. .Peter Anthony.
July 2, 1769. .Allert Anthony.
Dec. 2, 1769. .Wife of John Anthony.
Dec. 4, 1772. .Wife of Nicholas Anthony..
Dec. 19, 1785. .Nich's Anthony.
Dec. 9, 1787. .Nich's N. Anthony.
Sept. 16, 1 791 . .John Anthony.
Nov. 17, 1793 .. Nicholas Anthony.
Dec. 24, 1793. .Wife of Nicholas N. .\nthony.
Aug. 28, 1794. .Cornelia Anthony.
Feb. 20, 1732. .Symen Appel.
Sept. 29, 1737. .William .Vjjpel.
Dec. 26, 1747. .The wife of Johannes Appel.
July 15, 1758. .The wife of Johannis .•Vpple.
Sept. 2, 1764. .John Apjjle.
Feb. 21, 1795. ..Annatje Ai)ple.
Mar. 12, 1800. . Widow Arch.
Jan. 12, 1801 . .\\'ife of Ananias Archer.
Nov. 18, 1801 . .Wife of Anenias Archer.
July 31, 1801 . .Jacob Arden.
Dec. 29, 1784. .Gilbert Ash.
Sept. 21, 1730. .John Ashmore.
Dec. 17, 1752. ..Antje Aswerus.
Between Apr. 29 and May 4, 1749.. Isaac .Auken.
May 27, 1790. .John Austin.
Jan. 29, 1794. .Joseph Axsell.
Nov. 18, 1744.. Eliz., wife of Joh. Jury Bacchus.
Dec. 4, 1740. . Abraham Hake.
Dec. 12, 1769.. Wife of Mathew Bake.
Apr. 18, 1759. .George Lodewick Baker.
Oct. 14, 1 7 75.. Wife of Leoney Baker.
Feb. 15, 1795.. Wife of David Baker.
Oct. 4 or 5, 1795 . .Jeremiah Baker.
Mar. II, i8o2..Wm. S. Ball.
July 7, 1798. .John Balman.
Aug. 20, 1785 . .Widow Bama.
Mar. 27, 1768. .Widow Bamester.
June 22, 1727. .Cristofer, son of Christ. Bancker.
Aug. 31, 1 731 . .Elizabeth, dau. of Chr. Banker.
July 4, 1762. .The wife of Hend. Banker.
Feb. 22, 1772. .Wm. Bancker.
Aug. 21, 1772. .Adrian Bancker.
Dec. 15, 1773. .Ab'm Bancker.
Apr. 19, 1775 .. Richard fiancker.
Mar. 3, 1785. .Widow of Rich'd Banker.
Apr. 2, 1789. .Wife of Evert Bancker.
May 25, 1790. .Isaac Banker.
June 15, 1790. .Wife of Adrian Bancker.
Sept. 29, 1792. .Adrian Bancker.
Jan- 18, 1799. .Gerardiis Banker.
May 18, 1800. . Elizabeth Bancker.
Nov. 29, 1803. .Christopher Banker.
Aug. 26, 1728. .Jan, son of Pietcr Bant, Jr.
Nov. 26, 1729. .Willemyntie, wife of Johan's Bant.
Sept. 27, 1731 . .Jan, son of Marta Bant.
Between Feb. 21
. Maria, dau. of Johan's Bant.
.The wife of Pieter Bant.
. Wife of Pieter Bant.
. Peter Bant.
. William Bandt.
. Peter Bandt.
.Jacob Bandt (See Bon. Bont).
.Wife of Hendrik Banta.
.Wife of Jacob Banta.
. Paulus Banta.
.John T. Banta.
.Wife of Andrew Barchley.
.Cornels. Barht., son of .-Ynds.
. ."Mida Barheit, dau. of Barent.
..Andres Barheit, son of Barent.
.Johan's Barheit, son of Barent.
. Marragritje Barhyt.
. Rachell Barheit.
. .•^ndrias Barheyt.
. Rebecka Barheit, widow of Andries.
. David Barkins.
.Wife of Charles Barns.
.Anthony Pieter Baron.
.Wife of Frederick Barr (See Borrea).
. Annatje Bartlo.
. Henry Bascher.
. Francis Bassett.
. Fredk. Bassett.
.Wife of Sebastian Bauman.
.Samuel Bayard, son of Nichol.
.Stephen Bayard, child of Stephen.
. Hillegont Byard.
.Wife of Nicholas Byard.
.Wife of John Byard.
. Nicholas Byerd.
and 25, 1802 . .The remains of the late Nicho-
las Bayard were removed from family to
. Thophet Bayly.
.Mrs. Bayly, widow.
, . Marya Bayu.x, dau. of Thomas.
, .Wife of Samuel Beaths.
. Rebecca Beca.
. Sarah Beckea.
.Wife of \\ illiam Bedlow.
and 16, 179S. Wife of William Bedlow.
, .Aeltje Beck.
The wife of Wm. Beek.
.Magdalena Beekman, dau. of Gerard.
.Geertry Beekman, dau. of Hendrick.
.Hendrickus Beekman, son of Hendrickus.
.Hendrickus Beekman, son of Hen.
. Magdal. Beekman, wife of Gerard.
.Magdalena Beekman, dau. of Gcrd.
.Jacobus Beekman, son of Wilhclmus.
. Gerardus Beekman.
. Hendricus Beekman.
. .The widow of Jobs. Beekman.
.The wife of Wm. Beekman.
.The wife of Johannis Beekman.
, .The wife of Sam'l Beekman.
.Wife of Henry Beekman.
. Magdalen Beekman.
.Wife of Sam'l Beekman.
.Mary Beeckman, widow.
, .Mary Beekman.
.William H. Beekman.
.Wife of William H. Beekman.
.James I. Beekman.
.The wife of Hendrick Beer.
.Wife of William Bell.
, .John Bennct.
Jan. 2, 1799.. Widow Hennet.
June 17, 1800.. Daniel Rennet.
Jan. 13, 1801.. Widow Ik-nnet.
Dec. 14, 1775 . . Wife of James Bennum.
July 4, 1728. .Catharina Bensen, sister of Samuel, Sr.
Mar. 20, 1729. .Dirk Bense, son of Samuel.
Dec. 20, 1729. .Gerrit Bensen, son of Hend.
June 2, 1730.. Samson Benson.
Mar. 24, 1737 . .Aeltje Bensen.
Nov. 29, 1740. .Wife of Hendrik Benson.
Oct. 27, 1742. .Hendrick Bensen.
Oct. 7, i743..Harme Benson.
iNIay 13, 1748.. Samuel Benson.
April 5, 1 754.. Maria Bensen.
Aug. 15, 1754. .The wife of Abraham Benson.
Mar. 4, i755..Caatje Benson.
Oct. 2, 1756. .Elisabeth Benson.
April 15, 1794. .Widow Benson.
Jan. 16, 1795. .Wife of Garret Benson.
Dec. 20, 1798. .Chaterea Bensen.
Sept. 5, 1727 . . Marritie Bensing, dau. of Samuel.
Nov. 29, 1 732.. Samuel Bensing.
April 30, 1765. .Wife of John Bergen.
Jan. 4, 1742. .Abraham Bergian, child of Gerrit.
Aug. 5 or 6, 1747 . .The wife of Gerrit Berjou.
April I, 1 797.. Mrs. Bernard.
Sept. 7, 1758. .The wife of Nicholas Berrian.
Mar. 26, 1760. .The wife of Nich's Berrian.
Sept. 15, i737..Johan Peter Berrigh.
April 20, 1740. .The wife of Sam. Berry.
Jan. 17, 1768. .Sam'll Berrey.
Mar. 6, 1791.. Widow Mary Berry.
Aug. 9, 1790. .Gerrit Betolf.
Aug. 30, i734..Dirick Beuling.
Nov. 25, 1751 . . Johannis Beverhout.
Sept. 23, 1768.. Widow Bevoys.
May 29, 1794. .Wife of Charles Bevor.
Sept. 5, 1740. . Elsje Bibington.
Nov. 14, 1757. .The wife of Fredrick Bicker.
Dec. 24, 1758. .Victoor Bicker.
Feb. 19, 1766. .Wife of Victore Bicker.
Oct. 10, 1770. .Wife of Victor Bicker.
July 15, 1789.. Wife of Henry Bickers.
Oct. 3, i789..Wm. Bicker.
April 15, 1792. .Wife of Cornelius Bicker.
May I, 1799. .Victor Becker.
Sept. 7, 1801 . .Colonel Bicker.
Dec. 17, 1784.. John Bingham.
June 14, 1729 .Maria Binter, wife of Peter.
Dec. 5, 1764. .Corneliah Bishop.
Oct. 30, 1793. .Wife of Mr. Bivin.
.Wife of Davicc Blackly.
. Johana Blague.
. Edward Blake.
.Son of Widow Blake.
.Wife of las. Blanchard.
.Wife of James Blanchard.
.Hester Blanck, wife of Coen Miller.
. Rachell Blank, dau. of Johannis.
. Kasparus Blank.
.Casparus Blank, son of Casparus.
.Casparus Blank, son of Johannes.
.Agnitje Blank, dau. of Casparus.
.Cornells Blank, son of Caspar.
.Angenitie Blank, dau. of Johannes.
.Abraham Blanck, Jr.
. Agnietje Blanck.
.The wife of ]Ians Blanck.
.The widow Rachel Blank.
. Andries Blank.
.John Blank, Jr.
.Mary Blank, widow.
.Wife of John Blank.
. Henry Blaw.
.Cornelia Blaauw, Widow.
.Helanah Blaw, Widow.
. Elenor Blauw.
.Richard W. Blau.
.Mayeke Blom, dau. of Fredrick.
.Jacob Blom, son of Fredrick.
.Elizabeth Blom, dau. of Jan.
.Johannis Blom, son of Fredr.
.Elizab't. Bloom, dau. of Daniel.
o and 22, 1743 . .Jan Blom.
■ The widow of Jan Blom.
.Wife of Abraham Bloodgood.
. Margreta Bocke, dau. of .-Vbraham.
. Albartus Bokee, son of William.
.Tanica Boeke, dau. of Abraham.
and 12, 1732. .Johannes Bokee, son of Isaac.
, .Isaac Bokea.
• Rebecca Bokee.
.Wife of Isaac Boeke.
.Catlirina, dau. of Vincent Bodin.
, .Maria, dau. of Vincent Bodyn.
.Cornells, son of Vincent Bodine.
, . Wid. Bodyne.
, .Johannis Boekenove.
.Widow Elisabet Boekenhover ( she died 99
yrs., 8 mths., 8 days old ).
. Ann Boelen, dau. of Abraham.
.Abraham Boelle, son of Hendrick.
.Catharina Boelle, wife of Jacob Boelle.
.Henrikus Boel, son of Henrikus.
.Catrina Boelen, dau. of Henderick
. Henricus Boele, son of Abrah.
, .Jacob Boele, son of Henricus.
. Abraham Boele.
.Dominie Hendericus Boel.
.Wife of Mr. Wm. Bull.
.U'ife of Jacob Boelen.
. Widow Boelen.
, .Widow Jan Bulla.
.Wife of Mr. Boerom.
.Claes Janse Bogert.
. Annatie Bogart, dau. of Jan.
.Maria Bogart, wife of Arie.
.Cathrina Bogart, dau. of -Aryan.
.Gerrit Bogart, son of Hend.
.Anna Bogaert, dau. of Claes.
.Rachel Bogaert, dau. of Jan.
, .Nicolas Bogart, son of Hend.
, . Margarieta Bogert.
, .The wife of Petrus Bogert.
, .The wife of William Bogert.
.Cornelius Bogert, son of Cornelius,
.The wife of Hendrick Bogert.
Dec. 15, 1754. . Joannis Rogert.
Dec. 27, 175s . .William Hogard.
June 28, 1761 . .The wife of Jacobus Bogert.
Aug. 20, 1 76 1.. A son of Nichs, son of Jan Bogart.
Oct. 2, i76i..The wife of Nicolaas Bogert.
Feb. 15. 1769. .Wife of John N. Boogert.
May 29, 1774. .Henry C. Bogert.
Apr. 15, 1775 . .Gcileyan Bogert.
Nov. 8, 1775. .John Bogart.
Jan. 17, 1776. . Henry Bogert
Jan. 17, 1776. . Hendrick Bogert.
June 24, i776..Willm Bogart.
Dec. II, 1776. . Nicholas T. Bogart.
Feb. 22, 17S5 .. Hendrick Bogardt.
Aug. 12, 1787. .Widow Gulian Bogard.
Jan. 13, 1788.. Nichs. P. Bogert.
May 5, 1789. .Wife of Nicos. H. Bogert.
Mar. 19, 1793. .Cornelius Bogert.
July 13, 1793. .Johannis Bogert.
Sept. 23, 1794. .Nicholas C. Bogert.
Feb. 13, 179s . .Wife of Cornelius I. Bogart.
Apr. 17, 1795. .Peter Bogart.
Mar. 23, 1796. .The widow of Henry Bogart.
Oct. 2, 1798. .Widow Maria I'.oger.
Dec. 26, 1798.. Widow Bregie Bogert.
Jan. 7, 1799. .Arian Bogert.
July 19, 1799.. John Bogert.
Aug. 18, 1800. .Wife of John Bogart.
Apr. 27, 1801 . .Elbert Bogert.
Nov. 27, i8or. .Widow Bogart.
Apr. 23, 1802. .Wife of James Bogart.
Jan. 17, 1797 . .Samuel Boldwin.
Oct. 12, 1731 . .Catlina Boljou, dau. of Lewis.
May 7, 1803. .Wife of Peter Bolmer.
Mar. 10, 1727. . Jannite Bon, wife of Jan.
July 29, 1727. .Marytje Bon, dau. of Jan Bon, Jr.
Nov. 27, 1744.. Sarah Hon.
Sept. 24, 1745 . . Pieter Bon.
Apr. I, 1760.. Widow Bon.
July 8, 1767. .Mary Bon.
Sept. 6, 1743. .Catharina Bond, the wife of Peter.
Mar. 17, 1745. .Martines Bond, son of Pieter.
Apr. 20, 1728. .William Bonnet, son of Dan'l.
Sept. 2, 1731 . . Pieter Bonnet, son of Dan'U.
July 3, 1 759.. Pieter Bonet, son of Daniel.
Jan. 12, 1772. .Wife of Daniel Bonticau.
June 7, 1754. .Antje Salomon Boogh.
Nov. 30, 1728. .Magdalena Bookhout, wife of Mathys.
Nov. 14, 1786. .Peter Bookhoud.
May 14, 1770. . Wid. Boomen.
Aug. 4, 1727. .Pcternella, dau. of Daniel Bordet.
Oct. 30, 1759. .Tlie Widow Bordet.
Mar. 14, 1764. .Samuel Lordtt.
Feb. 19, 1733. .Mareitic Bording, bu. by Adr. Man.
Oct. 24, 1769. .Wife of John Borea.
Oct. 26, 1772. .Wife of Francis Barrea, Jr.
Dec. I, 1773 .. Francis Barrea, Jr.
Apr. 26, 1786. .John Borrea.
Sept. 10, 1731. .Maria, dau. of Mathias Borell.
Feb. II, 1729 . .Thomas Horses.
May 4, 1766. .Wife of Hcndrik Boshardt.
June 20, 1727 . .Anneken, wife of Barent Boss, Jr.
Aug. 20, 1727. .Susanna, dau. of Barent Boss.
Nov. 15, 1727. .Jannitie Boss.
Sept. 9, 1728. .Ebertie Boss.
Oct. 8, 1731 . .Joseph, son of Albertus Bosch.
Oct. 22, 1731 . .Elsje, dau. of Casper Bosch.
Apr. 27, 1738. .Maria, wife of .-Vlbert Coenraad Bosch.
Mar. 5, 1742. .Albartus Bosch.
Aug. 28, 1742. .Jannetje, wife of Casparus Bos.
Oct. 19, 1744. .Pieter Bosch.
Mar. 10, 1753. .Susannah Boss.
Aug. 8, 1754. .Jasper Bosch.
Feb. 8, 1 758.. Barent Bosch.
Nov. 2, 1759. .Catharina Bosch.
Sept. 16, 1772. . Isaac Bos.
Aug. I, 1785. .Widow Boss.
Apr. 26, 1760. .The wife of Jan Bossen.
June 27, 1757. .Margrieta Bostel.
May 30, 1802. .Widow Bound.
Feb. 6, 1800. . Henry Bowers.
Oct. II, 1754. .Sarah, child of Richard Bowley.
Dec. 16, 1755. .The wife of Patrick Boyle.
Sept. 8, 1732. .Maria, dau. of Johannes Bradley.
Jan. 19, 1728. .Helena, wife of Gerrit Brass.
Nov. 27, 1728. .Marya, dau. of Hendrick Bras.
Sept. 22, 1731 . .Catrina, dau. of Henderik Brass
Feb. 25, 1732. .Eva Bras.
Jan. 6, 1760. .The wife of Adolph Bras, Jr.
Oct. II, 1764.. Adolf Bras.
Apr. 20, 1 765.. Adolf Brass.
Jan. 15, 1 769. Wife of Henry Brass.
Dec. 4, 1770. .Hendrick Brass.
Nov. 26, 1774. .Widow Maria Brass.
Sept. 8, 1731. .Magritta, dau. of Isaak Bratt.
Sept. 18, 1 73 1. .Anthony, son of Isaac Bratt.
Apr. 19, 1746. .Jacob Bradt.
June 30, 1748. .Andries Brat.
Mar. 19, 1749. .Johannis Bradt.
Jan. 10, 1756. .The wife of D'l Bradt.
Mar. 20, 1756. .Francis Bradt.
Jan. 12, 1757. .Divertje Bradt.
Dec. 19, 1767 . .Cathrina Brat.
May 22, 1793. .Isaac Bradt.
Aug. 24, 1728. .Elizebeth, dau. of Luckas Brazier.
Nov. 2, 1729. . Aeltie, dau. of Isaak Brasscr.
Between Sejit. 29 and Oct. 2, 1747. .Abraham Brasher.
Mar. 18, 1759. .'I'he widow of Ephraim Brasier.
Sept. 18, I 772 . .Widow Brasher.
Mar. 3, 1785. .Philip Brazier.
Jan. I, 1797. .Wife of Ejihram Brasher.
Sept. 16, 1798. .Widow Rachel Brayzer.
June 19, 1728. .Geertje, dau. of Hend. Breested.
July 27, 1729. .Helena, dau. of Jan Breestede.
Aug. 2, 1729. . Janettie, wife of Symon Breesteede.
Sept. 21, 1730. . Cathrina Breeslede.
Dec. 18, 1730. .Elizabeth, dau. of Jan Braested.
Aug. 2, 1731 . . Hendriks, son of H. Breesteede.
Sept. 14, 1731 . .Pieter, son of Andries Brestede.
Oct. 3, i73i..Sara, dau. of Jan Brestede.
Oct. 6, 1731 . .Andries, son of Henry Brestede.
Oct. 8, 1731 . .Johanna, dau. of Jan Brestede.
Oct. 18, 1731 . . Janica, dau. of Jan [?] Brestede.
June 26, 1733. .Annatie, dau. of Hend. Brestede.
May 31, 1734. .John Breested.
Jan. 30, 173s . .Geertie, wife of H. Breestede.
Feb. 8, 1737. .Cristop., son of Crisiop. Breestede.
June 16, 1742. .Hendrick Breested.
Feb. 10, 1751 . .The widow of Jan Breesteede.
Jan. 17, 1760. .The wife of Andries Breested.
May 20, 1730. . Jannetie, wife of Johannis Brevoort.
Aug. 20, 1742. .Elias Brevoort.
Jan. 6, 1756. .Grietje Brovoort.
Jan. 21, 1775 . .John Brevoort.
June 29, 1775. . Elias Brevort.
Between Feb. 22 and Mar. 3, 17S5. .Widow of Elias Brevoort
(died in the war).
Apr. 18, 1794. .Widow Brovoort.
Nov. 12, 1794. .Abr'm Brevoort.
Nov. 3, 1798. .Nicholas Brevort.
July 26, 1729. . Aaltie, dau. of Joris Brinkelhof.
Mar. 9, 1741 . .Wife of Jores Brinkerhof.
Jan. 31, 1753. . Arie Blinkerhoff.
May 4, 1775 . .Henry Brinckerhoff.
Nov. 18, 1792. .Gitty Brinkerhoof.
Sept. 18, 1793. .Maria Brinckerhoff.
Apr. I, 1801 . .Henry Brinckerhoff.
Nov. 22, 1801 . .Abraham l?rinckerhoff, Jr.
Jan. 20, 1738. .Susanna Brokholst.
Aug. 19, 1797 . .Mr. Brook.
Nov. 5, 1798. .Widow Susen Brooks.
Apr. 12, 1803. . Michael Brooks.
Dec. 3, 1727 . .Sybrant Brower.
Nov. 28, 1728. . Arnout, son of Sybrant Brouwer.
Nov. 12, 1730. . Hannatie, dau. of Pieter Bromver.
Sept. 16, 1731 . ..\ntje, dau. of Jacob Brower.
Sept. 24, i73i...\dam, son of Jacob Brower.
Apr. 2, 1733. .Jacob Brouwer.
Apr. 28, 1735 . .Sybrant Brouwer.
Mar. 13, 1737 .. Marry tje Brouwer.
Apr. 29, 1749.. The wife of Pieter Brouwer.
Feb. 8, 1751 . .The wife of Pieter Brouwer.
Sept. 2, 1752. .The wife of Abram Brouwer.
Jan. 26, 1762. .Everardus Brewer.
Feb. 14, 1 762.. The wife of Pieter Brouwer.
Dec. 18, 1762 . .Wife of David Brower.
Nov. 8, 1764. . Elizabeth Brower.
Aug. 4, 1765 . .Jacob Brower.
Sept. 16, 1766. . Uldrick Brouwer.
Apr. 14, 176S. .Wife of Johannes Brouwer.
Aug. 29, 1768. .Cornelus Brouwer.
Nov. 4, 1768. .Wife of Abraham Brower.
Aug. 5, 1769. .A child of Jacob Brower, son of Jan.
Aug. 19, 1769. .A child of Jacob Brower, son of Samuel.
Aug. 26, 1769. .A child of Jacob Brower, son of Jacob.
Oct. 7, 1769. .Wife of Jacob Brouwer, son of John.
Dec. 2, 1769.. Wife of Abraham Brouwer.
Sept. 2, 1770.. Child of Jan Brower, son of Jan.
Dec. 5, 1770.. Widow of Jacob Brewer.
Dec. 23, 1771 . .Peter Brower.
May 15, 1772.. Widow of Everardus Brouwer.
June 28, 1773. -^^ ife of Jacob Brouwer, son of Samuel.
Aug. 14, 1773.. Evis Brower.
Feb. 24, 1775. .Peter Brouwer.
Nov. 4, 1775.. John Brower.
[No date] 1776. .Jeremiah Brower.
Jan. 3, 1785.. Wife of Henry Brower.
June 14, 1787.. Jacob E. Brower.
Aug. 19, 1 788.. Mary Brower, widow.
Mar. 17, 1789. .Sybrant Brower.
Jan. 12, 1790. . Everardus Brower.
Apr. 17, 1790. .Wife of Abm. Brower.
Apr. 22, 1790. .Widow of Peter E. Brower.
Sept. 17, 1790.. Wife of John Brower.
Nov. 26, 1 790.. Jane Brower.
Mar. 26, 1792 . .Abraham Brower.
June 22, 1795.. Efje Brower, widow.
Aug. 10, 17 95.. Garret Brower.
Aug. II, 1795. .William Brower.
Aug. 30, 1795 . .Henry Brower.
Sept. 7, 1795 . ..Abraham -■'^- Brower.
Between Jan. 25 and 30, 1796. .Daniel Brower.
Mar. I, 1796.. Jacob Brower.
Oct. 17, 1796. .Jacob S. Brower.
1 80 1
.Wife of Rich'd Brower.
. .Wife of Counrod Brower (or lirown).
. Wife of David Brower.
.Wife of Jacob Brower, Jr.
. Jolin Brown .
. Hendrick Brown.
.\Vife of William Brown.
.Wife of Wm. Browne.
, .John Brown.
. Wm. Brown.
.Wife of David Brown.
. David ]5rown.
.Wife of George Browne.
.Neeltie, wife of Jacobus Brus.
.Wife [?] of Philip Buchannan.
.John 15. Buckel,
.Effie, wife of Sander Bulsing.
.The wife of Cornelus Bulsing.
.The wife of Mr. Bulsen.
.Engeltie, dau. of Johannis Burger.
.Cornelia, dau. of Johannis Burger.
.Joseph, son of Nichols Burger.
.Harmanus, son of Reynier Burger.
.Harmanus, son of Casta Burger.
. Meytie Burger, wife of Willem Schott.
.Johannis, son of Gerrit Burger.
. . Harmanus, son of Reinier Burger.
.Gerrit, son of Gerrit Burger.
.Johannis, son of Rynier Burger.
.Poulus, son of Elias liurger.
. Elias Burger.
. Rynier Burger.
.The wife of Jobs. Burger.
.Wife of Peter Burger.
. . Peter Burgar.
. . Peter Burger.
. Dan '11 Burger.
. .Widow of Caster Burger.
. .Guilbert Burger.
. .Widow Elisabeth Burger.
. . Elias Burger.
. .Wife of Luycas Burhans.
. .Wife of Daniel Burke.
. .Petrick Burling.
..Wife of William Burnett.
. .The wife of Jeremia Burres.
. .The Widow Burres.
. .Peter Burtine.
. .Wife of Thomas Burton.
. .Sarah Bush, dau. of Albarts. (See Bos.)
. .Barent Bush.
. .Wife of John Bush.
. .John Bush.
. .Anna, dau. of Harme Bussing.
. .The wife of Harme Bussing.
. . Isaac Bussing.
. . Harme Bussing.
. .Wife of Willcm Bussing.
. . Peter Bussing.
. .Aaron Bussing.
. .Jacob Buys.
. .Matthew Buys.
. . Mary Buys, widow.
. .Helena, ch. of Anthony Byvank.
. . Jan Byvanck.
. .Johannis, son of Evert Byvank.
..Maria, dau. of Evert Byvank.
. .Evert, child of Evert Byvanck.
. . Wyntie Byvanck.
. .Johannis Byvank.
. .Teuntie Beyvanck.
. .Hendericus Byvank.
. .Antony Byvanck.
. .Wife of Evert Byvanck.
. . Doctor Abraham Byvanck.
. .John Byvanck.
. . Peter Byvanke.
. .Wife of James Camby.
. .Wife of Angelush [?] Caminor.
and 11,1 733 . . f Campbell ), Archibald Cambele.
. .The wife of Johs Kemple.
. . Marytie Campbell.
. .Wife of Willm Campbell.
. .Elizth. Camble, widow.
Oct. 4, 1795 . .Abraham Campbel.
July 23, I S02. .Christian Cammell.
.Apr. 7, 1 728.. David Can, (or Carr).
Mar. 6, 1744. .Jacobus, son of Jobs Cannon.
June 26, 1747 .. Peter Cannon.
July 25, 174S. .John Cannon.
Apr. 24, 1757. .The wife of .Aernout Cannon.
Sept. 26, 1757. .The wife of Jan Cannon.
Mar. 8, 1758.. The Widow Cannon.
Oct. 16, 1 762.. Jobs. Cannon.
Aug. 26, i77i..\Vife of Jolin Cannon.
Dec. 26, 1774.. John Cannon.
Nov. 23, 1791 . .Wife of Arnout Cannon.
June 3, 1793. .Arnoud Cannon, Jr.
Jan. 3, i753..AntjeCar.
Sept. 18, 1774. .William Carr.
Oct. 17, 1774. .Wife of William Carr.
Jan. iS, 1797 . .Anthony Carr.
June 1, 1799.. Samuel Carman.
Apr. 3, 1801 . .William Carman.
Jan. 27, 1737 . .Jacobus Carmer, son of David Carmer.
July 25, 1768.. Wife of Henry Carmer.
Jan. 5, 1791 . .Elizabeth Carmer.
Aug. 30, 1799. .Frederick Carmer.
Apr. 13, 1789. .Widow Carnes.
Jan. 9, i776..Willm Carselus.
Aug. 10, 1729. .Antony, son of Theunis Casperse.
June 27, 1729. . Engeltie, dau. of Hendrick Cavelier.
July 9, 1784. .Abraham Cavier.
Sept. 23, 1795.. Wife of Mr. Cavin.
Between July 17 and 19, 1795.. Wife of James Cebra.
Aug. 12, 1785.. Wife of David Chadwcll.
Apr. 17, 1774. .W^idow Chamber.
June II, 1798. .Thomas Champena.
Dec. 9, 1803. . Mary Charge.
Oct. 27, 1792 .. Pelig Chase.
Dec. 18, 1770. .Wife of William Chester.
Sept. 26, 1731 . .Samuel, son of Samuel Chohaan.
June 16, i73i..Anne, dau. of Isaak Chordivyn.
Sept. I, 1798. .John Cherdevine.
Sept. 20, 1798. .Elshe Christopher.
May 7, 1728. .Maritie, wife of Johannis Claase.
Dec. 23, 1733 . . Hanis Clasen.
Aug. 28, 1727. .Sarah, dau. of Alexander Clarke.
Oct. 6, 1747. .The wife of John Clarck.
Dec. s, 1 75 1.. The w'ife of Willem Clark.
Nov. 18, 1760. .Femmetje Clerk.
Aug. 24, 1793. .Wife of Jacob Clarke.
Sept. 14, 1795. .Friend Clark,
Mar. 4, 1727 . . Mathew, son of Mathew Clarkson.
Mar. 23, 1730. . Mathew, Jr., son of Mathew Clerkson.
Aug. 10, 1730. . Mathew, son of David Clerkson.
Oct. 15, 1731 . .David, son of Mat. Clarkson.
Mar. s, 1732. .Threadfield, son of David Clarkson.
June 6, 1739. .Matthew Clarkson.
Mar. 15, 1800. .Cornelia Clinton.
Oct. 15, 1731 . .Catrina and Cornelia, 2 dau's of Corn. Clop-
Feb. 14, 1732. .Isaac, son of Cornelis Clopper, Jr.
May 14, 1732. .Lucas, son of Cornelis Clopper.
Between Apr. 13 and 28, 1733. .Elizabeth, dau. of Cornelis
1740. .Cornelus Clopper.
1750. .The wife of John Clopper.
1777. .Wife of Cornelis Clopper.
1 786.. John Clopper.
1 787 . . Herry Clopper.
1 796 . . Widow Clopper.
1797 . .Cor's Clopper.
1802 . . Peter Clopper.
1753. .The Widow Clovers.
1802. .Wife of David Cloyd.
17S7 . . Widow Coatch.
i8oi . .James Cock.
1785 . .Chris. Codwise.
1796. .Widow Codwise.
1797.. Bregh Codwise.
1741 . .Hendricus Coerten. •
1744. .The wife of Harman Coertem
1747.. Widow Eliz. Coerten.v'
1761 . . Harme Koerte.
1747. .The wife of Johannis Coevert.
or 6, 1 747.. The wife of Cornelis Coevert
1755 . .Wife of Capt. Coffie.
1771 . .Johannis Colbach.
1728.. Widow Jenke Cole, (see Kool.)
6, 1747 . .The wife of Barent Cool.
1794.. Wife of John Cole.
1797. .Widow Cattren Cole.
1799. . Henry Cool.
1802. .Wife of George Coleman.
1727.. Sarah Colevelt.
1797. .Wife of Francis Colgrove.
1 731 . .Lewis, son of Lewis Colie.
1788. .John Collins.
1798. .William CoUons.
1803. .William Collins.
1774. . Margerit Colyer.
1 791.. Samuel Coltpan [?].
1803.. Mary Comadener.
1760. .Jannetie Comferfoot.
1755 . .Catharina Comfort.
1770. .Mathew Concklin.
..Wife of William Conklin.
..Wife of William Conklin.
31, 1797 . .NN'illiam Conklin.
and 8, i799..Uavid Conklin.
. . Widow Coningham.
. .^Vife of Abra. \'an Deursen; a dau. of Derick
. . Helena, wife of Caleb Cooper.
. .Hendricus Cooper.
. .Widow Cooper.
..Uldrick Juriaan Corcelus.
. .John Corcelus.
..Wife of Willem Carsilius.
. .William Corcelius.
. .Johanna Cordes.
. .The widow of Barent Cornelise.
..Wife of Willem Corroleus.
. .George Coreolius.
Gerrit, son of Gerrit Cosyn.
. .The wife of Gerrit Cozyn.
. .Teuntie, wife of Gerrit Kosine.
. .Wife of Gerrit Kozyn.
. .Garret Cozyne.
. . Augu.stus Cozine.
. .Jan, son of Corn. Cortregt.
. .Cornelius Cortreght.
. .Nicholas Kortreght.
Hester Kortright. v
Wife of Charles Cox.
Leya, wife of Jan Craamer.
..Wife of John Creamer.
.Jean, dau. of Hugh Crawford.
.Margreta, dau. of Johannis Cregier.
. Martinus Cregier.
.The widow of Martinus Crigier.
. Martinus Crigier.
. Henry Cregier.
.The wife of Joh's Cregier.
.The wife of Simon Cregier.
.Widow of Simon Cregier.
.Geertruy, dau. of Willem CroUius.
.Catharina, dau. of Willem Crollius.
.W'ifeof John Crolies.
Sept. 2, 1771 . .Isaac Croom.
July 17, 1788. .Doctor Crosby.
Feb. 20, 1789. .Widow Catherine Crosby.
Jan. 23, 1742. .Antje Cross.
Apr. I, i788..Robert R. Cros. [?]
Nov. 16, 1730. .Tileman, son of John Cruger.
Aug. 13, 1744.. John Cruger, Esq.
Dec. 12, 1756. .Hannah Cruger.
Mar. 26, 1775. .Rachel Crugar.
Apr. 15, 1787. .Mary Crugar.
Dec. 19, 1791 . .John Cruger.
Oct. 22, 1757. .George Culler.
July 10, 1794. .David Curry.
Oct. 20, 1789. .Widow Curtinius.
Sept. 9, 1796. .Peter T. Curtenius.
Sept. 18, 1798. .Wife of Peter Cortenues.
Oct. 13, 1731. .Helena, dau. of Henry Cuyler.
Sept. 6, 1749. .John Cuyler.
Oct. II, 1749. .Abraham Cuyler.
.\pr. 23, 1754. .Hester, dau. of H. Cuyler, Jr.
[No date] 1774. .Wife of Henry Cuyler.
Oct. 15, 1775. .Maria, dau. of Henry Cuyler.
Sept. 22 or 23, 1799. .Widow Jane Cuyler.
Sept. 28, 1729. .Philip Dayly.
Sept. 23, 1738.. Phillip Dally.
Aug. 1, 1741 . .Jores Daley.
Oct. 13, 1759. .The wife of Joris Dally.
July 4, 1766. .Widow Dally.
Oct. 15, 1769. .Widow of Nathen Dally.
Jan. 8, 1770.. Wife of Johannes Dally.
July 23, 1785 . .John Dally.
Mar. II, 1786. .John Dally.
May 28, 1796. .Cornelius Dally.
Oct. 28, 1798. .Wife of Joseph Daylie.
Sept. 16, 1 803.. Widow Dally.
Jan. 22, 1784. .Benjamin Damelts.
May 20, 1801 .. Mrs. M. Daniel.
Oct. 8, i73i..Mary, dau. of James David.
July 19, 1763. .David Davids.
Jan. I, 1771 . .James Davis.
June 10, 1785. .Widow Davis.
Mar. 28, 1794. .Wife of Richard Davis.
Mar. 3, iSoo. .Thom's Davise.
June 17, 1794. .John Dawson, apprentice.
Aug. II, 1784. .Ritchard Day.
Mar. 28, 1786. .Jane Day.
Nov. I, 1790. . Edy Day.
Mar. 28, i79i..Wifeof John Day.
Aug. 30, 1796. .Jacob Day.
Sept. 9, 1798. .John Day.
June 28, i8oi..Wifeof William Day.
. . Jacob Day.
..Widow Jacob Day.
. . Edward Dayton.
. . Stewart Dean.
. . Robert Debow.
..Wife of John DeCamp.
. .Sara, dau. of Barent DeForeest.
. .Margrita, dau. of Jesse DeForeest.
. .Tobias, son of Johannes De Foreest.
. . Elizabeth, wid. of Barent De Foreest.
, .Gerrit Deforeest.
, .Jesse De Foreest.
, . Johannis De Forest.
. .The wife of Ab'm DeForeest.
. .The widow of Jesse De Foreest.
. .The wife of Johannis De Foreest.
. .Widow of Garrit De Forrest.
. . Gerard De Forest.
. . Daniel, son of Gerret De Freost.
..Cornelia, dau. of Barent De Freest.
..Johannis De Graaf.
. .The wife of Walter DeGraaf.
. . Leendert DeGrauw.
. . Gerritje DeCirauw.
. .Claesje DeGrauw.
. .Walter DeGraw.
. . Peter, son of Peter DeGroef.
. . Jenneke De Groef.
. .Jenneke, dau. of .\dolph DeGroef.
. .Rebecca, dau. of Pieter DeGroof.
. .Rebecka, dau. of Pieter DeGroef.
. . Maria, wid. of Adolf DeGroof.
. .P'rancis DeGroof.
. . Pieter DeGrooff.
. . Rebecca DeGroof.
. . Maria DeGrove.
..Wife of Adolph Degrove.
. . Mr. De(irove.
..Adolph DeGrove, Jr.
. .Samuel Degroot.
. . Widow Susanah DeGroodt.
. . Hallus DeHart.
. . Helena DeKey.
. . Leonard DeKlyn.
..Cornelia, dau. of Barent De Kreest
. . .'\braham De la Mater.
. .Abraham De la mater.
Aug. 23, 1803. .Wife of Samuel De la Mater.
June 9, 1750. .The wife of Abraham De la Montanie.
Oct. 2, 1730. . Jannetie, dau. of Abrah. Deianoy.
Oct. 6, 1731 . . Jannitje, dau. of Abrah. De la Noy.
Oct. 15, 1731 . . Peter, son of Abrahm. De la Noy.
May 31, 1768. ..\brahani De la noy.
July 21, 1768. .Widow De le noy.
Jan. 18, 1750. .Jan De Lap.
Oct. 18, 175 1.. The wife of Jan Delap.
Feb. 5, 1787.. Widow Delloson [?].
Dec. 16, 1 758.. Jan Hendrick De Lo.
Sept. 14, 1750. . Joost Demaree.
Oct. 26, 1752. .The mother of Christiaen DeMoree.
Jan. 17, 1769.. Wife of Christiaen DeMeRea.
Sept. 18, 1769.. Wife of Jacob Demerea.
Nov. 19, 1772.. Jacob DeMorrea.
Oct. 21, 1787 . .Christian Demera.
Nov. 18, 1787.. Jacob Demorest.
Feb. 21, 1790.. Daniel Demoorest.
Mar. 5, 1794. .Nicholas DeMorest.
Oct. 7, 1 797.. Wife of David Demarest.
Nov. 25, 1799.. Wife of David T. DeMorest.
July 18 or 19, 1800. .Wife of Jacob Demurray.
Sept. 10, 1803.. David I. Demarest.
Dec. 12, 1803. .Jacob Demarest.
Feb. 6, 1728. .Marya, wife of Anthony DeMilt.
Sept. 17, 1731 . .Margritje, daughter of Joost De Milt.
Nov. I, 1734. .Anna DeMilt, wife of H. Van de Burg.
Sept. 27, 1738. .Peter DeMilt.
Oct. 19, 1758. .Anthony DeMilt.
Apr. 5, 1766.. Wife of Isaac DeMildt.
July 28, 1794. .Wife of Isaac DeMilt.
May 30, 1 802.. Peter Denan.
June 27, 1792.. Widow Rachel Denmark.
Sept. 15, 1794. .Henry Denmark.
Jan. 27, 1728. .Isaac De Pejster.
Aug. 3, 1728. . Abraham De Peyster.
Oct. 17, 1729. .Maria, dau. of Abrah. De Peyster.
Feb. 7, 1750. .Widow DePeyster.
Feb. 5, 1772. .Wife of Wm. DePeyster, Jr.
Nov. 16, 1773. .Margaret DePyster.
May 28, 1774.. Isaac DePyster.
Sept. I, 1774. .Widow DePyster.
[No date] 17 74.. Ann DePyster, widow.
Apr. 25, i775..Abram DePyster.
Aug. 21, 1776.. Wm. W. Depeyster.
Oct. 28, 1787 . .Catharine DePeister.
Dec. 22, 1787. .Gerard DePeyster.
Aug. 25, 1 790.. Gerard W. Depeyster.
Jan. 18, 1795. .Mary DePeyster.
Mar. 31, I So I . ..\braham DePeyster.
801.. Sarah DePeyster.
S03 . . William I )el*eyster.
728. .Marya, wife of Derben.
.Steenwyck De Riemer.
.Pieter DeRiemer, Jr.
. Richard Derumer.
731 . .Cliarity, wife of Willem DeVoor.
733. .Grietie, dau. of Teunes DeVoor.
734. . Henricus, son of Tunis De Fouer.
William De Four.
Wife of Teunis DeVoor.
.Widow of David Devore.
.Widow Janetie DeVoor.
.Wife of Henry Devooer.
.Geertie, wife of Teunis DeVou.
bly Feb.] 8, 1759.. Jan Deveau.
765 . .Joseph DeVoe.
.Wife of Joseph DeVoe.
.Widow- of Joseph Devoe.
. Frederick Devoe.
.Wife of Abm. DeVoe.
. Henry Devoe.
.The mother of the wife of Thomas DeWhite.
.The wife of Dirck Dey.
. Kdward l>ey.
741 . .Benjamin Dharrichte.
803 .. Benjamin Dob.
799.. Widow Dobbs.
800. .John Dobbs.
767. .Wife of Johans Dodder.
796. .Widow Dodge.
728.. Dennis Dolhagen.
Jacob, son of Jan Doelhagen.
William, son of Fimary Donly.
'I'he wife of Willem Douw.
793. .Wife of John Do\er.
786. .Jane Downy.
763. .Samuel Draak.
755 . . ICdward Drinkwater.
739. .The wife of Benjamin Drojett.
762 . . The wife of Jerry Drosden.
757. .Marietje Drummey.
Jan. 8, i775..\Vid. Margerit Duane.
Aug. 5, 1727. .Sarah, dau. of Mathewes Du Boys.
Nov. 9, 1745.. Isaac DuBois.
Oct. 9, i75i..Dom. Gualterus Du Bois.
Apr. 3, 1753. . Elizabeth DuBois.
Aug. II, 1769. . Mathew Dubois.
Jan. L?] 23, 1773. .Galterus Dubois.
Oct. 31, 1787 . .Jeremiah DuBois.
Dec. 18, 1793. .Theophilus Duboe.
Between Oct. 5 and 8, 1795. .Wife of Joseph Dubois.
Aug. 27, 1798.. Joseph Dubois.
Dec. 18, 1798. .Wife of James Duff.
Aug. 16, 1800. .Archibald Duff.
Feb. 14, 1753. .Elias Dulie.
Nov. 9, i76o..Hendr. Dumont.
July 21, I77i;..Catherin Demondt. I Probably the same party First
J"'/ 0> ^ I 1 3 • • J. date, th.it of demise, second dale,
July 24, I775..\Vldo\V Demondt. ) day of interment.
Mar. 23, 1 790.. John Dement.
Dec. 17, 1783. .Wife of Thos. Duncan.
Sept. 13, 1802. .Wife of Gershonis [?] Dunn. [?]
Aug. 29, 1 803.. George Durang.
Oct. 28, 1752. . Volkert Derje.
May 25, 1757 . .The wife of Teunis Deurjee.
Jan. [?] 20, 1773. .Wife of John Duryee.
Feb. 4, 1776. . Willm, son of Johannis Duryea.
[No date] 1777. .Magdline Duryee.
Feb. 8, i786..Derick Duryee.
Sept. 19, 1788. .Widow Sarah Durj'ee.
Dec. 30, 1793. .Wife of Charles Duryea.
Oct. II, 1795 . .Widow Durjee.
Apr. 7, 1797.. Abm. Duryea
May I, 1798. .John J. Deryea.
July 26, i799..Berb. ... A. Duryeas.
Sept. 2, 1738. .Marytje Duychout.
Sept. 5, 1727 . .Christoffer Duyking.
Sept. 16, 1728. .Ellsie Duvcke.
Between Nov. 5 and 10, 1742. .David, the son of Gerardus
Nov. 7, 1789. .Widow Joanna Duyckink.
May 27, 1797. .Gerardus Duyckinck.
Aug. 3, 1751 . .Barent Duytscher.
Aug. 30, 1803 .. Abraham Dutcher.
Jan. 16, i753..Joris Dyckman.
Dec. 28, 1 765.. Widow Dickman.
Sept. 2, i770..Eliz. Dyckman.
Dec. 22, 1786.. John Dykman.
Feb. 8, 1799. .Mother of Tunes Dickma.
Jan. 4. 1766. .Jonathan Dyer.
Oct. 15, 1 80 1.. John Eale.
June 16, 1790. .Morris Earl.
May 2, 1727. .Jan Ebbers.
June 2, 1750.. John Ecker.
Aug. 29, 1757. .Wife of Willem Ecker.
Dec. 19, 1773. .Eda Ecker.
Dec. 26, 1773. .Wife of Eda Ecker.
Sept. 20, 1793 . . Balactie Eckles.
Dec. 25, 177 I . .Cornelus Edcrson.
Jan. I, 1 75 7.. Robert Edo.
Dec. 12, 1764.. John Edwards.
Apr. 27, 1763.. Robert Eerhak.
Oct. 17, 1732 .. Dirk Eggbertse.
Apr. 25, 1747. .Widow Eghbers.
Aug. I, 1754. .Margreta Echbertse.
Sept. 25, 1797. .Wife of James Egberts.
July 12, 1803. .James Egbert.
Jan. 21, 1738. . Elizabeth, dau. of Abrm. Eght.
May 28, 1757 . .Marietje Eght.
Nov. iS, 1 761 . .Abraham Ech.
July 22, 1733. .Maria, dau. of Abrah. Elberson.
Dec. 4, 1734 . .Altie, wife of Jan Elbertse.
June 1, 1747 . .Aert Elbertse.
Dec. 27, 1772. .Wife of Elias Ellis.
Aug. 9, 1729.. Sarah, dau. of .Vsweris Elsworth.
Oct. 22, 1730. .George, son of John Elsworth.
July 23, 173 1.. Sarah, dau. of Asweris Elswert.
Sept. 30, 1731 . .Theophs. Elsworth.
Aug. 6, 1732 . . Ariaantie, dau. of Theoph Elswart.
Between Aug. 31, 1732, and Sept. 5. .Ahasuerus, son of Ahas-
Feb. 1 1, 1 735 . . Marya, wife of Ahasuerus Elsworth.
Mar. I, 1742. .Sara, the wife of Stoffel Elsworth.
Nov. 15, 1745 . .Theophilus Elsworth.
Nov. 29, 1752 . .The wife of Theophilus Elswerth.
Jan. 25, 1760. .Christopher Elsworth.
Apr. 15, 1760.. Willem Elswort.
Nov. 15, 1760. .The widow of Wm. Elsworth.
Jan. 18, 1773. .Wife of Theophilus Elsworth.
Nov. 8, 1784.. John Elsworth.
Jan. 30, 1 794. . William Elsworth.
Apr. I, 1797 . .Widow of William Elsworth, S-
July 16, 1797 . .Wife of Wm. I. Elsworth.
Sept. 14, 1798. .Widow Hester Elswort.
Sept. 21, 1798. .Wife of John Elswort.
Apr. 16, 1802.. John Elsworth.
Sept. 9 or 10, 1747. .The wife of Thoms. Emmans.
Aug. 3, 1752 . .The wife of Thomas Emmons.
Apr. 13, 1772.. Laws. Emans.
July 31, 17S5 . .Wife of James Emmens.
Aug. r5, 1789. . David Emmons.
Nov. 15, 1797 . .James Emmens.
Sept. 26, 1770. .Abm. Emmet.
Mar. 28, 1803. .Widow Ennes.
Jan. 17, 1800. .John Ennis.
Sept. 26, 1774. .Lodewick Enseler.
June 10, 1795. .Wife of Jacob Evan.
Feb. 24, 1731 . . Jannetie, wife of Thomas Evens.
Between Sept. 29 and Oct. i, 1798.. John Evens.
Mar. 24, 1772. .John Everson.
Dec. 20, 1792. .Wife of Barent Everson.
Aug. 3, 1796. .Wife of Benjamin Everson.
July 16, 1752. .John Ewouts.
Nov. 15, 1765.. Wife of Peter Ewoutse.
Sept. II, 1766. .Widow Evouts.
Sept. 6, 1796. .Peter Evouts.
July 24, 1763. .John E.xceen.
Nov. II, 1727. .Tuntie Eydese.
Sept. 21, 1729. .Christiaen, son of Martinus Eygenberg.
Oct. 5, 1795.. William Fairlie.
Dec. 23, i783..Wifeof Thos. J. Fardone.
Feb. 28, i79i..Wifeof Thomas Fardon.
Mar. 12, 1788. .Widow Farmer. V
Oct. 14, 1791 . .Wife of Jacob Fay.
Between Sept 12 and 14, 1799.. Widow Fee.
Oct. 15, 1803.. Wife of Benj. Ferris.
Sept. 13, 1731. .Jannetje, dau. of Frederick Feyn.
Oct. 6, 1760. .Hend. Fyne.
Oct. 18, 1 76 1.. A German, Feyn.
Jan. 23, i773..Wid. Fyne.
June 30, 1789.. Wife of Fredrick Fine.
Mar. 10, 1795.. Widow Rachel Fine.
Apr. 28, 1797. .Jacobus Fine.
Dec. 5, 1802. .Jacobus Fine.
May 16, 1791. .Widow Mary Fino.
Apr. 10, 1 764.. Elisabeth Fielde.
Apr. 25, 1764.. Gerretie Fielde.
Sept. 15, 1795. .Jacob Field.
Oct. 12, 1748. .Jenneke Filie.
July 28, i73o..Magdalena, dau. of Abraham Filkins.
Sept. 16, i73i..Henrick, son of Henry Filkens.
Oct. 9, 1731. .Catrina, dau. of Henry Filkins.
Oct. 10, 1731 . . Elizab't, dau. of Abrah'm Filkins.
Aug. 15, 1732. .Helena, dau. of Abrah. Filkin.
Oct. 10, 1732. .Cornelis Filkins.
Aug. 26, 1734.. Catryn, dau. of Abraham Filkons.
Nov. 8, 1739. .The wife of Abraham Filkins.
Apr. 25, 1744.. .Abraham Filkins.
Nov. 7, i785..Wife of Elisha Finsher.
Dec. 24, 1767. .William Fishe.
Aug. I, 1729. .Catharina, dau. of Benjamin Fisher.
Nov. 27, 1775. .Catherine Fisher.
Nov. 10, 1 792.. Widow Eve Fisher.
Dec. 3, 1 755.. Widow Flanagan, dau. of Mr. Hogg.
Mar. 3, 1 749.. The wife of Joseph Flaneburne.
793. .Wife of Patrick Flenning.
769. .Wife of Capt. Fletcher.
802 . . Dirck Flickkman.
801 ..Dr. Flurshnian. [?]
767 . .Marey Foard.
756.. The wife of .Alexander Forbes.
757.. The wife of \Villiam Forbes.
760 . . Willem Forbes.
785 . .John Forbes.
799. .Widow Eva Forbes.
803 . . Widow Forbus.
798. .Wife of George Foreman.
761 . . Maria Forster.
761 . .The Widow Fortune.
766.. Widow Fosbergh.
736.. Wife of John Foster.
802 .Wm A. Fosters.
732. .Tani Fraas, bu. by Walter DeGraaw.
798. .Wife of Alexander Frazer.
800. .Jonathan Frazier.
792.. Mr. Fredericks.
774.. John Frceburn.
787.. Wife of M. Fremand.
788. .Widow French.
798. .Catheran Gaft.
S02. .Wife of Wm. Galalia.
803 . . William Galation.
802. .Samuel Galveur. [?]
752 . . Johannis Gardenier.
759.. Sarah Gardenier.
784. .Wife of Thos. Gardner.
751 . .John Gaslierie.
776. . Phehe Gavery.
798. .John (lebine.
735 . . Hendrick Cierard.
731 . .Elizab't, dau. of Frans Gerrebrantse, Jr.
731 . . Antje, dau. of Frans Gerrebrants.
786. .Peter Garrebrans.
793. .Widow Garrabrance.
800. .Myndert Garabrants.
1727. .Annatje, wife of Gcrret Gerritse.
731 . .Gerrit, son of Gerrit Gerritse.
799.. Wife of Peter Gerrison.
763. .Wife of Thomas (iess.
1776. .Femmetie Geuvere.
754. .The wife of Parent Ghent.
729. .Cornelia, dau. of William Gilbert.
730. .Annatie, dau. of Willm. Gilbert.
733. .Annatie, dau. of Willem Guilbert.
734. .Wynant, son of Willm. Gilbert.
740.. Wife of W. Gilbert.
Apr. 3, 1 741 ..Wife of .Arent Gilbert.
Sept. II, 1743. .Arend Gilbert.
Mar. 16, 1755.. A child of Jan son of Arent Gilbert.
Feb. II, 1767. .Wife of John Gilbort.
[No date] 1773. .Wife of Aaron Gilbert.
Nov. II, 1784. .William W. Gilbert.
Aug. 14, 1788. .Willm. W. Gilbert.
Dec. 22, I 788. . Benjamin Gilbert.
Oct. 9, 1794. .Ephraim Gilbert.
Mar. 13, 1 797.. John Gilbert, Jr.
Sept. 19, 1797. .Wm. Gilbert.
Dec. I, 1801 . .Wife of William W. [?] Gilbert.
Jan. 31, 1803. .Widow Gilbert.
May 25, 1 792.. Mr. Giles.
Sept. 28, 1729. .Samuel, son of Samuel Gitson.
Oct. 21, 1731 . .Saml. Gitson.
Apr. 24, 1729. .Allida, wife of Johans. Glendorp.
Oct. 14, 1731 . . Marta, dau. of Wm. Cilover.
Sept. 21, 1744. .Margritt Glover.
Aug. 2 or 3, 1747. .William Glover.
July 20, i77i..Robt. Gobert.
June 30, 1732. .Rebecka Goderus.
Mar. 10, 1762. .The wife of Jan Goe.
Aug. 20, 1 731 . .Jacobs. Goelet.
Oct. 4, 1731 . . Abraham, son of Jacob Goelet.
Aug. 10, 1732. .Jannetie, dau. of Jan Goelet.
July 14, 1792. .Catherine Goelett.
Sept. 20, 1762. .Peggy Goldtwait, wife of Dr. Burrel.
June 12, 1 755.. The Widow Gordon, dau. of Matthys Van
Oct. 28, 1793. .Widow Gordon.
Aug. 14, 1758. .Former Pietersz. Gorter.
Aug. 26, 1797 . .George Goswell.
July 20, 1731 . . Hillegont, dau. of Dan'l. Gotier.
Sept. II, 1 73 1. .Elizabeth, dau. of Daniel Gautier.
Sept. 4, 1745. .Daniel Goutier.
Between Oct. 5 and 7, 1795. -Cornelius Gautier.
Between Oct. 16 and 21, 1795. .Wife of Samuel Gautier.
Apr. I, 1802. .Widow Guitier.
Aug. 26, 1 733 . . Johanna Gouda, dau. [?] or wife [?] of Gerrit
Aug. 6, 1728. .Isaac Governeur.
Jan. 9, 1732. .Hester, dau. of Nicolas Gouverneur. •
June 16, 1735. .Nicholaes, son of Nichol. Gouverneur.
Mar. 20, 1739. .Nicolas Governeur. ■
June 16, 1740. .Abraham Governeur. '
Sept. 8, 1747 . .The widow of Abrah. Governeur. ■
Sept. 15, 1786 .Nichs. Gouverneur.
May, 21, 1793. .Hester Governeur.
Sept. 24, 1 794.. Isaac Goeverneur.
Dec. 4, 1799. .Widow Governeur.
. Isaac Governeur.
. Isaac Governeur.
.Johan Jacob Graff. [?]
. Anne Catriena Grau.
.Wife of Thomas Gray.
.The wife of Lankester Green.
.The wife of Lancaster Green.
. Lancaster Green.
. Mrs. Green.
.Wife of Daniel Green.
. Patty Green.
.Wife of Mr. Griffis.
Jan. 6 and 8, 1801 . .James Griffiths.
.Wife of Nathl. L. Griswold.
.Jacob Mauris Groen.
. Maria Groenendyck.
.The wife of Pieter Groot.
.The wife of Hendrick Gulick.
.Wife of Isaac W. lladley.
. Elizabt. Haiysels.
.Wife of John Half.
.The wife of John Hall. -^
.Wife of Jacob Halsey.
. Piercen Halsted.
.Wife of Pierson Halstead.
.The wife of .\nthony Ham.
.John, son of Coenrad Ham.
.Wife of Richard Ham.
.Wife of Wandel Ham.
798. .Maria Hamersly.
.Anne, dau. of Martha Hammon.
.Wife of Hugh Hanes.
. Hendrick Hanse.
. Johanse Hansen.
.The wife of David Hanson.
. David Hansen.
.Wife of Richard Harbeeff.
Oct. 17, 1729. .Gerardus, son of Gerard Hardenbrk.
Oct. 28, 1731 . .Wilhelmus, son of Gerardus Hardcnbroek.
Dec. 9, 1731 . .Johannes, son of Johannes Hardenbroek.
May II, 1734. . Jenneke, dau. of Abel Hardenbroek.
Apr. 20, 1742. . Johannis Hardenbroeck.
May 19, i742..Adolph Hardenbroek.
Nov. 17, 1743.. Sarah Hardenbroek.
June 7, 1756. .Gerardus Hardenbroek.
Sept. 21, 1757. .Femmetje Hardenbrook.
Jan. LPp h T 5' '759' ■'^^^^ widow of Johannis Hardenbrook.
Oct. II, 1774. .Wife of Theophilus Hardenbroek.
Dec. 2c, 1787. .Abel Hordenbrook.
Feb. 25, 1788. .Wife of Abel [?] Wm. Hardenbroek.
June 16, 1788. .Gerhardus Hardenbroeck.
Sept. 6, 1788.. John A. Hardenbroek.
Aug. 6, 1803. .John Hardenbrook.
Dec. 26, 1744. .Charles Harding, man servant of Thomas
Oct. 16, 1785 . .Hon. Sam'l Hardy.
Oct. 3, 1731 . . Jan Haren son of Jan.
Oct. 6, 1731 . .Catrina Haring, wife of Albert. (See Herring.)
Oct. 12, 1731 . .Margritje Haring, dau. of Albert.
Mar. 9, 1802. .Nathaniel Harned.
Nov. 25, 1761 . .Maritie Harrid.
Oct. 25, 1732. .Jan Harris.
Dec. 16, 1734. . Jannetie Harris, wife of Jan.
Jan. 6, 1761 . .The wife of Jan Harris.
Jan. 15, 1761 . .Jan Harris.
Nov. 26, 1766.. John Harris.
Oct. 27, 1794. .Peter Harris.
Between Oct. 6 and 11, 1798. .William Herres.
Jan. 21, 1784. .John Harrison.
Oct. 22, 1733. .Willemyne (or Willempie) Harrow.
Sept. I, 1731 . . Johans Harsen, son of Gert.
Oct. 8, 1731. .Aeltje Harse, dau. of Gert.
Oct. II, i73i..Gerrt. Harse, son of Gerrit.
Aug. 4, i753..Gerret Harsen.
Aug. 28, 1759. .Joris Harsen.
Feb. 18, 1760. .The widow of Bernards Harsen.
July 20, 1775 . .Wife of George Harson.
Sept. 20, 1798. .Gerret Harsen.
Dec. 18, 1799. . Widow Harsin.
Oct. 18, 1737 . .Christiaen Hartman.
Oct. 2, 1767 . .Christopher Hartman.
Feb. I, 1768.. Widow Hartman.
Nov. 22, 1730. .Samuel Harvey, son of Joseph.
Dec. 23, 1774. .John Harvey.
Jan. 10, 1797 . .Wife of Thomas Harwood.
May 26, 1764. .The widow of Joris Hasser.
Aug. 23, 1802. .Elias Hatfield.
.Wife of Henry Hawkey.
.Wife of Willm Hawkey.
.Wife of Jacob Hays.
.Wife of John Hayward.
.The wife of Jan Heater.
. Johannis Hebou.
.The wife of Hendrick Heiter.
..■\nna Catharina Hemely, dau. of Frances.
.Marritie Hamley, dau. of Nickolas.
.The widow Henderson.
.Anna Marya Hendrikse, wife of Hendrik.
.Wife of Willm Henerey.
.Anneke Hennion, bu. by Joost Lynse.
. Daniel Hannion.
. Pieter Hennion.
.Wife of Henry Herbert.
.Wife of Abraiiam Herd.
.Willera Herring (see Haring).
. Elbert Herring.
.Widow Elizabeth Herring.
.Wife of Nicholas Herring.
.Cornels D. Herring.
. Mother of Widow Hess.
.Peter Heulet [?]
.Cornelus Heyer, son of Walter, son of Wra
.Walter Hyer, son of Walter.
.Johans Hyer, son of Johans.
. Dyna Hyer.
.Walter Hyer, son of Gerrit.
June 10, 1750. .The wife of Walter Heyer.
Sei)t. 30, 1753. .Annatje Heyer.
June 25, 1757 . .Walter Heyer.
Dec. 20, 1761 . .Victor Hyer.
May 9, 1762. .The wife of Willem Heyer.
Sept. 5, 1762. .The wife of Walter Heyer.
Feb. 16, 1766. . Johannis Hye.
Oct. I, 1766. .Peter Heyer.
May. 9, 1768. .Widow Hyer.
Jan. I, 1769. .Wife of Walter Heyer.
Mar. I, 1772. .Widow of Jan Hyer.
Oct. 27, 1772. .Walter Hyer.
Dec. 20, 1790. .Wm. Heyer.
Dec. 13, 1792 . .Andw Heyer.
May 13, 1793 . .Annatie Hyer.
Nov. 3, 1793. .Wife of William Heyer.
May 23, 1794. .Widow of Fred'k Hyer.
Nov. 20, 1795 . .Widow Sarah Heyer.
June 7, 1799. .Widow Sofia Hyer.
Sept. 24, 1799. . Elche Hyer.
May 14, 1801 . .Wife of Walter Heyer.
Sept. 24, 1801 .. Nellie Heyer.
July 21, 1803 . .Walter Heyer.
Oct. 12, 1803.. Wife of Walter Heyer.
May 3, 1744. . Mary Hickford.
May 2, 1748. .The wife of Hickie.
June 22, 1785. .Wife of Dennis Hicks.
Feb. 28, 1 790.. Widow Charlotte Hicks.
Jan. I, 1794. . Wife of Coenrad Hifner.
Apr. 5, 1767 . .Abrm Hill.
July 15, 1789.. Mrs. Hill.
July I, 1792. .Robert Hill.
July 26, 1799. .Mrs. Hilman.
Aug. 25, 1802. .Daniel Hilsbrach [?]
Dec. 23, 1797 . .Wife of E. Hinsdale.
Sept. 24, 1731 . .Catrina Hoffman, dau. of Johans.
Aug. 29, 1772. .Martain Hoffman.
Feb. 25, 1790. .Anthony Hoffman.
Aug. 15, 1798. .Christian Hoffman.
May II, 1753. .Rebecca Hogg.
Aug. 23, 1752 . .Hendrickes Hoist.
Sept. 4, 1787.. Wife of Bartholomew Hoogeboom.
Apr. 18, 1731 . . Anna, wife of Adriaen Hooglant.
Nov. 24, 1732 . .Johannes Hogelandt, Jr.
Oct. 25, 1735 . .Cathriena Hooghland.
Jan. 4, 1802.. Capt. Thomas Hook.
May 5, 177 1.. Widow Hooza.
Aug. 30, 1 73 1. .Thomas, son of Thomas Hoppe.
Oct. 7, 1731 . . Wessel, son of Willem Hoppe.
Oct. 7, 1739. .Breghje Hoppe.
Oct. 28, 1756. .The wife of Wm. Hopper.
.Wife of Poulus Hop]ier.
.Wife of Poulus Hopper.
. Matthias Hop])er.
. Edward Hopper.
. Mrs. Seth How.
.Wife of Thos. Howel.
.Widow Maria Howcl.
. Joliannis Hulibard.
.Wife of Jacob Hubbard.
I, 1759. Jacob Hubert.
. Maria Hugbiirry.
. Miles Hughes.
.W'ife of William Humphrie.
.Wife of David Hunt.
. Nancy Huse.
.Wife of Lodewick Inselaar.
.Wife of Thomas Ivers.
.Willem, son of Patrick Jeckson.
.The widow Jackson.
. Patrick Jackson.
. James Jackson.
.Johanna, dau. of Thomas Jacobs.
.The wife of John Jacobs.
.Wife of Mr. Jacock.
.Marytie, wife of William Jamisson.
.Jan, son of Samuel Jansen (see Johnson).
.Antie, wife of David Jansen.
.The wife of Johannis Janse.
. Johannis Janse.
. Joris Janse.
Dec. 15, i76i..The Widow Jansen.
Sept. 25, 1 762.. Johs Jansen.
Aug. 31, 1788.. Jasper Jansen.
Sept. 29, 1800. .Stephen Jaquis.
Apr. 28, 178S.. Wife of Arthur Jarvis.
Sept. 18, i728..Hendrick, son of Phillip Jaune.
Feb. 25, 1736.. Thomas Jcffers.
Feb. 27, 1 736.. The wife of Thomas Jeffers.
Oct. 8, 1795. .Aaron Jenkins.
Oct. 4, 1 73 1. .Elizabeth, dau. of Samuel Johnson (see
June 17, 1732.. Elsie, dau. of Samuel Johnson.
Sept. II, 1734. .Johannis Johnson.
July 13, 1745. .The wife of Francis Johnson.
Mar. 13, 1756. .Marrytje Johnson.
Dec. 5, 1767 . .Jan Johnsin.
Jan. 17, 1770. .Robert Johnson.
Mar. 9, 1772 . .Simon Johnson.
Jan. 30, 1776. .John Johnson.
Mar. 28, 1787. .Widow Johnson.
Sept. 9, 1 788.. David Johnson.
Mar. 27, 1795. .Richard Johnson.
Mar. 13, 1798. .Richard Johnson.
Oct. 23, 1772. .John Johnston.
Apr. 26, 1803. .Mary Johnston.
Dec. 4, 1803. .Isaac Johnston.
.\pr. 16, 1734. .Joseph Jones, bu. by Andrias Bredsted.
Aug. 17' 1747. .Sarah Jones, bu. by Mrs. Davers.
Feb. 21, 1768. .Wife of Samuel Jones.
Mar. I, 1793. .Widow Margaret Jones.
May 9, 1798. .James Jones.
June 16, 1798.. Thomas Jones.
Aug. 14, 1798.. Wife of William Jones.
Nov. 24, 1800.. Owen Jones.
Sept. 9, 1756.. Isaac Benjamin Jouvinelle.
Aug. 19, 1729. .Elizabeth Kaar, dau. of David.
Dec. 25, 1735. .Anthony Kaer.
Sept. 14, 1731. . Johannis Karsin, son of David.
Between Dec. 20 and 31, 1798.. Wife of Abraham Keerse.
Oct. 19, 1753.. Joseph Keller.
Apr. I, 1795. .Doctor Kemmena.
Oct. I, 1734. .William Kemp.
Dec. 20, 1795.. Wife of William Kerby.
Sept. 25, 1731 . .Catrina Kerbyl, wife of Johans.
Oct. 4, 1728. .Johannis Kerfbyl.
Oct. 30, 1733. .Hend. Kermer.
Feb. 27, 1734. .Debora Kermer, wife of David.
June 23, 1759.. The wife of Gideon Kersteng.
Aug. 10, 1759. .Gideon Kersteng.
Sept. 6, 1727. .Jannitie Keteltas, dau. of Gerret.
Nov. 18, 1728. .Catharina, wife of Gerrit Keteltas.
Jan. 3, 1731 . .Anna Keteltas, wife of Abraham.
Aug. 28, 1744. .Abraham Keieltas.
May I, 1747 . .Gerrit Keteltas.
Jan. I, 1754. .The widow Elizabeth Keteltas.
Sept. 12, 1774 . .Widow Jane Kittletas.
Feb. 17, 1 786.. Peter Ketteltas, Jr.
Aug. 28, 1 792.. Peter Keteltas.
Feb. 5, 1728. .Hans Kierstede, probably buried at Kipsburg.
Dec. 18, 1738. .Johanna Kierstead, bu. by Elizth. .Myer.
Feb. 27, 1755 . .A child of Luyk Kierstead, son of Benj.
Aug. 2, 1 760.. Lucas Kiersted.
Nov. 26, 1760. .Elizabeth Kierstede.
Mar. 10, 1 765.. Wife of Luke J. Kiersted.
Nov. 25, i7S4..Luke Kiersted.
May 13, 1796.. Widow Elsie Kierstead.
Sept. 19, I 731 . .Timothy Killy (or Tilly), son of Timothy.
May 22, 1798.. Mr. Killy.
July 20, 1 767.. Widow Kindrick.
Aug. 21, 1755. .'i'he wife of .\sa King (See Koning).
June 21, 1756.. Asa King.
Oct. 2, 1771 . .Wife of Isaac King.
Jan. 5, 1776.. Adam King.
May 20, 1 787.. John King.
Apr. 10, 1792.. John King.
Sept. 6, 1 793.. Widow King.
Aug. 28, 1 798.. Isaac King.
Buried between Mar. 13 and 30, i8ot.. Peter King.
Feb. 7, 1727.. Sarah Kip, Isa. Vro (probably meaning wife
Dec. 16, 1728. .Cathalyna Kip, wife of Abraham.
June 29, i729..Isaak Kip, son of Abrah.
Oct. 12, i729..Petrus Kip, son of Petrus.
Nov. 13, 1729.. Jesse Kij).
Apr. 29, 1730. .Anthony Kip.
Sept. 9, 1731 . .Lidia Kip]), wife of Jacobs Kipp.
Sept. 19, 1731 . .Sara Kip, dau. of Anthony.
Sept. 12, 1732.. Isaac Ki|), son of Abraham.
Sept. 18, 1732. .Johannes Kip, son of Petrus.
Se|)t. 20, i734..Marya Kip, dau. of Jacobus.
June 10, 1745. .The wife of Richard Kip.
Nov. 13, 1749.. Petrus Kip.
Apr. 8, i7So..Isaack Kip.
Dec. 14, 1750.. Petrus Kip.
June 19, 1754.. Jacob Kip.
Feb. 24, 1757. .Abraham Kip.
Apr. 24, 1762.. Isaac Kip.
Aug. I, 1764.. John Kip.
Jan. 20, 1768.. Wife of Isaak Kip.
July II, i772..W'idow lia Kip.
Between July 27 and 31, 1772.. landina Kip.
Sept. 23, 1772.. John Ki|).
Between Nov. 7
.John Kipp, son of Henry.
. Peter Kip.
.Widow Mary Kip.
. Henry Kip, Jr.
. Eiias Kip.
.Wife of Gerrit Kipp.
. Gerrit Kipp.
. Richard Kip.
.John H. Kips.
. Henry Kip.
and 9, 1798.. Widow Henry Kip.
. Mrs. Kip|), Kipp's Bay.
.Wife of Isaac Kip.
.Wife of Benjn. Kissam.
.Doc. Benjm. Kissam.
. Tryntje Klock, dau. or wife of Alb.
.The widow of Marte Klock.
. Martin Klock.
.Wife of Mr. Klockendolph.
. Johannis Kloeck.
.Maria Ko, dau. of Jan.
.The wife of John Coo.
..\rie Koning (See King).
.The wife of Jacob Koningh.
.The wife of Pieter Kooning.
.The wife of Adam Kooningh.
. Dirck Kook.
.Barbara Kool (see Cole).
.The widow of Jan Kool.
. Barber Koopman.
.Wife of John Koorlogh.
. Wyntje Couwenhoven, wid. of Pieter.
.Elizabeth Couvenhove, wife of Ab. Mesier.
May 1 4,
749.. Widow Kouwenove.
750. . Hillegont Kouwenhove, widow.
750. .The wife of Pieter Kouwenhove.
751.. Samuel Kouwenhove.
786 . . Elias Covcnhoven.
794 . . Peter Couwenhoven.
797. .Peter Cownover.
798.. Widow Covenhover.
801. .Wife of Rev. Mr. Koypar.
749. . Johannis Krojjhagen.
760. .The wife of Jan Kuur.
761 . .The wife of Jan Kurc.
775 . .Willm. Kuver (or Ker\'er).
766.. Wife of Hcndrick Labagh.
767 . . Peter Labaack.
768. .Jacob Laback.
770. .Wife of Henry Labach.
ug. 9 and II, 1 799.. Widow Lawbagh.
798. .Jacob Label (or Habel).
729. .Johannis Lake, son of Jan.
750. .The wife of Joris Lamb.
757 . .Joris Lamb.
760. .The wife of Matthewus Lamb.
775 . . Alc.v. Lamb.
795 . . Mr. Lamb.
795 . .Wife of John Lamb.
765 . .Widow Lambert,
bly Feb.] 5, 1759.. Peter Lament,
bly Feb.] 20, 1759. .The widow of Peter Lament.
731. Johans. Lamerse, son of Lauwrence.
735. .Aeitje Lammerse, a dau. of Piet.
736..Aeltje Lammerse, child of Pieter.
747. .The wife of Syme Lammerse.
756. .Tryntje Lammerse.
757. .The widow Lamerse.
766. . Lowrence Lamerse.
743. .Willemjitje Landcrct, wife of Wm.
729.. Jan Langcndyk.
730. .Elizabeth l.nngendyk, dau. of Jan.
730. .Jan Langendyk, son of Jan.
731 . .Peter Langendeyk, son of Jan.
758. .Jacob Langh.
731 . .Jacob Larie, son of Jacob.
731 . . Jaen Laurie, dau. of John.
771.. Wife of Jerry Lave.
730 . . Cornelia Law, wife of Andrew. (See Louw.).
727 . . nirck Lawrence, son of Sam.
730. . Maria Larrence, wife of Thoms.
739. .The wife of Samuel Lawrence.
Jan. 6, 1770. .William Lowrence.
Apr. 5, 1794. . Augustus Lawrence.
Apr. 29, 1800. .Wife of Daniel Lawrence.
Nov. 15, 1788.. Mr. Laycock.
Oct. 31, 1794. .Widow Elisabeth Laycraft.
Jan. 7, 1784. .Wife of Abraham Lazelier.
June 25, 1776. .Wife of Stephen Leatch.
Jan. 21, 1792 . . VVidow Leaw.
Oct. 20, 1769. .Engeltie Lee.
Aug. 21, 1784. .Wife of John Lee.
Feb. 10, 1792. .James Lee.
Mar. 3, 1729. .Leffert Lefferts, son of Abrah.
May 26, 1736. .Sara Lefferts, wife of Ab.
Aug. 16, 1756. .The wife of Dirck Lefferts.
Sept. 10, 1787. .Wife of Dirck Lefferts.
July 20, 1792. .Jacobus Lefferts.
Apr. 13, 1799. . Derick Lefferts.
June 18, 1800. .Widow Lucretia Lefferts.
Oct. 8, 1771 . .Abraham Lefoy.
Nov. 21, 1787 . .Thomas Lefoy.
Oct. 20, 1799. .Thomas Lefoy.
May 26, 1774. .Wife of Moses Lein.
Oct. 12, 1731. .Rachel LeMontis, dau. of John.
July 17, 1735. .John Leinoutis (or Lemontis).
June 20, 1744. . Altie Lemontes.
Oct. 7, 1755 . .Jacobus Lenoy.
[No date] 1777. .Widow of John Lent.
Sept. 26, 1794. .James Lent.
July 17, 1796. .John Lent.
Nov. 12, 1800. .Widow Lent.
Nov. II, 1802 . .Wife of Henry Lent.
Apr. 29, 1729. .Charles LeRoux, son of Charles.
June 8, 1729. .Johanna LeRoux, dau. of Charles.
Oct. 26, 1739. .The wife of Charles LeRou.x.
Mar. 22, 1745 . .Charles Leroux.
Feb. 26, 1761 . .Geertruy Lereaux.
Jan. 3, 1793. .Jacob LeRoy.
Apr. 2, 1785. .Wife of Doctor Lesley.
Aug. 21, 1752. .Elbert Leverson.
Oct. II, 1731 . .Thoms. Lewis, son of Thos.
June 30, 1754. .Barbara Lewis.
Jan. 3, 1756. .Elisabeth Lewis.
Feb. 25, 1759. .The wife of Joseph Lewis.
Jan. 4, 1761 . .Sara Lewes.
Aug. 25, 1765 . .Widow Lewis.
Mar. 17, 1770. .Abraham Lewe.
July 12, 1793. .Widow Lewis.
Oct. 4 or 5, 1795. .Mr. Lewis.
Aug. 20, 1776. .Jacobus Light.
Sept. 3, 1735. .John Lindone.
Aug. 25, 1799. .Wife of Reverd. Dock Lins.
. Widow Lippers.
. Leonard Lispenard.
.Jacobus Livingston, son of James.
.Catharina Livingston, dau. of Robert, Jr.
.James Livingston, son of James.
.Wife of Jacobus Livingston.
.Widow NLirgrita Lewingston.
.Philip P. Livingston.
.Robt. G. Livingston. /
.Widow Susanna Livingston.
.William S. Livingston.
.Wife of Henry Livingston.
.Wife of Joseph Lock.
. Johans. Loekstcd, son of Jurian.
.Hcndrik Loring, child of Jacob.
.Mary Loring, dau. of Jacob.
.Frederick Lory, son of Jacobs.
.The wife of Abraham Lott.
.Wife of Abram E. Lott.
.Wife of Abraham P. Lott.
.Abraham P. Lott.
. Abrm. Lott.
.Jannetie Louenes, dau. of Johannes.
.John Lourane (?).
.Jannetie Louw, dau. of Petrus.
.The wife of Jacob Low. »
.Wife of Cors. P. Low. /
.Cornelius P. Low. ^
.William Low. >
.Wife of Samuell Low.''
.Wife of John Low. •^
.The widow Louwerier.
9 and Oct. I, 1798. .Wife of John Lowgen.
.Mary Lowry, wife of Jan.
.Symon Loysie, son of Pieter.
.The wife of Johannis Lasher.
.The wife of Jobs. Lassher.
.Wife of Pieter Loosye.
.Wife of Jan Loosye.
. Benjamin Lashicr.
.Wife of Peter Loosei.
. Wife of Oliver Lashier.
. Frederick Lasher.
.Wife of Simon Losea.
July 14, 1776. .Oliver Leazer.
Jan. II, 1784. .Harmon Locier.
Sept. 19, 1787. .Wife of Henry Locie.
Oct. 8, 1789. .Simon Losee.
Oct. 17, 1798. .Andrew Loosie.
June 28, 1746. .'I'he wife of Lubbenken.
Apr. 3, 1796. . Wm. Lupton.
Apr. 23, 1739. .Benjamin Lusker, son-in-law of W. Gilbert.
Jan. 17, 1788. .Aaron Lyndley.
Aug. 16, 1794. .Wife of Rev. Wm. Lynn.
Jan. 2, 1733. .Elizabeth Lynse.
Mar. 10, 1739. . Jannetje Lynsen, wife of Gidieon.
Mar. 6, 1758. .Joost Lynsen.
Dec. 23, 1758. .Willem Lynsen.
Sept. 19, 1771. .Gideon Lynsen.
Dec. 1, 1773. .Cornelius Lynsing.
Nov. 3, 1785. .Widow Catharine Linesen.
Oct. 30, 1762. .John Lyons.
Mar. 5, 1795. .Henry Lyon.
Jan. II, 1732. .Jacobus Lysnaar.
July 24, 1800. .Cornelius Lyster (see grave). Scratched out
in original and written behind it in
brackets "(See grave)."
Between Apr. 29 and May 4, 1749. . Arnout Maas.
Dec. 28, 1749. .Widow Mas.
Jan. I, 1769. .Wife of Petrus Maby.
Nov. 20, 1790. .Pieter Maybie.
Oct. 24, 1795. .Mr. Mabie.
Oct. 8, 1771. .Widow Macod.
■Aug. 3, 1739. -The wife of Arnout Maer Karman [?].
Oct. 9, 1731. .Joseph Magpiece, son of Joseph.
Jan. 25, 1797. .Andrew Main.
A"g- 5, 1729- -Jannittie Man, dau. of Edward Man.
Sept. 8, 1729.. Martin Man, son of Johan's.
Sept. I, 1731. .Geertie Man, dau. of And's.
Sept. 19, 1731. .Mary Man, dau. of Edward.
Oct. I, i73i..Edw'd. Man, son of Edward.
Oct. 3, 1731 . .Nancey Man, dau. of Edward.
Oct. 12, 1731. .Henry Man, son of Jan.
Sept. 5, 1732. .Johannes Man.
Apr. 28, 1733. .Willem Man, son of John.
Mar. 17, 1738. .Adriaen Man.
Between Aug. 26 and 28, 1743. .Gerrit Man.
Aug. 13, 1744.. Hester Man.
Oct. 21, 1768.. Widow Man.
Sept. 17, 1769. .Widow Man.
June 12, 1802. .Widow Man.
June 30, 1774. .Jeremiah Mandivle.
Aug. 15, 1 796.. Wife of Robert Manly.
Oct. I, 1732. .Mat. Manor, bu. by Jacob Hermans.
June 19, 1742. .The wife of Sylvester Marius.
Between Oct. 21
Between Mar. 25
Wife of Barent [?] Martling.
and 25, 1732.. Jane Marrow.
Sarah Marschalk, dau. of Peter.
Andries Marschalk, Jr.
Fran';ois Marschalk, son of Frans.
Andries Marschalk, son of Frans.
The wife of Cornells Marschalk.
and 29, 1792.. Andrew Marschalk.
Wife of Joshua Martin.
Wife of Rev. John Mason.
.Wife of Matthew Andrew.
Edwd. Maul, son of Edward
Wife of Wm. Maxwell.
Wife of Uriah May.
Doctor Stephen McCrea.
Wife of John McDanjel.
The wife of John McDanniel.
Major Gen'l McDougal [?]
Wife of John McGraw.
Lieut. Stejjhanus McKay.
Wife of Richard McKeld.
Wife of Richd. McKildo.
Catharina Macpease, dau. of Joseph.
Oct. 13, 1799. .Wife of Thomas McRedy.
Apr. 15, 1 802.. Ezra (or Eva) Mead.
Sept. 21, 1764. .John iMego.
Nov. 13, i73i..Christiaan Melsebag, son of Philip.
Apr. 2, 1734. .Katriena Meelspack.
Feb. 4, 1769. .Andrew Mercelis.
Oct. 8, 1775. .Widow Catherine Merselius.
Oct. i6, 1799. .Esekiel Merret.
June 23, 1803. .Widow Merritt.
June 29, 1752. . Abram Mesier.
Dec. 8, 1770. .Peter Mesier.
July 4, 1744.. Wife of John Mesnan.
July I, 1760. .John Mesnard, brother of Mesnard the tailor.
Oct. 28, 1763. .George Messavage.
Nov. 15, 1797. .Widow Metheman.
Apr. 30, 1788. .Altie Meuse.
Nov. 2, 1727. .Peter Meyer, son of Johannis.
Dec. 3, 1728. .Catharina Meyer, dau. of Joda.
Apr. 12, 1729. .Johannis Meyer.
^lay 5, 1729. .Pieter Meyer, son of Johannis.
Oct. 7, 1732. . Adolph Myer, son of Hend.
Sept. 3, 1735. .Pieter Myer.
May 30, 1737. .Henry Meyer, child of Henry.
Dec. 4, 1737. .Andrias Meyer.
Dec. 15, i740..Hendrick Meyer.
Feb. 8, 1745. .Sarah Myer, wife of Johannis.
Between Jan. 19 and 23, 1746. .The wife of Marte Meyer.
May. 17, 1747. .Andries Meyer.
July 30, i75o..The wife of Hendrick Meyer.
Aug. I, 1750. .Cornelius Meyer.
Jan. 2, 1751 . .Marte Meyer.
Apr. 15, 1752. .Hendericus Meyer.
Oct. 31, 1753.. Hendrick Myer.
Sept. I, 1756. .Lowrence Myer.
Feb. 24, 1767. .Jacobus Myer.
July 31, 1767. .Wife of Andris Myer.
Dec. 10, 1767. .Wife of Eade Myer.
Jan. 29, 1 769.. Widow Myer.
Mar. 7, i769..Eyda Meyer.
Mar. 4, 1770. .Wife of Lawrence Meyer.
July 8, 1771 . .Wife of Jan Myer.
Jan. 9, 1772. .Jacob Myer.
Aug. 23, 1 786.. William Meyer.
Aug. 27, i786..Wife of John R. Meyer.
Sept. I, 1 787.. John Myer.
Jan. 16, 1792. .Wife of Cornelius Myer.
Mar. 22, 1792. .Cornelius Myer.
Dec. 24, 1797. .Wife of John Myer.
Apr. 2, 1800.. Col. William Meyer (or Heyer).
Nov. 6, 1 80 1.. John Meyer.
Jan. 19, i789..Wife of John Middelhouse.
.Widow Charity Middlemast.
.Mary Millikin, wile of Josia.
.Cathrina Miller, dau of .Albartus.
.Johannis Milcr, son of Kart.
.Apoloni .Miller, wife of Caleb Miller.
.Henry Miller, son of Bartholom.
.Paulus Miller, son of Johans.
.Cornelia Miller, dau. of Caleb.
.John Miller, son of .Vbrahm.
.Catharina Miller, wife of Bartel Miller.
. Annalje Miller.
.Fredk. Miller, a male servant of Cors. Van
.Bartholomew Miller, Jr.
.Wife of Philipp Millor.
.Wife of Godirey Miller.
, .Daniel Miller.
.Wife of Andrew Miller.
.William G. Miller.
.Wife of Jacob Miller.
.The wife of Abraham Mills.
.Hillagonda Minthorne, wife of Phillip.
.Widow Anne Minthorne.
.The wife of Andries Mitchell.
. . Alida Moene.
.The wife of Petrus Moon.
. Petrus Moon.
. Marrigrite Moone.
.Wife of Willem Moony.
. Jacamyna Moll.
.The wife of Frenk Monnay.
.Abraham Montanje, son of Jacob.
.Gerritje Montangie, dau. of Jesse.
.Susanna Montanje, wife of Johannis.
, .Jesse Montanie.
.Joseph Montanje, son of Jesse.
.The wife of Jacobus Montanje.
.The wife of Vincent Montanje.
, .Thomas Montanje.
, .Jacobus Montanje.
. .Sara Montague, alias Brant.
.The widow of Jesse Montanje.
.Wife of Sant Montanje.
.Wife of Thos. Montania.
.Widow Rebecka Montanye.
.Wife of Peter D. Montanje.
.Thomas L. Montanje.
.Wife of Isaac Montanje.
, .Peter Montanje.
. Peter Montanje.
1 747.. The wife of James Moor.
.Wife of Nichll. Moor
.Doctor Henry Moore.
.Widow Cornelia Moore.
. Elizabth. Morduck.
.Cornelia ^lo^ris, wife of Jacob Morris.
. Neltie Morris.
and 25, 1785 . .Mother-in-law of Jacob Morris.
.Widow Jacob Morres.
.Wife of .Abraham Mores.
.The wife of Pieter Mosier.
.Widow Mourt [?].
.Widow Mary Murray.
, .Robt., son of John Mutlow.
.Margrth. dau. of John Mutlow.
.Daniel, son of John Matlow.
.Christina, dau. of Mathies Nack.
. Mathys Nack.
. Peter Nafe.
. Barent Nagel.
. Mr. Nany.
. The Widow of Nark.
.Widow Nase (or Nafe).
.Wife of John Needan.
.Widow Johanna Xeilson.
.Wife of Jas. Xevins.
. Mr. Newhouse.
. John Newkerk.
.Wife of William Nicholl.
.Wife of Capt. Niel.
.Wife of Elias Nixon.
.Wife of Elias Nixon.
.Cornelia, dau. of Dirck Narwood.
.Andrew, son of Richard Norwood.
.Van Clef Norwood.
. Wife of Richard Norwood.
5 and 19, i77o..Mathew Norred.
.The wife of Joseph Nortrup.
. Marv Oaky.
. Wife of John Odle.
. Amos Ogden.
. Dr. John Oglivie.
.Wife of Abraham Ohics.
. Jacob, son of Soort Olferse.
. Shoert Olivert.
.Margreta, dau. of I. Oothout.
Aug. 20, 1739. .Jan Oothout.
July 7, 1765. .Johannes Opleger.
Dec. 20, 1 787.. Wife of Lewis Wm. Otto.
Nov. 19, 1787.. Peter Oudenore.
Aug. 10 or II, 1743.. Abraham Ouderkerk, Jr.
Nov. 3, 1771. .Widow Outenbergh.
Mar. 28, 1732. .Famma Outman.
Sept. 15, 1762. . Abm. Paalding.
Apr. 5, i768..Wife of Palding.
July 20, 1788. .Wife of Cornelius Paulden.
Aug. 29, 1 745.. Albert Palden.
July I. 1728. .Helena, wife of Johannis Paers.
Oct. 4, 1 73 1. .Willem Peers, son of Johannes.
Aug. 26, 1745. .The wife of Johannis Peerse.
May 23, 1 75 1.. The wife of Willem Peers.
Apr. 18, 1 803.. John P. Pears.
Apr. 12, 1771. .Lucas Pake.
June 10, 1773.. Isaac Pake.
Jan. 16, 1787. .Joseph Palmer.
Dec. 3, 1784. .William Panman.
Feb. 22, 1796. .Susannah Parker.
May 13, 1796. .Mr. Parker.
May 2, 1800. .John Parker.
Sept. 23, 1 773.. Wife of John Parrow.
Apr. 4, 1773. .Widow Parse.
July 12, 1767.. John Pass.
Sept. 17, 1788.. Wife of Edward Patten.
Feb. 3, 1794. .Widow Patten.
Oct. 23, 1766. .Doctor Patterson.
Aug. 24, i727..Altie Paulusse, dau. of Hendrick.
Apr. 5, 1729. .Eva Poulisse, dau. of Jacob.
Apr. 8, 1729. .Jacob Poulisse, son of Johannis.
Sept. 3, 1731. .Jacob Poulise, son of Hend.
Sept. 22, 1731 . .Henderick Pauliss.
Apr. 3, 1732- -Elisabeth Pouwels, dau. of Johannes.
July 16, i732..Neellie Poulse.
Oct. 21, 1733. .Hendrik Paulse, child of Johannes.
Dec. 16, 1736. .Johannis Pouwelse, son of Johannis.
Aug. 17, 1739. -The wife of Johannes Powelse.
Aug. 17, 1 755.. The wife of Johs. Powelse.
Oct. I, 1764. .John Powelse.
Sept. 14, 1753. .Amos Payn.
Nov. 9, 1 798.. William Pedlow.
Sept. 16, 1 743.. Cornelia Peckket.
Apr. 22, 1 798.. Widow Peck well.
Sept. 28, 173 1.. Lucas Peek, son of Johans.
Mar. 10, 1745.. Johannis Peek.
Apr. 15, 1745. .Hendrikus Peek.
Sept. 7 or 8, 1747.. The wife of Henderikes Peek.
Jan. 4, 1748. .Johannis Peek.
Mar. I, 1749. .The wife of William Peek.
• Wife of Johannis Pcffer,
. Michael Peffer.
.Johanna Pckee, dau. of Samuel.
. Elizabeth Pell, dau. of William.
.Elizabeth Pell, wife of William.
.Samll. Pell, son of Samll.
.Aeltie Pell, dau. of Samll., Jr.
. Margreta Pell.
.Anitje Pells, dau. of Evert.
.Catlina Pels, dau. of Evert, Sr.
.Theophilus Pels, son of Evert.
.Breghje Pels, wife of Jno. Tevo.
.The wife of Evert Pells.
.The wife of Evert Pels.
.The wife of Evert Pells.
. Evert Pels, Sr.
.Widow Levbetje Pels.
. Evert Pell's.
. Daniel Peltrou, son of Abr.
.Marta Peltro, dau. of Abrah.
.t'emmetie Perdon, wife of Jacobus.
.The wife of Isaac Perdon.
. John Pardon.
.Benjamin Perris (or Ferris).
.Walter Persel, bu. by Arent Van Hoek.
.The wife of Abm, Persells.
.The wife of Willem Percell.
..Wife of Willem Persel.
.W^ife of William Parcells.
..Wife of Richard Pettott.
..Anna Pheni.\, dau. of Allex.
.Anna Phenix, wife of Jacob.
. .Gerrardus Phenix, son of Alexander.
.The Widow Phenix.
.The wife of .\lexander Phenix.
.Alexander Phenix, Jr.
. . Alexr. Phenix.
. .Wife of Daniel Phenix.
. .Charles Phillips.
Jan. 10, I73I--
May 20, 1784..
Aug. 5, 1784..
Oct 23, 1759- •
Jan. 5, 1775- •
Aug. 20, 1749- •
Dec. 7, 1792..
Apr. 10, 1799..
May 17, 1731.
Between Aug. 2
Sept. 1 1
Nov. 1 7
May 1 2
Sept. 1 8
Catharine Philipse, wife of Frederick.
Wife of Charles Phillips.
The wife of Capt. Pickeman.
Peter Pieters, son of Jan De Witt.
8 and Sept. i, 1747.. The wife of Nicolaes
. Joost Pieterse.
.Wife of Garret Pitersen.
.Wife of Robt. Pinkerman.
. Piper's wife.
■ Richard Pippinger.
.Willem, son of Jacob Pit.
.The widow of Jacob Pit.
.Wife of Jacob Pitt.
.Wife of Jeremiah Piatt.
. Henry Play.
. Johannis Poel.
. Casparus Poppelsdorf.
.The wife of William Poppeldorf.
.Willm. Popelsdorf, Jr.
. Cathalina Post.
and 9, 1765 . .Wife of Frans Post.
. Elizabeth, dau. of Ralph Potter.
. Elizabeth Potter.
. Nicholas Power.
.Wife of Marcelus Prior.
. Marselus Prior.
. Johans, son of Robert Provoost.
. Wilhelmus, son of David Wni. Provoost.
.Widow Eve Provoost.
1795 • -James Provoost.
.Widow Mary Prevost.
.The wife of James Pudney.
. Marytje Pudny.
. Arnout, son of Benj. Quackenbosch.
.The wife of Benjamin Quackenbos.
.The wife of Reynier Quackenbos.
1774.. Johs. Quackkenboss.
1775.. Wife of Nicholaas Quackenboes.
1 785 . . Walter Quackenboss.
1786. . Margaret Quackenboss.
1790. .Mary W. Quackenbos.
The wife of Jacobus Quick.
. Jacobes Quyck.
.The wife of Jacobus Quick.
. Abraham Quick.
1773 . .Jacobus Quick.
1774. .Widow of Jacobus Quick.
1 798.. James Quick.
1800.. Wife of Jacobus Quick.
1 73 1. .Pieter, son of Anthony Ram.
1785. .Wife of Mr. Ranselaar.
1731 . . Vincentius, son of Cornelis Rapelje.
9, 1731 . . Jeronymus, son of Corn. Rapelje.
I or 2, 1747. .The wife of Cornelius Rappelje.
31, 1788.. Widow Dinah Rappelye.
28, 1772. .Wife of Peter Rauert.
1752 . . Judictie Raverstyn.
1737. .Richard Ray.
The widow Ray.
The wife of John Ray.
Wife of Robert Ray.
Daniel L. Ray (or Le Ray).
1762. .Johannes Remmen.
1745. .The wife of Johannes Remmie.
1746. .Wife of Johans. Remme.
1749. .Wife of Johannes Rcmmies.
1754.. The wife of Johannis Remmey.
1736. .Tryntje, wife of Jeromus Remse.
1743. .Johannis Remse.
1750. .Jeromes Remsen.
1 762 . . Sister of Jacob Remsen.
1774. . Dorethe Remsen.
1 7 75.. Widow Jannetye Remsen.
[No date] 1777. .Jacob Remsen.
Oct. 19, 1784. .Widow Cath. Remsen.
Dec. 10, 1790. .Jacob Remsen.
Mar. 13, 1792. .Henry Remsen.
Aug. 2, 1793. .Wife of Jeronimus Rempen.
11 or 12, i;
John Remsen, Jr.
Marya, ch. of James Renaudet.
. .Wife of James Reymelds.
.Wife of Coonradt Reyn.
. Joh. Reyphel.
.Widow of Johannis Ryfcll.
.Wife of Willm. Rhodes.
.The wife of Wm. Richards.
, .John Richards.
.Wife of Smith Richard.
, .Gertruy Richson [?].
.Wife of Joseph Rigby.
. .Samuel, son of Jacob Riker.
.Elizabt., dau. of Henderik Ryke.
, .Abraham, son of Hendrick Rick.
. .Hendrik Reyke.
.Wife of Hendrik Riker.
.Wife of John Riker.
.Widow Elizabeth Riker.
795 . . John Riker, Jr.
.Wife of Henry Riker.
, .George Ritchie [?].
.Wife of Mr. Ritson.
, .Wife of James Rivingston.
.Wife of Thomas Robins.
.Ele.xander Robrson [sic].
.Thomas Rogers, bu. by Jerm. Van Renslaar.
.Wife of Henry Rogers.
.John Roe, husband of Dirk Koek's dau.
.Wife of Johannes Roerbach.
.The wife Jan Roerback.
.The wife of Fred. Roorbach.
Mar. 8, 1729. . Rachell Romme, dau. of Cornells.
Mar. 24, 1729. . Maria Romme, dau. of Cornells.
Mar. 26, i729..Willem Roome, son of WlUem.
Mar. 26, 1729. .Jan Roome, son of ^\'illem.
Apr. 17, 1729. .Hester Roome, wife of Pietr Wiihms.-
May 15, 1729. . Pleter Wlllemse Rome.
Mar. 9, 1731 . . Maria Roome, wife of Jan Roome.
Sept. 21, 1731 .. Elizabeth Roome, dau. of Wlllem.
Sept. 30, 1731 . .Wessel Roome, son of Willem.
May 25, 1741 . ..\renout Romer.
Dec. 23, 1748 . .William Rome.
Jan. 9, 1750. .Johannes Rome.
Sept. 24, 1754. .Antje Roome.
Jan. II, 1756 . .Joannes Roome.
Dec. 29, 1756. .The wife of Jobs. Roome.
Aug. 10, 1757 . .Widow Rome.
Dec. 10, 1759. .Willem Roome.
May 15, 1765 . .Widow of Wllllm Roome.
June 18, 1766. .Wife of Cornelius Roome.
Jan. 27, 1772 . .Widow of Johannis Roome.
Oct. 5, 1784. .Jacob Roome.
June 10, 1787 . .Wife of Henry Rome.
May 12, 1798. .Widow .^itie Romer.
Apr. 19, 1800. .Widow Roan.
Aug. 2, 1798. .Wife of John Romyer.
June 16, 1795 . .John Romyn.
Aug. 18, 1797 .. Ellas Remain.
July 30, 1803. .Obadiah Romayn.
July 13, 1738. .The wife of George Roo.
Mar. 28, 1728. ..\mmerens Roos, wife of Geurt Roose.
Feb. 16, 1735.. Widow of Jacobus Roos, bu. by Samuel
June 28, 1772. .G Roos.
Sept. 23, 1727 . . Altie Rosevelt, dau. of Jan.
Aug. 28, 1731 . .Mary Rosevelt, wife of Xicholas.
June 19, 1757. .Oliver Roosevelt, son of Oliver.
Oct. 22, 1757 . .Elizabeth Rooseveldt, wife of Pieter.
Jan. 15, 1772 . .Christ'n Roosevelt.
Mar. 13, 1772. . Corn's Roosvelt.
[No date] 1773 ?. .Wife of Jacobus Rosevelt, Jr.'
May 4, 1776. .Jacobus Rosevelt.
About Sept., 1776. . Nicholas Roosevelt.
[No date] 1777.. Sarah Roosevelt, wid. of Nicholas.
Jan. 17, 1788. .Wife of Cornelius Roosevelt.
Nov. 12, 1789. .Wife of Isaac Rosevelt.
Mar. 20, 1791 . . John C. Roseveldt.
Oct. 12, 1794. .Isaac Roosevelt.
Oct. 16, 1795 . .Wife of Oliver Roosevelt.
July 12, 1796 . .Widow Oliver Roosevelt.
Sept. 7, 1798. . Helena Rosevelt.
June 18, 1799. .Cornells C. Rosevelt.
Mar. 24, 1802. .James N. Rosevelt.
Jan. 6, 1775. . Abm. Roset.
Aug. 12, 1758. .The wife of Lowrence Rosman (or Bosman).
May 3, 1789. .Wife of Jno Ross.
Between Sept. 18 and 20, i799..Harman Rotong.
July 5, 1802 . .Wife of Coenrad Rough.
Nov. 23, 1727 . . Johannis Royall, son of Joseph.
Mar. 14, 1732. . Becalerdus Rozeboom.
Jan. I, 1754. .Koenraedt Rugel.
July 7, 1731 . .Harmanus Rutgers, son of Harman.
Oct. 14, 1731 . .Hendricje [?] Rutgers, dau. of Peter.
Dec. 21, 1773. . Halenah Rutgers.
Dec. 6, 1775 . .Antony Rutgers. I'
Aug. 10, 1776. . Adriaan Rutger.
Aug. 26, 1776. .Harmon Rutgers. >^
Apr. 3, 1794. .Widow Elizabeth Rutgers.'
Aug. 12, 1794. .Anthony B. Rutgers.
Oct. 6, 1 73 1.. Joseph Ryall, son of Joseph.
Oct. II, 1731 . .Catrina Ryall, dau. of Joseph.
Oct. 28, 1747. .The wife of Joseph Ryels.
Oct. 23, 1801 . .Wife of Aaron Ryckman.
May 18, 1793. .Wife of William Ryer.
June 2, 1737. .Jacob Rynders.
Sept. 17, i74o..Barent Rynders.
Nov. 26, 1762. .The Widow Reynders.
Nov. 9, 1796. .Hester Rynders.
Jan. 24, 1760. .Sarah Ryst.
Oct. 2, 1731 . .Catharina Saaf.
Sept. 28, 1793. .Wife of John Sabriskie.
Jan. 12, 1756. . William Sackerly.
July I, 1751 . .The wife of William Zeckerly.
Sept. 9, 1773. .John Sacks.
May 19, 1773.. Wife of Haremanes Saleman.
Oct. 15, 1801 . .Lawrence Salsbury.
Mar. 4, 1797. .Thomas Salter.
May 12, 1802. .Wife of Thomas Salters.
Aug. 6, 1754. .James Sample.
Jan. 24, 1795. .Wife of Comfort Sand.
June 19, 1735. . Ab. Santford, son of Ab.
Jan. 28, 1745. .Abraham Santford.
Dec. 5, 1802. .Wife of John Santford.
May 3, 1757. .Wm. Saunders.
May 3, 1 790.. Widow Saunders.
Aug. 23, 1755. -The wife of Peter Sawyer.
Nov. 3, 1787.. Wife of Willm Saxon.
Nov. II, 1731. .Christina Schaats, wife of Barth.
July 7, 1758. .Bartholomewis Skaats.
May 15, 1760. .The widow of Bartelemeus Schaats.
Aug. 14, i79i..Wifeof Rynier Shates.
Oct. 4 or 5, 1 795.. Rynier Skates, Jr.
May 12, 1803. .Thomas Skaats.
Jan. 30, 1764. .Jacob Scheerman.
July 18, 1758.. Jan Schelle.
Apr. 19, 1797. .John .Schenk.
July 21, 1729. .Elizabeth Schermer, dau. of Arnout.
Nov. 6, 1731 . .Willem Schnyder, son of Nilder (see Snyder).
Dec. 27, 1728. . Helena Schoii, dau. of Jan.
May 27, 1729. .Helena Scliott, wife of John.
Sept. 15, 1784. .John M. Scott.
Dec. 2, 1749. . Mr. Schuerman. •
Sept. 10, 1761 . .The wife of Gerrit Schuurman.
Nov. I, i73i..Petrus Schutze, son of John.
Aug. 3, 1727 .. Geertje Schuyler, dau. of Philip.
June 19, i7 28..Alida Schuyler, dau. of Phillip.
June 22, 1729. .Ste])hen Schuyler, son of John.
Oct. 7, 1729. .Johannis Schuyler.
Dec. 26, 1729 . .Catharina Schuyler, dau. of Philip.
June 6, 1730. .Sarah Schuyler, wife of Phillip.
Sept. 26, i730..Pieter Schuyler, son of Gert.
Apr. I, 1731 .. Pieter Schuyler, son of Phillip.
Oct. 9, 1731 . .Catalina Schuyler, dau. of David.
Aug. 26, 1733 . .Johanna Gouda, dau. or wife of Garret
July 23, 1734. .Harmanis Schuyler, son of David.
May 25, 1739. .Garret Schuyler.
Oct. 19, 1743. .Samuel Schuyler.
Oct. 4, 1745 . .Anthoni Schuyler.
Apr. 20, 1748. . Elsie Schuyler, dau. of David.
July 21, 1748. . David Schuyler.
Dec. 8, 1748. . Harmanus Schuyler.
Aug. 10, 1752. .Brandt Schuyler.
Apr. 16, 1757 . .The widow of Harmanus Schuyler.
Mar. 22, 1758. .The widow of Gerrit Schuyler.
Feb. 25, 1759. .The wife of David Schuyler.
Nov. 24, 1759. .David Schuyler.
Apr. 20, 1771 . .Stophel Schuyler.
Aug. 19, 1772. . David Schuyler.
Oct. 2, 1772. .Myndert Schuyler.
Oct. 20, 1 773 . .Harmanus Schuyler.
May 3, 1786. .Widow Anne M. Schuyler.
Mar. 4, 1787 . .Widow KHz. Schuyler.
Aug. 17, i789..Samll. Schuyler.
Sept. 9, 1793. .Catelina Schuyler.
Mar. 4, 1 7 74.. Wife of Edmond .Seamon.
Sept. 29, 1760. .The wife of Gysbert Sears.
Dec. 9, 1785 . .Isaac Sebring.
Feb. 24, 1789. .Barent Seabring.
June 19, 1794. .Catherine Sebring.
May 16, 1798. .Widow Barent Sebring.
Feb. I, 1800. .Sarah Seabring.
June 15, 1803. .Cornelius B. Sebring.
Aug. 4, 1803. .Jacob Sebring.
.The wife of Christiaen Slover.
.The wife of Richard Shack (or Sacks)
. Androw Shadwell.
.Widow Mary Shand.
.Widow of Richard Sharp.
and 5, 1799. .Gilbert Shaver.
.Wife of Niel Shaw.
.Wife of John Sheak.
.Wife of Isaac Sherdywine.
.William Sherer [?].
.Simon, son of Aernout Shermerhoom.
.Otto, son of Otto Shierickse.
.John Hendrikse Shut. •
.Isaak Shoet. .
.Widow Elizth. Siberton.
.Thomas, son of Thomas Sickles.
.Wife of Hendrick Sickels.
.Henry W. Zickels.
.Wife of Zacharias Sickels.
.Wife of Danll. Sickels
1 795 . . Robert Sickles.
.Wife of Lenger Siems.
.Elizabeth, dau. of Johans. Simise.
Oct. 12, 1 73 1 . . Willem, son of Harnianus Simonis.
Aug. II, 1750. . Mrs. Catharina Symes.
May iS, 1766. .Wife of Nalhanjel Syramons.
Aug. 16, 1S02 .. Henry Simmons.
Sept. 1, 1 791 . .Abigail Sinchar.
Jan. I, 1 731 . .Maria, wife of Robert Sincklaer.
Sept. 14, 1 748.. Widow Aeltie Singo.
June 19, 1792. .Patrick Sinot.
Aug. 25, 1731 . .Catharina, wife of Robert Sinsler.
Oct. 16, 1729. .Burger, son of Burger Sipkens.
Aug. 24, 1755. .Rebecka Sipkens.
Dec. 9, 1768. .John Sipkins.
July 4, 1727. .Marytje, wife of Burger Sippe.
Nov. 21, 1742. .The wife of Matheus Slegt.
Dec. 27, 1746. .Cornelius Sleght.
June 22, 1762 . .Matheus Sleght.
June 4, 1774. . Mathew Sleght.
Mar. 29, 1792 .. Peter Sleght.
Oct. 9, 1747 . . Hillegont Sleghtinaer.
May 29, 1759. .Jonas Slot.
Jan. 21, 1731 . .Elizabeth, wife of Thorn's Slow.
Jan. 30, 1731 . .Anna Catharina, wife of Jacos. Pieter Slyden.
Aug. 21, 1734.. Mary, dau. of Josua Slyden, (or Slydell).
Feb. 6, 1735. . Michiel, son of Joshua Slidell.
Nov. 7, 1749. . Josuah Slydel.
Sept. 21, 1798. . Michel Slydel.
Between Sept. 27 and 29, 1798.. Isaac Slidel.
Oct. 2, 1798. .Isaac Slydel.
Dec. 16, 1802 . .Widow Slidell.
Feb. 7, 1728. .William Smith, probably member of the
Feb. 15, 1728. ..^nna, dau. of William Smith.
Apr. 7, 1729. .Isaak, son of Jan Smith.
Oct. 27, 1730. . Ragell, wife of Henrikus Smith.
Oct. 3, 1731 . ..\braham, son of Jan Smith.
Mar. 18, 1733. .Hester, dau. of Jan Smith.
July 3, 1733. . Elizab., dau. of Will. Smith.
Sept. 14, 1734. .Cornelius, son of Hendrick Smith.
Nov. I, 1737 . .John Smith.
Nov. 20, 1742. .The wife of Willem Smit.
Aug. 26, 1750. .Bernardus Smith.
Dec. 22, 175 1 . .The widow of Bernards Smith.
Feb. 3, 1754. .Sett Smith.
Sept. 15, 1754. .Lawrence Smith.
Dec. 17, 1754. .The wife of Jobs. Smith.
Sept. 25, 1757 .. Daniel Smith.
Dec. 17, 1757 . .Rachael Smith.
Nov. 7, 1758. .Thomas Smith.
June 20, 1759. . Michael .Smith.
Oct. 9, 1761 . . Hend. Smith.
May 15, 1763. .Wife of Phillip Smith.
. Henry Smith.
.Wife of loshua Smith.
.Wife of Wm. Smith.
. Widow Smith.
7 and 29, 1 795.. Mrs. Smith.
.Wife of Albert Smith.
.Wife of Barent Smith.
.Wife of Coll. William Smith.
.Wife of Abm. Sneden.
. Lewis Sniff en.
.The wife of Johannis Snook.
.Wife of Harmanis Snoek.
. Hendrik Snyder.
.Widow of Hcndrick Snyder.
.The wife of Johannis Soberings.
.Jacomyntie Zomerendyk, dau. of Isaac.
.The wife of Isaac Somemdyck.
. Coenraad Somendyck.
.Wife of Mr. Somerdike.
. Nellie Sopes.
.Widow Ann Sowers.
. Hans Spargrin.
.The wife of Hendrick Speenman.
.Wife of Albertus Speir.
. Albert Spier.
.Wife of John Spyre.
. William Spoor.
May 6, 1773 .. William Spore.
Mar. 26, 1766. .Wife of Harmanus Springstien.
Aug. 27, 1758. .Gabriel Sprong.
Sept. 13, 1728. .Francintie Staats.
Oct. 27, 1743. .Catharina Staats. .
Mar. 24, 1798.. John Stakes.
June 27, 1797 . .Wife of Silus Stansberry,
Mar. 23, 1788. .Widow Ann Stedifort.
Sept. 25, 1745 . .Samuel Steenberge.
Mar. II, 1797 .. Isaac Steenbargh.
May I, 1751 . .The wife of Abram Steg.
Aug. 26, 1751 . .The wife of Jacob Stcgh.
June 20, i757..Willem Stag.
May 18, 1758.. The widow Staag.
Apr. 8, 1760. .The wife of Jacob Stag.
Jan. 10, 1761 . .Wife of Jan Stagg.
Mar. 16, 1761.. Abm. Stag.
June 7, 1784.. Ann Stag.
Sept. 7, 1784. .Wife of Thos. Stagg.
Jan. 7, 1796. .Isaac T. Stagg.
July 5, 1796. .Isaac Stag, son of Isaac.
Aug. 23, 1803. .John Stagg, Sr.
Aug. 29, 1 803.. John Stagg, Jr.
Sept. 24, 1763. .^Vife of Anthonius Stenback.
July 9, 1796. . Daniel Stienbach.
Nov. 9, 1752. .The wife of Jan Sebastiaen Stephani.
Mar. 16, 1797 . .Widow Jane Stephany.
May 5, i76i..John Stephenson.
Dec. 28, 1730. .Catlina Stevens, dau. of Jan, Jr.
Aug. 26, 1731 . .Harmanus Stephens, son of Janus [?].
Oct. 3, 1 731 . .Nathaniel Stevens, son of Cornelis.
Oct. 18, 1731 ..Cornelis Stevens, son of Corns.
Dec. 27, 1733. .Margreta Stevens.
Mar. 26, 1747 . .Cathalyna Stephens.
June 26, 1761 . .The wife of John Stephens.
June 26, i77i..John Stevens.
Apr. 6, 1775 . .Wife of James Stevens.
Dec. I, 1803. .Stephen Stevens.
Dec. 9, I 787.. Widow Eliz. Stewart.
Oct. 27, i8o2 . .Charles Steward.
July 27, 174s . .The wife of Casparus Stiemes.
Sept. 5, 1745. .The wife of Harmanus Stiemes.
Nov. 23, 1758. .The wife of Pieter Stymes.
Aug. 17, 1760. .Pieter Sty mets.
Jan. 14, 1 761.. Wife of Abm. Stymets.
Oct. II, 1761 . .Casparus Steymets.
Sept. 15, 1763. .Saml. Stymas.
May 15, 1766. . Peter Steymets.
July 27, 1767 . .Garit Stymos.
Aug. 17, 1769. .Widow Stuymets.
Nov. II, i77o..Stoph. Steymets, Jr.
Jan. 6, 1784. .Wife of Jasper Stymets.
Apr. 13, 1786. .John Stimcts.
Apr. 19, 1787. . Jesper Stimets.
July 17, 1789. .Jacob Stymets.
May 7, 1792. .Widow Jane Steymets.
May I, i794..Chrn. Stymets.
Between Oct. 21 and 24, 1795 . .Frederick Stymets.
Mar. 16, 1797.. Widow of Jacob Stymts.
July 17, 1801 . .Isaac Stymets.
Sept. I or 2, 1747 . .The wife of Richard Stillwel.
Oct. 12, 1766.. Richd. Stillwel.
Feb. 12, 1784.. Widow Stilwil.
Mar. 20, 1797. .Elias Stilwill.
Jan. 18, 1763. .Christian Stivers.
June 29, 1751 . .Jacobus St. Joor.
Nov. 12, 1773. .Wife of .\rendt Stockholm.
May I, 1790. .Aaron Stockholm.
Aug. 8, 1795 . .Isaac Stonehouse.
Aug. 30, 1798. .Widow Stonehouse.
May 20, 1767. .Wife of Abram Storm. •
Oct. 8, 1801.. Wife of Lewis Storm.
Mar. 19, 1797. .Wm. Storry.
Oct. 2, 1731 . .Neeltje, wife of Isaac Stoutenburg.
Sept. 30, 1743. .Johannis Stoutenburg.
May 8, 1 749 . . The wife of Tobias Stoutenburgh.
May 16, 1759. .Tobias Stoutenburgh.
Sept. 20, 1 761 . .The Widow Stoutenburgh.
May 23, 1763. .Widow Stoutenbergh.
Mar. 13, 1774. .Widow Stoutenburgh.
Mar. 14, 1774. .Wife of Tobias Stoutenburgh.
Jan. 22, 1787. .Corns. Stoutenburgh.
Dec. 20, 1790. .Pieter Stoutenburgh.
Apr. 22, 1795. .Widow .Annake Stoutenburgh.
Sept. 16, 1798. .Sara Stoutenburgh.
Sept. 20, 1798. .Widow Stoutenburgh.
Dec. 10, 1799. .Isaac Stoutenburgh.
Sept. 4, 1801 . .Helen Stoutenburgh.
Aug. 12, 1735. .Marya Stouver.
Nov. 2, 1771 . .Johannes Stryker.
Apr. 14, 1788. .John Striker.
Dec. 26, 1794. .Widow Stryker.
Dec. II, 1802. .Wife of Dennis Striker.
July 27, 1799. .David Sturges.
Apr. I, 175S. .The wife of Leendert Suliger.
Dec. 18, 1758.. Arent Sun.
May 2, 1776. .Wife of John Suniker.
May 30, 1774. .Wife of Wm. Suttey.
Apr. II, 1759. .The widow of Hendrick Sedam.
Jan. 31, 1791 . .Wife of Rynier Suydam.
Sept. 21, 1797.. Saml. Suydam.
July 12, 1744. .Hendrikus Swan.
July 4, 1748. .The wife of Willem Swanser.
Feb. 21, 1767. .William Swancer, Jr.
Aug. 14, 1786. .William Swanser.
Apr. 28, 1802 . .\\'m. Swanser.
Sept. 29, 1763 . . Mariete Swartwout.
Sept. I, 1768. .Barnardus Swartwout.
Mar. 25, 1772. .Wife of Bernardus Zwartwout.
Sept. 14, 1784. . Henry Swartwout.
Nov. 18, 1794. . Bernardus Swartwout.
Feb. 27, 1745 . .The wife of Peter Syer.
Probably 1771.. Wid. Cath. Tallow.
Dec. 2, 1763. . Benjemin Tanner.
Sept. 10, I 794. . George Tanton.
June 29, 1793. .Widow Tappen.
Mar. 8, 1794. . Luke Tarbush.
Dec. 23, 1786. .William Tate.
July 29, 1770. .Widow Taylor.
Oct. 8, i793..Willitt Taylor.
June 3, 1797 . .Benjn. Taylor.
Apr. s, 1792 .. Widow Mary Tcarse.
Jan. 24, 1727. .Johannes, son of Olif Teller.
Mar. 25, 1729. .Oliver Teller.
Sept. 24, 1729. .Fytie, wife of Andris Teller.
Feb. 24, 1730. .Catharina, wife of Andris Teller.
Aug. 18, 1732. .Andrias Teller.
Sept. 4 or 5, 1747.. OUiver Teller.
June 27, 1756. .The widow Teller.
Sept. 21, 1757 . .Jacobs. Teller.
Jan. 19, 1758. .Sophia Teller.
Apr. 20, 1766. .Cornelia Taller.
Oct. 15, 1731 . .Lena, dau. of Henry Ten Broek.
Mar. 21, 1733. . Hendrik, son of Johannes Ten Broek.
June 8, 1748. .Wessel Ten Brook.
May 8, 1789. .Wife of Jno. Ten Broeck.
Dec. 16, 1794. .Jasper Ten Broeck.
Mar. 24, 1798. .Widow Ten Broek.
Jan. 18, 1801 . .Elizabeth Ten Broock.
Mar. 18, 1729. .Gerardus, son of Andris Ten Eyck.
Apr. 13, 1729. .Abraham, son of Andries Ten Eyck.
May 12, 1 7 29.. Maria, dau. of Andries Ten Eyck.
May 16, 1729. .Jacob Ten Eyck.
Aug. 21, 1729. . Elizabeth, dau. of Abrah. Ten Eyck.
Mar. 21, 1730. .Barindina, wife of Andris Ten Eyck.
Oct. 22, 1 73 1. .Herculus, son of Johs. Ten Eyck.
Nov. 10, 1737. .Andrias Ten Eyck.
May 6, 1738. .Johanna, dau. of Coenraet Ten Eyck
Nov. 13, 1740. . Derrick Tenick.
Sept. 21, 1744. .Johannis Ten Eyck.
Dec. 28, 1744. .Coenraet Ten Eyck.
Sept. 17, 1745 . .Dirk Ten Eyck.
Nov. 14, 1747. .Tobias Ten Eyck.
July 2, 1748. .The widow of Koenraet Ten Eyck.
Mar. 24, 1751 . .Neeltie Ten Eyck.
June II, 1756. ..\ndries Ten Eyck.
Mar. 15, 1758. .The wife of Anthony Ten Eyck.
Nov. I, 1758. .The widow of Johs. Ten Eyck.
Nov. 2, 1760. .The wife of Daniel Ten Eyck.
June 15, i76i..The wife of Dirck Ten Eyck.
Mar. 31, 1762. .Coenraat Ten Eyck.
Between Oct. 12 and 14, 1764. ..\braham Ten Eyck.
Feb. 23, 1788. .Jacob Ten Eyck.
Aug. II, 1790. .Andrew Ten Eyck.
Nov. 17, 1794. .David Ten Eyck.
Apr. 3, 1801 . .Abraham Ten Eyck.
Jan. 23, 1773. .Widow Ten Hoven.
May 30, 1761 . .Mother of the wife of Jacob Tennie.
Jan. 15, 1 759.. The wife of Daniel Tharp.
Oct. 29, 1785. .John Tarp.
Aug. 24, 1728. .Jan, son of Robt. Theobalds.
Oct. 8, 1728. .Robert, son of Robert Theobald.
Mar. 17, 1745 . .Marytie Thomasse.
Mar. 28, 1750. .Thomas Thomase.
Oct. 20, 1731 . . Jannetje Thomkins.
Jan. 21, 1766. . Wife of John Tomkins.
June 8, 1799. .Widow Ann Tompkins.
Oct. 17, 1731 . .Jan, son of Jan Thomson.
Sept. 23, 1748. .Anna Thamson.
Mar. I, 1770. .Wife of Samuel Thompson.
June 25, 1785 . .Wife of George Thomson.
Sept. 26, 1802. .Nicholas Thorn.
June 29, 1728. . Johannis Tiebout.
Sept. 3, 1731 . .Elizabeth, wife of Hend. Tiebout.
Oct. 2, 1731 . .Margritje, dau. of .■\lbertus Tiebout.
Aug. 31, 1734. .Theofilus, son of John Tebo.
June 6, 1739. .John Teboe.
Oct. 15, 1739. .The wife of Teunis Teabout.
Probably Jan. 23, i742..Tuenis Tiebout.
July 17, 1745 . .Teunis Tiebout, Jr.
Sept. 15, 1752 . .The wife of Teunis Tiebout.
May 21, 1753. .The wife of .\lbartus Tiebout.
July 27, 1754. .Teunis Tiebout.
Dec. 10, 1754. .The wife of John Tiebout.
Mar. 15, 1758. .The Widow Theboo.
Aug. 12, 1762. .Barthom. Tiebout.
[No date] 17 73.. John Teabout.
Sept. 12, 1773. .Johannes Teabout.
Mar. 26, 1774. .Maria Tiebout.
July 8, 1785 . .Corns. Tiebout.
Mar. I, 1789. .Widow Tiebout.
Mar. 7, 1789. .Wife of Tunis Tiebout.
Mar. 25, 1798. ..Albert Tiebaut.
Dec. 24, 1801 . .Wife of Albertus Tiebout.
Between Feb. 19
Thcunis, son of Thtunis Tievoor.
Engeltie, dau. of John Tilly.
Son of John Tilly.
Thomas, son of Pieter Timmer.
Wife of Samuel Tites.
Wife of Israel Titus.
and 24, 1802. .Wife of John Tommeny.
Anthony son of Thomas Tong.
Catharina, dau. of Thorns. Thong.
Wife of John Torry.
Wife of James Torrj'.
Wife of Robert Tout [?]
Wife of Mr. Town.
Beliham [?] Trouwhart, bu. by Sm. Lawrence.
Maria Tucker, dau. of Sara Hardenbroeck.
Cornelus Turck. >
Elizabeth, dau. of Cornelius Turk.
Cornelus, son of Johannis Turk.
Aaltie, dau. of Asweris Turk.
Elizabeth, dau. of Johannis Turk.
Jacobus, son of Ahasuerus Turk.
Aaltie, child of Ahasuerus Turk.
Beletje, child of Cornelis Turck.
The wid. of Paulus Turck.
The wife of Cornelius Turk.
John, son of Corns. Turk.
Wife of Cornelius Turk.
Wife of Jacobus Turk.
Wife of Aswarus Turk.
Wife of Cornelus Turk, Jr.
Wife of Ahasuerus Turk.
W'ife of Cornelus Turck.
John, son of John Turman.
Elizabeth, wife of John Turman.
The wife of Ralph Thurman.
Oct. 12, 1 764 . . Wife of John Thurman.
Oct. 8, 1795. .Widow Sarah Thurman.
May 14, 1 785.. Mrs. Turnbool.
Dec. 13, 1789. .Wife of George Turnbull.
Dec. 28, 1761 . .Rachel Twentyman.
Sept. 18, 1796. .Abraham Tysen.
Sept. 28, 1796. .Widow of Abraham Tyson.
Oct. 6, 1760. .The wife of Uldrick.
July 4, 1793. .Widow Ulderick.
May 25, 1790. .Eliza Ustick.
May 18, 1727.. Elizabeth Uytd'Bogert, ch. of Gysbert.
Oct. 2, 1 731 . . Joost, son of Geisb't Uit den Bogaert.
Mar. 23, 1744. .Guisbert Uit ten Bogert.
Aug. 10, 1761 . .The wife of Joseph UytdeBogert.
Oct. 18, 1761 . .Jan UytdenBogert.
Mar. 4, 1764. .Wife of Josep Uittenbogert.
Dec. 2, 1765 . .Wife of Gysbert Uitenbogert.
May 3, 1770. .Wife of John Outenbogert.
Dec. 24, 1783. .Wife of John G. Uytenbogert.
Jan. 10, 1787. .Widow Outenbogert.
July 26, 1797. .Widow Outtenboger.
July 24, 1802. .^Vidow Outenbogert.
Apr. 30, 1765. .Widow Valintyn.
Apr. 3, 1803. .John Valentin.
Feb. 25, 1790. .Widow Jane Valk.
Nov. I, 1760. .The wife of Josia Vallo.
Nov. 13, 1794. .Widow Valor [?]
May 14, 1761 . .Jacob Van Aalen.
Nov. 20, 1793. .John Van Aulcn.
July 26, 1794. .Elizabeth Van Aulen.
Feb. 4, 1 795.. Mrs. Van Aelen.
July 19, 1796. .Wife of Pieter Van Aelen.
July 20, 1 796.. James Van Aelen.
Dec. 19, 1800.. Widow Van Alen.
June I, 1801 . .Aron Van Allen.
Oct. 22, 1774. .Harmanus Van Aalstyne (See Aalstyn).
Between Feb. i and 6, 1800. .Widow Van Alstine.
Apr. 30, 1752. .The wife of Abram Van Aerlem.
Nov. 18, 1798. .John Van Alst.
Nov. 8, 1799. .John Van Alst.
July 18, 1803. .George Van Alst.
Apr. 23, 1785. .Jacobus Van Antwerp.
Apr. 22, 1787. .Wife of Timon Van Antwerp.
Dec. 23, 1 789.. John Van Antwerp.
May 8, 1798. .James S. Van Antwerp.
Mar. 5, 1729. .Catharina Van Arem, dau. of Jan.
Sept. 28, 1731 . .Abrahm. Van .A^ernem, son of Jan.
May 2, 1739.. Sarah Van Aernam.
Oct. 10, 1750.. Jan Van Aernam.
July 24, 1762. .The widow of Jan Van Aarnam.
May 9, 1760. .Teunis Van Arsalen.
Oct. 7, 1731 . .Jan Van Benthuysen, son of Peter.
Oct. 16, 1731. . Fytie Van Benthuysen, dau. of Peter.
Oct. 6, 1 792.. Corns. Van Blarcom.
May 10, 1794. . Rynier Van Blercum.
Oct. 13, I 797.. John Van Blarcum.
Aug. 27, i796..Peter Van Bomcll.
Oct. 8, 1734. .Anna Van Boskerk.
Oct. 16, 1732 . . Margriet Van Bossen.
Nov. or Dec. 3, 1772. .Widow Margreta Van Bussin.
Aug. 6, 1744. . Johannis Van Boston.
Feb. 9, 1730. . Margritta Van Brugh, wife of Johannes.
June 17, 1802.. Widow Van Buntschoten.
Mar. II, 1729. .Christina Van Buure, dau. of Jan.
Sept. 6, 1731 . .Catharina Van Buren, dau. of Jan.
July 27, 1755 . .Johannis Van Beuren.
Apr. 28, 1774. .Widow VanBurcn.
May 7, 1797. .Henry VanBuren.
Mar. 25, 1798. .Peter Van Beuren.
Sept. 22, 1802 . .Michael VanBuren.
Oct. 26, 1 767.. Wife of Cornelus Van Clef.
June 29, 1786.. John Van Cortland.
Sept. II, 1786. .Gilbert Van Cortlandt.
Feb. 25, 1 793.. John Van Cortlandt.
May 19, 1801.. Isaac Van Crief.
July 27, i757..Willem Van Dalsen.
Jan. (possibly Feb.) 14, 1759.. The wife of Willcm \'an Dalse.
Aug. 28, 1767 . ..'\ndrow Van Da.sin.
Oct. I, 1799.. Wife of John Van Dalsen.
May 3, 1 7 28.. Rip Van Dam, Jr.
Dec. 10 and 12, 1729. .Jacobs, and Richard Van Dam, sons of
June II, 1 732 .. Richard Van Dam, son of Richard.
Feb. 13, 1736. . Richard Van Dam.
Mar. 18, 1737.. Sara Van Dam.
Aug. 28, 1746. .Cornelia Van Dam.
June II, i749..Ryp Van Dam.
Between Sept. 18 and 19, 1795- • ^^'■- ^■^^ ^^n Enden.
Dec. 6, 1762 . .Johannis Van der Beek.
Dec. 14, 1771 . . Burger Van der Beeck.
Dec. 27, 1790. .Widow Van der Beek.
Oct. 22, 1794. .Wife of David Van der Beek.
Between Feb. 4 and 13, 1802. .Wife of Coenrad Van der Buck.
Aug. II, 1729. .Huyberi Van dr. Bergh.
Dec. 25, 1733. .Maria Van den Bergh.
Mar. 12, 1748. .The wife of Weinnant Van der Bergh.
Dec. 2 1, 1766. .Wife of Adam Van den Bergh.
Mar. 29, 1774. .Wife of Garret Van den Bergh.
Oct. II, 1774.. Adam Van den Bergh.
Oct. 13, 1793.. Garret Van den Bergh.
Probably Jan. 18, 1760.. Jacob Van der Bilt.
Feb. 4, 1765. .Wife of John Van D Bilt.
.Jacob Van der Graff.
.The wife of Fredrik Van der Grift.
.Frederick Van der Grift.
.The wife of Dirk Van der Haan.
.Jannetie Vander Heul, wife of Johans.
.The wife of Hendrick Van de Heul.
.Wife of John Cornelius Van der Heuvel.
.Johannis Van der Heyder.
.Lowrence Van der Hoef.
.Widow Van der Hoff.
.Wife of Cornelius Van der Hoof.
.Cornelus Van der Hooff.
.Laurence Van der hoof.
.Widow Van der Huff.
.Widow Jane Van der Hoof.
.Cornelius Van der Hoof.
.Cornelius Van der Hoff.
2 and 14, 1799. .Widow Van der Hoef.
.Widow Van der Hoof.
.Maria Van der Poel.
.Wife of Adrianus Van Dersman.
. Adrianus Van Dersman.
.David Van der Spiegel, son of Henderick.
.Marritje Van der Spiegel.
. Mrs. Van der Veer.
.Samuel Van der Voort.
.Peter Van der Voort.
. Widow Van der Voort.
. Brother of Wm. Vander Voort.
.Peter C. Van der Voort.
.Thomas Van de Water, son of H.
.Pieternella Van de Water, dau. of H.
.Johannis Van de Water.
.Cornells Van de Water, son of Willem.
.Jacobus Van de Water, son of Harme.
.Sara Van Der Water, dau. of Cornelis.
.William Van de Water.
.Annaetje Van de Water.
.Nelletje Van de Water.
.Bailje Van de Water.
.Alabartus Van de Water.
.Efje Van de Water.
.Henry Van de Water.
.Widow Sarah Van de Water.
.Garret Van de Water.
.Bernardus Van de Water.
.Abraham Van Durse.
.Altie Van Dursen, dau. of Jacob.
.Abraham Van Deursen, son of Abraham, Jr.
.Anna Van Deurse, wife of .\br.
.Jacob Van Deurse, son of Jacob.
Mar. 21, 1729. .Abraham Van Deurse, son of Jacob.
Apr. I, 1729. .Robert Van Deurse, son of Jacob.
Aug. 27, 1730. .Susanah V. Deurse, dau. of Abra.
Sept. 3, 1731 . . Aeltie Van Deurse, wife of Jacob.
Sept. 14, i73i..Pieter Van Deursen, son of Johans.
Apr. II, 1733. .Abraham Van Deurse, son of Abraham.
Dec. 26, 1737. .Jenneke Van Deursen, wife of J. Van Aernam.
Dec. 6, 1738.. The wife of Jacob Van Deursen.
Feb. 17, 1755.. The wife of Daniel Van Deursen.
Mar. 10, 1756.. Isaac Van Deursen.
Nov. 3, 1 757.. Phillip Van Deursen.
Dec. 10, 1759. .Abraham Van Deursen.
Apr. 4, 1761 . .The wife of Abm. Van Deursen.
June 23, 1 762.. Abm. Van Deursen.
Mar. 14, 1763. .Johannis Van Dersen.
Sejjt. 26, 1 763.. Widow Van Duersen.
Dec. 19, 1766. .rieter Van Deursen.
Oct. 22, 1772. .Widow of Peter Van Dursen.
May 30, i789..Willm. Van Dursen.
Sept. 22, 1799. .Wife of Isaac Van Dusen.
Sept. 9, 1 7 29.. Peter Van Dyk, son of Peter.
Oct. 5, 1731 . .Pieter Van Deyk, son of Pieter.
Nov. 2, 1731 . .Marya Van Dyk, dau. of Marya.
Oct. 20, 1732. .Margrita Van Dyk, dau. of Pieter.
Oct. II, 1733.. Hester Van Dyk.
Jan. 8, 1734.. Cornelia Van Dyck, wife of P.
July 25, 1744. .Uzalena Van Dyck.
Dec. I, 1750.. Pieter Van Dyck.
July 23, 1757. .Immetje Van Dyk, mother of Richd.
Mar. 12, 1 760.. Sarah Van Dike.
June 1, 1770. .Richard Van Dycke.
lune 5, 1772.. Doctor Jacobus Van Dycke.
Apr. 18, 1774.. Ann Van Dycke.
Mar. 10, 1785. .Cornelia Van Dyke.
May 5, 1 785.. Mary Van Dyke.
June 13, 1792.. Wid. of Dr. Van Dyck.
Mar. 14, 1798.. James Van Dick.
May 26, 1803. .Wife of James Van Dyck.
Sept. 9, 1746. .Waerner Van Eyverse.
Aug. II, 1770.. Widow Van Evera.
July 18, 1 7 73.. Widow Van Everea.
Jan. 23, 1803. . Alexdr. Van Everen.
Dec. 10, 1728. .Johannis, son of Johannis Van Gelder.
Feb. 20, 1729. .Aggie, wife of Johannis \'an Gelder. I
May 21, 1729. .Abraham, son of Abraham Van Gelder.
June 30, i730..Abrah. \'an Gelder.
Nov. 29, 1730. Elizabeth, dau. of Johannis V. Gelder.
Oct. 21, 1731 . .Gerrit, son of Gerrit Van Gelder.
Feb. 17, 1734. .Johannis Van Gelder.
Tune 10, 1740.. Gerrit Van Gelder.
June 8, 1744. .Johannes Van Gelder.
, .Effy, dau. of Annatie Van Gelder.
, .The wife of Johannis Van Gelder.
.Harmans. Van Gelder.
.John Van Gelder.
.Harmans. Van Gelder.
• Tuenjie, dau. of Johannes Van Gelder.
.Abraham Van Gelder.
.Tanneke Van Gelder.
.Teuntje Van Gelder.
.Johannis \'an Gelder.
, . Arrie Van Gelder.
. .Wife of Clyn Van Gelder.
.Widow of Jan Van Gelder.
, .Wife of Isaac Van Gelder.
.Coline Van Gelder.
.Wife of J no. Van Gelder.
.Abrm. Van Gelder.
.Widow Van Harson.
. Hendrick Van Herlingen.
.Henry Van Harlingen.
.Wife of John Van Hoesen.
3 and 16, 17 70.. David Van Hosen.
. .Evert, son of Cornelis Van Hook.
.Cathrina, dau. of .\rent Van Hoek.
.Arie, son of Isaak Van Hoek.
.Maragritta, dau. of Cornelus V. Hoek.
. EfRe, wife of Isaac Van Hoeck.
.Marya Van Hoek.
.The wife of Arent Van Hook.
.Aron Van Hook.
.Wife of Isaac Van Hook.
.Wife of Cornelius Van Hook.
. Alida, dau. of Cornelis Van Hoorn.
.Robt., son of C. Van Hoorn.
.Elsebeth, wife of Gert. Van Home.
.Cornelis, son of Cor. Van Home.
.Wife of Jan Van Horen.
.Jan Van Hoorn.
.John Van Hoorn.
.Wife of Willm. Van Home.
.Widow of John Van Home.
.Thomas Van Horn.
. David Van Home.
.Saml. Van Home.
.Widow of David \'an Horn.
.James Van Home.
.Abraham I. Van Home.
..Gen. David Van Home.
Wife of Cornelius Van Horn.
Wilhelmus Van Houte.
Cornelius Van Houten.
Jan. 10, 1803. .Abraham Van Houten.
Aug. 20, 1803. . Peter Van Houten.
Sept. 27, 1789. . Burger Van leveren.
Nov. 17, 1728, .Jannetie, wife of Gysbert Van Inburgh.
Probably Aug. 27, 1740.. Peter Van Inburgh.
Oct. 21, 1761 . . Pieter Van Ingen.
Sept. 23, 1766. .Widow Van Kelen.
Dec. 16, 1743. .Haasevelt Van Keuren.
June 27, 1790. . Margeret Van Keuren.
Mar. 18, i76i..Jan Van Kleek.
Dec. 25, 1762. .Lawrence Van Kleek.
July II, 1 763.. Wife of Baltus Van Kleek.
Apr. 9, 1775 .. Baltus Van Kleek.
May 28, 1798. .Wife of John L.Van Kleek.
Nov. 24, 1800., John Van Kleeck.
Mar. 25, i752..Gerret Van Laer.
Apr. 30, 1764.. Widow Van Lear.
Sept. 8, 1 7 74.. Widow Van Laar.
July 5, 1773. .Gabriel Van Law.
Sept. 30, 1765 . .Gysbert Van Lerkom.
Jan. 22, 1754.. Dr. Arnoldus Van Maaren.
Feb. 29, 1732. .Jannetie Van Mepelen.
Jan. 20, 1751 . .Hendrick Van Ness.
Aug. 30, 1793. .William Van Ness.
Mar. 26, 1795 . .Henry Van Ness.
Mar. 16, 1790. .Jacob Van Nette.
May 5, 1 766.. Albert Van Noordtstrant.
Feb. 5, 1753. .The wife of Johannis Van Norden.
May 29, 1764. .Wessel Van Norder.
Sept. 25, 1758. .Johannis Van Grden.
Aug. 9, 1 766.. Widow Van Orden.
June 19, 1770.. Wife of Andrew Van Orden.
Nov. 26, 1 7 74.. Wife of Wolvert Van Orden.
Feb. ig, 1775 . .Wolvert Van Orden.
Apr. 15, 1784. .Jacobus Van Orden.
Sept. I, 1795.. Widow Van Orden.
Nov. 5, 1800. .Lawrence Van Order.
July 25, 1801.. Widow Van Orden.
July 20, 1802 . .Theodorus Van Orden.
Oct. 27, 1802. .Wife of Peter Van Orden.
Oct. 31, 1729. .Steven Van Pelt, son of Jan.
Aug. 20, 1 73 1. .Johanna Van Pelt, dau. of Jan.
Aug. 21, 1731 . .Tittie Van Pelt, wife of Hendrik.
Dec. 29, 1733. .Hendricus Van Pelt, child of Jan.
Feb. 28, 1739. .Elsje Van Pelt.
Sept. 28, 1758. .Jan VanPelt.
Oct. 15, 1773. .Widow of Arent VanPelt.
Dec. 5, 1774. .Thunis VanPelt.
May 30, 1 787.. Wife of John Van Pelt.
Aug. 5 or 6, 1747. .Gerrit Van Ranst.
July 5, 1788. .Luke Van Ranst.
794. . Peter Van Ranst.
795 . . Peter VanRanst.
795. .Widow Catharine Van Ranst.
789. .Wife of Harme Van Rypen.
792 . . Mrs. VanRipen.
.Neeltie Van Schaik.
.Karte Van Schuslayen.
.The widow Van Slyk.
.Marselus Van Soling, son of Johans.
.Marcus Van Zolingen, son of Johs.
.Widow Van Steenbergh.
.Peter Van Steenbergh.
. Joost Van Syze, Jr.
.Caetje Van Sise, dau. of Simon.
.Johans. Van Sise, son of Symon.
.Cornelis Van Sysse.
.Catharina Van Zys, wife of Cornelis.
.The wife of Johannis Van Sise.
.The wife of William Van Seyst.
.Simon Van Sise.
.Judith Van Syse.
The widow of Simon Van Sise.
Maria Van Taerling, dau. of Nicol.
.Florus Van Terlingen.
.Antje Van Tessel, bu. by Evt. Byvank.
. Mr. Van Tessel.
• Antie Van Veghten, dau. of Luyckas.
.Luycas Van Veghten.
.Widow of Luykes Van Nechte (or Vechte).
731 . . Jannetie Van Velse, wife of Pieter.
741 . . Peter Van Velsen.
, 1 798 . . Doctr. John Van Verk [?]
787.. Dr. Abm. Van Vleck.
Wife of Abraham Van Vleckum.
Luck Van Vlericum.
Abm. Van Vlerkin.
756. .The wife of Jacob Van Voorhees.
762. .Wife of Cornelius Van Voorhees.
767. .Wife of Jacob Van Voorhuys.
773. .Lycus Vorhis.
791.. Widow Van Voorhis.
.Antie Van Vorst, wife of Johannis.
.Elizabeth Van Wagenen, dau. of Gerrit.
.Marytie Van Wagenen, dau. of Gerrit.
.Gerrit Van Wagene.
.The wife of Jacob Van Wagenen.
.Teunis Van Wagenaer.
.The wife of Jacob Van Wagenen.
.Francis Van Wagnen.
.Wife of Jacob Van Wagener.
. Doctor Gcrrit Van Waggannan.
.Jacob V^an Wagenen.
.John Van Winkle.
.Hannah Van Winkle.
.The wife of Teunis Van Woort.
.Abraham \'an Wert.
. Tunis Van Wocrt.
.The wife of Jan Van Wert.
.Gerrit Van Wert.
.Isaack Van Wert.
.Jacob Van Woert.
.Benjamin Van Wert.
.Jacob Van Worme.
.Johanna Van Wyk, wife of Jan.
1743.. David Van Wyck.
..Abraham Van Wyck, Jr.
. Widow Van Wyck.
..\braham Van Wike.
.David Van Wyck.
..Abraham Van Wyck.
.W'idow Helena Van Wyck.
.Widow Van Wyck.
.Janniiie Van Zaane.
. Jan Van Sent.
. Wynant, son of Johannis Van Sant.
. Maria, dau. of Wynant Van Zandt.
.Widow Catharina Van Zandt.
.Wife of Winant Van Zandt.
.Jacobus Van Landt (or Sandt).
.Widow Ann Van Sant.
.Tobias Van Zandt.
. Venier ? Van Zant.
.Thomas Van Zant.
.Mathcw Van Zant.
.Widow Mary Van Zandt.
.Abraham Van Zilen.
.James Van Zile.
.The wife of Johans. Varrick.
.Jacobus Varck, Jr.
.Johannis Van Varck.
.Wife of Jno. V^an Vaarick.
.Andreas Van Vaarick.
.James Van Varck.
.James Van Vaurick.
. Wife of Abraham Varick.
.James Van Varrik.
.Cathrina, child of Michal Vaughton.
.Wife of Josiah Vavasor.
.Wife of Hendrick Veldnian.
. Benjamin Venter, bu. by Jacob Dorreie.
.Wife of Dan. C. Verplank.
. Isaac Verveelen.
.Wife of Jas. Verveelen.
and 5, 1799. .Wife of Jacobus Vervelin
. Arnoudt Vilie.
. Antje, wife of Frans Vincent.
.Engeltie Dirks Visboom.
.Elisabeth, dau. of Cornelis Vlaming.
.Cornelius, son of Cornelius Volleman.
.Maria, dau. of Cornelus Volleman.
.Jacob Vol wilder, son-in-law of Willm. Roome.
. Hendrick Vonck.
.Hendrikus Vonk (or Vorik ?).
.The wife of Cornelius Vonck.
.Eva, dau. of Johans. Vredenburg.
.Christina, dau. of Willm. Fredenburg.
. . Jannetie, dau. of Wm. Vredenbg.
, .Cristina, dau. of Johannes Vredenburgh.
. .Elizebeth, dau. of Wil. Vreedenburgh.
, .Cornelia Vredenburgh.
.johannis Vre den burgh.
Jan. ? 1 7 73.. Wife of John \V. Vredingbu.
Jan. 27, 1 775 . .Widow Jannetje Vreedenburgh.
Mar. 16, i776..Willm. Vredcnburgh, Jr.
Apr. 18, 1776. .Wife of \\'illm. Vredenburgh.
Oct. 24, 1787.. Wife of John I. Vredenburgh.
Jan. 16, 1789. .John 1. Vredenburgh.
Mar. 3, 1794. .Widow Vrcdenbergh.
July 14. 1727. .Marytje, wife of Johs. Vreelant.
May 22, 1729. .Catharina, dau. of Johannis Freelant.
Feb. 24, 1733. .Johannes, son of Johannes Vreelandt.
Aug. 17, 1754. .Johannis Vreelandt.
Sept. 23, 1755. .Enoch Vreelandt.
Oct. 28, 1771 . .Widow of Johs. Vrelant.
Nov. 2, 1775 . .Wife of Simon Frealand.
July 9, 1799. .Jacob Vreland.
Aug. 7, 1802. .Gerrit U. Vroom.
Dec. 9, 1801 . .Wife of Young Wade.
Nov. 2, 1 737... Anna Lotia Walden.
July 22, 1730. .Jacobus Waldron, son of Josejih.
Jan. 7, 1738. .Sara Waldron.
June 20, 1742. .The wife of Daniel Waldron.
Sept. 16, 1 745.. The wife of Daniel Waldron.
Between Mar. 26 and Apr. 8, 1747.. The wife of Samuel
Nov. 13, 1 75 2.. David Waldrom.
Apr. 4, 1772. .Samuel \\'aldrom.
Oct. 20, 1772. .Resolverd Waldrom.
Jan. 4, 1775. .Richd. Waldron.
Oct. 14, 1787. .Widow Waldron.
May 9, 1790. .Peter Waldron.
Jan. 4, i79i..Wm. Waldron.
Oct. 12, 1 792.. Sarah Waldron.
Feb. 24, 1798. .The wife of John Waldron.
A])ril I, i798..Adolph Waldron.
Sept. 19, 1798.. John Waldron.
Between Oct. 6 and 11, 1798. .Alexander P. Waldron.
Between Feb. 21 and 25, 1802.. Mary Waldron.
Aug. 6, 1742.. John Walker.
Sept. II, 1742. .Cathalina Walker.
May 29, 1787.. Peter Walker.
Mar. 8, i789..Jno. Walker, Jr.
Oct. 28, 1792. .Wife of John Walkers.
May 2, 1798. .Widow Walker.
July 30, 1798.. John Walker.
Sept. 29, 1 733.. Jacob Walter, child of Frans.
July 29, 1742. .Hans Frans Walters.
Mar. 25, 1799.. Wife of John Walter.
Sept. 18, 1731 . .Elizabeth Walton, dau. of Jacob.
May II, 1786. .Widow Cornelia Walton.
Mar. 20, 1774. .Willem Wamsely.
Aug. 13, 1802. .Henry Wannamaker.
. Usal Ward.
.Widow Ward el.
. Leod. Warner.
.Wife of Thomas Warner.
.Wife of William Warner.
.Wife of Garret Water.
. Maria Waters.
. John Waters.
. Wife of Robert Watts
.Wife of Levy Wayland.
. Levy Wayland.
. Willem Waynant.
.Jeromes Webber ? or Webler ?.
. .The wife of Wolfert Webbers.
.The wife of Fredrick Webbers.
.Jacob Wibbers. ^
. Elsie Weeting.
.Abraham Wendel, the son of Cornelia.
. Jacobb Wandell.
.Wife of Joshua Werth.
. Altie Wessels, wid. of Low. •
.Wessel Wesselse, son of Frans.
.Coenraat Wessels, son of Wessell.
.Frans Wessels, son of Bout.
.Wessel Wesselse, son of Wessel.
. Frans Wessels.
.Tryntje Wessels, dau. of Maria.
. Maria Wessells.
. Maria Wessels.
. Belitie Wessels.
.Wife of Lawrence Wessells.
Apr. 29, 17S7. .Wife of Francis Wessels.
Feb. 10, 1792 .. Francis Wessels.
Oct. 2, i796..Wessell Wcssells.
Between Aug. 11 and 16, 1799.. Mrs. Mary Wessels.
Mar. 30 or 31, :8oi..Wife of Evert Wessells.
May 2, 1801.. Evert Wessells.
Feb. 4, 1765 . . Wife of Roelcf Westervelt.
Nov. 12, 1770. .Widow Westervalt.
July 12, 1772 . .Wife of Jacob Vastervelt.
Sept. 4, 1784. .Wife of Petrus Westerfelt.
■Aug- 3i 1790.. Wife of Benj. Wester\'elt.
Mar. 5, 1 793.. Peter Westervelt. drowned while returning
from the Oyster Banks.
Aug. 29, 1796.. John Westervelt.
Sept. 9, 1800. .Wife of Garret Vesterveldt.
Oct. 14, 1800. .Wife of William Westervelt.
Apr. 29, 1802. .Peter Westerfelt.
June 7, 1803. .Wife of Jno. Westerfalt.
Sept. 7, 1803. .Stephen Westerfelt.
Oct. 7, 1803. .James Westerfelt.
Oct. 9, I 788. .Charles Westphalius.
Nov. 27, 1797 . .Cornelius Westfall.
Feb. 22, 1785 . .John Wetzell.
Aug. 15, 1753. .The wife of Isaac Wheeler.
Jan. 15, 1738. .Hendrikje White.
July 18, 1738. .William White.
Apr. 6, 1771 . .Wife of Pieter White.
May 24, 1784.. Jas. Whitehead.
May 17, 1801 . .Abram Whiten.
Dec. 6, 1753. .Justus Whitfild.
Apr. 13, 1758. . Hendrick Whitfield.
Dec. 17, 1759. .The widow Whitefield.
Mar. 15, 1776. .Widow Withfield.
Aug. 31, 1734. .Elizabeth Wickenburogh, dau. of Jacob.
Jan. 19, 1746. . Jany Wilfolt.
Mar. 5, 1728. . Magdalena Wilkins, dau. of Jan.
Oct. I, 1732.. Maria Wilkens, wife of Jan.
June 20, 1750. .The wife of Jan Wilkenson.
Nov. I, 1760.. Jan Wilkeson.
July 27, 1764. .Catrina Wilkensen.
Dec. 19, 1 7 27.. Isaac Wiliamse, son of Fredrick.
Sept. 30, 1731 . .Frederik Willemse, son of Frederik.
Oct. 15, 1731 . .Fredk. Willemse, son of Jan.
Jan. 21, 1742 . . Wilhelmus ^Villemse.
Aug. 12, 1762.. Wife of Erasmus Williams.
June 23, 1798.. Wife of P>lem | ?] Williams.
Dec. 26, 1783. .Wife of John Mikles Wills.
May I, 1785. .Judith Wilmoth.
Dec. 30, 1767 .. John Wilson.
Mar. 24, 1768.. Widow Wilson.
Sept. 22, 1731 . . Johans. Windeford, son of Thomas.
Oct. 2, 1 731 . .Margrietje Windeford, dau. of Thomas.
Feb. 10, 1743. .Hercules Windover.
Oct. 7, 1786. .Hercules Windover.
Nov. 10, 1800. .Herculas Wendover.
Jan. [?] 12, 1773. .Rachel Winne.
May 2, 1787 . .Widow Wintworth.
Aug. 6, 1776. .Wife of Fredrick Wising.
Feb. 12, 1795. .Charles T. Wissonfeldt.
Between Sept. 29 and Oct i, 1798.. George Wisenfelts.
Oct. 7, 1775. .Wife of Thomas Witter.
Oct. 20, 1786. .Thomas Witter.
Dec. I, 1798. .Wife of Jedediah Wkltrman.
Aug. 9, 1728. .Elizabeth Wolf, dau. of Mathias.
Jan. 30, i756..Altje Woll.
Oct. 5, 1728. .Tryntie Wood.
Aug. 25, 1798. .Ebenezer Wood.
Mar. 7, 1760. .Widow Woodsides.
Mar. 3, 1753. .The wife of Samuel Woodsize.
Dec. II, 1785. .Wife of John Woodward.
June 9, 1 741 . . W'ife of Comeles Wortendick.
Apr. 6, 1775 . .Cornelus Wortendyke.
Apr. 15, 1775 . .Cornelus Woertendeyck.
Sept. 28, 1 731. .Nicolaas Wouterse, son of Gerrit.
Jan. 20, 1734. .Cornelius Woynot.
Feb. 17, 1787. .Widow of Jno. W^right.
Oct. 6, 1790. .Wife of Andrew Wright.
July 7, 1792.. Wife of John Wright.
May 26, 1797.. Widow Mary Wyckoff.
July 25, 1750. .The wife of Benjamin Wynkoop.
Apr. 6, 1751 . .Benj. Wynkoop.
July 8, 1763. .Benjamin Wynkoop.
[No date) 1773. .Wife of Corns. Wynkoop.
July 30, i787..Minsz [?] Winicoop.
Aug. 6, 1796.. John Wynkoop.
Dec. 25, iSoo. .Widow Winkoop.
Jan. 18, 1752. .The wife of Leonard Wynstock.
May 20, 1738. .Carstyntje Wyster.
Oct. 9, 1731 . .Catrina Yon, dau. of Philip.
Oct. 27, 1765. .Wife of John York.
Feb. 24, 1795 . .Doctor Youle.
Apr. II, 1 758.. The wife of Johan Pieter Young.
Apr. 15, 1765 . .Nancy Young.
Mar. 10, 1798.. Isaac Young.
[No date] 1775. .Maria Zegaer.
July 28, 1 746.. John Peter Zegers.
Sept. 28, 1743. . Johannetje Zenger.
June 18, 1 75 1.. Jan Zinger.
June 28, 1757. .Leondert Zuriger.
Oct. 6, i768..W^ife of Abraham Zwart.
jfourtecnth Hnnual fTDcctino.
^HE Fourteenth Annual Meetint^ was
held at Delmonico's, P^ifth Avenue
and Forty-fourth street, on Thursday
evening, April 6, 1899.
The following named members, two
hundred and thirty-eight in number, had notified
the Secretary that they expected to attend the
From New York City, Boroughs of Manhattan
and the Bronx : Edward B. Adriance, William L.
Amerman, Alonzo Blauvelt, Edward S. Bogert,
John G. Bogert, William R. Bogert, Sylvester D.
Boorom, William R. Bronk, Charles De H. Brower,
Ward Brower, Washington L. Cooper, George De
Bevoise, George W. De Bevoise, James De La
Montanye, Henry C. De Witt, Jacob E. Duryee,
Joseph R. Duryee, Peter Q. Eckerson, Joachim
Elmendorf, John A. Elmcndorf, Everett J. Essel-
styn, Alexander R. Gulick, John C. Gulick, Ferdi-
nand Hasbrouck, Howard Has Brouck, John C.
Hasbrouck, Joseph C. Hoagland, William M. Hoes,
Geo. P. Hotaling, John W. Jacobus, William F. Kip,
Edgar Knickerbacker, Isaac F, Mead, Charles M.
Montanye, George E. Montanye, John J. Morris,
John H. Myers, Jr., Andrew J. Onderdonk, Archi-
bald M. Pentz, Henry F. Qiiackenbos, Abraham
Quackenbush, Abraham C. Quackenbush, De Witt
C. Romaine, D. B. St. John Roosa, Frederick
Roosevelt, Ferdinand S. Schenck, J. Maus Scher-
merhorn, Charles E. Schuyler, David B. Sickels,
Henry L. Slote, Allan L. Smidt, David S. Skaats,
Frank B. Smidt, Charles H. Snedeker, Henry T.
Staats, John B. Stevens, William M. Stilwell, Clar-
ence Storm, Peter J. Stuyvesant, Duncan D. Sut-
phen, Lambert Suydam, Arthur D. Trua.x, Lucas
L. Van Allen, Arthur H. Van Brunt, Cornelius
Van Brunt, John R. Van Buskirk, Frank F. Van-
derhoef, Nathaniel W. Vanderhoef, John R. Van
der Veer, Nathan B. Van Etten, Frank Van Fleet,
Louis B. Van Gaasbeek, George M. Van Hoesen,
John G. Van Home, S. V. A. Van Home, Fred-
erick W. Van Loan, John Van Loan, Zelah Van
Loan, Russell Van Ness, Warner Van Norden,
Richard Van Santvoord, E. S. Van Slyke, Warren
C. Van Slyke, George Van Wagenen, Edgar B. Van
Winkle, James B. Van Woert, John V. Van Woert,
John R. Van Wormer, John H. Van Wyck, Wil-
liam E. Van Wyck, Milton B. Van Zandt, Maus R.
Vedder, Egbert L. Viele, Frederick P. Voorhees,
Samuel H. Wandell, Townsend Wandell, Evert J.
Wendell, Henry V. Williamson, Andrew C. Za-
From Borough of Brooklyn : Theodore M. Banta,
Walter A, Banta, Edward J. Bergen, Tunis G.
Bergen, Tunis H. Bergen, John F. Berry, Delavan
Bloodgood, Alexander G. Brinckerhoff, Henry W.
Brinckerhoff, Morse Burtis, John W. Cooper, John
Cowenhoven, Mattliias \'. D. Cruscr, Isaac E.
Ditmars, Arnatt R. Gulick, Charlton R. Gulick.
Ernestus S. Gulick, Isaac E. Hasbrouck, Adrian A.
Hegeman, Franklyn Hogeboom, Harmanus B.
Hubbard, Peter Kouwenhoven, John Lefferts, Jr.,
Andrew J. Provost, Jr., John C. Schenck, Lincoln
Van Cott, George G. Van Mater, James E. Van
Olinda, Julius F. Van Riper, William L. \'an Sin-
deren, Eugene T. Van Valin, William H. V'an
Vleck, Albert B. Van Vranken, Edwanl W. Van
Vranken, Augustus Van Wyck, Jacob S. Van Wyck,
William Van Wyck, Charles C. V. Voorhees, Judah
B. Voorhees, Christian B. Zabriskie.
From Borough of Queens : William H. H.
Amerman, Arverne-by-the Sea ; Henry A. Bogert,
Flushing; Henry L. Bogert, Flushing; John H.
Sutphen, Jamaica; Joseph H. Bogart, Roslyn ;
Thomas W. Onderdonk, Roshn.
From Borough of Richmond : Calvin D. Van
Name, Mariners' Harbor; Edward L. Bogert,
From Rockland County : Augustus M. Voorhis,
F'rom Westchester County : Elias W. Dusen-
berry, Bronxville ; Eugene Elsworth, Irvington ;
Josiah H. Zabriskie, Mount Vernon ; Charles H.
Roosevelt, Pelham Manor ; David Cole, Yonkers ;
Andrew Deyo, Yonkers; Charles Dusenberry, Jr.,
Yonkers ; Chas. R. Dusenberry, Yonkers ; Ezekiel
J. Elting, Yonkers ; Peter J. lilting, Yonkers ;
William L. Heermance, Yonkers ; Theodore R.
From Orange County : Hiram Lozier, Charles F.
From Dutchess County : George S. Van Vliet,
Edward Elsworth, Irving Eltinor, Frank Hasbrouck,
Manning Hasbrouck, Martin Hcermance, Edward
T. Hulst, Johannes W. Poucher, Henry H. Van
Cleef, John H. Suydam.
From Ulster County : G. D. B. Hasbrouck,
Hyman Roosa, Joseph E. Hasbrouck, Jacob Deyo,
Jacob Le Fevre.
From Greene County : Frank E. Van Gorden.
From Albany County : Samuel C. Bradt, William
B. Elmendorf, Cornelius H. Van Antwerp, John L.
Van Valkenburgh, Miles W. Vosburgh.
From Rensselaer County: Charles E. Dusen-
From Schenectady: James R. Truax.
From other places in New York State : Jerome
De Witt, Binghamton ; Theodore B. Bleecker,
Cold Spring Harbor ; Schuyler Quackenbush, East
Hampton; C. P. Vedder, Ellicottville ; John W.
Vrooman, Herkimer; Robert B. Roosevelt, Say-
ville ; John B. Blydenburgh, Smithtown ; John H.
De Ridder, Saratoga Springs ; Oscar Hasbrouck,
South Dover; John Marsellus, Syracuse.
New Jersey — From Hudson County : Edward
S. Denise, De W. Van Buskirk, Alfred P. Vreden-
burgh, Edward L. Vredenburgh, Everest B. Kier-
sted, Isaac Romaine, Henry M. Traphagen, Francis
I. Van der Beek, Daniel Van Winkle, Arthur
Voorhis, Charles H. Voorhis, Reynier J. Worten-
From Bergen County : Andrew D. Bogert,
Robert B. Brinkerhoff, John Hopper, James M.
From Passaic County : Irving De Forest Kip,
John H. Hopper, Robert I. Hopper, William H.
From Union County : Cornelius V^reeland, Sey-
mour Van Nostrand, Deuse M. Van Vliet.
From Essex County : Frederick H. Amerman,
Austin Van Gieson, Moses J. De Witt, Frederick
B. Mandeville, James S. Polhemus. Carlyle E.
Sutphen, Herbert S. Sutphen, Henry Van Arsdale,
Harrison Van Duyne, Frank R. Van Nest, Edward
A. Van Wagenen, Anson A. Voorhees, John B. \'an
From Monmouth County : David D. Denise,
William B. Duryee, William E. Truex, David
A. Vander Veer, William H. Vredenburgh, Henry
H. Longstreet, Henry W. Van Wagenen.
From Philadelphia : Andrew J. Kiersted, Eugene
The President, Mayor Robert A. Van Wyck,
called the meeting to order with a few words of
welcome and congratulation.
The minutes of the previous annual meeting as
published in the Year Book were approved.
The Treasurer's report was read. It had been
printed in full and sent to all members.
The Secretary, Mr. Theodore M. Banta, read
his report, as follows :
THE SECRETARY'S REPORT.
The Year Book, now in course of printing, will
contain, as usual, an account of matters of in-
terest to the Society, an epitome of which is here
As you will have seen by the notices sent you in
the call for this meeting, our membership has in-
creased during the year by 14.
The membership a year ago was 82S
Elected during the year . . 37
Dropped from payment of dues i
Present Membership .... 842
The report of the Treasurer, which has been
printed in full, and sent to all members, shows :
Receipts, including balance at last report $5346 82
Disbursements 4333 25
Cash on hand 1013 57
Invested in bonds (cost) 7379 10
Total $8392 67
An address to Queen Wilhelmina on the occas-
ion of her enthronement over the Netherlands in
September last was sent by the trustees suitably
engrossed in an elegant cabinet prepared by
Messrs. Tiffany & Company.
An International Historical Congress was held
at the Hague in September last, to which our
Society was invited to send delegates. Justice
Charles H. Truax and Gen. Egbert L. Viele were
duly accredited and both attended its sessions.
A General Dutch Association was formed in the
Netherlands last year to " strengthen the feeling of
sympathy between the various members of our
race, who, however divided politically and geo-
graphically, have an equal interest in upholding
the traditions of a glorious past."
Dr. Abraham Kuyper, one of the foremost men
of Holland, came here, representing the Associa-
tion, and a banquet in his honor was given by Mr.
Warner Van Norden at the Metropolitan Club,
which was attended by the Trustees and others.
An American branch of the Association was
formed with Eastern and Western Sections.
While no organic connection with this Society is
contemplated, several of our members have ac-
cepted positions on the Governing Board.
Our members in Dutchess County have been
accustomed for several years to give a dinner at
Poughkeepsie, on October 3d, celebrating the
raising of the Siege of Leyden. This year " other
counties have been heard from." Albany gave a
banquet in January in honor of our fellow-member,
Governor Theodore Roosevelt, and Essex County,
New Jersey, followed with a dinner in March,
attended by thirty-two members and guests.
A series of six lectures on Dutch literature was
delivered in Columbia University b\- I\Ir. Leonard
C. Van Noppen, under the auspices of the Holland
Society, which were well attended and very inter-
Among the number of those whose names ap-
pear on our obituary roll for the year, the most
distinguished is Hon. Thomas F. Bayard, late
Ambassador to the Court of St. James.
Theodore M. Banta, Secretary.
The election of officers being next in order, the
President appointed as Tellers, Dr. Edward S.
Bogert and Mr. John Wesley Jacobus who re-
ported a practically unanimous ballot for the ticket
presented by the Nominating Committee, and the
following-named officers were declared elected :
TUNIS G. BERGEN.
Theodore M. Banta.
Arthur H. Van Brunt.
Trustees: Term Expiring 1903
Theodore M. Banta, Henry Van Dyke,
George M. Van Hoesen, Warner Van Norden,
John R. Van Wormer.
New York Lucas L. Van Allen.
Kings County Peter Wyckoff.
Queens County Henry A. Bogert.
Westchester County William L. Heermance.
Orange County John D. Van Buren.
Dutchess County Edward Elsworth.
Ulster County Charles Burhans.
Greene County Philip V. Van Orden.
Albany County Albert Vander Veer.
Rensselaer County Seymour Van Santvoord.
Schenectady County Thomas L. Barhydt.
Montgomery County John D. Wendell.
Hudson County, N. J. . . . . Frank I. Vander Beek, Jr.
Bergen County, N.J. .... James M. Van Valen.
Passaic County, N.J. Robert I. Hopper.
Essex County, N.J. Carlyle Edgar Sutphen.
Monmouth County, N.J. ... William E. True.x.
Philadelphia, Pa Theodore Voorhees.
United States Army Stewart Van Vliet.
United States Navy Arthur Burtis.
President Van Wyck appointed Messrs. Warner
Van Norden, and D. B. St. John Roosa a com-
mittee to escort Mr. Bergen, the President-elect, to
Mr. Bergen, in assuming office, spoke as follows :
Genilcmeti of the Holland Society :
Some oltl worn-out words are all that come to
me as I take this chair. In such a presence as
yours I hesitate to make use of effete expressions
of gratitude. If I should use such terms you mi;^rht
think I was speaking like a chairman of a political
convention who intends to be its boss. You have
put me on the top round of the Society's ladder,
but you have enabled me to reach that place only
because in your kindness and generosity you have
turned the ladder upside down.
It is seldom that one has the privilege of survey-
ing a company of men who have descended so
gracefully as those who now confront me. Some
men have descended "not wisely but too well."
They have descended too far and become a mere
name and lineage. But you have descended with
wisdom as well as tact, and have selected your an-
cestors with rare discernment! It is only your
proverbial Dutch modesty which prevents your
boasting of those meritorious qualities which you
have gained merely because of your skill in the
arts of inheritance !
It is pleasant to come to a reunion feast like this
in the presence of your illustrious selves, especially
because of the fact that there is no extra charge for
the supper. It is also pleasant to reflect that our
supper will not create any disturbance in the politi-
cal world. It is neither a ten dollar dinner nor a
one dollar dinner.
Fellow members of the Holland Society, I can
only say in the words of the old tongue of our
sires, the men of New Netherland, the sounds of
which come out of the past and only belong to
history now, but which still stir with emotion every
ruddy drop of that old blood which beats in our
hearts and makes us kith and kin together, bound
by a loyal reverence for the memory of the men
and women with brave and honest minds and pure
and loyal hearts who begot us, — in the old tongue
of two and a half centuries ago, — " Veele danke.
Myn hert is opgevollen."
Dr. D. B. St. John Roosa, on behalf of the Com-
mittee on Statue to William the Silent, presented
the following report :
On December 21st last the Committee mailed to
every member of the Society a circular enclosing a
subscription blank, requesting replies to be sent to
Warner Van Norden, Esq., Treasurer of the Statue
Fund, who reports the result as follows :
G. S. Van Pelt $10.00
F. A. Hornbeck 2.00
G. W. Van Nest 50.00
J. B. Voorhees 2500
President Van Wyck, on February 23, 1899,
wrote to those who had not responded to circular,
requesting an answer. About seventy letters of
promise and regret were received, and the follow-
ing subscriptions were pledged :
R. B. Roosevelt $250.00
J. \. Van Woert 250.00
Warner Van Norden 250.00
Jos. C. Hoagland 250.00
H. R. Beekman 250.00
John W. Vrooman 250.00
David J. Houghtaling 250.00
Geo. G. DeWitt 200.00
Townsend Wendell ioo.od
Peter Wyckoff loo.oo
Eugene Van Schaick loo.oo
E. A. Brinckerhoff loo.oo
John Van Duyn 25 oo
G. VV. Van Nest 2500
John V. Van Woert 25.00
A. J. Kiersted 20.00
H. C. Hasbrouck 10.00
P. V. R. Van Wyck, Jr 10.00
H. A. Bogert 10.00
W. R. Van Pelt 10.00
\Vm. Van Woert 10.00
Wm. W. Schomp 5.00
C. K. Winne 5.00
Geo. R. Van De Water 5.00
Wm. Prall 5.00
Through Treasurer Van Norden $ 87.00
Through Chairman Committee 2,5 15.00
Previously acknowledged, six subscriptions
of $1000 each 6,000.00
Amount of fund at present $8,602.00
Conditional subscription 5,000.00
D. B. St. John Roosa,
George M. Van Hoesen,
Egbert L. Viele,
After presenting the preceding statement, Dr.
Roosa made a few remarks, in which he stated that
the Committee was appointed by the President in
the autumn, and that the names of the subscribers
of one thousand dollars each were as follows :
Robert A. Van Wyck, William Waldorf Astor.
John L. Riker, Egbert L. Viele, John H. Starin,
and Samuel D. Coykendal. Besides this, a sub-
scription of five thousand dollars to complete the
sum needed has been made, but the name of the
subscriber was for the present withheld. He con-
tinued that it was not expected that the whole
sum would be raised in the Holland Society, but
that citizens of Dutch descent, even if not from
the male side, and all New Yorkers who feel an
interest in the civil and religious liberty which
William the Silent maintained in Holland, and
which was brought to this country by the descend-
ants of those who fought under him, would be asked
to aid us. A prominent citizen, one of the Trus-
tees of Columbia University, has promised to assist
the Committee. A letter addressed to the Com-
mittee by a descendant of the private secretary of
William of Orange, living in Delft, and also a
member of the Washington family, has been re-
ceived, in which Dutch subscriptions were proffered.
The seal of the writer contained the stars and
stripes of the American flag. The Committee
believed that the Dutch had waited long for a
monumental recognition of their work in the New
World, and that when it was erected it would be
worthy of the achievements of the Dutch race.
The Trustees thought that the sum of sixty thou-
sand dollars was requisite for a fitting memorial,
and that William the Silent, although not a Dutch-
man by birth, was really the Father of the Dutch
Republic and of the principles of liberty under
which we are happily living without a full recogni-
tion of their source.
The following resolution presented by Mr. John
W. Vrooman was unanimously adopted :
Resolved, That the Holland Society of New York desires to
record its thanks to the retiring President, The Hon. Robert
A. Van Wyck for his devotion to the Society and for his
loyalty to its best interests. He has ever been ready to join in
every good word and in every good effort to preserve the
Society and enlarge its usefulness.
During his entire official connection with the Holland
Society he has shown that fidelity, sincerity, and simplicity
which are characteristic of true Dutch blood.
IMr. Theodore I\I. Banta offered a resolution in
favor of altering the badge of the Society by sub-
stituting the effigy of Williarn the Silent for that of
Philip II., and also the motto on our seal for
the present motto on the badge, " Faithful to
the King, etc." After discussion participated in
by Judge Van Hoesen, Dr. Roosa, and Mr. Hub-
bard, the resolution was laid upon the table.
Mr. L. B. Van Gaasbeek presented the following
resolution, which was adopted :
Resolved, That the President of the Holland Society appoint
a Committee of five members to confer with the Trustees in
regard to more frequent meetings, for literary and social pur-
poses, during the year, said Committee to report at the next
Annual Meeting of the Holland Society.
The President appointed the following-named
ofentlemen as the committee : Louis B. Van Gaas-
beek, William L. Brower, Rev. J. Howard Suydam,
Irvingf Eking, and A. L. Smidt.
TiiLODORE M. Banta, Secretary.
Dr. John GRhx.ouv Truax was born in Dur-
hamville, Oneida County, N. Y., March 5, 1848,
and died in New York, February 16, 1898.
His education was acquired in the district schools
of Oneida and Madison Counties, New York, in the
medical colleges of Ann Arbor, Michigan, and in
the Rush Medical College, Chicago, 111., from the
latter of which he was graduated. He practised
medicine in the Northern Peninsula of Michigan
until 1876, when he removed to New York and
established himself in Harlem. He was instru-
mental in organizing the Harlem Hospital — on the
staff of physicians of which he continued till his
death. For several years he was President of the
New York State Medical Society, and was one of
the Trustees of the Mott Memorial Library.
He was a man of great physical strength, of a
genial disposition, and inspired strong friendships.
He was a brother of our fellow members. Judge
Charles H. Truax and Chauncey S. Truax.
John Demarest was elected a member of the
Society, June 24, 1889, and died in Newark, N. J.,
May 20, 1898. He was born in the City of New
York, August 21, 1830, and attended the "Old
Ninth Ward," No. 3, in Grove Street, where after-
wards he became a teacher. He was subsequently
Vice-principal of Grammar School, No. 42, in Allen
Street, and Principal of No. 75, in Norfolk Street,
continuing in the latter position until about 1S96,
when he resigned after a service of almost forty
years in the schools.
He was a man of quiet tastes and found his
greatest pleasure in his home.
Jacob Wendell, of New York, who was one of
the constituent members of the Society, died May
21, 1898, at his home, 8 East Thirty-eighth Street,
after an illness of two weeks. He was the second
surviving son of the late Jacob Wendell, of Ports-
mouth, N. H., where he was born July 24, 1826,
and the sixth in descent from Evert Jansen Wen-
dell of Albany, and was descended from some of
the earliest emigrants to the colonies of New York,
Massachusetts, and New Hampshire.
In 1843 '''^ went to Boston, where, in 1854, he
became a member of the firm of J. C. Howe & Co.
In 1863 he removed to New York, wht^e he took
a principal part in the business of this firm until its
dissolution, in 1874. For twenty-four years he had
been at the head of the business formerly in their
charge, first under the name of Wendell, Hutchin-
son & Co., and later under that of Jacob Wendell
& Co. He was a director in the Merchants' Bank,
the Continental Insurance Company, and the North
British and Mercantile Insurance Company, and for
many years he had been a vestryman of Calvary
In 1854 he married the youngest daughter of the
late N. A. Barrett, of Boston, who, with their four
sons — Barrett, Professor of English Literature in
Harvard University; Gordon, Evert Jansen, and
Jacob — and six grandchildren, survives him.
The integrity and the simplicity of Mr. Wendell's
character endeared him alike to those who knew
him in business and in private life.
At a meeting of the Board of Directors of the
Merchants' National Bank the following minute
was adopted :
The Board of Directors of the Merchants' Na-
tional Bank record with profound sorrow the death,
on Saturday, the 21st instant, of Jacob Wendell,
for fifteen years a director of this bank and the
trusted officer and valued friend of his fellow-
members at the Board.
Mr. Wendell's well-disciplined mind, cultivated
by education ; his spotless integrity, unblemished
by any compromise with wrong ; his sound judg-
ment, guiding an intelligent industry ; and his
refinement of disposition, ever reflected in the cour-
tesy of his demeanor, long ago earned for him a
high place among the honored and successful mer-
chants of New York. He displayed the same quali-
ties in the performance of his trust as a Director
of this bank ; and among us, as elsewhere, his
prudence, wisdom, and fidelity were joined with a
singular gentleness and modesty; so that while we
placed our sure reliance in his wise counsel, our
hearts were drawn to him by the gracious ties of
friendship. Happy and beloved in his long and
well-spent life, his memory will not be effaced from
the minds of us who have had the good fortune to
be his associates, and we make this record of him
for those who shall come after us.
We tender to his wife and children our respectful
sympathy. Realizing our own loss, we are sensible
of the sorrow of his family.
Resolved, That a copy of the above minute be
sent to the members of the bereaved family.
J. W. Harriman, Cashier.
Mr. Samuel M. Van Santvoord, a well-known
and highly respected citizen of Albany, died on
Monday morning September 19, 1898, at the
residence of his son-in-law, Mr. E. B. Toedt, at
304 Washington Avenue, at the age of seventy-
nine years, after a short illness.
He was born in the city of Schenectady in 1819,
and was a lineal descendant of the Rev. Cornelius
Van Santvoord, who came to this country in 1718,
and a few years later settled in Schenectady as
pastor of the Old Dutch Reformed Church.
Mr. Van Santvoord was but five years of age
when his father, Zeger V^an Santvoord, died, and
much of the support of his widowed mother soon
fell upon him, and soon there appeared those strong
characteristics of true manhood which were the
mark of his entire life.
After a few years of earnest work at the old
Lancaster school in Schenectady, under its princi-
pal, Nicholas Van Vranken, he acquired a fair
knowledge of the practical branches of education.
He early was attracted to a business career, and
the necessities of his family life pressing upon him,
at the age of eleven he entered a dry goods store
as a clerk. Here he devoted himself absolutely to
his business ; becoming a partner in the house at
the age of twenty-one.
In 1853 Mr. Van Santvoord removed to New
York City, where for nine years he engaged in the
wholesale dry goods trade. In 1862, with the
added knowledge and deeper insight into his
business by reason of his metropolitan experience,
he came to Albany where he identified himself with
the business life of the city.
In 1869 he entered the store of William M.
Whitney, and soon afterwards became a general
partner of the concern, to which for twenty years
he devoted his energy and zeal, finding full oppor-
tunity for the exercise of his marked business tact
and industry, and his complete fitness for mercantile
pursuits. In 1889, at the age of seventy he retired
from active business life, to take a well-deserved
On the 29th of October, 1850, Mr. Van Santvoord
married Mary A. Lovett, daughter of Henry
Lovett, Esq., of Schenectady. Mrs. Van Santvoord
died in 1892. Mr. Van Santvoord became a
member of the Holland Society of New York in
He always identified himself closely with the
many interests of the city, and by his noted capacity
for making friends and keeping them, became a
man of note and inlluence. He had served the
community well antl left an example of geniality
and good-will that is rarely seen. He was a self-
made man of the type of which this country is
justly proud, but he was also a fine type of the
Notwithstanding his active life, he always was
deeply interested in religious matters, and was
devoted to his church. He became associated with
the Church of the Holy Innocents immediately
upon his residence in the city, and was soon made
a vestryman, becoming junior warden in 1873,
and senior warden in 1884. His interest in religi-
ous, social, and political matters never flagged, and
for many years he had shown a zeal and strength
which many a younger man might have craved.
His will be a loss which will be felt deeply. Many
will miss the warmth and strength of his friend-
ship ; many will miss the inspiration of his genial
presence. We mark the passing of one who, in
every relation of his life, was faithful, tried, and
Thomas Fr.\nxis Bavard was one of the oldest
members of the Society, having been elected
November 17, 1885. At the annual banquet of
the society, January 17, 1893, he delivered a
scholarly address which is published, with a portrait,
in the Year Book for 1893.
The following sketch is from the Evening' Post.
Thomas F. Bayard died at 4 : 30 o'clock yester-
day afternoon, September 28, 1898, at Karlstein,
the summer home of his daughter, Mrs. Samuel
D. Warren, near Dedham, Mass., after an illness
of six weeks. His death was without pain. The
body will be taken back to his native State, Dela-
ware, and the funeral services will be held on
Saturday in the old Swedes' Church at Wilmington.
Thomas Francis Bayard was the son of James
A. Bayard, and was born in Wilmington, Del., on
October 29, 182S. Originally intended for a
mercantile life, he was, after leaving school, placed
in a mercantile house in this city, but on tiie death
of his elder brother in 1848, he returned to Wil-
mington and studied law. He was admittetl to
the bar in 1851, and was appointed United States
District Attorney for Delaware, but resigned the
following year. He removed to Philadelphia in
1855, '^"'^1 entered into partnership with William
Shippcn, with whom he practised law for two years,
and then returned to Wilmington. There he con-
tinued the practice of law again until, in 1868, he was
elected to succeed his father in the United States
Senate. He had previously achieved prominence
by the delivery of a remarkable speech at Dover,
in 1 86 1, in favor of peace with the South, being at
that time a Lieutenant of a newly organized militia
company. He was reelected to the Senate in
January, 1875, '^^^^ again in 1881, serving con-
tinuously until March 4, 1SS5, when he was
appointed Secretary of State by President
On the day he was reelected to the Senate for a
full term, his father was also reelected a Senator
from Delaware, to serve for the unexpired part of
his original term, that being the only case of a
father and son being voted for by the same
Legislature to fill the senatorial office.
In the Senate, Mr. Bayard served on the finance
and judiciary committees, and the committees on
private land claims, library, and the revision of the
laws. In October, 188 i, he was elected President
of the Senate pro tem. He was a member of the
Electoral Commission of i876-'77, a conspicuous
upholder in Congress of Democratic doctrines and
State rights, was voted for in national convention
as a candidate for the presidency in 1880 and 1884,
and was the fifth member of his family (including
his great grandfather. Gov. Bassett) to occupy a
seat in the United States Senate.
In March, 1893, Mr. Cleveland appointed Mr.
Bayard Ambassador to the Court of St. James, a
position which he held for four years, returning to
the United States in May, 1897. During his stay
in England he won great popularity, not only by
his social charm and his ability as a public speaker,
but by his expressed admiration for the English
national character and his constant endeavor to
promote the friendliest relations between Great
Britain and the United States. Some of his speeches,
notably one at Birmingham, provoked sharp criti-
cism in this country. His good offices, however, met
with warm recognition both from his own country-
men in England, who presented him with a loving-
cup as a token of their affection and esteem, and
from Englishmen generally. Few ambassadors,
indeed, have ever been the objects of more social
attention. One noteworthy feature of his ambas-
sadorship was the return to him, at the instigation
of the Archbishop of Canterbury, for presentation
to the Governor of Massachusetts, of the log of the
Mayflower, which had long lain among the archives
in Lambeth Palace. Mr. Bayard bore a prominent
part in the negotiations relating to the proposed
arbitration treaty between England and the United
States, which was rejected by the United States
Next to his aristocratic descent, the two things
in which Mr. Bayard felt most personal pride were
his fine equestrianship and his wonderful resem-
blance in face to George Washington. Of all
open air sports he was more or less fond, but horse-
manship exceeded the rest of the catalogue in his
affections. He always rode a splendid animal, and
the more skittish it was the better he liked it. He
was very much delighted, and showed his pleasure
with the frankness of a schoolboy, when President
Arthur once complimented him on his appearance
in the saddle.
Mr. Bayard was a statesman " of the old school "
— in his dignity of manner, his high ideals of
public service, his stern devotion to duty. lie had
convictions, and he had also the courage of those
convictions. When the "soft-money" wave swept
over his party twenty years ago, he refused to tloat
with the tide, and on other occasions he did not
hesitate to stand out against the majority of his
associates when he thouglit that they were in the
wrong. The final surrender of his party to Bryan-
ism was a terrible irrief to him.
Fk.vnci.s Skii.lman, who joined the Society
January 30, 1S90, died at Roslyn, Long Island,
September 5, i S98. He was descended on his
paternal side from Thomas Skilhnan, who came to
this country from England with Governor Nicoll
in 1664, and on his maternal side from Adrian
Van der Uonk, who came to this country from
Holland in 1656. He was the eldest and last sur-
viving of four children of Thomas Skillman and
Catharine Onderdonk, and was born at the Walla-
bout, September i, 1817, and in his twelfth year took
up his residence with his grandfather, Joseph On-
derdonk, at Flower Hill, near Manhasset, Long
Island. In 1841 he was elected Captain of the
Hempstead Troop of Horse, having previously
served as cornet and lieutenant. In June, 1842,
he married Sarah Ann Schenck, and his grand-
father settled him on a farm at Roslyn, where he
ever after resided. In April, 1851, he was elected
Justice of the Peace in the Town of North Hemp-
stead, in which office he served for twenty-four
consecutive years. In 1861-63, he was Justice
of the Sessions in Queens County. On May 16,
1865, his first wife having previously deceased he
married Josephine Dorothy Onderdonk, a daugh-
ter of the late Judge Horatio G. Onderdonk of
Manhasset. In the years 1867 and 1868 he repre-
sented the First District of Queens County in the
State Assembly. During his entire life he took
an interest in State politics, and was high in the
councils of the Democratic party. He was always
interested in matters of public concern, and beinj^
a man of strong character, his views were held
in high esteem by those who knew him best. In
1892 he published a genealogical work entitled the
Skiilmans of New York, having devoted much
time to the accumulation of data bearing on the
subject. He passed away at a ripe age in the full
possession of all his faculties at his handsome resi-
dence in Roslyn, survived by his widow and his
dautrhter Elizabeth Onderdonk Skillman. His
remains were interred in the churchyard of the
Dutch Church at Manhasset.
Daniel P. VanDorn died at his home on West
Main Street, Freehold, N. J,, at ten o'clock, on
Wednesday evening, November 23, 1898, from a
stroke of paralysis.
Daniel VanDorn was one of those true men
and gentlemen who command the respect of every-
body. In appearance he was a fine type — tall,
broad shouldered, strong, and noble looking. His
courtly manner well fitted his handsome appear-
ance, and with it went character and intelligence
which elicited for him the highest admiration and
esteem. This courtly demeanor was ever with
him, at home or abroad. No circumstances ever
seemed to startle him into any other bearing. In
his family it was present with every act, and kind
politeness was one of his notable characteristics.
He was thoroughly upright, liberal in his opinions,
and generous with his means. He was highly hon-
ored in Monmouth county where he spent his whole
life, and was known e.xtensively as a public-spirited
man and a good citizen.
He was born near Marlboro, on the VanDorn
homestead, October 7, 1820, and went to school
at Matawan and later at Lenox, Mass. After fin-
ishing his studies he returned to the homestead
and engaged in farming. Upon the death of his
father he received a portion of the farm and later
he purchased the rest, and was still in its possession
when he died, although he had not been in active
management for many years, and had, in the mean-
time, taken up his residence in Freehold. As an
agriculturist he was very successful.
He was a member of the Monmouth County
Agricultural Society, and took an interest in all
matters which were for the benefit of the public.
He was active in securing the branch of railroad
between I'Veehold and Alatawan, now merged into
the New Jersey Central system. He was elected
as a Democrat (to which party he always adhered)
to the State Legislature in 1854; he served as a
member of the Board of Freeholders, and held
township offices. In all he was firm in his in-
tegrity and in his purpose to serve the public.
Mr. VanDorn's religious proclivities were with
the Dutch Reformed Church. Rev. I. P. Brokaw
conducted the funeral at his late residence, on
Saturday afternoon, and the burial was in Maple-
The deceased leaves a widow, who was Miss
Anna J. Roche, of North Hadley, Mass., and one
son, Wm. VanDorn, who occupies a position in
the First National Bank of Freehold.
Zaccheus Ber(;en was born at Roycefield, near
Somerville, N. J., September i, 1829. After a
short business experience in Somerville he removed
to New York about 1850, and in 1856 became a
partner in the cooperage firm of R. A. Robertson
& Co., which he continued in his own name after
the death of his partner in 1886. For nearly fifty
years he was a highly respected citizen of
He united with the Society March 29, 1888, and
died October 11, 1898.
Dr. Evert Peek Van Efps, a well-known physi-
cian of Schenectady, N. Y., died of pneumonia at
noon January 7, 1899, at his residence, 508 State
Street. He was about fifty years of age, and had
practised medicine in Schenectady ever since his
graduation from the Albany Medical College in
1 88 1. Dr. Van Epps was a son of the late
Andrew C. Van Epps of Schenectady. He is sur-
vived by Mrs. Van Epps, who is a daughter of the
late Taylor Johnson, and one son. Several years
ago Dr. Van Epps was county physician.
As a man and physician he was highly respected.
He united with the Holland Society, March 28,
Rev. John N.vtii,\mel Jansen, died Friday,
January 13, 1899, at his residence, 344 Sumner
He was elected Vice-President for Essex County,
New Jersey, in 1895 and 1896. He was greatly
interested in the Society and was usually present
at every meeting. He had secured a ticket for our
last annual dinner, but was taken ill and died sud-
denly two days after the date of the dinner.
The members of the Society in Essex County
appointed a Committee to prepare a minute in
reference to the death of Mr. Jansen, which reads
as follows :
John Nathaniel Jansen, elected October 25,
1886, died at his home in Newark, N. J., January
He was born March i, 1827, at Marbletown,
N. Y. He graduated from Kingston Academy,
and entered Rutgers College, in the Sophomore
Class, in 1845, ^"^ graduated in 1848. In the fall
of the same year he entered the Theological Semi-
nary at New Brunswick, N. J., graduating in
185 I. He was licensed to preach by the Classis
of New Brunswick, and in 1852 was ordained to
the ministry and installed pastor of the Reformed
Church of Guilford, N. Y. In 1863 he accepted a
unamimous call from the church at Pompton,
N. J., where he remained until 1883. These were
his only pastorates.
After his retirement he had great satisfaction in
servinix as a supjily for the pulpit wherever the
opportunity was given. He had especial enjoy-
ment in Sunday School work in the Foster Home
for half-orphan children in Newark, N. J. Mr.
Jansen was a man of faith, of prayer, of studious
habits, of rare conscientiousness, a liberal giver, a
genuine friend, a sympathetic pastor, and an
instructive preacher. For nearly forty-eight years
he was a minister of the Reformed Church, which
he loved. For this long period he served his own
generation by the counsel of God, and fell asleep.
Samuicl Muu.n'T SciiENCK died at his residence
near Hightstown on Sunday morning, January 15,
I S99. Mr. Schenck w-as a lawyer of prominence
who had spent his professional career at Hights-
town but came of an old Monmouth family, and
his life anterior to entering upon the practice of
his profession was passed in and near Freehold.
The date of his birth was April 3, 1838. His
father was the late Henry Schenck of F"reehold,
and his mother, before her marriage, was Mary
Ann Mount, both of widely known and highly
respectable families. On the paternal side Mr.
Schenck traced his lineage to the time of Charle-
magne, his earliest known ancestor being the
Knight Edgar, surnamed the Schenck (de
Schencker, the cup-bearer).
Samuel Mount Schenck was educated at the
Freehold Institute under O. R. Wells, and read
law with the late A. R. Throckmorton and with
James Otterson of Philadelphia, and attended
lectures in the law department of the University
of Pennsylvania. Admitted to practice as an
attorney in November, 1862, and as counsellor
three years later, he settled at once at Hightstown,
where he has been prominently identified with and
largely influential in all matters relating to the
welfare of the town and community. He was one
of the organizers anil for a long time a director of
the First National Bank and mainly instrumental
in bringing about the consolidation of the old bank
with the new institution. Associated with several
other Jerseymen of prominence in the ownership
and management of the Pennsylvania, Slatington
and New England Railroad, of which he was at
one time Vice President and Treasurer.
As a lawyer, Mr. Schenck ranked as an able and
conscientious advocate and adviser and has trans-
acted a large business. The members of the
Mercer County Bar, of whom he was the oldest in
point of practice, have taken appropriate action in
view of his demise, and his funeral at Hightstown
on Wednesday was largely attended by a representa-
tive class of citizens who held the deceased in high
Mr. Schenck resided on his farm just outside the
borough limits of Hightstown on the road to Eton
(formerly Milford) where he had gathered around
him a vast store of articles of virtu and relics of
Revolutionary interest and accumulated a choice
He leaves two sons, Edgar Grandin and Harry
Lloyd Schenck, the latter now at Princeton Uni-
versity, and a daughter, Helen Louise, the wife of
Rev. Albert Reid, of the Kingston Presbyterian
Church, a son of G. Spafford Reid, of English-
town, in this county.
William Manning Van Heusen, who was
elected a member March 14, 1895, was born in
Albany N. Y., May 5, 1865. He entered Harvard
Colletre with the class of '88 — attended Columbia
Law School and received the degree of LL. B.,
from Union Law School. He practised law in
New York, until his failing health compelled his
removal to California, where he died, at Pasadena,
February 3, 1899.
Abram Douwe Ditmars, for many years a well-
known lawyer of New York, with an office at 61
William Street for upward of thirty years, died
February iq, 1899, at his residence, 612 Carlton
Avenue, Brooklyn. Mr. Ditmars was born in New-
town, February 14, 1822. He began the study of
law under John L. Riker and was admitted to the
bar in Brooklyn in 1844. He married Lavinia
Riker, daughter of John L. Riker, in 1856. In
July, 1870, he was elected the first mayor of Long
Island City, a position he held successfully for
three years, and in April, 1876, was again elected
to that office. He became a member of the
Society April 6, 1886.
John Butler Adriance, one of New Haven's
oldest and most respected citizens, died at his home,
April 5, 1899.
He joined the Holland Society, October 22,
1890, and was deeply interested in it.
He was born in New York City in 1824. He
went to New Haven when a young man, and learned
the carriage-body maker's trade. Subsequently he
engaged in the business of manufacturing carriages
and carried it on until his death.
Among the fraternal orders Mr. Adriance was
known in Masonry, being a member of Wooster
Lodge. Early in his life he was prominent in Odd
Fellowship, and in 1847 ^^ ^^''^^ Noble Grand of
He was a member of Trinity Church and a
regular attendant, and was a vestryman for a
number of years.
He was of a most genial and afTable disposition.
He was twice married. His first wife was a
daughter of Arnold Hine of Orange. She died
about 10 years ago. About si.\ years ago he married
Mrs. Hart, who survives him.
The deceased was a member of the Quinnipiack
Club, and was always known as "Uncle John."
He has been a member of the Court of Common
Council, and also served on the Road Commis-
sion. He was also a candidate for Mayor at one
time, and ran for Representative to the General
Assembly. Mr. Adriance was also well known
in business and social circles, and was one of
the oldest business men in New Haven. He was
one of the original stockholders in the Derby
Turnpike Company, and held its stock until the
termination of its existence a few years ago.
He had always been in good health until a year
ago, when he was stricken with a paralytic shock.
He rallied from this, however, and though not in
the best of health had managed to attend to
business. Several days ago he was taken to his
bed with congestion of the brain, which resulted in
ADDITIONS TO THE LIBRARY.
From The War Department, Washington, D. C. :
Official Army Registers for 1898 and 1899.
From the Consistory :
The French Protestant Huguenot Church in the City of
Charleston, S. C.
From Benedicts College, Columbia, S. C.
Seventeenth Annual Catalogue for 1898.
From Colorado College Scientific Society :
Colorado College Studies. Vol. VII., November, 1S98.
From University of the State of New York :
State Library Bulletin, History No. i. .\pril, 1898.
Supplementary List of Marriage Licenses.
Public Papers of Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of New
York, 1817. Vol. I.
Military Papers of Daniel D. Tompkins, Governor of New
Second Annual Report of the Commissioners of Fisheries,
Game, and Forests of the State of New York.
New York State Library, Eightieth .Vnnual Report,
From University of Tennessee :
University of Tennessee Record. Review of 1 897-1898.
The Scientific University Magazine.
University of Tennessee Record for 1897, 189S, and 1899.
From Boston City Library :
.\nnual Report of the Trustees for 1897.
From the Dutch Government, the Hague, Holland :
Le Musee National a Amsterdam.
Catalogus der Afdeeling Nederlandsche Kolonien van de
Internationale Koloniale en Uitvoerhandel Tentoonstel-
ling te Amsterdam, 1883.
Statistiek betreffende de Bevolking van Nederlandsch-
Indie over 1895.
Koloniaal Verslagvan 1897. Ned. Oost Indie.
Regeerings Almanak voor Nederlandsch Indie, 1898. i
Nederlandsch Indie onder het Regentschap van Koningin
Catalogus van de Boeken en Kaarten uitmakende de
Bibliotheek van het Departement van Kolonien, 1898.
From Government of South African Republic :
Rapport van het Hoofd van het Mijnwezen over het jaar
1897 (also an English translation of the same).
From Nederlandsch Zuid Afrikaansche Vereeniging, Amster-
dam, Holland :
Verslag over 1897-1898.
From Royal Library, the Hague, Holland :
Verslag over den toestand der Koninklijke Bibliotheek in
het jaar 1897.
Handschriften en Boeken uit de Boekerij van Oranje
Nassau, ter Koninklijke Bibliotheek, 1450-1702.
From Kamer Van Koophandel en Fabrieken, Rotterdam,
Jaarverslag over 1897.
From the City Library, Haarlem, Holland :
Verslag Van Den Toestand der Stadsbibliotheek te Haar-
lem over 1S97.
From Maatschappij tot Nut van't Algemeen, Amsterdam, Hol-
Over Cooperatie. Door Dr. M. VV. F. Treub.
Jaarboekje der Maatschappij voor 1898-1S99.
Volksfeesten en Volksoefeningen. Door S. Van Aken.
Achtste Jaarverslag der Gemengde Commissie voor On-
derwijsbelangen over 1897.
Leerplicht. Door Dr. H. Ph. De Kanter.
Het Vraagstuk Van de Verzorging der Verwaarloosde
From" Maatschappij der Nederlandsche Letterkunde," Leiden,
Levensberichten der afgestorven Medeleden, 1897-1898.
Handelingen en Mededeelingen, 1897-1898.
From Geschied-Taal-Land- en Volkenkundig Genootschap
gevestigd te Willemstadt, Curasao :
Eerste Jaarlijksch Verslag.
From Morris P. Ferris, New York :
MSS. of Church Baptismal Records.
From Judah B. Voorhees, Brooklyn, X. Y :
The Bergen Family.
Brooklyn Monthly, March 1869, July 1877.
From Edward C. Marshall, New York :
Petit Atlas dc Geographic Moderne. Par E Cortambert.
From the Publisher, Paris, France :
Questions Diplomatiques et Coloniales, Nov. 15, 1898.
From the Author :
Philip Gerardy of New Amsterdam. By Charles Knowles
Bolton, Boston, Mass.
From Dr. W. T. Booth, New York City :
The history of Rutgers Riverside Church. By Rev. R. B.
Booth, D.D., LL.D.
From Daniel Hoogland Carpenter, Maplewood, N. J. :
History and Genealogy of the Hoagland Family in
From Gen. Chas. W. Darling, A. M., Utica, N. Y. :
Egypt. Its Monuments, and work of the Egypt Explor-
ation Fund. Second edition 1898.
From Dr. W. A. N. Dorland, Phila, Pa. :
The Dorland P'amily in America. By John Dorland
From W. F. Hertzog, Constantia, S. Africa :
Precis of the Archives of the Cape of Good Hope, Rie-
beeck's Journal. By H. C. V. Leibrandt.
From the Author :
Jacob Alricks and his Nephew Peter Alricks. By Edward
A. Price, Media, Penna.
From the Publisher :
Putnam's Historical Magazine, 1898.
From Rev. J. Howard Suydam, D.D. :
Hendrick Rycken, 1663.
From the Author :
A description of Hospital Buildings on the Pavilion Plan.
By Albert Van der Veer, M.D.
From the Author :
Heraldry Illustrated, by W. H. Abbott.
From Henry J. Aten, Hiawatha, Kansas :
Second Annual Reunion of the Albertson-Aten families at
Delaware, N. J., August 27, 1898.
From the Publishers .■
Officieele Feestgids. Inhuldiging van H. M. de Koningin,
1898. Van Holkema en Warendorf, Amsterdam.
From J. L. Beyers, Utrecht, Holland :
Collection Royaards-Vanden Ham.
From Mrs. Emerson Foote, New York :
Tafereelen der voornaamste Geschiedenissen van het oude
en nieuwe Testament, en andere Boeken bij de Heilige
Schrift gevoegt, door de vermaarde Kunstenaars Hoet,
Houbraken en Picart geteekent. 's Gravenhaage, bij
Pieter De Hondt, 1728.
CLUBS AND SOCIETIES.
Ardsley Club, for 1898.
Century Association of New York. List of Members, etc., for
Crescent Athletic Club, Brooklyn, N. Y., 1898.
Union Club, N. Y., for 1898.
The Troy Club, 1898.
Turf and Field Club, of N. Y., 1898.
Union League Club, New York, 1898.
Union League Club, Chicago, 111., 1899.
University Club, N. Y. Annual for 1898-9.
From Fairmount Park Art Association, Philadelphia, Pa. :
Annual Report of the Board of Trustees and the List of
Members for 1898 and 1899.
From Nebraska State Historical Society :
Proceedings and Collections, Second Series, Vol. II.
From the State Historical Society of Madison, Wisconsin :
Volume XIV. of Collections.
Annotated Catalogue of Newspaper Files.
From the American Historical Association :
Annual Report of the American Historical Association,
for the year 1896, 2 Vols.
From American-Irish Historical Society, Washington, D. C. :
The " Scotch-Irish " Shibboleth analyzed and rejected.
Irish Schoolmasters in the .\merican Colonies, 1640-1775.
From Buffalo Historical Society :
Annual Report of the Board of Managers for the years
1896 and 1897.
From Reform Club of New York :
Street-cleaning in Europe, by George E. Waring, Jr.
From the City History Club :
City History Club of New York.
Annual Report for 1897-98.
From Huguenot Society of London, Eng. :
Proceedings, Vol. V., No. 4.
By-Laws and List of Fellows, 1898.
Proceedings. Vol. VI., No. i.
Registers of the Church of La Patente, Spitalfield. Vol. XL
Publications of the Society. Volume XV.:
History of the Walloon and Huguenot Church at Canter-
bury, by Francis W. Cross.
From Masonic Lodge, Cedar Rapids, Iowa ;
Quarterly Bulletin of the Iowa Masonic Library, Cedar
Rapids. Vol. I., No. 2.
From Netherlands Society of Philadelphia :
Seventh Annual Banquet, 1898.
From the N. Y. Genealogical and Biographical Society :
Report of Officers etc., for the year 1S97.
From Daughters of the Cincinnati, of N. Y. :
Year Book for 1898.
From Society of Colonial Wars in the District of Columbia :
Colonial Boundaries of Virginia and Maryland.
From Colonial Dames of the State of N. Y. :
Year Book for 1898.
From Society of Colonial Wars of New York :
Year Books 1893 to 1898 inclusive. 5 Vols.
THE DUTCH EAST INDIES, OR
By D. VERSTEEG.
" It appears to be the belief of most foreigners
that the British Empire as we Icnow it to-day is
the product of the machiavelHan astuteness and
unscrupulousness of British statesmen accompanied
by an almost unparalleled tenacity of purpose.
Nothing can be further from the real facts, and it
would be much more true to say that we have
simply blundered into most of the desirable places
of the earth. While our governments have held
back, oppressed with ' the craven fear of being
great,' and have discouraged colonial extension in
every way, individual explorers, traders, mission-
aries, pressing forward under every difficulty, have
forced their hands and made them, unwillingly,
the rulers of the greatest empire the world has
ever seen . . . From the nations of the continent
of Europe he (the Englishman) has nothing to
learn except what to avoid. Their system,
their objects, and their ideals are entirely dif-
ferent from his ; and, as he thinks, inferior.
Their success from any point of view has not been
apparent, and it is not likely that England will be
tempted to imitate them." — Joseph Chamberlain,
in Scribjier' s for December, 1898.
The total area of the Dutch colonies in America
and Asia amounts to 782,803 square miles, with a
population of somewhat over 34,000,000. Of these
colonial possessions the islands of the East Indian
Archipelago are the most important as they are
also the longest under Dutch sway. Those islands,
with their present population of nearly 34,000,000
scattered over an area covering 736,400 square
miles, were, at the beginning of this centurj',
deemed so valueless and so profitless that England
did not want to be burdened with them. The
English considered tlicm, as the Afrikander his-
torian Hofmeyr, expresses it so pithily, " als een
been, dat te min vleesch aan zich had en het pluizen
niet betaalde," (as a bone containing too little
meat to make it worth while to pick it). It there-
fore relieved Holland of the trouble of governing
Ceylon, the Dutch settlements in South Africa and
some West Indian Islands, which were very valua-
ble. At present, owing to a wise and beneficent
rule, the Empire of Insulinde has so considerably
increased in value that the disinterested English-
man, seeing the early error of his ways would,
" in a noble cause," gladly and all at once relieve the
Dutch of the trouble and anxiety of ruling the islands
if he could only decently do so, and without creating
too much of a stir. He therefore does it by degrees
and stealthily. He has already made a beginning
with Borneo where, notwithstanding treaties and
boundary conventions and settlements, he has, with-
in half a century, appropriated a considerable por-
tion of the territory, commencing with the island of
Labuan on Borneo's northwest coast. He certainly
has the ships and the guns, and as long as he faces
only a weaker state "might makes right" with him.
After the King of Spain had prohibited the
Dutch from trading with the Portuguese for the
products of the East Indies and other Oriental
countries the Dutch merchants resolved to cut
out a way for themselves, and equipped several
expeditions for the purpose of discovering a north-
eastern passage along the northern coasts of Scan-
dinavia, Russia, and Siberia to the Indies. All of
those voyages, though fruitless, covered the Dutch
with immortal fame. They were among the very
first to navigate the polar seas, and the names of
Barentsz, Van Linschoten, Heemskerck, De Veer,
and Rijp are household words wherever the story
of their daring exploits is known. After much
treasure and many lives had been sacrificed in the
vain attempts at reaching the Indies by way of a
northern passage, the Dutch at last resolved to
take the Cape route in the face of Spanish and
Portuguese opposition. In 1595 Jan JanszMolenaer
and Cornelis Houtman, after a perilous voyage,
reached the longf-soug-ht-for land of riches. After
their return, in 1597, several more daring navi-
gators followed in their wake, and from that
time on the closest relations have existed between
Insulinde and Netherland. On March 20, 1602,
the Dutch East India Company was incorporated,
and in the same year a fleet, equipped by the
newly founded Company, set sail for the islands.
Several advantageous treaties were entered into with
native chiefs and princes. Several forts were built
and military posts established for the protection
of the vast commercial interests of the Company.
On March 12, 1619, the famous Governor-General
Jan Pietersz Coen founded Batavia, which in
1896 had a population of 115,567. The seat of
government was now removed from Ambon to the
new city, which during the earlier years of its exist-
ence had many a narrow escape from falling into
the hands of native as well as European enemies.
Gradually the whole of the Archipelago was, either
directly or indirectly, brought under the sway of
the Company, one of whose first measures was
the suppression, as far as possible, of piracy. Sev-
eral of the governors-general appointed by the
Company were real statesmen, and not only did
much to promote the country's prosperity, but also
rendered great service to the cause of science and
geography. Pieter Carpentier, Coen's successor,
sent out several exploring expeditions, which discov-
ered New Holland, (present name Australia), the
Gulf of Carpentaria, Nuytsland, Arnhemsland, etc.
Under Governor-General Hendrick Brouwer, Bor-
neo's east coast was for the first time explored
by Dutchmen, while during Antonie Van Die-
men's administration the peninsula of Malacca was
conquered from the Portuguese, and various em-
bassies were despatched to the continent of Asia,
resulting in favorable treaties with many Oriental
potentates. One of the principal exploring ex-
peditions undertaken during his rule was by Abel
Tasman who in 1642 and 1643 discovered Tas-
mania or Van Diemen's Land, and New Zea-
land. Van Diemen himself, in 1645, built two
churches at Batavia, and after his death in the
same year was succeeded by Cornelis Van der
Lyn. (An ancestor of the celebrated American
painters ?) This governor was especially successful
in strengthening the authority of the Company on
Java and in the Moluccas. In 1674 the first Malay
dictionary was published by Dr. Gueynier, while
in 1679 a " bergraad" for the mines was appointed
on the west coast of Sumatra, and in 1681 the
gold mines of Salida on Sumatra were worked
for the first time. Under Governor-General Joan
Van Hoorn, in 1705, the Company not only con-
cluded a most favorable treaty with Mataram, but
the whole of western Java was ceded to the Dutch,
who now were virtually masters of the whole island
with the exception of some states in the interior.
Van Hoorn was succeeded by Abraham Van Rie-
beeck the great son of the yet greater founder
of Cape Colony. Under his administration several
useful public works were undertaken, among others
a large road to the south coast of the island, while
in 171 5 he introduced, near Batavia, the cultiva-
tion of coffee, which in after years proved to be
one of the greatest blessings to the people of
Insulinde. In 1733 Governor D. Van Cloon
instituted a Council of Mines, consisting of seven
members, while in 1751 an edict was issued by
Governor Jacob Mossel against the luxurious hab-
its and ostentation of Batavia's burghers who, in
1778, founded the Batavian Society of Arts and
Sciences, which still flourishes.
Various causes, such as the war against Eng-
land in 1 78 1, the loss of ships and of nearly all
its possessions on the continent of Asia, curtail-
ment of its monopoly, a too expensive administra-
tion, lackof systematic management, favoritism, and
other causes had bankrupted the once opulent and
powerful East India Company. In i 798 the Govern-
ment of the Batavian Republic (as Netherland was
then called) took over the company's territories,
while the company itself was, in 1800, dissolved.
In November, 1802, a committee was appointed.
consisting of such eminent statesmen, lawyers, mer-
chants, and men of affairs as J. Meerman, Wm.
Six, J. F. Pontoi, C. A. Verhuell, D. Van Hogen-
dorp, S. C. Nederburgh, and Robert Voute to
advise the Government concerning the colonies.
The committee, on August 31, 1803, submitted its
report, but the deplorable condition of the country
prevented it from being carried out. A foreign
invader held sway, and the English, for the sake of
preventing the colonies from falling into the hands
of the French, took charge of them, under promise
of restoring them when the Dutch should again be
free. For several years the Dutch tricolor disap-
peared from the seas, and was only displayed
on the land from the small commercial post or
factory on the little Island of Decima opposite the
city of Nagasaki in Japan. After Napoleon's
defeats in 181 2 and 1S13 the Dutch, in the latter
year, expelled his troops from the country, and
again took their place among the nations. By
the treaty of London, on August 13, 18 14, the
English, partly for political reasons, partly because
they were comparatively valueless, restored ^to
Holland the greater portion of its colonies, though
it was not until 18 19 that the last transfer was
made. Afterward many an upright Englishman,
perceiving the country's phenomenal development,
has roundly abused the government of that time
for its lack of foresight and astuteness in not
retaining much more than it did !
After the final surrender of Insulinde, the
government immediately resolved to push its de-
velopment witli all their might. Gradually the
abuses, which had crept in during the times of the
East India Company, were abolished, and a pa-
ternal rule was established which, however, did not
answer very well, and also had to be abandoned.
Yet, especially on Java, which, at the time, hardly
numbered 5,000,000 of inhabitants, agriculture and
horticulture were considerably extended and es-
pecial attention was paid to indigo, cotton, tea,
tobacco, and other staples for the European mar-
kets, while the cultivation of the cochineal plant
was introduced in 1827. In 1828 the Dutch rule
was extended over the western half of New Guinea,
and at present the Dutch flag still floats over about
one third of the island. It may not be out of place,
in connection with the Dutch occupation of part of
this island, to point to the fact that millions of
square miles of Australia have never been explored,
and that, if actual settlement only confers terri-
torial rights, the English have no claim to at least
nine tenths of that continent. In 1830 the famous
statesman and philanthropist, Count Johannes Van
den Bosch, became governor-general and by him
the system of cultures was introduced. The basis
of this system was the cultivation of staple articles
for the European markets, to be sold at fixed prices
by the people to the Government, which, if it should
lose on one or more products, was almost certain
to recoup its losses by the higher market-price of
the others, and thus while the producers derived no
benefit from the rise in the markets, neither did
they sustain losses from their decline. This sys-
tem remained in vogue for nearly forty years, but
after many modifications and changes was virtually
abolished in 1865.
Lack of space renders it impossible to even touch
upon the later history of Insulinde. But every un-
prejudiced traveller who has visited the Dutch
colonies in the Indian Archipelago has borne wit-
ness to the almost phenomenal success of the
Dutch rule in those islands, in regard to the wel-
fare and the progress of the native population,
especially where they are more directly and con-
tinually under Dutch influence. In many sections,
also, the people demonstrate their satisfaction with
the Dutch rule by carrying a large Dutch tlag be-
fore them on festive occasions, when going in a
body to their work, or at other popular gatherings,
and no general function is deemed quite enjoyable
without the presence of the flag.
The head of the Government of the Dutch East
Indies is the governor-general, at present the Chev-
alier Carel Herman Aart Van der Wyck who, after
successively filling several minor positions, was in
1893 appointed to this, the highest of^ce attainable
by a subject not of royal blood. The office of gov-
ernor-generjj of Insulinde is deemed so important
that the Queen and her Minister of the Colonies can
only make the appointment with the unanimous
consent of the entire council of ministers, while
only men of the highest character and integrity,
diplomatic and administrative genius, are honored
with this post. The present incumbent, not only
possesses all of the above qualities, but also " had
acquired his laurels in the India civil service, and
passed through nearly every rank, finishing with
that of vice-president of the Council of the Dutch
East Indies." Therefore a man thoroughly ac-
quainted with the needs and conditions of Queen
Wilhelmina's Indian wards. The office of gov-
ernor-general is the more important because, though
circumscribed by rules and regulations, much must
necessarily be left to his own judgment and tact.
not only in his dealings with the widely divergent
interests he is called upon to watch, but also in his
relations with neighboring colonies. This is es-
pecially the case in regard to the English who,
when it is not expedient to rob the Dutch of their
own, must show their bullying disposition by all
the time interfering and meddling, for an ulterior
purpose, in the affairs of the country. A some-
what hasty or undiplomatic viceroy might, like a
second Tromp, plunge his country in a disastrous
war which would admirably suit the virtuous Eng-
lishmen, because then they could "by right of con-
quest " with a clean conscience before the world,
take as much of the country as they could master !
For the purpose of checking and guiding the
chief magistrate of Insulinde, the Council of the
Dutch East Indies has been instituted, consist-
ing of five members and a secretary, all men of
known ability and integrity, and large experience
of Indian affairs. Though the governor-general is,
in a few cases, required to act only with the full
consent of said council, in most other matters of
government he is merely obliged to consult them
and ascertain their views without being held to
follow them. Said members, also, may be sent on
diplomatic or other important missions, not only
throughout Insulinde, but even to Siam, China or
Japan. Negotiations or relations with other gov-
ernments are conducted through the minister of the
colonies at the Hague.
The next most important civil branch of the
Government is the general-secretariat, some idea
of whose importance may be formed by even a
partial enumeration of the many affairs it has to
supervise and direct if necessary. All the various
departments of the service report to this general-
secretariat, and though it does not itself do any
governing, it has the actual control and supervision
over all executive departments. It is, so to speak,
the eye through which the governor-general super-
vises and knows everything in the service. Among
innumerable other matters, its eye goes over the
European civil officers, the judiciary, the police,
instruction, Christian, Mohammedan, and other re-
ligions, the civil - medical and veterinary service,
consular and general matters, agrarian affairs, cul-
tures, forestry, statute-labor, mining, public works
of every kind, contracts and requisitions of supplies
from the mother country, international and native
afTairs, political matters, internal administration,
sea passports, military and naval affairs, militia,
military equipments, budget, bookkeeping, tax-
ation, government monopoly of salt, post and
telegraph, commerce and navigation, archives,
index, agenda, the great register for real estate,
etc. The entire government of Insulinde is
centralized in this general-secretariat. For the pur-
pose of conducting this, the most important of the
governmental machinery, the general-secretariat
is organized into eight sections, each of which,
under its own chiefs and with its own clerks, under
the general supervision of the general secretary
and his assistants, attends to a portion of the work.
Next in importance is the general chamber of
accounts, consisting of a president, a secretary and
six members, assisted by seventy-three officials of
higher and lower degree, whose sole duty consists
in auditing the accounts and books of all the re-
ceiving and disbursing officers and governmental
bodies of the entire Archipelago.
Then comes the Department of Justice which,
under the general direction of a director and a
secretary, is divided into five sections, and has
authority in such matters as rules and ordinances
for the police, change of name, limited liability
companies, naturalizations, incorporations, civil,
commercial, and criminal law, copyrights, trade
marks, industrial property, flotsam of the sea, ex-
tradition of criminals, legal decisions, the general
administration of prisons and of the quarters for con-
vict-laborers, the location of prisons, legal demands
against the government, statistics of the adminis-
tration of justice and of prisoners, budget for the
judiciary, adjustment and payment of claims, and
also the administration of and general supervision
over the " Wees en Boedelkamers " (orphan and
estate courts) so well and favorably known also
in the history of New Netherland.
The supreme court of Netherland, consisting
of a president, a vice-president, and thirteen coun-
cillors is, of course, also the highest court of
appeal for the Dutch East Indies. Directly below
this highest judicial court in the mother country
comes the High Court of the Dutch East Indies
which is located at Batavia, and consists of a presi-
dent, three vice-presidents, and eleven councillors
or associate justices. Directly below this are the
Councils of Justice, three of which reside on Java,
in the principal cities, Batavia, Samarang and
Soerabaya, and vary from eight members at Bata-
via to five at Soerabaya. Directly below these are
the " landraden " or country councils, ninety of
which are established on the islands of Java and
Madura alone. The special feature of these "land-
raden " is that they are made up of prominent
natives whose ranks are indicated by various titles
and a distinct uniform, while the president of the
court is always a European jurist. Besides these
there are in the so-called " X'orstenlanden," or
princely domains of Java, the residential councils,
presided over by the principal European official,
and whose members are all European jurists.
There is also a criminal court, at which the resident
presides, but whose members are natives of high
degree. Besides the above courts on Java and
Madura, there are about a hundred lower courts in
the various islands of the Archipelago, some pre-
sided over by the assistant resident, others by the
comptroller, others by a judicial officer, and whose
members sometimes consist of natives only, and
sometimes of Europeans and natives. The above,
even the highest, are civil courts, but for the army
and the navy there are special courts, the highest
of which, the high military court of the Dutch East
Indies, consists of the high court of the Dutch
East Indies and three head ofificers of the army.
Besides this highest court there are three military
courts on Java, and seven for the islands outside
of Java, while the "council of discipline for the
Netherland-India merchant marine," consisting of
a president and three members, also sits at Batavia.
Fifty-eight lawyers are registered who may do
business before those different courts, while not
less than 274 " deurwaarders " or process-servers,
in addition to those specially attached to the
"country councils" and other courts, often attend
to minor legal matters. On Java and Madura
there are not less than 261,080 Chinese, while in
the entire Archipelago their number amounts to
nearly 500,000 so that for their benefit eight court
ofificials attend to Chinese affairs only. Where
there are so many languages spoken as in the
Archipelago the need for interpreters is specially
great, and not less than thirty-five philologists,
some only for two, some for as many as four lan-
guages, have been sworn as official translators and
are steadily employed in the courts and other depart-
ments of the government. The "Wees en Boe-
delkamers " for the administration of the estates of
orphans and intestates, etc., are established wher-
ever the Dutch flag is supreme in the islands, and
where the population is too small for a "chamber"
there are agents appointed to attend to the matter.
The chamber at Batavia is about the most cosmo-
politan in the country. There are European, native,
and Chinese members, while the chambers at
Samarang, Soerabaya, Padang, and Makassar are
hardly less cosmopolitan in their composition.
Even the flotsam of the sea is looked after by
specially appointed officials, in most instances the
harbor-master, the collector of the port, the " post
holder " or other officers who take care of every-
thing of value washing ashore in their respective
The Department of the Interior, as its name im-
plies, attends to the civil government of the coun-
try. As such it has charge of the government
of Europeans, natives, and foreign orientals, all
of whom, however, are as much as possible ruled in
conformity with their own customs and, wherever
practicable, by officials of their own race, subject
however to the supervision of government officials,
who, especially in regard to native chiefs and
princes, guard against abuse of power, and oppres-
sion of the native population. This department.
also, has direct control of the police, European as well
as native, the civil guard, and other military organi-
zations not directly belonging to the army, the ter-
rier, the civil veterinary service, agriculture and its
branches, the pearl and other fisheries, immigration,
water transportation, and numerous other matters.
Long experience and a thorough knowledge of
the character of the aborigines have taught the
Dutch that the people can best be governed by
rulers of their own race. Consequently, especially
in the government of dessahs, or communes, the
principle of self-government under native heads has
been retained, while often large sections, especially
on Java and Sumatra, have been intrusted to the
rule of native princes named regents, sultans, etc.,
who are controlled by the government and super-
vised by European officials. Other sections or
islands are presided over by European officials,
styled governors, and these governorships are sub-
divided into divisions, presided over by residents,
assistant residents, controllers, and assistant con-
trollers, while small islands or isolated posts or
settlements are in the charge of post-holders and
other officials of a lower grade, many of them
natives. In a brief review like this no more can
be said about this most important matter of inter-
nal crovernment, which, in its entire conception,
shows the most masterly statesmanship and capac-
ity for government. In order to show how far
the Dutch have adhered to the principle of permit-
ting the native population, under the almost im-
perceptible, but yet most effective supervision of
the general government, to be ruled by their na-
tive princes and chiefs, the following enumeration
will serve as an illustration :
On Java four native princes rule over nearly one
quarter of the island. One of these native princes,
the Sultan of Djokjakarta, is burdened with the
following names : Hamangkoe Boewono Senopati
ing Ngalogo Ngabdoer Rahman Sajidin Panoto-
Gomo Kalifatoellah the Vllth.
On Sumatra not less than a hundred native
chiefs of all ranks govern sections of the island.
Dutch Borneo is ruled over by at least twenty-five
native princes, each of whom is the nominal ruler
of a large territory.
Celebes has not less than fifty-seven native
princes while one hundred and ten other native
rulers are employed in governing the populations
of the smaller islands.
All of these derive their authority from the
CTovernor-general at Batavia, and in case of abuse
of power, tyranny, or extortion from their nominal
subjects, are promptly called to account, and, if
necessary, punished with deposition and banish-
ment to some distant part of the Archipelago. As
was said before, the Department of the Interior not
only has charge of the civil government but also
of the civic guards, to which belong all Europeans
and native Christians between the ages of eisfht-
een and forty five. This civic guard is not only
made use of for police duty, where necessary, but
also to garrison fortresses and posts when the
regular troops are out on an expedition. There
are also native civic guards, called Barisans, under
their own native officers, to whom a European of-
ficer, usually a captain of infantry, is attached as
Especially on Java, where the population within
three quarters of a century increased from five
to twenty-six millions, the question of the food
supply is a very serious one, and the government,
for several decades back, has seen the necessity of
preserving and caring for the forests as regulators
of the rainfall. On this account a thoroughly
trained and most efficiently organized forestry ser-
vice has been instituted, whose sole duty consists in
the scientific supervision over, and the wise preser-
vation of, the forests wherever such is necessary.
This service, under a head inspector and three
inspectors, employs nearly a hundred specially
trained foresters, overseers, surveyors, and other
forestry officials, while for the survey of the lands,
the drawing of maps, and the registration of land
titles, about one hundred and fifty additional sur-
veyors are needed. Artificial irrigation, also,
constantly occupies the attention of the govern-
ment, and millions have been e.xpended in aque-
ducts and watercourses, the Solo-valley system
alone costing nearly eight million dollars.
Passing by the civil veterinary and the govern-
ment warehouse service we now come to the depart-
ment of instruction, public worship, and industry,
a somewhat incongruous combination, but which,
owing to the highly specialized organization of
all branches of the department, works smoothly
enough. The Dutch East Indies possess every
branch of instruction, except the highest as given
in universities and institutions of a similar nature.
There are institutions for boys and girls sepa-
rately and also those where there is co-education.
Further, there are distinct schools for European
and for native youths, as well as institutions where
scholars of European and native parents sit side
by side on the same benches and receive the same
instruction. The higliest institution for learning
is the Gymnasium Willem III. at Batavia, with
thirty-two instructors. Next come the higher
burgher schools, the burgher schools, the technical
schools, the trade schools, and the primary schools.
For the purpose of training teachers a number
of teachers' colleges are scattered over the prin-
cipal islands. More than si.x hundred European
teachers are employed in the government schools,
while there are also large numbers of private and
mission schools, many of which receive govern-
ment subsidies. Several thousands of native
teachers, also, give instruction in the lower
branches, many of them in Dutch, which they
studied in the training schools for native teachers.
Even preparatory schools are not lacking, and the
larger centres of population boast Frobel schools,
or kindergartens, as well as Sunday-schools and
simple " bewaarscholen," or asylums for children
too young to attend the primary school.
The Dutch government pays part of the salary
of every lawfully ordained and called minister
of nearly everj' recognized religious organization.
This custom enables us to know that there are
sixty-eight Protestant ministers and fifty-seven
Roman Catholic priests in the Dutch East Indies.
There is also an Armenian congregation and a
British Protestant church at Batavia, but for-
tunately the number of Britishers there is not yet
large enough to turn Batavia into a second Jo-
hannesburg or North Borneo. About a hundred
and fifty Protestant missionaries, divided over thir-
teen missionary societies, labor in all parts of the
Indian Archipelago, and the result of their labors
is especially visible in the Minehasa on the island
of Celebes, where nearly the entire population has
been civilized and Christianized, and enjoys a high
degree of prosperity. The number of native Chris-
tians at present does not fall far short of half a
million, about fifty thousand of whom are Roman
Catholics, which church employs twenty male and
two hundred and thirty-nine female religious
teachers and missionaries.
In a country ruled over by a nation which has
always maintained such a prominent position in
the realm of arts and sciences, it is not at all
strange that there should exist a number of insti-
tutions for higher culture. The Batavian Society
for Arts and Sciences is chief among them, and
numbers among its honorary members such exalted
personages as the King of Siam, and Grand Duke
Alexis Alexandrovitch of Russia. Next come the
Royal Institute for the Philology and Ethnology of
the Dutch Indies, the Indian Society, the Royal
Institute of Engineers, the Royal Society of Natu-
ral Philosophy in the Dutch East Indies, the Society
for the Promotion of Medical Science, the Archeo-
logical Society at Djokjakarta, the Indian Society
for Scientific Research at Batavia, and many others
of a like nature. But the State Botanical Gardens
at Buitenzorg are famous all over the world. This
scientific institution, founded in 18 19, under Profes-
sor Reinwardt, has, through its eight sections, not
only made possible the systematic study of the flora
of the Indian Archipelago, but has also been of in-
calculable practical benefit to the development of
the country's resources by the scientific study of
the staples of Indian agriculture, horticulture,
forestry, and other branches of husbandry, such as
the properties and cultivation of medical plants, etc.
Nor does one need to look in vain for philan-
thropic institutions. Numerous such institutions
are a credit to the country and to the people who
founded them. There are committees for the sup-
port of indigent Christians, especially needed in a
countr}^ where the adoption of Christianity by
natives often makes them social pariahs among
their own people, and deprives them of the oppor-
tunity of earning a living. Then there are Red
Cross societies, numerous "funds" to assist de-
serving people who are temporarily embarrassed,
poorhouses and homes for aged people, orphan-
ages, Protestant and Catholic schools and insti-
tutions for instructing and educating orphans,
instruction in " physical culture " for the people,
branches of the Dutch "Charitable Society," so-
cieties for " Christian charity," societies for the
support of widows and orphans of missionaries in
the Dutch Indies, societies for assisting sailors and
soldiers, military " at homes," purses for indigent
students, " school clothing and nourishment funds,"
charities conducted by the Free Masons, societies
for the nursing of the sick, societies for the pre-
vention of cruelty to animals, burial funds, asylums
for immigrants, public libraries, and numerous
other institutions, showing that the charitable
spirit has been rather quickened than deadened
under the influence of a tropical climate.
Five chambers of commerce and industry look
after the interests of their constituents, while about
sixty foreign consuls study the commercial possi-
bilities for the nations they represent. All kinds
of minerals, in paying quantities, are stored in the
soil of Insulinde, and the government does all in
its power to develop mining. For this purpose it
employs scores of mining experts, while minin^j
operations by private parties, as well as by the gov-
ernment itself, are conducted all over the islands.
The department of civil-public works, which has
charge of the technical details in regard to build-
ings, bridges, roads, river and harbor improve-
ments, aqueducts, irrigation, railroads, steam
power, etc., employs over six hundred civil and
mechanical engineers, architects, surveyors, and
other technical experts. The mail as well as the
telegraph service, and most of the railroad and
local narrow-gauge lines, are state institutions, on
account whereof this department has the manage-
ment of several thousands of employees. The tele-
phone system is still principally in the hands of
private undertakings, though some of the lines are
managed by the state.
The last, but by no means the least, of the civil
departments is that of finances. The principal
sources of revenue of the (jovernment are the so-
called personal tax, — which is in reality a tax upon
dwellings, carriages and carriage horses, furniture,
and servants, — licenses, import duties and the ex-
port duty on sugar, excises, the land tax, the " cul-
tures," vendue offices, and other less important
sources of revenue. Among the highest paid of-
ficials in the civil service are those connected with
the revenue. The head inspector receives an an-
nual salary of fourteen thousand four hundred
guilders or nearly six thousand dollars ; the two
next in rank get four thousand eight hundred dol-
lars ; the two following receive three thousand
eight hundred and forty dollars, and the two lowest
inspectors are paid three thousand three hundred
and sixty dollars per annum. These poorly paid
head officials have the supervision over, and are in a
manner responsible for, several hundred officials
under them. Yet one never hears of cases of
"illicit gains at the expense of the people gov-
erned." While the salaries are certainly not high,
they seem sufficient, while the incumbents are not
only certain of keeping their positions during good
behavior, and of promotion in rank when serving
faithfully, but at their superannuation or disable-
ment in the service, are sure of a pension, for
which, however, they must pay themselves through
contributions to the general pension fund, for
which purpose a certain percentage of their salary
is deducted every month, and which contributions
they lose, together with their pension, in case of
dishonorable dismissal from the service. And the
plausible Joseph Chamberlain dares to hint that it
is necessary to pay his immaculate countrymen the
excessive salaries they receive in the English
colonial service for the purpose of preventing
them from taking " illicit gains " ! Salaries, for in-
stance, which devour fifty per cent, of the revenues
of the unfortunate island of Jamaica, right at our
very door, and used to eat up nearly the same
amount of the annual revenues of Cape Colony,
when that country still was an English crown
The government of the Dutch East Indies has
adopted the principle that all arable land not law-
fully possessed by individuals, and further, forests,
mountain slopes, river banks, etc., belong to the
state. In theory nine tenths of the soil of Java
and Madura now belongs to the state, without, how-
ever, giving it the absolute disposal of all, because
the use and occupancy of much state-owned soil is
minutely circumscribed by ancient writs, usages,
and other limitations. Only very rarely does the
government sell any of its land, but gives it out on
long leases. When letting pieces of land, or as the
price for permitting the use of certain tracts of
land, the government, nearly seventy years ago,
obliged the lessees or users to cultivate certain pro-
ducts, especially coffee, indigo, tobacco, sugar, and
others, for which the producers were to receive
fixed prices from the government. This system,
known as the " culture system," has received the
highest praise from some and the deepest execra-
tion from others. More than thirty years ago the
system was virtually abolished for all " culture pro-
ducts," except the coffee, the government culture
of which, however, is entirely shorn of its monopo-
listic features, so that at present several times
more private than government coffee is marketed.
In 1854 the state also introduced the cultivation of
the Peruvian bark, which has proved one of the
greatest blessings ever conferred by a government
on its people. The cultivation of the great staples
for the world markets is at present mostly conducted
by Europeans. And wherever Europeans have
taken in hand the cultivation of products of the
soil, want among the natives has disappeared, they
become prosperous, and the country is able to sup-
port a much denser population than in any purely
agricultural district in Europe. And the same can
be said in regard to mining and industrial centres.
The cultivation of sugar alone, for instance, has of
late years distributed annually over twelve million
dollars among the people of the sugar districts.
Millions upon millions of Dutch capital are em-
barked, not only in East Indian agriculture, but
also in mining and industrial undertakings. Dutch
enterprise keeps open the communication between
the colonies and the mother country through a
number of fleet and commodious ocean steamers.
" The Royal Packet Line " of Amsterdam, for in-
stance, employs thirty-four, the steam navigation
company " Ocean " eleven steamers for the regular
Indian service, while the navigation company
" Nederland " and the " Rotterdam Lloyd " provide
Insulinde with a weekly mail service. The steam-
boat communication between the various islands of
the Archipelago is almost entirely due to Dutch cap-
ital and energy. Near the close of 1S97, not less
than two hundred and forty sea-going vessels were
employed in facilitating the intercourse between
the various harbors and islands. The majority
of these are sailing vessels, their capacity ranging
from fifteen register tons for the schooner Ar-
kassa to fifteen hundred and seventy for the steamer
Gouvernetir Generaal 's Jacob. And let it here
be stated that, since the repeal of the differential
duties in 1873, Dutch commerce enjoys no priv-
ileges not also given to that of every other nation,
while since the same year the Indian contribution to
the Dutch finances has also ceased. If those writing
on Dutch colonial affairs, and Dutch matters in gen-
eral, would only consult contemporary sources of
information instead of fossilized and antediluvian
ones, much misconception would be prevented.
The Dutch move too.
For the purpose of facilitating the country's devel-
opment various banks operate in Insulinde.
The principal banking institutions are the Java
Bank, with its numerous agencies, a branch of the
Netherland Commercial Association, the Dutch
India Commercial Bank at Amsterdam, with
branches in Insiilinde, the Colonial Bank, the Dutch
East India Discount Association, the Association for
administering Dutch Bonds, the Netherlands India
Bond Bank, the Commercial Association at Batavia,
agencies of the Chartered Bank of India, Australia,
and China, of the Mercantile Bank of India, Lim-
ited, of the Hong Kong and Shanghai Banking
Corporation, of the International Credit and Com-
mercial Association " Rotterdam," and other bank-
ing institutions of less magnitude.
In regard to the finances of Insulinde it may
also be stated that, where the English Indies have
periodically suffered on account of serious mone-
tary disturbances, the Dutch Indies, thanks to
statesmanlike legislation in regard to the circula-
tion of paper money, and other wise measures,
have been remarkably free from any such calamity.
For the purpose of properly garrisoning so
many and distant islands, and for the sake of en-
forcing respect for law and order among so many
semi-civilized and often savage tribes of the Indian
Archipelago, a comparatively large standing army
is needed. Till 1890 this army numbered less than
thirty-four thousand soldiers, but since the garri-
sons in Atjeh and on Lombok had to be consider-
ably increased, the permanent strength of the army
has been raised to forty thousand men, in which the
natives outnumber the whites almost three to one.
At the close of 1890 this army was composed as
follows: Dutch, 10,000; other Europeans, 5000;
Ambonese, 1075 '• Menadonese, 1079 '< Alfoers, 136;
Javanese, 14,415 ; Sundanese, 909 ; Madurese, 552 ;
Boegineseand Macassars, 385 ; Niassers, loi ; Tim-
orese and Rotinese, 77 ; Malays, 98 ; Blacks, 57.
In former years considerable additions to the East
India army were recruited from among the blacks of
the West Coast of Africa, then a Dutch possession,
but which in 1871 was ceded to the English, un-
der condition that they were to respect the rights
of the Dutch in the Indian Archipelago.
Insulinde, " Island Empire," composed of such a
considerable number of larger and smaller islands,
the population of many of which have a great incli-
nation for piracy, robbing wrecked vessels and
crews, slave-hunting, and other unlawful practices,
needs a very strong naval force in its waters. Be-
sides many government vessels for coast and river
surveys, the revenue service, police patrols, and
other civic purposes, there is a naval force con-
stantly kept in Insulinde, consisting of twenty-six
ships of all sizes, and manned by three thou-
sand ofificers and men, about eight hundred of whom
are natives. In the expeditions against Atjeh and
Lombok and in other engagements, the navy was
most active, and either independently or in con-
junction with the army rendered effective service in
securing the success of the expeditions. At other
times, again, ships had to be despatched for the
purpose of punishing islands or kampongs for rob-
bing stranded vessels, murdering boat crews, com-
mitting depredations against neighboring islands,
and even committing actual piracy. At other times
war vessels had to be sent out for protecting the
fishing rights of Dutch subjects, as well as for the
purpose of protesting, and asserting the authority
of the Dutch government, against the encroach-
ments of the British North Borneo Company. This
company, like the Chartered Company of South
Africa, certain of the support of unscrupulous co-
lonial secretaries, has for years been constantly en-
croaching upon acknowledged Dutch territory, and
the Dutch, not being as strong as Russia or the
United States, have continually been obliged to
When rehearsing the interminable list of Eng-
lish outrages against the Dutch in every part of the
globe, from the robbery of New Netherland down to
the latest act of violence, under governmental aus-
pices, by an English commercial association in the
Indian Archipelago, the significant " No descend-
ant of a Dutchman has any cause to favor the
English," uttered by a prominent American of
Dutch origin, needs no further explanation.
Meagre and fragmentary, as well as superficial,
as the information contained in the foregoing
pages must necessarily be, yet it must be obvious
to every reader that the government of the Dutch
East Indies is neither an experiment in government,
nor a ruthless despotism carried on for the benefit
of a special class or race of people. It is a most
statesmanlike adaptation to conditions and environ-
ment. It is a thoroughly practical system, flexible
enough for improvement, resting upon a scientific
basis, born and developed from the intimate know-
ledge and experience gained during a presence in
the country of more than three centuries, and
rooted as much as practicable in the character, the
habits, the laws, the religions, the languages, the
traditions, and the occupations, and even the tribal
subdivisions, of the peoples whom it purposes to
LIST OF MEMBERS, APRIL 6, 1899.
.David Depeyster Acker. .Santa Monica, Cal.
. .Franklin Acker New York.
. Edward Boyce Adriance "
.Eugene Adriance Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
.Francis Henry Adriance. . . . Hartford, Conn.
.Harris Ely Adriance New York,
. Henry Benson Adriance "
. Isaac Reynolds Adriance, Poughk'psie, N.Y.
.John Erskin Adriance. . Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
.Peter Adriance " "
. William Allen Adriance, " "
.Benjamin Lander Amerman New York.
.Frederick Herbert Amerman, Montclair, N. J.
. James Lansing Amerman. . . Bloomfield, N. J.
.William Henry Houghton Amerman,
.\rverne-by-the-Sea, N. Y.
, . William Libbey Amerman New York.
, .Richard Amerman Anthony "
.Cornelius Vreeland Banta Roselle, N. J.
. George Banta Menasha, Wis.
.Theodore Melvin Banta. . . .Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Walter Augustus Banta " "
.Theodore Wells Barhydt. . Burlington, Iowa.
.Thomas Low Barhydt .. .Schenectady, N. Y.
. Frederick Cruser Bayles Glasgow, Ky.
. Robert Bayles Englewood, N. J.
. . Gerard Beekman New York.
. Henry M. T. Beekman "
. . Henry Rutger Beekman "
, .J. William Beekman
. .Albert Van Voast Bensen .Vlhany, N. Y.
. . Edward Jacob Bergen Brooklyn, X. Y.
. . Francis Henry Bergen New York.
. . Herman Suydam Bergen "
. .James J. Bergen Somerville, N. J.
, .John W. H. Bergen Brooklyn, N. Y.
. . Tunis G. Bergen "'
. . Tunis Henry Bergen "
. . Van Brunt Bergen "
..John F. Berry
..Richard J. Berry
. . Alonzo Blauvelt New York.
, .William Hutton Blauvelt. . . .Syracuse, .\. Y.
. .Anthony James Bleecker New York.
. . James Bleecker "
. .Theophylact Bache Bleecker "
, . Delavan Bloodgood Brooklyn, N. Y.
, . Francis Bloodgood Milwaukee, Wis.
. .Hildreth Kennedy Bloodgood,
New Marlboro, Mass.
. .Joseph Francis Bloodgood. ..Flushing, N. Y.
. . John Brower Blydenburgh New York.
. . John Bogart Cooperstown, N. Y.
. John Bion Bogart Brooklyn, N. Y.
..Joseph Hegeman Bogart,
Roslyn, Queens Co., N. Y.
, .Peter Bogart Bogota, N. J.
. .-Vlbert Gilliam Bogert New York.
..\ndrew Demarest Bogert, Englewood, N. J.
. . Charles Edmund Bogert New York.
.Edward Langdon Bogert,
New Brighton, N. Y.
. . Edward Strong Bogert New York.
. .Henry Augustine Bogert. . . .Flushing, N. Y.
. . Henry Lawrence Bogert New York.
. . John G. Bogert
. . Philip Embury Bogert Brooklyn, N. Y.
. . Stephen Gilliam Bogert New York.
. .William Russell Bogert "
. . Frank Manley Bonta Syracuse, N. Y.
..John Van Vorst Booraem. ..Brooklyn, N. Y.
, . I.ouis Vacher Booraem New York.
Oct. 24, I S85. .Sylvester Daley Boorom. .Washington, D. C.
Oct. 29, 1891.. Samuel C. Bradt Albany, N. Y.
Dec. 9, 1897.. Simon Vedder Bradt Schenectady, N. Y.
Mar. 30, 1887. .James Renwick Brevoort Yonkers, N. Y.
Oct. 16, 1894.. John Butler Brevoort Johnsonburgh, Pa.
Dec. 7, 1 8S8. .Alexander Gordon Brinckerhoff. . .Brooklyn,
Oct. 27, i887..ElbertAdrain Brinckerhoff, Englewood, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Henry Waller Brinkerhoff. . .Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1888. .John Henry Brinkerhoff Jamaica, N. Y.
June 10, 1897. .George Alyea Brinkerhoff, Hackensack, N. J.
Mar. 30, 1893. .Henry H. Brinkerhoff, Jr. .Jersey City, N. J.
Mar. 31, 1892. .Robert Bentley Brinkerhoff. .Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 12, 1896. .William Brinkerhoff Jersey City, N. J.
Dec. 9, 1897 . . William Rea Bronk New York
Oct. 25, 1886. .Theophilus Anthony Brouwer. . . .New York.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Abraham Thew Hunter Brower, Chicago, 111.
Dec. 22, 1887. .Abram Giles Brower Utica, N. Y.
June 15, 1886 . . Bloomfield Brower New York.
Oct. 25, 1886.. Charles De Hart Brower
Mar. 26, 1891 . .David Brower Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 10, 1898. .John Brower New York.
Mar. 10, 1898. .Ward Brower
Dec. 23, 1885 . .William Leverich Brower "
Mar. 10, 1898. .William Wallace Brower "
June II, 1896. .James Hudson Brown, Jr "
June 13, 1895.. Paul Richard Brown Ithaca, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Augustus Hasbrouck Bruyn, Kingston, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1 886.. Charles Burhans " "
Oct. 24, 1889. .Samuel Burhans, Jr New York.
Mar. 30, 1893 . . Arthur Burtis "
Mar. 30, 1893. .Morse Burtis Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dec. 29, 1 892 . . Peter Phillips Burtis Buffalo, N. Y.
Dec. 7, 1 888 . . Peter Cantine Saugerties, N. Y.
Apr. 30, 1885. .Alphonso Trumpbour Clearwater. .Kingston,
Oct. 27, 1887. .Jacob Winne Clute Schenectady, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886.. David Cole Yonkers, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1888. .Alonzo Edward Conover New York.
Oct. 21, 1897. .Charles Tallmadge Conover. . .Seattle, Wash.
Mar. 19, 1887. .Frank Bruen Conover. . .Long Branch, N. J.
Mar. 29, 1888. .Frank Edgar Conover New York.
1891 . .Frederick King Conover Madison, Wis.
18S9. .Garret B. Conover Englishtown, N. J.
1 897 . . Harvey Conover Dayton, Ohio.
1887 . . James Clarence Conover Freehold, N. J.
1887.. John Barriclo Conover "
1891 . .Warren Archer Conover New York.
1890. . Ebenezer Lane Cooper "
1891 . . John Henry Cooper
1897. .John William Cooper Brooklyn, N. Y.
1890. .Washington Lafayette Cooper. . . .New York.
1888 . . John Cowenhoven Brooklyn, N. Y.
i885.. Samuel Decker Coykendall. .Rondout, N. Y.
1889. .Thomas Cornell Coykendall " "
1890. .Charles Winegar Crispell. . . " "
1892. .Aaron Hale Cronkhite, Jr Denver, Col.
1893 . .Justus Abraham Cronkhite.Cripple Creek, Col.
1890. .Mathias Van Dyke Cruser. ..Brooklyn, N. Y.
1887. .Cornelius Cuyler Cuyler New York.
1887 . . Thomas De Vvitt Cuyler Philadelphia, Pa.
1898. .Charles I. De Bevoise Brooklyn, N. Y.
1898. . Cornelius Schenck DeBevoise,Brooklyn, N.Y.
1895. .George De Bevoise New York.
1 888.. George W. De Bevoise "
1887 . . Isaac C. De Bevoise Brooklyn, N. Y.
1898. .Howard De Forest New York,
1890. .Charles Rutger De Freest Troy, N. Y.
1887.. Alfred De Graff Fonda, N. Y.
1898. .Arthur Lewis De Groff Newark, N. J.
1885. .Alfred DeGroot Port Richmond, N. Y.
1887. .Ezra Doane Delamater Hudson, N. Y.
1894. .Charles De La Montanye . .Port Ewen, N. Y.
1894. .James De La Montanye New York.
1892. .William Ray De Lano
1898.. William Henry Steele Demarest,
CatskiU, N. Y.
1888. .David Demarest Denise Freehold, N. J.
1898. .Edwin Stanton Denise Bayonne, N. J.
i88s..Chauncey Mitchell Depew New York.
1885. .Frederick J. De Peyster
1889. .Johnston Livingston De Peyster,Tivoli, N. Y.
1 886.. John Watts De Peyster. .Red Hook
Township, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1894. .John Henry De Ridder. .Saratoga
Springs, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887. .Frederick William DeVoe New York.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Abraham Van Dyke De Witt. .Albany, N. Y.
Nov. 17, 1885.. Alfred De Witt Staatsburgh, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. .Charles Adolphus De Witt, Jersey City, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1 889.. Cornelius De Witt Norfolk, Va.
Mar. 14, 1885 . .George G. De Witt New York.
June 25, 1 885.. Henry Clinton De Witt "
Dec. 23, 1885 . . Jerome De Witt Binghamton, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1888. .Moses J. De Witt Newark, N. J.
Apr. 30, 1 885.. Peter De Witt New York.
Oct. 25, 1886.. Richard Varick De Witt Albany, N. Y.
Mar. 26, 1891 . .Seymour De Witt Middletown, N. Y.
Mar. 27, 1890.. Sutherland De Witt Elmira, N. Y.
June 5, 1885.. Thomas Dunkin De Witt New York.
Mar. 26, 1891.. Thomas King De Witt. . .Middletown, N. Y.
Mar. 26, 1 891 . .Thomas May De Witt Cleveland, O.
April 6, 1886. .William Cantine De Witt.. ..Brooklyn, N. Y.
April 30, 1885 . .William G. De Witt New York.
June 30, 1891 . .Anthony Dey "
June 13, 1895 . . Herman Dey Detroit, Mich.
June 30, 1892 . . Joseph Warren Scott Dey New York.
June 30, 1892. .Richard Varick Dey San Francisco, Cal.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Andrew Deyo Yonkers, N. Y.
June 14, 1894. .Andrew Le Fever Deyo Salisbury, N. Y.
Jan. 30, 1 890 . . Jacob Deyo New Paltz, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1 889.. Peter Deyo
Dec. 29, 1892. .Solomon Le Fevre Deyo New York.
Oct. 24, i885..Morris H. Dillenbeck "
Mar. 31, 1892. .John Henry Dingman Brooklyn, N. Y.
Apr. 6, 1 886.. Edward Wilson Ditmars " "
Mar. 29, 1888. .Isaac Edward Ditmars " "
Mar. 30, 1887. .Charles Gibbons Douw, Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Cornelius Du Bois New York.
Mar. 26, 1891 . .John Coert Du Bois Hudson, N. Y.
Mar. 30, 1887 . .Cornelius J. Dumond New York.
June 9, 1898. .Chester Burvvell Duryea "
June 9, 1898. .Harry Hendrick Duryea "
June 9, 1898. .Hiram Duryea. .Blue Mountain Lake, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Gustavus Abeel Duryee, Pelham Manor, N.Y.
June 9, 1898. .Harvey Hoag Duryee New York,
. Jacob Eugene Duryee New York.
.Joseph Rankin Duryee "
.William Budington Duryee. ..Freehold, N. J.
.Charles Dusenberry, Jr Tuckahoe, N. Y.
.Charles Eagles Dusenberry,
Lansingburgh, N. Y.
.Charles Richard Dusenberry, Yonkers, N. Y.
.Elias Warner Dusenberry .. Bronxville, N. Y.
. Peter Q. Eckerson New York.
.Clarence Edsall Colorado Springs, Col.
. Dwight Lathrop Elmendorf New York.
.Joachim Elmendorf "
.John Augustus Elmendorf "
.John Barker Elmendorf "
.William Burgess Elmendorf. . .Albany, N. Y.
. Edward Elsworth Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
. Edward Wx-ad Elsworth " "
. Eugene Elsworth Irvington, N. Y.
. Ezekiel Jan Elting Yonkers, N. Y.
.Irving Elting Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
, . Jacob Elting Clintondale, N. Y.
. Jesse Elting New Paltz, N. Y.
. Peter Jacobus Elting Yonkers, N. Y.
. Philip Elting Kingston, N. Y.
. Everett James Esselstyn New York.
, . Herman Vedder Esselstyn . . . Hudson, N. Y.
. .Sherman Esselstyn Brooklyn, N. Y.
, . Douw Henry Fonda Albany, N. Y.
. Robert Livingston Fryer Buffalo, N. Y.
.W'illiam John Fryer, Jr New York.
. . Garret James Garretson Elmhurst, N. Y.
. Robert Goelet New York.
. Edward Anson Groesbeck .... Albany, N. Y.
, . Herman John Groesbeck Cincinnati, O.
. . Leonard Harvey Groesbeck, Syracuse, N. Y.
..William Chichester Groesbeck,
Lansingburgh, N. Y.
. . Alexander Reading Gulick New York.
. . .^rnatt Reading Gulick Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Charlton Reading Gulick...
. .Ernestus Schenck Gulick. . . " "
, . Tames Callbreath Gulick New York.
Dec. 7, i8SS..JohnCallbreath Gulick New York.
Mar. 31, 1892 . .Andrew James Hageman. .. Roycefield, N. J.
Oct. 29, 1891 . .John Warren Hardenbergh, Jersey City, N. J.
Mar. 27, 1890.. Isaac Cornelius Haring. .West Nyack, N. Y.
Mar. 10, 1898. .James Smith Haring Somerset, Pa.
Mar. 26, 1891 . .Abraham Hasbrouck Rondout, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. .Alfred Hasbrouck Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Mar. 27, 1890. .Alfred Hasbrouck, Jr. . . '" "
Mar. 26, 1891 . . Alvah Deyo Hasbrouck Johnstown, Pa.
Dec. 20, 1886. .Ferdinand Hasbrouck New York.
Dec. 20, 1 886 . . Frank Hasbrouck Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. .G. D. B. Hasbrouck Kingston, N. Y.
Nov. 9, 1S93. .Henry Cornelius Hasbrouck,
Newburgh, N. Y.
Jan. 7, 1892 . . Howard HasBrouck New Paltz, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Isaac Edgar Hasbrouck Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dec. 13, 1894. .James Foster Hasbrouck New York.
Oct. 25, 1886. .John Cornelius Hasbrouck "
Mar. 30, 1893. .Joseph Hasbrouck Dobbs Ferry, N. Y.
Jan. 30, 1890. .Joseph Edwin Hasbrouck. .. .Modena, N. Y.
Mar. 31, 1892 . .Levi Hasbrouck Ogdensburgh, N. Y.
Oct. 29, 1891 .. Louis Hasbrouck " "
Nov. 9, 1893. .Louis Philip Hasbrouck, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
Mar. 29, 1894. .Manning Hasbrouck.... " "
Mar. 27, 1 890 .. Oscar Hasbrouck South Dover, N. Y.
June 30, 1892 . .Raymond De Lancey Hasbrouck,
Washington, D. C.
Oct. 27, 1887. .Sayer Hasbrouck Providence, R. I.
Oct. 27, 1887 . .De Witt Heermance.. . .Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887.. Martin Heermance " "
Mar. 29, 1888. .William Laing Heermance. . .Yonkers, N. Y.
Jan. 30, 1890. .Forbes Heermans Syracuse, N. Y.
June 13, 1895.. Adrian Augustus Hegeman, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar 31, 1892. .John Rogers Hegeman, Mamaroneck, N. Y.
Dec. 23, 1885 . .Joseph Perot Hegeman,
Southold, Long Island.
Dec. 8, 1 898.. Daniel Tilton Hendrickson,
Middletown, N. J.
June 10, 1898. .Eugene Moulton Hendrickson,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dec. 8, 1 89S. .James Patterson Hendrickson,
Middletown, N. J.
Mar. 12, 1896. .William Henry Hendrickson, Jr.,
Matawan, N. J
June 30, I S92. .Joseph C. Hoagland New York
Mar. 30, 1887. .Pierre Van Buren Hoes Yonkers, N. Y
May 19, :887 . .Roswell Randall Hoes. ..Boston Navy Yard
Mar. 14, 1885 . .William Myers Hoes New York
Dec. 8, 1898. .Franklyn Hogeboom Brooklyn, N. Y
Mar. 10, 1898. .John Hopper Hackensack, N. J
Oct. 24, 1889. .John Henry Hopper Paterson, N. J
Dec. 20, 1886. .Robert Imlay Hopper " "
Oct. 13, 1898. .Frederick Augustus Hornbeck,
Kansas City, Mo.
Oct. 13, 1898. .George Preston Hotaling New York.
June 15, 1886. .David Harrison Houghtaling "
Mar. 30, 1 8S7 .. Harmanus Barkaloo Hubbard,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1 889.. Timothy Ingraham Hubbard, " "
Oct. 21, 1 897.. Edward Covert Hulst Flushing, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. . Edward Tompkins Hulst, Poughkeepsie, N.Y.
Dec. 20, 1886. .George Duryee Hulst Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 27, 1890. .Edmund Niles Huyck Albany, N. Y.
Jan. 30, 1890. . Francis Conklin Huyck "
Mar. 14, 1885 ..Arthur Middleton Jacobus New York.
Mar. 26, 1 891 . .David Schenck Jacobus Hoboken, N. J.
22, 1887 . .John Wesley Jacobus New York.
1 89 1. .Melancthon Williams Jacobus,
18S5 . , Richard Mentor Jacobus New York.
1 897.. Andrew Jackson Kiersted . .Philadelphia, Pa.
1896. . Everest B. Kiersted Jersey City, N. J.
1893 . .Charles Augustus Kip . . . . Morristown, N.J.
April 30, I S85 . . Clarence Van Steenbergh Kip. . . . New York.
April 30, 1885 . .George Goelet Kip Morristown, X. J.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Ira Andruss Kip New York.
Dec. 12, 1895. .Ira Andruss Kip, Jr ... .South Orange, N. J.
Dec. 10, 1896. .Irving De Forest Kip Passaic, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1889. .William Fargo Kip New York.
Dec. 22, 1 887 .. John Knickerbacker Troy, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Thomas Adams Knickerbacker. . "
May 19, 1887 . .Edgar Knickerbocker New York.
Dec. 7, 1888. . Francis Duryee Kouwenhoven,
Steinwav, N. Y.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Peter Kouwenhoven Brooklyn, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Abraham Lansing Albany, N. Y.
Dec. 13, 1894. .Cleveland Coxe Lansing Baltimore, Md.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Gerrit Yates Lansing Albany, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887, .Isaac De Freest Lansing " "
Dec. 20, 1886. .John Lansing Watertown, N. Y.
June 15, 1886. .John Townsend Lansing Albany, N. Y,
Oct. 24, 1889. .De Witt Chauncey Le Fevre .. Buffalo, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. .Jacob Le Fevre.. New Paltz, N. Y.
Mar. 27, 1890. .John Lefferts Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 26, 1891.. Robert Lefferts " "
Mar. 30, 1887. .Charles Casper Lodewick. .Greenbush, N. Y.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Henry H. Longstreet Matawan, N. J.
Mar. 28, 1889.. Jacob Holmes Longstreet, Bordentown, N.J.
Mar. 28, 1889. .James Van Der Bilt Lott Brooklyn, N. Y.
Dec. 29, 1892. .John Abraham Lott, Jr " "
Dec. 12, 1895 .. Hiram Lozier Newburgh, N. Y.
April 6, 1886. .Charles Edward Lydecker New York.
Oct. 21, 1897. .Garret J. Lydecker Detroit, Mich.
June 10, 1897. .William Mabie Peekskill, N. Y.
Nov. 9, 1893. .Frederick Austin Mandeville,
Rochester, N. Y.
Mar. 12, 1896. .Frederick B. Mandeville Newark, N. J.
Mar. 30, 1887. .John Marsellus Syracuse, N. Y.
Mar. II, 1897.. Frank Alburtus Marsellus. ... Passaic, N. J.
Dec. 7, 1 888.. Max De Motte Marsellus " "
Mar. 12, 1896. .Arthur Haynsworth Masten New York.
Dec. 28, 1893. .Isaac Franklin Mead "
Dec. 13, 1 894.. Adrian Meserole Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mar. 27, 1890. .Walter Montfort Meserole. . . " "
Mar. 28, i889..Remsen Varick Messier Pittsburg, Pa.
Dec. 2, 1895. .Charles Harold Montanye New York.
Oct. 27, 1887. .George Edward Montanye "
June II, 1896. .John Jacob Morris Brooklyn, N. Y.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Hopper Stryker Mott New York.
Mar. 28, 1 889 . . Albert James Myer Lake View, N. Y.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Isaac Myer New York.
Dec. 7, 1888. .Andrew Gormly Myers Fort Jones, Cal.
Dec. 7, 1888. .John Gillespie Myers Albany, N. Y.
Oct. 10, 1895.. John Hays Myers, Jr New York.
Mar. 14, 1885. .Wilhelmus Mynderse Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 12, 1896. .Louis Hasbrouck Newkirk New York.
.Georpe Englcbert N'ostrand. .Brooklyn, N.Y.
. John Lett Nostrand " "
.Andrew Joseph Onderdonk. . '' "
.Thomas William Onderdonk New York
.William Stryker Opdyke Alpine, N. J
. Howard Osterhoudt Kingston, N. Y
.Erastus Cornelius Benedict Peeke,
Xyack, X. Y
. Archibald Maclay Pentz New York
.David Van l)er Veer Perrine. .Freehold, N.J
. Abraham Polhemus Boston, Mass
. Henry Martin Polhemus New York
. Isaac Hcyer Polhemus Newark, N. J
.James Suydam Polhemus " "
.Johannes Wilson Poucher,
Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
.John Howard Prall Elmhurst, N. Y.
. William Prall Detroit, Mich.
.George Bonsfield Provoost. . Dubuque, Iowa,
.John Moffat Provoost Buffalo, N. Y,
. Andrew Jackson Provost, Jr. . Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Charles Lansing Pruyn Albany, N. Y,
. Isaac Pruyn Catskill, N. Y.
.John Van Schaick Lansing Pruyn,
Albany, N. Y.
. Robert Clarence Pruyn " "
. Henry Forrest Quackenbos New York,
.Abraham Quackenliush "
. Abraham C. Quackenbush "
, . Cebra Quackenbush Hoosick, N. Y
. John Quackenbush Mahwah, N. J,
. Schuyler Quackenbush New York,
.Jacob George Rapelje.. Bismarck, N. Dakota.
, . Augustus Rapelye Elmhurst, N. Y,
. James P. Rappelye Brooklyn, N. Y,
. Phoenix Remsen Babylon, N. Y,
. Abraham Edgar Riker New York
, . Charles Edgar Riker
. . Henry Ingersoll Riker Bowery Bay, N. Y
.John Jackson Riker New York
, . John Lawrence Riker
. DeWitt Clinton Romaine "
Mar. 29, 1894 . . Isaac Romaine Jersey City, N. J.
Dec. 8, 1898. .George Anderson Rosa. .Schenectady, N. Y.
Oct. 23, 1 889 . . Warren Rosevelt Nfount Vernon, N. Y.
Jan. 7, 1892. .John Van Biiren Roome, Jr New York.
Dec. 23, 1885. .Daniel Bennett St. John Roosa... "
Oct. 27, 1 887.. De Witt Roosa Kingston, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886.. Hynian Roosa "
Mar. 9, 1899.. John Percival Roosa, Jr. .. Monticello, N. Y.
Dec. 23, 1885. .Charles Henry Roosevelt,
Pelham Manor, N. Y.
April 30, 1885. .Frederick Roosevelt New York.
Oct. 27, 1 887.. James Roosevelt Hyde Park, N. Y.
Mar. 14, 1885 . .Robert Barnwell Roosevelt New York.
May 18, 1887.. Robert Barnwell Roosevelt, Jr "
April 30, 1 885.. Theodore Roosevelt Oyster Bay, L. I.
Oct. 22, 1890. .William Nicoll Sill Sanders. . .Albany, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887. .Abraham Voorhees Schenck,
New Brunswick, N. J.
Dec. 7, 1888. .Caspar Schenck Annapolis, Md.
Mar. 10, 1898. .Charles De Bevoise Schenck. .Brooklyn, N.Y.
Mar. 30, 1887 . .Ferdinand Schureman Schenck. . .New York.
Mar. 29, 1 888.. Frederick Brett Schenck "
Jan. 7, 1892. .Henry DeBevoise Schenck. .Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1894. .John Cornell Schenck " "
Dec. 9, 1897 . . Robert Cumming Schenck .... Dayton, Ohio.
Oct. 24, i889..Teunis Schenck Brooklyn, N. Y.
Oct. 29, 1891 . .William Edward Schenck.. .Philadelphia, Pa.
Oct. 21, 1897. .Frank Earle Schermerhorn. . " "
Dec. 23, 1885. .George F. Schermerhorn.. .Rutherford, N. J.
Dec. 20, 1886 . . J. Maus Schermerhorn New York.
Dec. 22, 1887.. John Egmont Schermerhorn "
Mar. 26, 1891 .. Louis Younglove Schermerhorn,
Mar. 10, 1898. .Nicholas Irving Schermerhorn,
Schenectady, N. Y.
June 10, 1897. .Simon Schermerhorn. . . .Schenectady, N. Y.
May 19, 1887. .Simon J. Schermerhorn. .Schenectady, N. Y.
Mar. 10, 1898. .William George Schermerhorn,
Schenectady, N. Y.
Nov. 9, 1893. .William Wyckoff Schomp Walden, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886. .Adrian Onderdonk Schoonmaker,
Montclair, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1885
Mar. 3 1
Oct. 22, 1890
. Frederick William Schoonmaker,
Montclair, N. J.
.George Beekman Schoonmaker,
Plainficld, N. J.
. Hiram Schoonmaker New York
.James Martinus Schoonmaker, Pittsburgh, Pa.
.John Schoonmaker Newburgh, N. Y.
.Joseph S. Schoonmaker Plainficld, N. J.
.Sylvanus Lothrop Schoonmaker. .New York.
.George Wellington Schurman .... New York.
. Jacob Gould Schurman Ithaca, N. Y.
.Charles Edward Schuyler New York.
.Clarkson Crosby Schuyler, Plattsburgh, N. Y.
.Hamilton Schuyler Davenport, la.
.Montgomery Roosevelt Schuyler, New York.
.Percival Raymond Schuyler. . Paterson, N. J.
.Stephen Schuyler West Troy, N. Y.
.Walter Grinnell Schuyler New York.
. David Banks Sickels "
. David Schuyler Skaats Rivcrdale, N. Y.
.Joseph Hegeman Skillman. . .Flushing, L. I.
George Wayne Slingerland,
Hackensack, N. J.
.William Harris Slingerland,
Slingerlands, N. Y.
.William Henry Slingerland..
. Henry Lowery Slote New York.
. .'Mien Lee Smidt
. Frank Bishop Smidt
.Charles Henry Snedeker
, . Henry Taylor Staats, Jr
. Philip Schuyler Staats Castleton, N . Y.
. Edward Stagg Leonia, N. J.
. John Henry Starin Fultonville, N. Y.
.John Bright Stevens New York.
.William Moore Stilwell "
. . Clarence Storm
. Edward Storm Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
.Barent William Stryker,
Castleton-on-Hudson, N. Y.
.Henry Cadmus Stryker. . Minneapolis, Minn.
. .John Edwards Stryker St. Paul, Minn.
. . Peter Stryker Ashury Park, N. J.
.Samuel Stanhope Stryker. .Philadelphia, Pa.
.William Henry Harrison Stryker,
Paterson, N. J.
.William Scudder Stryker Trenton, N. J.
. .Peter J. Stuyvesant New York.
..Charles Edward Surdam . . Morristown, N. J.
.Arthur Peter Sutphen Somerville, N. J.
, . Carlyle Edgar Sutphen Newark, N. J.
. Duncan Dunbar Sutphen New York.
. Herbert Sands Sutphen Newark, N. J.
, .John Schureman Sutphen New York.
.John Schureman Sutphen, Jr. ... "
..Joseph Walworth Sutphen. ..Brooklyn, N. Y.
. Paul Frederick Sutphen Cleveland. O.
. Theron Yeomans Sutphen. .. .Newark, N. J-
. John Henry Sutphin Jamaica, N. Y.
. Charles Crooke Suydam Elizabeth, N. J.
. James Suydam New York.
, .John Howard Suydam. . . .Rhinebeck, N. Y.
, . Lambert Suydam New York.
.William Farrington Suydam. .Honesdale, Pa.
.John Livingston Swits. . .Schenectady, N. Y.
. Frederick D. Tappen New York.
.James Macfarlane Tappen New York.
, .Henry Moore Teller Central City, Col.
, . Myron Teller Kingston, N. Y.
. James Ten Eyck Albany, N. Y.
.Sanford Rowe Ten Eyck New York.
.Stephen Vedder Ten Eyck "
.William Hoffman Ten Eyck "
. Henry Traphagen Jersey City, N. J.
.Henry Mackeness Traphagen,
Jersey City, N. J.
. Arthur Dickinson Truax New York.
. Charles Henry Truax "
. Chauncey Schaffer Truax "
.James Reagles Truax Schenectady, N. Y.
.William Ellsworth Truex. .. .Freehold, N. J.
.William K. Van .Men San Francisco, Cal.
.Charles Howard Van Allen. . ..Albany, N. Y.
. .Garret Adam Van Allen Albany, N. Y.
, . Lucas L. Van .\llen New York.
. William Harman Van Allen . . . Elmira, N. Y.
.Philip Van Alstine Spring Valley, N. Y.
.Andrew Van Alstyne. . .Chatam Centre, N Y.
.Lawrence Van Alstyne Sharon, Conn.
.Richard Henry Van Alstyne. . . .Troy, N. V.
.Thomas J. Van Alstyne Albany, N. Y.
, . William Van Alstyne Plainfield, N. J.
.William Charles Van Alstyne.. .\lbany, N. Y.
.Cornelius Henry Van .\ntwerp " "
.Daniel Lewis Van Antwerp. . . " "
.John Henry Van Antwerp.... " "
.Thomas Cleneay Van Antwerp, Cincinnati, O.
.Thomas Irwin Van Antwerp. .Albany, N. Y.
.William Clarkson Van .\ntwerp, Tenafly, N. J.
.William Henry Van .\nlwerp, Holland, Mich.
.William Meadon Van Antwerp, Albany, N. Y.
. Henry Van Arsdale Newark, N. J.
, . David H. Van .\uken Cohoes, N. Y.
. Willard J. Van Auken New York.
.Charles Frederick Van Benthuysen,
Albany, N. Y.
.Walter Van Benthuysen. . .New Orleans, La.
.Watson Van Benthuysen. . "
, . Frederick T. Van Beuren New York.
. Henry Spingler Van Beuren
.George Green Van Blarcom. .Paterson, N. J.
■ Jacob Craig Van Blarcom. .. .St. Louis, Mo.
, .Arthur Hoffman Van Brunt New York.
.Charles Van Brunt Brooklyn, N. Y.
, .Cornelius Van Brunt New York.
.Cornelius Bergen Van Brunt, Brooklyn, N. Y.
. .Ralph Albert Van Brunt, Schenectady, N. Y.
. John Dash Van Buren Newburgh, N. Y.
. Martin Van Buren Amsterdam, N. Y.
. De Witt Van Buskirk Bayonne, N. J.
. . John R. Van Buskirk New York
. .John Couwenhoven Van Cleaf,
Montclair, N. J.
.James Henry Van Cleef,
New Brunswick, N. J.
Mar. 14, 1895. .Henry Howell Van Cleef,
Poughkeepsie, N. Y
June 25, 1885.. Alexander H. Van Cott New York
Mar. 30, 1887. .Lincoln Van Cott Brooklyn, N. Y
Dec. 20, 1886. .George Ohlen Van de Bogert, Brooklyn, N. Y
Oct. 29, 1891 . .George Howard Vander Beck,
Oct. 25, 1886. .Frank Isaac Vander Beek.. Jersey City, N. J
Mar. 31, 1892. .Frank Isaac Vander Beek, Jr.,
Jersey City, N. J
Mar. 27, 1890. .George Howard Vanderbeek,
Allentown N. J
Oct. 25, 1886.. Isaac Paulis Vander Beek, Jersey City, N. J
Mar. 9, 1899. .Frank Fellows Vanderhoef, " "
Dec. 8, 1898.. Harman Blauvelt Vanderhoef, " "
Dec. 8, 1898. .Nathaniel Scudder Wyckoff Vanderhoef,
Mar. 9, 1899. .Nathaniel Wyckoff Vanderhoef . .. "
Dec. 23, 1 885 . . Charles Albert Vanderhoof Locust, N. J,
Jan. 30, 1890. .Augustus Gifford Vanderpoel. . . .New York,
Mar. 14, 1885. .Augustus H. Vanderpoel Orange, N. J
June 25, 1885 . .Herman Wendell Vander Poel. . .New York.
Dec. 20, 1886. .Samuel Oakley Vander Poel "
Nov. 17, 1885.. Waldron Burritt Vander Poel "
Mar. 28, 1889. .Eugene Vanderpool Newark, N. J,
Oct. 24, 1 885 . . Albert Vander Veer Albany, N. Y.
Dec. 20, 1886. .David Augustus Vander Veer,
Freehold, N. J,
Dec. 12, 1895. .Edgar Albert Vander Veer. . .Albany, N. Y.
Mar. 14, 1885. .John Reeve Vander Veer New York.
Dec. 7, i888..Mathew Henry Vander Veer,
Somerville, N. J.
Mar. 29, 1894.. James Wilkerson Vandervoort,
Mar. 29, 1894. .Paul Vander Voort Omaha, Neb.
April 6, 1 886.. William Ledyard Van Der Voort, New York,
Jan. 7, 1892. .Frank Montague Van Deusen, Rondout, N. Y,
June 10, 1897.. George Clark Van Deusen, Philadelphia, Pa
Mar. 10, 1898.. Henry Boorum Vanderveer, Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. II, 1897. .Charles Oscar Van Devanter,
Mar. 14, 1 885.. Charles Henry Van Deventer New York.
Oct. 21, 1897. .Christopher Van Deventer New York.
Oct. 27, 1887. .George Mather Van Deventer "
Dec. 8, 1888. .James Thayer Van Deventer,
Oct. 27, 1887 . . Ely Van Dc Warker Syracuse, N. Y.
Dec. 20, 1886. .George Roe Van De Water New York.
Mar. 30, 1887. .John Walker Van De Water
Dec. 22, 1887. .Louis Otis Van Doren "
Mar. 29, 1888. . Almon Augustus Van Dusen, Mayville, X. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887. .John Van Diiyn Syracuse, N. Y.
Mar. 14, 1895 . . Harrison Van Duyne Newark, N. J.
Mar. 14, 1885. .Henry Sayre Van Duzer New York.
June 25, 1885 . .Selah Reeve Van Duzer. . .Newburgh, N. Y.
June 25, 1885. .Henry Van Dyke New York.
Dec. 7, 1888.. Herbert Van Dyke
April 6, 1886. .Thomas Kittera Van Dyke. .Harrisburg, Pa.
Oct. 25, 18S6. .Amos Van Rtten Kingston, N. Y.
Mar. 30, 1887 . . Edgar Van Etten New York.
Mar. 10, 1898. .Nathan Bristol Van Etten "
Mar. 29, 1894. .Frank Van Fleet "
Jan. 7, 1892. .Amos Corwin Van Gaasbeek,
Orange, N. J.
Dec. 10, 1896. . Harvey David Van Gaasbeek,
Deckertown, N. J.
April 6, 1886. .Louis Bevier Van Gaasbeek New York.
Oct. 27, 1887. .Acmon Pulaski Van Gieson,
Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Arzy Eben Van Gieson,
Upper Montclair, N. J
Nov. 9, 1893 . . Austin Van Gieson Newark, N. J
Oct. 21, 1897 . .Frank Everet Van Gorden. .. .Catskill, N. Y,
Mar. 26, 1891 . .Greenleaf S. Van Gorder Pike, N. Y
Oct. 8, 1896. .Charles Manning Van Heusen, Albany, N. Y
Mar. 30, 1893. .Casper Van Hoesen New York
Mar. 26, 1891 .. Edmund French Van Hoesen,
Rochester, N. Y.
Mar. 14, 1885. .George M. Van Hoesen New York.
April 30, 1885. .John William Van Hoesen "
Jan. 30, 1890. .Charles French Van Horn, Philadelphia, Pa.
Mar. 30, 1887 . . Francis Charles Van Horn, Washington, D. C.
June 29, 1893 . . Henry Van Horn Schenectady, N. Y.
Oct. 24, 1889. .John Garret Van Home New York.
. .Stephen Van Alen Van Home. . .New York.
. .Charles Francis Van Inwegen,
Port Jervis, N. Y.
. .Frank Van Kleeck Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
. . Theodore Van Kleeck . . " "
. . William Henry Van Kleeck New York.
. . Henry Augustus Van Liew: "
. . Andrew B. Van Loan "
. .Charles Leffingwell Van Loan, Catskill, N. Y.
. . Eugene Van Loan Philadelphia, Pa.
. .Frederick William Van Loan New York.
. Henry Fairbank Van Loan "
, . Henry Isaac Van Loan Athens, N. Y.
. . John Van Loan New York.
. . Seth Morton Van Loan Catskill, N. Y.
. . Thomas Van Loan Brooklyn, N. Y.
. . Zelah Van Loan New York.
. .George Gomez Van Mater. .Brooklyn, N. Y.
. .Jacob Rapelye Van Mater, Hagerstown, Md.
, .Calvin Decker Van Name,
Mariner's Harbor, N. Y.
, .Eugene Van Ness Baltimore, Md.
, . Russell Van Ness New York.
, . Frank Roe Van Nest Newark, N. J.
, . George Willett Van Nest New York.
, .Warner Van Norden "
..Charles Belden Van Nostrand,
Brooklyn, N. Y.
. . Frank Daniel Van Nostrand. " "
. .John Everitt Van Nostrand, Evergreen, N. Y.
. .Seymour Van Nostrand Elizabeth, N. J.
. . James Edgar Van Olinda Brooklyn, N. Y.
, .Charles Hopkins Van Orden. .Catskill, N. Y.
. . Henry De Witt Van Orden New York.
. .Philip Vernon Van Orden Catskill, N. Y.
..William Van Orden " "
. .Gilbert Sutphen Van Pelt New York.
. .Jacob L. Van Pelt Brooklyn, N. Y.
. . John Van Der Bill Van Pelt. " "
,. Townsend Cortelyou Van Pelt. " "
. . William Robinson Powell Van Pelt,
.John Bullock Van Petten. . .Claverack, N. Y.
.Garret Daniel Van Reipen. .Jersey City, N. J.
.John Jeremiah Van Rensselaer,
New Brighton, N. Y.
. Lyndsay Van Rensselaer. " "
. .Maunsell Van Rensselaer New York.
. . Cornelius C. Van Reypen . . Jersey City, N. J.
, .William Knickerbocker Van Reypen,
Washington, D. C.
, . Cornelius Van Riper Passaic, N. J.
..Julius Fernando Van Riper, Brooklyn, N. Y.
, . Abraham Van Santvoord New York.
. Richard Van Santvoord . .
, .Seymour Van Santvoord Troy, N. V.
, .Benjamin Alexander Van Schaick,
. Eugene Van Schaick New York.
, . Henry Van Schaick
.John Van Schaick Cobleskill, N. Y.
. Hebbard Kimball Van Sice Utica, N. Y.
.Arthur Van Siclen Whitestone, N. Y.
. Ferdinand Van Siclen Brooklyn, N. Y.
. George West Van Siclen New York.
, .Alvan Howard Van Sinderen....
.William Leslie Van Sinderen, Brooklyn, N. Y.
. Cyrus Manchester Van Slyck,
Providence, R. I.
. George Finch Van Slyck New York.
, . George Whitfield Van Slyck
. Eugene Van Slyke Albany, N. Y.
. Evert Van Slyke Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Evert Sheldon Van Slyke.. . " "
. John Garnsey Van Slyke Kingston, N. Y.
. Warren Clark Van Slyke New York.
, . Bennett Van Syckel Trenton, N. J.
, .Charles Sloan Van Syckel ....
.James Monroe Van Valen, Hackensack, N. J.
. . Eugene Torrey Van Valin New York.
.John Loucks Van Valkenburgh, Albany, N. Y.
..Joseph Dwight Van Valkenburgh, Jr.,
Greene, N. Y.
.Ralph D. Van Valkenburgh. . .Greene, N. Y.
.Abraham Van Wyck Van Vechten, New York.
.Charles Duane Van Vechtcn,
Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
.Henry Clay Van Vechten.. .Brooklyn, N. Y.
. Ralph Van Vechten .... Cedar Rapids, Iowa.
.Abraham Kip Van Vleck,
Morristown, N. J.
.Charles King Van Vleck Hudson, N. Y.
.John Monroe Van Vleck. Middletown, Conn.
.William David Van Vleck. . .Montclair, N. J.
.William Henry Van Vleck. ..Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Benson Van Vliet Poughkeepsie, N. Y.
. De Forest Van Vliet Ithaca, N. Y.
. Dense Mairs Van Vliet Plainfield, N. J .
. Frederick Christian Van Vliet,
Shrewsbury, N. J.
. Frederick Gilbert Van Vliet New York.
. . George Stockwell Van Vliet,
Pleasant Plains, N. Y.
.Purdy Van Vliet New York.
, . Stewart Van Vliet Washington, D. C.
.William Downs Van Vliet. . . .Goshen, N. Y.
. James Van Voast Cincinnati, Ohio.
.James Albert Van Voast, Schenectady, N. Y.
. Philip Van Volkenburgh New York.
.Thomas Sedgwick Van Volkenburgh, "
. Eugene Van Voorhis Rochester, N. Y.
.John Van Voorhis
,. Menzo Van Voorhis " "
. Abraham A. Van Vorst . . . Schenectady, N. Y.
, .Alexander Holland Van Vorst. .Utica, N. Y.
. Frederick Boyd Van Vorst .... Nyack, N. Y.
.Adam Tunis Van Vranken. West Troy, N. Y.
. .Albert Benson Van Vranken. Brooklyn, N. Y.
. Edward Wheeler Van Vranken. "
. .Josiah Van Vranken Schenectady, N. Y.
.William Townsend Van Vredenburgh,
New Brighton, N. Y.
, . Bleecker Van Wagenen New York.
, .Edward A. Van Wagenen Newark, N. J.
, .George Van Wagenen New York.
. .Henry William Van Wagenen,
Morristown, N. J.
. Hubert Van Wagenen New York.
1 89 1
.John Hrower Van Wagenen,
West Orange, N. J
.John Richard Van Wagenen . ..Oxford, N. Y.
. Peter Le Fever Van Wagenen,
Po'keepsie, N. Y.
.Charles Van Winkle Philadelphia, Pa.
. Daniel Van Winkle, Jersey City Heights, N. J.
. Edgar Beach Van Winkle New York.
.Frank Oldis Van Winkle. . .Jersey City, N. J.
. Isaac Van Winkle New York.
.John Albert Van Winkle Paterson, N. J.
. Marshall Van Winkle Jersey City, N. J.
.Waling Walingson Van Winkle,
Parkersburg, W. Va.
. Harmon Van Woert Athens, N. Y.
. Jacob Van Woert Greig, N. Y.
. James Biirtis Van Woert New York.
.John Voorhees Van Woert "
.William Van Woert Montclair, N. J.
.Jasper Van Wormer Albany, N. Y.
.John Rufus Van Wormer New York.
. Albert Van Wyck Brooklyn, N. Y.
.Augustus Van Wyck
.Jacob Southart Van Wyck..
.Jacob Theodorus Van Wyck New York.
.John H. Van Wyck
.Philip Van Rensselaer Van Wyck, Jr.,
Plainfield, N. J.
. Robert .'\nderson Van Wyck New York.
. Samuel Van Wyck Brooklyn, N. Y.
..William Van Wyck
, . William Edward Van Wyck New York.
.Milton Burns Van Zandt New York.
, .John Barns Varick Manchester, N. H.
. . John Leonard Varick New York.
. .Theodore Romeyn Varick. . . Yonkers, N. Y.
. . Arthur Groff Veddcr Fort Plain, N. Y.
. .Charles Stuart Vedder Charleston, S. C.
. . Commodore Perry Vedder New York.
. . Harmon Albert Vedder "
, . Maus Rosa Vedder
. Wentworth Darcy Vedder Mansfield Pa.
.Andrew Truax Vecder Pittsburgh Pa.
Oct. 25, 1886. .HarmanWortman Veeder, Schenectady, N. Y.
Oct. 16, 1894. .Herman Greig Veeder Pittsburgh, Pa.
Mar. 29, 1888.. Ten Eyck De Witt Veeder. ..Greenwich, Va.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Cornelius Clarkson Vermeule,
East Orange, N. J.
June 25, 1 885.. John D. Vermeule New York.
Dec. 22, 1887. .Philip Verplanck Yonkers, N. Y.
April 30, 1885 . .William Gordon Ver Planck New York.
Dec. 7, 1 888.. Egbert Ludovicus Viele "
Jan. 30, 1 890 . . John Jay Viele Yonkers, N. Y.
Oct. 24, 1889.. Maurice A. Viele Schenectady, N. Y.
Oct. 25, 1886.. Maurice Edward Viele Albany, N. Y.
April 6, 1 886.. Sheldon Thompson Viele Buffalo, N. Y.
Mar. 26, 1 891 . .Edward Willett Visscher Albany, N. Y.
Dec. 22, 1887. .John Hayden Visscher Brooklyn, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887. Albert Van Brunt Voorhees.. "
Mar. 10, 1898. .Albert VanBrunt Voorhees, Jr. "
Dec. 22, 1887. .Anson Augustus Voorhees Verona, N. J.
Mar. 26, 1891 . .Charles C. V. Voorhees Brooklyn, N. Y.
May 19, 1887 . .Charles Hageman Voorhees,Rocky Hill, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Charles Holbert Voorhees,
New Brunswick, N. J.
June 30, 1892. .Frederick Pentz Voorhees New York
Oct. 24, 1889. .James Voorhees Amsterdam, N. Y
Mar. 10, 1S98. .John A. Voorhees Brooklyn, N. Y
Mar. 29, 1888. .John Hunn Voorhees North Bend, Ohio
Mar. 28, 1889. .John Jacob Voorhees Jersey City, N. J
Mar. 30, i887..Judah Back Voorhees Brooklyn, N. Y
Dec. 7, 1888. .Louis A. Voorhees New Brunswick, N. J
Dec. 22, 1887.. Peter Van Voorhees Camden, N. J
April 6, 1886. .Theodore Voorhees Philadelphia, Pa
May 19, 1887.. Willard Penfield Voorhees,
New Brunswick, N. J
Dec. 13, 1894.. Arthur Voorhis Jersey City, N. J
Mar. 30, 1887 . . Augustus Marvin Voorhis Nyack, N. Y
Mar. 12, 1896. .Charles Howard Voorhis. .Jersey City, N. J
Oct. 24, 1889. .Jacob Voorhis Greenwich, Conn
Dec. 7, 1888.. John Voorhis
April 6, 1886. .John R. Voorhis New York
Mar. 14, 1885. .Benjamin FredenburghVosburgh.
May 19, 1887 . . Miles Woodward Vosburgh . . . Albany, N. Y
Mar. 28, 1889.. Alfred Purdy Vredenburgh,
Bergen Point, N. J
Mar. 28, 1889. . Edward Lawrence Vredenburgh,
Bayonne, N. J.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Frank Vredenburgh Bergen Point, N. J.
Mar. 29, 1894. .La Rue Vredenburgh Somerville, N. J.
Mar. 30, 1887 . .William H. Vredenburgh .... Freehold, N. J.
Mar. II, 1897. .Cornelius Vreeland Cranford, N. J.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Cornelius Derrom Vreeland,
Chicago Heights, III.
June 15, 1886. .Garret Dorset Wall Vroom Trenton, N. J.
June 15, 1886. .Peter Dumont Vroom Chicago, 111.
Dec. 20, 1886. .John Wright Vrooman Herkimer, N. Y.
Mar. 29, 1894. .Wellington Vrooman ... Parkersburg, W. Va.
Sept. 29, 1892. .Cornelius Augustus Waldron,
Waterford, N. Y.
Dec. 28, 1893. .William Gunsaul Waldron,
Amsterdam, N. Y.
Oct. 10, 1895. .Zaremba W. Waldron Jackson, Mich.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Samuel Henry Wandell New York.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Townsend Wandell
Oct. 24, 1885 . . Evert Jansen Wendell
Mar. 28, 18S9. .Frederick Fo.v Wendell Fort Plain, N. Y.
Oct. 27, 1887 . . Gordon Wendell New York.
Oct. 29, 1891 . .Jacob Wendell
Mar. 28, 1889. .Jacob Irving Wendell
Dec. 7, 1888. .John Dunlap Wendell Fort Plain, N. Y.
Mar. 28, i889..Menzo Edgar Wendell Troy, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889. .Willis Wendell Amsterdam, N. Y.
Dec. 7, 1888. .Charles Wesscll New York.
Mar. 26, 1891 . .Charles Alonzo Wessell
April 30, 1885 . .John Calvin Westervelt
Oct. 24, 1889. .Andrew J. Whitbeck Brooklyn, N. Y.
Mar. 28, 1889.. Henry Veight Williamson New York.
Sept. 29, 1892. .Charles KnickerbackerWinne, Baltimore, Md.
Oct. 24, 1889. .Charles Visscher Winne Albany, N. V.
Oct. 21, 1897. .Charles Edward Witbeck Cohoes, N. Y.
Mar. 27, 1 890.. Clark Witbeck Schenectady, N. Y.
Mar. 9, 1899. .Reynier Jacob Wortendyke,
Jersey City, N. J.
Oct. 24, 1 885 . . Peter Wyckoff Brooklyn, N. Y.
Oct. 22, 1890. .Peter B. Wyckoff New York.
Mar. 30, 1887. .William Forman Wyckoff Jamaica, N. Y.
June II, 1896. .Edward Judson Wynkoop. . .Syracuse, N. Y.
Mar. 14, 1885. .Gerardus Hilles Wynkoop New York.
June 25, 1885 . .James Davis Wynkoop New York.
Dec. 13, 1894.. Aaron J. Zabriskie Newark, N. J.
Oct. 27, 1887. .Andrew Christian Zabriskie New York.
Mar. lo, 1898. .Christian Brevoort Zabriskie New York.
June II, 1896. .George Zabriskie "
Mar. 26, 1892. .George A. Zabriskie Bloomfield, N. J.
Jan. 7, 1892. .Josiah H. Zabriskie. .. .Mount Vernon, N. Y.
June II, 1896. .Simeon Templeton Zabriskie. ... New York.
Mar. 14, 1885. . Theodore Romcyn Westbrook . .Kingston, N. Y Oct. 6, 1885
June 25, 1885. .Stejihen Melanclhon Ostrander. Brooklyn. N. Y. . . .Nov. 19, 18S5
Mar. 14, 1885. .John I). Van Buren Newhurgh, N. Y. . .Dec. 1,1885
Dec. 23, 1S85. .James WesterveltQuackenbush.Hackensack, N. J.. Mar. 6, 1S86
Mar. r4, 1885. .Auguslus \V. Wynkoop Kinderhook, N. Y. .Aprill8, 1886
Mar. 14, 1885. .David Van Nostrand New York June 14, 1886
Mar. 14, 18S5. .John Thurman Van Wyck New York Nov. 23, 1S86
Dec. 23, 18S5. .John Van Vorst Jersey City, N. J. . .Feb. 4, 1S87
June 25, 18S5. .Bartow ^Vhite Van Voorhis New York April 27, 1887
Mar. 14, 1 885. .William V.in Wyck New York May 23, 1887
June 25, 1885. .Clarence R. Van Benthuysen.. .New York July 18, 1887
June 25, 1SS5. .Aaron J. Vanderpoel New York Aug. 22, 1887
April 30, 1885. .Cornelius V. S. Roo.sevelt .South Orange, N. J. Sept. 30, 1887
Dec. 20, i8Sf). .Barent Arent Myndersc Schenectady, N. Y.Oct. 2, 1887
Mar. 14, 1S85. .Theodore Romcyn Varick Jersey City, N. J . . .Nov. 23, 1887
Oct. 27, 18S7. .Henry James Ten Eyck Albany, N. V Nov. 29, 1887
Mar. 14, iS85..Henry II. Van Dyke New York Jan. 23, 1S88
Oct. 27, 1887. .David D. .Vcker New York Mar. 23, 18S8
Dec. 20, 1886. .George Washington Schuyler. .Ithaca, N. Y Mar. 2g, 1888
Dec. 23, 1885. .Benjamin Stevens Van Wyck. .New York Aug.31, 1S88
Mar. 29, 18S8. .Henry R. Low Middletown, N. Y..Dec. I, 188S
April 30, 1S85. .W. A. Ogden Hegcman New York Dec. 24, 1888
Dec. 7, 1888. .John J. Van Nostrand Brooklyn, N. Y. . . .Jan. 7, 1S89
Dec. 23, 1885. .Abraham Lott Brooklyn, N. Y Jan. 13, 1889
June 25, 1885. .John Voorhccs Van Woert New York Jan. 24, 1889
June 25, 1885. .Gardiner Baker Van Vorst New York Feb. 5, 1889
Oct. 25, 1886.. Edward Y. Lansing Albany, N. Y Mar. 8. 1S89
Oct. 25, 1886. .Conielius M. Schoonmaker. . . . Kingston, N. Y. . . .Mar. 15, 1889
May 19, 1887. .Theodore C. Vermilyc Staten Island, N. Y.Mar. 31, i88g
April 30, 1885. .Garret Lansing Schuyler New York April 20, 1889
Mar. 28, 1S89. .James Riker Waverly. N.Y July 3, 1889
April 6, 1886. .Martin John Ryerson Bloomingdale, N. J . July 30, 1889
Oct. 25, 1886. .Augustus A. Ilardenbergh Jersey City, K. J. . .Oct. 5, 1889
June 20, 1885. .Hooper Cuinming Van Vorst.. .New York Oct. 26, i88g
Mar. 30, 1887. .John Waling V.in Winkle Passaic, N. J Nov. 2, 1889
Oct. 27, 1887. .John Enders Voorhees Amsterdam, N. Y..Nov. 26, 1889
June 25. 1885. .Abram Bovee Van Dusen New York Dec. 19, 1889
April 30, 1885. .Henry Jacob Schenck New York Dec. 30, 1889
April 6, 1S86. .William Voorhis Nyack, N. Y Jan. 4, 1890
Dec. 22, 1887. .Louis V. D. Hardenbergh Brooklyn, N. Y Jan. 4, 1890
Dec. 22, 1887. .John H. Suydam New York Jan. 8, 1890
Dec. 22, 1887. .John Schermerhorn Schenectady, N. Y. .Jan. 27, 1890
Dec. 8. 1888. .William Bross Chicago, 111 Jan. 2S, 1890
Mar. 30, 1S87. .John Barent Visscher .Albany, N. Y Jan. 31, 1890
Mar. 28, 1889. .Edgar Van Benthuysen New Orleans, La. . . Mar. 2i, 1890
Dec. 23, 18S5. .Ilenr)- Everett Roosevelt New York April 2g, 1890
May 19, 1S87. .Thomas Storm New York May i, 1890
Mar. 30, 1887 . . Sidney De Kay Staten Island, N.Y. Aug. 30, 1890
Dec. 8, 1888. .George W. Van Vlack Palatine B'dge, N.Y.Sept. 7, t8go
Jan. 30, 1890. .Edward Van Kleeck Poughkeepsie, N. Y.Nov. 13, 1890
June 25, 18S5. .Jacob W. Hoyslradt Hudson, N. Y Nov. 15, 1890
May 19, 1887. .Cornelius Rapelye Astoria, N. Y Nov. 20, 1890
Mar. 28, 1889. .Nicoll Floyd Elmendorf New York Nov. 25, 1890
Oct. 25, 1886. .Charles B. Lansing Albany, N. Y Dec. i, 1890
Oct. 27, 1887. .Coert Du Bois New York Jan. i, 1891
Dec. 7, 1888. .Charles E. Conover Middlctown, N. J..Jan. 9,1891
Dec. 20, 1886. .Leonard G. Hun Albany, N. Y Mar. Ii, 1891
April 6, 1886. .George G. DeWitt Nyack, N. Y April 22, 1891
Mar. 2g, iS8S. . Hugh B. Van Dcventer New York April 27, l8gi
Oct. 25, 1886. .Peter Van Schaick Pruyn Kinderhook, N. Y..May 2, 1891
Nov. 17, 1885. .Henrj- Jackson Van Dyke Brooklyn, N. Y .May 25, 1891
Dec. 7, 1888. .Charles Livingston Acker New York May 26, 1891
Mar. 29, 1888. .John Baker Stevens New York June to, iSgi
April 6, 18S6. .Garret Van Nostrand Nyack, N. Y June 15, iSgi
Dec. 22, 1887. .John Peter Adriance Poughkeepsie, N. Y.June 18, 1891
Mar. 30, 1887. .Eugene Du Bois Staten Island, N. Y.June 26, i8gi
Oct. 27, 1887. .Henry W. Teller Pompton Pl'ns, N.J.July 2, 1891
Oct. 25, 1886. .George Washington Van Slyke. Albany, N. Y Aug. II, 1891
Dec. 7, 1S88.. Jacob Glen Sanders Albany, N. Y Sept. 28, 1891
Oct. 22, 18(50. .Anthony G. Van Schaick Chicago, 111 Oct. 13, l8()l
Dec. 23, 18S5. .William Harrison Van Wyck. .New Vork Nov. 15, 1891
Dec. 7, 1888. .Peter Van Vranken Fort Albany, N. V Dec. 13, 1891
April 30, 1885.. Jacob Dyckman Vcrmilye New Vork Jan. 2, 1892
Mar. ;S, l88g. .John Nelson Van Wagner Troy, N. Y Feb. 7, 1892
Mar. 26, 1 891. .Junius Schenck Brooklyn, N. Y. . . .Feb. 15, 1892
June 15, 1886. .Van Wyck BrinkerhofT New Vork Feb. 25, 1892
April 6, 1886. .Nicholas Van Slyck Pro\-idence, R.I. ..Mar. 3,1892
Dec. 23, 1885. .Samuel Van lienschoten Brooklyn, N. V Mar. 12, 1893
June 15, 1S86. .Henry Lienau Booraem New Br'swick, N. J.April g, 1892
Mar. 14, 1S85.. Edward Klcctus \'an Auken. . .New York April 29, 1892
Nov. 30, 1890.. Samuel Bowne Duryea Brooklyn, N. Y. ...June 7, 1892
Oct. 29, 1891. .William Brownlee Voorhees. . .Blauwenburgh, N.J.June 13, 1893
June 25, 1885. .Elias William Van Voorhees. . .New York Sept. 21, 1892
Mar. 28, 1S89. .Alfred Vredenburgh Bayonne, N. J Oct. 11, 1892
Oct. 25, 1886. .Giles Yates Vander Bogert Schenectady, N. Y..Nov. 4, 1892
Jan. 30, 1890.. Thomas Beekman Heermans. . .SjTacuse, N. Y Dec. 1, 1892
Mar. 29, 18SS. .William Dominick Garrison. . .New York Dec. 2, 1892
Dec. 23, 1885. .Nicholas Latrobe Roosevelt. . . .New York Dec. 13, 1892
April 6, 1886.. Isaac I. Vander Beck Jersey City, N. J. . .Feb. 8,1893
Dec. 22, 1887. .Charles Henry Voorhees New Vork .Mar. g, 1893
Oct. 25, 1886. .Peter I.abagh Vander Veer Santa Fe, N. M Mar. 16, 1S93
Dec. 20, 18S6. .Gerrit Hubert Van Wagenen. . .Rye, N. Y Mar. 29, 1893
Mar. 27, 1890. .John Lefferts Flatbush, N. Y April 18, 1893
Oct. 21, 18S9. .George Titus Haring Allendale, N. J .May 7,1893
Jan. 30, 1890. George Pine DeBevoise Denver, Col May2o, 1893
June 15, 1S86. .Theodore V. \'an Heusen Albany, N. Y June 15, 1893
April 30, 1885. .Lawrence Van der Veer Rocky Hill, N. J.. .June 21, 1893
Oct. 25, 18S6. .Stephen W. Van Winkle Paterson, N.J June 28, 1893
Oct. 22, 1890. .William Vandever Venturia, Cal July 23, 1893
April 6, 1886. .John Banta New York July 26, 1893
Dec. 7, 188S. .Thomas Doremus Messier Pittsburgh, Pa Aug. II, 1893
June 15, 1886, .John Evert De W'itt Portland, Me Aug. 30, 1893
Mar. 26, 1891 . . Wynford Van Gaasbeek New York Sept. 5, 1893
Mar. 30, 1893. .Richard Amerman Flatbush, N. Y Oct. 6, i8g3
Mar. 30, 1887. . Willard Charles Marselius Albany, N. Y Dec. 24, 1893
May 27, 1890. .Gardiner Van Nostrand Newburgh, N. Y. . .Jan. i, 1894
April 6, 1886. .John Hancock Riker New York Jan. 26, 1894
Dec. 23, 1885. .Augustus Schoonmaker Kingston, N. V.... April 10, 1894
Oct. 27, 1887. . Abram Jansen Hardenbergh. . .Spring House, N. Y. May 7, 1894
Mar. 30, 1887. .Abraham Van Vechten Albany, N. Y May 7, 1894
Dec. 7, 1888. .Jasper Van Vleck New York June 4, 1894
Mar. 29, 1894. .Francis Salmon Quackenbos. . . Hartford, Conn. . . .July I, 1894
Mar. 2g, 1888. .Solomon Van Ettcn Port Jervis, N. V. . .July 7, 1894
Oct. 24, 1886. .Walter L. Van Denbergh Amsterdam, N. V. .Aug. 5, 1894
April 6, 1S86. .George Van Campen Olean, N. V Aug. 12, 1894
Mar. 29, 1888. .James Scott Cono%'er New York Sept. 18, 1894
Dec. 22, 1S87. .Richard Van Voorhis Rochester Oct. 21, 1894
Nov. 9, 1893. .Hooper Gumming Van Vorst. . .Bath-on-Hudson. . . .Oct. 26, 1894
Jan. 30, 1890. .James A. Van .^uken New York Nov. 5, 1894
Mar. 26, 1891. .Thomas Lenox Van Deventer. .Knoxville, Tenn...Nov. 5, 1894
Mar. 28, 1889. .George Washington Rosevelt. . .Stamford, Conn.... Nov. 7, 1894
Dec. 7, 1888. .David Buel Knickerbocker Indianapolis, Ind. . .Dec. 31, 1894
Dec. 23, 1885. .John Fine Suydam New York Jan. 3, 1895
June 29, 1893. .Moses Bedell Suydam Allegheny, Pa Jan. 14, 1895
Oct. 25, 1886.. Elijah Dubois Kingston, N. Y Feb. 7,1895
Mar. 29, 1894. .Frank Roosevelt New York Feb. 7, 1895
Mar. 30, 1887. .Henry Ditmas Polhemus Brooklyn, N. Y. . . .Feb. 14, 1895
Mar. 28, 18S9. .Francis Latta Du Bois Bridgeton, N. J. . . .Feb. 24, 1895
Nov. 17, 1885 . .Albert Van Wagner Poughkeepsie, N. Y.Mar. 28, 1895
Oct. 25, 1886. .Charles H. Van Benthuysen. . .Albany. N. Y April 15, 1895
Oct. 24, l88g.. James Dumond Van Hoeven-
berg New Brighton, N.Y,May 9, 1S95
Mar. 31, 1892. .Cornelius S. Cooper Schraalenburgh,N.J.May 12, 1895
Nov. 17, 1885. .John Paul Paulison Tenafly, N. J May 30, 1895
Oct. 25, 1886. .John Jacob Morris Paterson, N.J June 9,1895
Dec. 20, 1886. .Hiram Edward Sickels Albany, N. Y July 4, 1895
Oct. 27, 1887. .Josiah Pierson Vreeland Paterson, N.J July 19,1895
May 19, 1887. .Fletcher Vosburgh .\lbany, N. Y July 30, 1895
May 19, 1887. .Theodore Miller Hudson, N. Y Aug. 18, 1895
Jan. 7, 1S92. .John Ryer Lydecker Bogota, N. J Oct. 4, 1895
Mar. 27, 1890. .Frederick William Nostrand. . .Glen Ridge, N. J. . .Oct. 27, 1895
Mar. 28, 1889 .Johnston Niven Hegeman New York Nov. 12, 1895
Dec. 22, 1887. .Peter L. Voorhees Camden, N. J Nov. 29, 1895
June 15, 1886. .Edward Schenck New York Dec. 18, 1895
Oct. 25, 1886. .William Henry Montanye New York Dec. 23, 1895
Jan. 30, 1890. .John Waddell Van Sickle Springfield, O Dec. 26, 1895
Oct. 25, 1886. .Stephen Van Rensselaer
Bogert New Brighton, N. Y.Jan. 10, iS0
Oct. 24, 1889. .Joseph Woodard Duryee New York Jan. 25, 1896
Dec. 22, 1 887.. John Brower New York Feb. 28, 1896
Oct. 24, 1889. .Daniel Berten Van Houten New York Mar. 27, 1896
Oct. 22, 1890. .David Demaree Banta Bloomington, Ind.. .April 9, 1896
Mar. 31, 1892. .Charles Henry Voorhis Jersey City, N. J. . .April 15, 1896
Oct. 22, 1890. .Cornelius Tunis Williamson. .. .Newark, N.J May 7, 1896
April 6, 1886.. Henry Keteltas New York May 23, 1896
Mar. 30, 1887. .George Henry Wyckoff Montclair, N. J. . . .June ao, 1896
Dec. 20, 1S86. .Thomas Mun Albany, N. V June 23, 1896
April 30, 1S85. . Henry Peek Dc Graaf Oscawana, N. Y. . . .July 11, 1896
Dec. 2q, 1S92. .Richard Riker New York Aug. 2, l8q6
Oct. 25, 1 386. .Lawrence Van Voorhecs Cortel-
you Brooklyn, N. Y Aug. 5, 1896
June 25. 1885. .Alexander Thompson Van Nest. New York Aug. 10, 1896
Mar. 30, 1887. .Ransom Hollenb.-ick Vedder. . .Cha'm Center, N. Y.-'Vug. 12, 1896
April 30, 18S5. .Joshua Marsden Van Cott New York Aug. 13, 1896
April 30, 1885. .Eugene Van Benschoten New York Oct. 26, 1896
Oct. 24, 1889. .George Aaron Banla Brooklyn, N. V. . . .Nov. 2, 1S96
Dec. 22, 1887. .William Dihvorth Voorhecs. . . .Bergen Point, N. J.Nov. 11, 1896
Dec. 22, 1887. .Stacy Prickelt Conover ^Vickatunk, N. J. . .Nov. 17, i8g6
Jan. 30, 1890. .Jerome Vemet Deyo Poughkeepsie, N.Y.Dec. 28, 1896
Mar. 30, 1893. .Williamson Rapalje Brooklyn, N. Y. . . .Dec. 28, 1896
Jan. 30, 1890. .John Newton Voorhecs Flemington, N. J... Jan. 7, 1897
Dec. 22, 1887. Jacob Charles Van Cleef New Brunswick, N.J.Jan. 11, 1897
May ig, 1S87. .Willi.im Rankin Duryee New Brunswick, N.J.Jan. 20, 1897
Sept. 29, 1S92. . Abram Winded Bergen Cornwall, N. Y. . . .Jan. 21, 1897
Aprilso, 1885. .William Henry Van Slyck Valatie, N. Y Mar. 3, 1897
June 25, 1885. .John William Somarindyck. . . .Glen Cove, N. V. .April 12, l8g6
Dec. 23, 1885. .John Holmes Van Brunt Fort Hamilton, N.Y. Sept. 26, 1896
Oct. 25, 1886. .Stephen Van Wyck Brooklyn April 25, 189
April 6, 1886. .William James Van .Vrsdale. . . .New York April 30, 189
Jan. 7, 1892. .David Provoost Van Deventer. .Matawan, N. J.. . .June 30, 189
Oct. 22, 1890. .Charles Banta New York Aug. 15, 189
April 6, 1886. .Ogden Goelet New York Aug. 27,189
Dec. 20, 1886. .John Hopper Paterson, N. J. . . .Oct. 21, 189
Nov. 9, 1893. .Thomas Henry Edsall Colorado Springs, Col. Oct. 26, 189'
Mar. 27, 1890. .James C. Cooper River Edge. N. J. .Dec. 5, 189
Oct. 27, 1887. .Lewis Foster Montanyc. . .Atlantic Highlands, N. J.Dec. 8, 189'
Oct. 27, 1887. .Albert Hoysrjidt Hudson, N. Y Dec. 8. 189
Oct. 29, 1891. .John Wesley Vandevort Pasadena, Cal Dec. 16, 189
Dec. 23, 1SS5. .Jeremiah Johnson, Jr Brooklyn Feb. 14, 189I
Oct. 25, 1886.. Jacob Hendriks Ten Eyck All)any, N. Y Mar. 24, 189:
Mar. 30, 1893. .John Gregory Truax New York Feb. i, i8g8
Oct. 24, iS8y. .John Demarest Newark, N. J May 20, 1898
Mar. 14, 1885. .Jacob Wendell New York May 21, 1898
Jan. 30, 1890. .Francis Skillman Rosyin, N. Y Sept. 5,1898
Dec. 20, 1S86. .Samuel McCulcheon Van Sant-
voord Albany, N. Y Sept. 19, 1898
Nov. 17, 1885. .Thomas Francis Bayard Wilmington, Del.. .Oct. 7, 1898
Mar. 29, i888..Zaccheus Bergen New York Oct. 11, 1898
Mar. 29, 1 888.. Daniel Polhemus Van Dorn Freehold, N.J Nov. 23, 1898
Mar. 28, 1889. . Evert Peek Van Epps Schenectady, N. Y. .Jan. 7, 1899
Oct. 25, 1 886. .John Nathaniel Jansen Newark, N.J Jan. 13, iSgg
Oct. 24, 1889. .Samuel Mount Schenck Hightstown, N. J.. .Jan. 15, 1899
Mar. 14, 1S95. .William Manning Van Ileu.sen. New York Feb. 3, 1899
April 6, 1886. .Abram Douwe Ditmars Brooklyn, N. Y. . . .Feb. 19, 1899
Oct. 22, i8go. .John Butler Adriance New Haven, Conn. .April 5, 1899